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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

CENSUS OFFICE,

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 2, 1892. SIR:

This bulletin contains various statistics and interesting facts concerning the history, present condition, and outlook of the Six Nations of New York, including an account of the Iroquois league, its territory, ancient and modern government, and social customs. It gives also a detailed description of the reservations, government, religion, industries, and social state of these Indians, and shows their capacity and promise for future advancement.

The data herein were obtained for the Eleventh Census, under the direction of Mr. Thomas DONALDSON, expert special agent of the Census Office, by General Henry B. CARRINGTON, United States army (retired), special agent for the collection of the statistics of the Six Nations. General Carrington spent many months among the Indians of the Six Nations, and made careful observations respecting their various political, religious, and social meetings, their homes, health, and habits. Becoming personally acquainted with many families and prominent individuals, he learned their histories and traditions, and ascertained their opinions and attitude toward a full adoption of civilized methods.

The bulletin has been prepared under the authority of the act of March 1, 1889, to provide for taking the Eleventh and subsequent censuses, viz: “The Superintendent of Census may employ special agents or other means to make an enumeration of all Indians living within the jurisdiction of the United States, with such information as to their condition as may be obtainable, classifying them as to Indians taxed and Indians not taxed". Very respectfully,

ROBERT P. PORTER,

Superintendent of Census. The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.

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