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Section 43. Board may establish county laboratory.

44. Compensation and removal of bacteriologist and

assistants. 45. Establishment of county hospital for tuberculosis. 46. Appointment and terms of office of managers. 47. General powers and duties of managers. 48. General powers and duties of superintendent. 49. Admission of patients from county in which hospital

is situated. 49-a. Maintenance of patients in the county in which

hospital is situated. 49-b. Admission of patients from counties not having a

49-c. Maintenance of patients from counties not having

a hospital.
49-d. Visitation and inspection.

49-e. Hospitals at almshouses. 8 10. Meeting and organization of boards of supervisors. The supervisors of the cities and towns in each county, when lawfully convened, shall be the board of supervisors of the county. They shall meet annually, at such time and place as they may fix, and may hold special meetings at the call of the clerk, on the written request of a majority of the board, and whenever required by law. A majority of the board shall constitute a quorum. They may adjourn from time to time, and their meetings shall be public. At the annual meeting they shall choose one of their number chairman for the ensuing year. In his absence at any meeting they shall choose a temporary chairman to serve during such absence. They shall appoint a clerk to serve during their pleasure, and until his successor is appointed; and shall fix his compensation. Th

They may compel the attendance of absent members at their meetings, make rules for the conduct of their proceedings, and impose and enforce penalties for the violation thereof, not exceeding fifty dollars for each offense.

The provisions of this section relating to the appointment of a clerk and the fixing of his compensation shall not apply to counties having a population of over fifty thousand inhabitants and less than fifty-four thousand inhabitants according to the last federal enumeration.

§ 11. Penalty for neglect. If any supervisor shall refuse or neglect to perform any of the duties which are or shall be required of him by law, as a member of the board of supervisors, he shall for every such offense forfeit the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars to the county. For a refusal or neglect to perform any other duty required of him by law, he shall for every such offense forfeit a like sum to the town.

§ 12. General powers. The board of supervisors shall:

1. Have the care and custody of the corporate property of the county.

2. Audit all accounts and charges against the county, and direct annually the raising of sums necessary to defray them in full.

3. Annually direct the raising of such sums in each town as shall be necessary to pay its town charges.

4. Cause to be assessed, levied and collected, such other assessments and taxes as shall be required of them by any law of the state.

5. Fix the salaries and compensation of county treasurers, district attorneys and superintendents of the poor of their county, which shall be a county charge, and not be changed during the term of any such officer; and prescribe the mode of appointment, and fix the number, grade and pay of the clerks, assistants and employees in such offices, when not otherwise fixed by law, which shall be a county charge.

6. Borrow money when they deem it necessary, for the erection of county buildings, and for the purchase of sites therefor, on the credit of the county, and for the funding of any debt of the county not represented by bonds, and issue county obligations therefor, and for other lawful county uses and purposes; and authorize a town in their county to borrow money for town uses and purposes on its credit, and issue its obligations therefor, when, and in the manner, authorized by law.

7. Make such laws and regulations as they may deem necessary for the destruction of wild and noxious animals and weeds within

the county

8. Provide for the protection and preservation, subject to the laws of the state, of wild animals, birds and game, and fish and shell-fish, within the county; and prescribe and enforce the collection of penalties for the violation thereof.

9. Divide any school commissioner's district within the county which contains more than two hundred school districts, and erect therefrom an additional school commissioner's district, and when such district shall have been formed, a school commissioner for the district shall be elected in the manner provided by law for the election of school commissioners.

10. Fix and regulate the time of opening and closing the county offices daily, except Sundays and holidays, where such time is not fixed by law.

11. Contract, at such times and upon such terms as the board may by resolution determine, with the authorities of any other county for the reception into the penitentiary of such county, and the custody and employment at hard labor therein, of any person convicted within their county of any offense, other than

a felony, and sentenced to imprisonment in a county jail, or penitentiary, for a term exceeding sixty days.

12. Cause an action to be brought upon the undertaking of any county officer, whenever a breach thereof shall occur.

13. Purchase, lease or otherwise acquire, for the use of the county, necessary real property for courthouses, jails, almshouses, asylums and other county buildings, and for other county uses and purposes; and erect, alter, repair or construct, any necessary buildings or other improvements thereon for necessary county use, and cause to be levied, collected and paid, all such sums of money as they shall deem necessary therefor; to select such name as they may deem proper and appropriate for the almshouse of such county and thereafter to designate such almshouse by the name so selected; and sell, lease or apply to other county use, the sites and buildings, when a site is changed; and if sold, apply the proceeds to the payment for new sites, buildings and improvements.

14. To make one or more jury districts and to make such regulations in respect to the holding of the terms of courts as shall be necessary by reason of such change.

15. To contract at such times and on such terms as the board may by resolution determine with the sheriff of the county, when he is not by law in receipt of a salary as such sheriff, for the board, maintenance and care and custody of prisoners committed to the county jail of his county, or in the penitentiary of such county, when used as a jail and in charge of the sheriff.

16. To raise by tax a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars in any year, except in the county of Erie and in said county a sum not to exceed four thousand dollars in any year to aid in carrying out the provisions of the forest, fish and game law. (Subd. amended by L. 1909, ch. 477, in effect May 25, 1909.)

