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EXHIBIT 13

Telegram from Minister Eberhardt to the Secretary of State

MAY 8, 1927–4 P. M. No. 128.

President Diaz, acting upon authority conferred upon him by the laws which provide for the formation of a Nicaraguan constabulary, has today addressed a note to me requesting that an American officer be designated to instruct and command that organization and that such officer be authorized to name the additional American and Nicaraguan officers considered necessary to form the larger nonpartisan constabulary frequently mentioned in Legation telegrams.

Admiral Latimer states that he is ready, if authorized, to detail such an officer and assistants from among marines now stationed in Nicaragua. It is believed that such authority should be granted as the best means of bringing early tranquility to Nicaragua under peace terms now being considered and also to reduce to a minimum the number of marines necessary for such results. Stimson and Admiral concur.

EXHIBIT 14

MAY 9, 1927. MY DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: The Minister at Managua informs me by telegraph that President Diaz, acting under authority conferred upon him by the laws which provide for the formation of a Nicaraguan constabulary, has addressed a note to the Legation requesting that an American officer be designated to instruct and command that organization, and that such officer be authorized to name the additional American and Nicaraguan officers considered necessary to form a non-partisan constabulary.

Admiral Latimer states that he is ready, if authorized, to detail such an officer and assistants from among the marines now stationed in Nicaragua, and recommends that such authorization be granted.

I am of the opinion that this would be the best means of bringing about early tranquility in Nicaragua under the peace terms now being considered, and that in time this would assist in making it possible to reduce the number of American marines necessary to maintain order to a minimum, it being understood that the National Guard will form a nucleus for building up a non-partisan body to assist in preserving order during the supervised elections of 1928. I am, my dear Mr. President, Faithfully yours,

(Signed) Frank B. KELLOGG The PRESIDENT,

The White House.

EXHIBIT 15

THE WHITE HOUSE

Washington, May 10, 1927. MY DEAR MR. SECRETARY: The President directs me to acknowledge your letter of May 9th in regard to the request made by President Diaz that an American officer be designated to instruct and command the Nicaraguan constabulary, and that such officer be authorized to name the additional American and Nicaraguan officers considered necessary to form a non-partisan constabulary:

The President asks me to say to you that he approves the granting of this request. Sincerely yours,

(Signed) EVERETT SANDERS,

Secretary to the President. Honorable FRANK B. KELLOGG,

Secretary of State.

EXHIBIT 16

Telegram from the Secretary of State to the American Minister No. 87.

Managua, NICARAGUA, May 11, 1927. Your 128, May 8, 4 p. m.

The President approves President Diaz' request and Admiral Latimer will be instructed accordingly by the Navy Department.

EXHIBIT 17

(Translation)

DECEMBER 10, 1930. Sr. Jefe Director of the Guardia Nacional, General DOUGLAS C. McDoUGAL,

Campo de Marte. DEAR GENERAL MCDOUGAL: Because of the economic crisis which exists in Nicaragua it has been believed necessary to reduce the Guardia Nacional to 160 officers and 1,650 men whose maintenance will be as follows: For maintenance and rations..

C$310, 546. 00 Pay of officers.

204, 250.00 Pay of enlisted..

284, 856. 00 making a total of C$799,652. As an increase to this amount C$15,000 will be allotted annually for the Military Academy and C$40,000 annually for the maintenance of prisons.

The annual salaries of all officers who enter the Guardia in the future will be based on the following table: Jefe Director..

C$3,000.00 Chief of Staff and Colonels.

2, 100.00 Majors.

1, 800.00 Captains.

1, 500.00 First Lieutenants.

1, 080.00 As this reduction has been studied for some time, I believe that this scale of salaries will be put into practice with respect to all officers who enter the Guardia on or after December 1, 1930.

In view of this it is desirable that you submit to me immediately your plan for the reduction of the cost of the Guardia and of the personnel in accordance with the terms of this letter.

It is of great importance that this reduction be made as conditions permit, keeping in view that it is necessary to select the men who are to be discharged. In relation to this last point, I beg you to send me a list of the Guardias discharged who you consider good and capable to perform effectively the duties of Jueces de Mesta or Jueces de Cantones. With expressions of consideration, etc.,

(Signed) J. M. MONCADA.

EXHIBIT 18

AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE REPUBLIC OF

NICARAGUA. Whereas the Republic of Nicaragua is desirous of preserving internal peace and order and the security of individual rights, and is desirous of carrying out plans for the maintenance of domestic tranquillity and the promotion of the prosperity of the Republic and its people;

And whereas the assistance and co-operation of the Government of the United States is deemed essential to an early realization of the measures to be adopted;

And whereas the United States is in full sympathy with these aims and objects of the Republic and is desirous of contributing in all proper ways to their attainment the undersigned duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments have agreed as follows:

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The Republic of Nicaragua undertakes to create without delay an efficient constabulary to be known as the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua urban and rural composed of native Nicaraguans, the strength of which and the amounts to be expended for pay, rations, and expenses of operation, et cetera, shall be as set forth in the following table:

COMMISSIONED PERSONNEL

1 Brigadier General.. 1 Colonel, Chief of Staff. 3 Colonels (Line) at $2,400.00 per annum 1 Colonel, Quartermaster. 1 Colonel, Medical.. 4 Majors (Line) at $2,100.00 per annum. 1 Major, Paymaster. 1 Major, General Headquarters Inspector. 1 Major, Law Officer.. 2 Majors, Medical, at $2,100.00 per annum. 10 Captains, at $1,800.00 per annum.. 2 Captains, Medical, at $1,800.00 per annum. 20 First Lieutenants, at $1,200.00 per annum.

