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the whole to 39,305,3441. including therein the separate Charges on Great Britain
Advance to Ireland.....
63,773,882 2,000,000 497,596
19. That the gross receipt of the Permanent Revenue, after deducting re.pay.
ments for over Entries, Drawbacks, and bounties in the nature of Drawbacks amounted, in the year ended 5th January 1802, to
29,220,536 Estimated Produce, to the 5th April 1803, of the Taxes imposed in the present session of Parliament
2,400,000 That further sums are applicable to the service of the year 1802, as follows: Repayments from Grenada, Imprests, and Lottery....
862,000 And ihat the remainder of the Supply for the year 1802 is provided for by a Loan on account of Great Britain, of...
23,000,000 And a Loan for Ireland, of...
2,000,000 And by Exchequer Bills, to be charged on Supplies 1803.
5,000,000 And expected additional Produce of Taxes that were deficient in 1801, compared with 1799.......
1,600,000 Surplus of Ways and Means 1801, and Residue of Grants to the Queen of Portugal
213,886 Interest of Land Tax contracted to be paid for by instalments
25,000 Arrears of Income tax
Making in the whole the sum of .
... 66,821,422 20. That it appears by a report of a committee of this House in 1791, that the actual expenditure (including the annual million for the reduction of the public debt) on an average of five years peace ending the 5th January 1791, and including sundry extraordinary expenses for the armament of 1787, and for payments to American loyalists, and other articles of a temporary nature, amounted to 16,816,9851. But the Peace Establishment was estimated by the said committee, at.... 15,969,178
With which estimate the actual expense of the year 1792 nearly agreed. In the above sum was included the Charge of the Public Debt, amounting to
10,325,000l. from which is to be deducted the Charge of Stock extinguished by the redemption of Land Tax on the 5th January 1802
15,429,178 That the additional permanent charge incurred by the debt created since 1793, exclusive of interest payable by Ireland, is ...,
19,597,594 That the additional charge to be incurred for increased amount of Exchequer Bills outstanding, is about
140,000 Interest of money for satisfying increased Navy Debt, at 5l. per cent is about.... 270,000 That the additional eharge incurred on the Consolidated Fund is ..
390,000 That the additional charge incurred for a sum appropriated for the Redemption of the Public Debt, is...
200,000 And that the increased expenses of the peace establishment (exclusive of any
charges to be incurred by interest on further sums, to be paid on winding up the expenses of the war, and any augmentation which may take place in the Naval or Military establishments, but allowing for increase of pay and other expenses) may be estimated at
700,000 And also exclusive of 497,0001. interest on loans due by the emperor of Germany, and guaranteed by parliament may be estimated at
30,726,772 21. That adding to the produce of the permanent taxes in the year ending the 5th January, 1802, the sum of 1,275,5141. paid for corn bounties, and the sum of 1,600,000l. being the estimated deficiency of certain dutics in the same year, the income applicable to the peace establishment may be estimated as follows: Old permanent taxes ...
14,497,226 New permanent taxes...
9,187,288 Further produce of taxes that were deficient in 1801, compared with 1799
1,600,000 Further produce of taxes, 1801.....
864,319 Taxes imposed in 1802
Land and Malt, after deducting land tax redeemed....
32,208,833 And that a further sum of 45,340l. arising from annuities, which will expire at the periods under mertioned, viz. In 1805
454,340 will then also be applicable, as well as such sums as may from time to time arise from the savings on the interest of stock, which may be reduced to a lower rate, and which, supposing the whole of the stocks to be reduced to 3 per cent would amount to 1,491,890l, which suns are exclusive of any allowance for the profit of a lottery, or for any participation of the territorial revenues of India.