Amendment of 1909 inserted exception relating to Erie county and sum authorized to be raised therein.

17. The board of supervisors of Chautauqua county shall have power to determine that a sheriff thereafter elected in such county shall receive a salary instead of fees, and may fix such salary, or if the sheriff of such county shall thereafter be made a salaried office to determine that a sheriff thereafter elected shall receive the fees prescribed by law, as compensation for his services, instead of his salary. In case the office of sheriff of such county is made a salaried office, in pursuance of this subdivision, the sheriff shall collect all fees and perquisites to which he is entitled, in pursuance of law, except such as are payable by the county, and shall at least once in each month pay the same to the county treasurer, and such fees and perquisites shall become part of the general fund of the county.

18. The board of supervisors of each county may raise by tax on real and personal property, subject to taxation in such county, not more than five thousand dollars, to be expended in the repair and construction of sidepaths in such county. The county treasurer of each county where such sum has been raised shall place the same to the credit of the sidepath fund, provided by section four, chapter one hundred and fifty-two of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-nine as amended by chapter six hundred and forty of the laws of nineteen hundred, and it shall be expended and paid out according to the provisions of said last named chapter.

19. Whenever a judgment has been rendered in the court of claims in favor of any county against the state of New York, and the time to appeal therefrom has expired or the attorney-general has issued a certificate that there has been no appeal and that no appeal will be taken by the state from such judgment, the board of supervisors of such county may sell, assign, transfer or set over such judgment to the comptroller, who may purchase the same as an investment for the various trust funds of the state or canal debt sinking fund, or to any person, firm, association or corporation desiring to purchase such judgment, for a sum not less than the amount for which same was rendered with accrued interest, but no judgment so acquired by the state shall be deemed merged or satisfied thereby. And such board of supervisors may designate and authorize its chairman and clerk, the treasurer of the county and the attorney of record procuring the entry of such judgment, or any or either of them to execute in the name of the county and deliver to the party purchasing such judgment the necessary release, transfer or assignment required in law to complete such sale, setting over, transfer or assignment.

20. The board of supervisors shall annually fix and determine the compensation to be allowed and paid to officers for the conveyance of juvenile delinquents to the houses of refuge and state industrial schools, and no other or greater amount than that so fixed and determined shall be allowed and paid for such service.

21. The board of supervisors shall have power to direct the payment, by justices of the peace, of all fines and penalties imposed and received by them, to the supervisors of their respective towns, on the first Monday in each month, and to direct justices of the peace to make a verified report of all fines and penalties collected by them to the board of town auditors of their respective towns on the Tuesday preceding the annual town meeting. Upon such payment as herein prescribed to the supervisor of any town, he shall immediately pay over such part of such fines and penalties to any person or corporation who shall be entitled to receive the same by virtue of any statute, special or otherwise. The residue of such amount shall be applied to the support of the poor of such town. This subdivision shall not apply to the county of Kings.

22. The board of supervisors may contract with the sheriff of their county, or the jailer of the common jail therein, for the

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support and maintenance of such persons as may be confined in such jail upon any writ or process in any civil action or proceeding in the nature of a civil action. Such sheriff or jailer shall attach to all bills rendered for such support and maintenance, a list, under oath, of the number and names of the persons to whom such support and maintenance was furnished, and the length of time each person was so supported.

This subdivision shall not be construed as repealing any present provisions of law relating to the care, custody, support or maintenance of such prisoners in the counties of Kings and Monroe.

23. The board of supervisors of a county in which a law library is maintained by the state shall, upon the request of a judge of the court of appeals who resides therein, provide and maintain for his use, suitable and commodious offices, approved by him. In case of the refusal or neglect of such board of supervisors to provide and maintain such offices the expense of the same pursuant to the judiciary law shall be a county charge.

24. The board of supervisors of any county, except Kings, Queens, Livingston, Monroe, Cortland, Oswego, Westchester and Onondaga, may, in their discretion, provide for the employment of a stenographer for the county court thereof, and said board of supervisors must fix his compensation and provide for the payment thereof in the same manner as other county expenses are paid.

25. The board of supervisors of each county must provide for the payment of the sums, chargeable upon the treasury of the county, for the salary, fees, or expenses of a stenographer or assistant stenographer; and all laws relating to raising money in a county, by the board of supervisors thereof, are applicable to those sums.

§ 13. Limitation of credit. An issue of town or county obligations shall not be authorized when such issue, with the amounts issued and outstanding under any previous or other authority of the board, shall exceed ten per centum of the assessed valuation of the real estate of such town or county, as it shall appear on the last assessment-rolls thereof, except that in towns such obligations may be issued in excess of such amount with the assent of a majority of the electors of such town whose credit is proposed to be given, voting on the question at a regular town meeting of such town; but in no case shall the amount of such town obligations, issued and outstanding, exceed one-third of such assessed valuation. This section shall not include any case where special authority has been given by the legislature to issue such town obligations in excess of the amounts berein authorized.

$ 14. Resolutions authorizing issue of obligations. Every resolution of any such board, authorizing the issue of such

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