2 First Lieutenants, Medical, at $1,200.00 per annum. 20 Second Lieutenants, at $900.00 per annum.

3 Second Lieutenants, Medical, at $900.00 per annum 20 Student Officers (Cadets), at $600.00 per annum..

Per annum

($ Gold) $3,000.00 2, 500.00 7, 200.00 2, 400.00 2, 400, 00 8, 400, 00 2, 100. 00 2, 100.00 2, 100.00 4, 200.00 18, 000.00

3, 600.00 24, 000. 00

2, 400.00 18,000.00

2, 700.00 12, 000.00

93

$117, 100.00

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$12, 300.00 ENLISTED MEDICAL PERSONNEL

Per annum

($ Gold) 1 First Sergeant, at $35.00 per month..

420. 00 4 Sergeants, at $25.00 per month.

1, 200.00 20 Corporals, at $18.00 per month.

4, 320.00 10 Privates, at $12.00 per month...

1, 440. 00 35

$7, 380.00 OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Civil employees; uniforms and clothing; Arms equipment and tar.

get practice; remounts and forage; Motor vehicles and maintenance; repairs and replacements; Transportation of Supplies and Troops; Maps, stationery and office supplies; Intelligence service; rent, repairs and construction of barracks; Gasoline, kerosene; Lights; Tools and miscellaneous expenditures for operations and maintenance of the Constabulary

$200, 000, 00

RATIONS

Expenses of procuring and preparing rations for 1136 enlisted at $0.30 per diem.

$124, 392. 00

PRISONS AND PENITENTIARIES Operation and Maintenance..

$40, 000.00 Medical supplies and Maintenance of Constabulary Hospitals, Prison Dispensaries, etc..

10,000.00 Grand total...

$689, 132.00 The foregoing provisions shall be regarded as the minimum requirements for the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua. If the condition of the Nicaraguan Government's finances shall so warrant, the strength of the Guardia Nacional, commissioned and enlisted, and the expenses thereof may be increased upon the recommendation of the Chief of the Guardia Nacional and upon the consent in writing of the President of Nicaragua

If the condition of the Nicaraguan Government's finances shall so warrant a suitable Coast Guard and a suitable Aviation Unit may upon the recommendation of the Chief of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua and upon the consent in writing of the President of Nicaragua be made a part of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua, similarly officered and manned with appropriate ranks and subject in the same manner to regulations and discipline as provided herein for the personnel of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua.

II

The Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua shall be considered the sole military and police force of the Republic, clothed with full power to preserve domestic peace and the security of individual rights. It shall have control of arms and ammunition, military supplies and supervision, of the traffic therein throughout the Republic. It shall have control of all fortifications, barracks, buildings, grounds, prisons, penitentiaries, vessels, and other government property which were formerly assigned to or under the control of the Army, Navy, and Police Forces of the Republic. It shall be subject only to the direction of the President of Nicaragua; all other officials desiring the services of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua shall be required to submit requests through the nearest official of that organization. The Guard of Honor for the Palace of the President shall be a company of selected men and officers from the personnel of the Guardia Nacional, and will wear distinctive insignia while employed on this service.

III

All matters of recruiting, appointment, instruction, training, promotion, examination, discipline, operation of troops, clothing, rations, arms and equipment, quarters and administration, shall be under the jurisdiction of the Chief of the Guardia Nacional.

IV

Rules and regulations for the administration and discipline of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua, Prisons and Penitentiaries, shall be issued by the Chief of the Guardia Nacional after being approved by the President of Nicaragua. Infraction of these rules and regulations by members of the Guardia Nacional may be punished by arrest nd imprisonment, suspension from duty without pay, forfeiture of pay, or dismissal, under regulations promulgated by the Chief of the Guardia Nacional and approved by the President of Nicaragua.

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Other offenses committed by members of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua shall be investigated by officers of the Guardia Nacional as directed by the Chief of the Guardia Nacional. If it should appear upon investigation that an offense has been committed, the offender will be turned over to the civil authorities.

VI

Courts-martial constituted under the rules and regulations of the Chief of the Guardia Nacional may try native Nicaraguan officers and enlisted men of the Guardia for infraction of the rules and regulations. The findings of the courts-martial of the Guardia Nacional after approval of the Chief are final, and not subject to appeal or

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