The Speaker's Speech to the King on arrange and settle a plan for accelerating presenting the Money Bills.] June 28. that extinction, by pledging the future His majesty came in state to the House application of their growing means to the of Peers, when the Usher of the Black accomplishment of the same great object. Rod was sent to command the attendance " At a time when their attention had of the House of Commons, who soon been directed to these considerations, and after appeared at the bar.
when they have also found that taxes of Mr. Speaker Abbot then addressed his unprecedented weight, though wisely imMajesty as follows:
posed to meei the exigencies of such a “ Most Gracious Sovereign : war, might nevertheless be now prudently “ It is my duty to present to your ma- repealed, it has given the highest satisjesty the bills for completing the supplies faction to your majesty's faithful Comwhich your majesty's faithful Commons mons to relieve those pressing demands have granted for the service of the year. which the general difficulties of the times
" With heartfelt gratitude they acknow. had cast upon the provision assigned by ledge your majesty's paternal goodness parliament, for the support of your maand wisdom, which have already enabled jesty's household and the honour and dige them to make a large reduction of the nity of your crown: for this country has public burthens, by the termination of a not now to learn, that its monarchy is the long and eventful war; a war just and best and strongest security for its liberties, necessary in its origin, conducted with and that the splendor of the throne reflects energy, sustained with fortitude, signa- lustre and dignity upon the whole nation. lized by triumphs surpassing the fame of “ These, Sire, are amongst the memoour ancestors, and obtained in countries rable events of a session thus far prounvisited by their arms and concluded tracted; upon which we reflect with a at length by a peace, which has added conscious satisfaction, that to the disnew conquests to your crown, and given charge of great duties we have brought repose and safety to these its ancient do- proportionate exertions. minions, whose Peers and Commons have « And we now indulge the flattering now for the second year the happiness of hope, that we may safely apply ourselves being assembled in one United Parlia- to cultivate the arts of peace; arts long ment at the foot of your throne.
dear to your majesty, and congenial to “ Thus circumstanced, your majesty's the temper of your people, whose spirit faithful Commons not only look forward of enterprise in foreign commerce, and with a sanguine hope that they may not internal improvement, unexampled in its soon be called to the hard necessity of exertions throughout the war, may now augmenting the public debt by future expand itself with redoubled activity; and burthens, but they have deemed it their by providing new sources of strength and duty to look back to the debt already in- wealth for this country, fix the stability of curred, and with the same characteristic our own power, and at the same time spirit which first laid the foundation of an promote the common interests of Europe, effectual system for the extinction of the and of all the civilized nations of the national debt, they have proceeded to world."
The King's Speech at the Close of the by the spirit and determination which Session.) After the royal assent had been uniformly animated your councils, aided given to the said bills, his Majesty made by the unprecedented exertions of my the following Speech to both Houses : fleets and armies, and the zealous and
“ My Lords and Gentlemen; cordial co-operation of my people, that I “ The public business being concluded, was enabled to prosecute with success, I think it proper to close this session of and terminate with honour, the long and parliament.
arduous contest in which we have been “ During a long and laborious at: engaged. tendance, you have invariably manifested “ The same sense of public duty, the the just sense you entertain of the great same solicitude for the welfare of your trust committed to your charge. The country, will now, in your individual chaobjects of your deliberations have been racters, induce you to encourage, by all unusually numerous and important; and the means in your power, the cultivation I derive the utmost satisfaction from the and improvement of the advantages of conviction, that the wisdom of your pro- peace. ceedings will be fully proved by their “ My endeavours will never be wanting effects, in promoting the best interests of to preserve the blessings by which we are my people throughout every part of my so eminently distinguished, and to prove dominions.
that the prosperity and happiness of all “Gentlemen of the House of Commons; classes of my faithful subjects are the
“ The ample provision you have made objects which are always the nearest to for the various branches of the public my heart.” service demands my warmest acknow- On the following day the parliament ledgments; and my particular thanks are was dissolved. due for the liberality which you have shown in exonerating my civil govern. ment and household from the debt with
FIRST SESSION which they were unavoidably burthened.
“ Whilst I regret the amount of the supplies which circumstances have ren- SECOND PARLIAMENT dered necessary, it is a relief to me to contemplate the state of our manufac. tures, commerce, and revenue, which
UNITED KINGDOM afford the most decisive and gratifying proofs of the abundance of our internal resources, and of the growing prosperity GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. of the country. My Lords and Gentlemen ;
Meeting of the Nerv Parliament.] “ As I think it expedient that the November 16, 1802. This being the day election of a new parliament should take appointed for the meeting of the New place without delay, it is my intention, Parliament, the same was opened by comforthwith, to give directions for dissolving mission, and the Commons being sent for the present, and for calling a new parlia to the House of Peers, the lord chanment.
cellor signified, that it was his majesty's “ In communicating to you this inten- pleasure to defer declaring the causes of tion, I cannot suppress those sentiments his assembling the parliament, until the of entire approbation with which I reflect Commons had chosen a Speaker. He upon every part of your conduct since I therefore desired them to choose a fit first met you in this place. The unex. person to be their Speaker, and to preampled difficulties of our situation re- sent him there, for his majesty's approbaquired the utmost efforts of that wisdom tion, on the following day. and fortitude which you so eminently displayed in contending with them, and Mr. Abbot chosen Speaker.] The by which they have been so happily sur- Communs being returned to their House, mounted. From your judicious and sa- Sir William Scott rose, and addressing lutary measures during the last year, my himself to Mr. Ley, the deputy clerk, people derived all the relief which could said :-It is with all possible deference to be afforded under one of the severest the House, and with the most entire condispensations of Providence; and it was sciousness of the proper modesty of any (VOL. XXXVI.]
pretensions of mine, that I am anxious to; tion in observing, that there is no inconsi. seize the opportunity of addressing you derable number of persons in it, whom upon the subject which has been re. the House would pronounce equal to the commended to our immediate attention. demands, various and important as they The election of a Speaker is the first may be, of the station I have ventured to function of this House in order of time, describe and that in this dignified numand is amongst its first functions in point ber are to be found, as well gentlemen of importance; for it is no less than to who have not been bred to the study and designate the person who is to guide the practice of the law, as those who have; deliberations, io maintain the privileges, for with all the parcialities I may be supand to enforce the duties of this great re- posed to entertain, I feel my full portion presentative body, of this great united of national pride in avowing, that, splendid country. What the talents are which as the talents are which that profession constitute the qualifications for such an has exhibited to parliament, they have office, it is not easy to describe in ade been fully rivalled by those which other quate terms; they are such as might educations and other habits of life in this hardly be expected to exist in combina- favoured country are in the course of protion, if experience had not shown them to ducing to its notice and admiration.have existed in the numerous instances Amidst such copious materials for a happy (some of very recent date) of those who selection, it might be difficult for the have successfully performed the task-the House, if it acted upon its mere sense of arduous task-of communicating honour supposed merit (however reasonably to a station itself most honourable. In founded), to name an individual, withadverting to the nature and species of the out feeling that it might have occaqualificatiors which the object of such a sion to suspect (and suspecting to choice ought to possess, I need not pre- regret, the loss of other abilities, posmise, as the basis of them all, a true spirit sibly superior to those which lad attracted of old English loyalty; in other words, an its choice. But it is the good fortune of affectionate attachment to the person and the House at this crisis, that it is not family of our sovereign, and to the ancient left to act upon the mere sense of sup. and reverend constitution of our country. posed merit; for it has the experience of With an unconquerable hostility to the tried worth to guide its determination. wild and desolating principles which have Many of us who had seats in the last parwaged a rancorous war against the best liament, will recollect, (and with every and dearest interests of mankind, he must feeling of gratitude for past and of san. be expected to unite a love of rational im- guine expectation of future services ), provement, and of temperate correction that there is a person to whose nomination To an enlargement of mind, capable of that experience has set its authentic embracing the most comprehensive sub- and deciding seal-I mean the right jects must be added, the faculty of hon. gentleman who filled that office descending with precision to the 'most in the two last sessions of that parlia. minute; to a tenacious respect for forms, ment, and filled it in a manner which a liberal regard for principles; to habits of is justly described in the highest terms of laborious research, powers of prompt and possible praise, when I say, that it coninstant decision; to a jealous affection for soled that House for the loss of those emi. the privileges of the House, an awful nent gentlemen, who,, in the same office sense of its duties; to a firmness that had commanded so large a portion of its can resist solicitation, a suavity of nature veneration and applause. To him who that can receive it without impatience; stands distinguished by the suffrage of and to a dignity of public demeanor, general applause, it would be presumptusuited to the quality of great affairs, and ous to apply the suffrage of particular commanding the respect that is requisite commendation, otherwise I should be for conducting them, an urbanity of private tempted to use my own language in ex. manners that can soften the asperities of pressing the sense which every member of business, and adorn an office of severe la- that House entertained, and in so doing, bour with the conciliatory elegance of a to claim on their behalf from new members station of ease. In looking around this some confidence for the propriety of that assembly (enriched as it has been by the sense-respecting the manner in which, by accession of talents from another coun- a happy mixture of industry the most setry), it is impossible not to feel a satisfac-vere; of knowledge the most exact, of at
tention the most minute, of private civility | desirous of enlarging upon my view of the the most attractive, and of an observance merits of the right hon. gentleman, were of public decorum the most correct, that I not fearful that my expressions might i!! right hon. person performed the duty, and convey the sentiments of respect which I sustained the dignity of his high office. It entertain towards him as an individual, may be more proper for me to content and as a public character ; but I have the myself with observing, that, in the judg- satisfaction of thinking that I cannot ment of all, he fully realized all the hopes more strongly express these sentiments which were held out to that House in the than by seconding the motion. eloquent panegyric which introduced bim Mr. Abbot said :-) conceive it to be to their choice; and that he is now proposed unquestionably the highest honour that an with these additional advantages, that he individual can possess, to be deemed professes a confirmed experience of the worthy to be recommended as a person duties of his office, and parliament pos. duly qualified to fill the high and import. sesses a no less confirmed experience of ant office now the subject of discussion. his entire ability to discharge them. But, however flattering such recommendaUnder the impression of these sentiments, tion may be, from the terms of kindness I move, “ That the right hon. Charles in which it has been conveyed, it is imposAbbot do take the chair of this House.” sible for any man who contemplates its
Mr. H. Lascelles said :-In rising to se extent and magnitude, not to feel a just cond this motion, I feel strongly im. apprehension of his own abilities; and the pressed with the importance of the subject experience of the last session fully conunder deliberation. The choice of a vinces me, that I ought to be doubtful of Speaker must at all times be a matier mine. The duties of a Speaker are not highly interesting to this House, as upon merely confined to the rules and orders of that choice must greatly depend the the House, or to daily and ordinary occurregularity and dignity of our proceedings; rences. Once placed in the chair, he imbut under the present circumstances of the mediately feels the necessity of an extencountry, it behoves us in a peculiar sive mind, to enable him to investigate the manner to place in that situation a person extent of his duties; of a steady resoluof ability, integrity, firmness, impartiali- tion to maintain the privileges of the ty, strongly attached to our happy con, House, as connected with the liberties of stitution, strenuously inclined to support the people; and a vigilance which there the rights and privileges of this House, may exist various occasions to exercise. thoroughly acquainted with its rules and it is true, that much light is thrown on orders, and, in the present increased state his duties by the Journals and recorded of parliamentary transactions, of expe- transactions of the House : from them he .rience and assiduity in business. If at all most undoubtedly derives much instrucperiods these qualities have been adverted tion; but in doing so, he must there also to in the choice of a Speaker, they are learn a fact, in every page most strongly become peculiarly ir: portanı at the pre- elucidated, that neither the most profound sent conjuncture, since not only the fate knowledge, nor the most indefatigable inof this kingdom, but of Europe, may be dustry are of the smallest avail, unless he involved in the future deliberations of this possesses in the fullest extent the confi. parliament. The difficulties that attend dence of the House, in my mind the sole this office are great ; the duties of it re- criterion which can or ought to induce quire unremitting attention. The known any one to accept so high and important a conduct and pursuits of the right hon. trust. Having thus stated my sentiments, gentleman who has just been named for I am wholly at the disposal of the House, your approbation, appeared to me, pre- and ready to obey its pleasure in whatever vious to his being chosen Speaker by the way they may please to determine.-Mr. last parliament, to point him out as a Abbot being conducted to the chair in the proper person in whom to confide this usual form, said:– Placed for a second honourable office: but we have now more time, by the indulgent favour of this than confidence to depend upon- we have House in the chair, I feel myself irrethe experience of part of the last parlia sistibly impelled to express to them my ment. I consider his conduct, during warmest gratitude ; and in the expression the short period he filled the chair, as of that gratitude, I hope the House will highly honourable to himself, and advan- do me the favour to judge me, more from tageous to the public. I should feel the conduct that I shall pursue, than from