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in 1796, was invited to stand for South- On the 30th of September, 1806, Mr wark; and a subscription was raised to Tierney was appointed President of the bring him in free of expense. His com- board of Control for the affairs of India. petitor was the late George Woodford A new writ for Southwark was ordered; Thelasson, Esq. Mr Thelasson had a de. but, before the election came on, the cisive majority on the poll; but Mr Tier- Parliament was dissolved. ney prepared a petition, and after an in- At the general election Sir Thomas vestigation before a committee, at which Turton at length took the place of Mr he acted as his own counsel, obtained a Tierney; who was contented to be redecision that Mr Thelasson's election turned for the borough of Athlone ; as was void, in consequence of his having in the next Parliament, he was for Banacted · in violation of the Statute com- don bridges. monly called the Treating Act, where- In the same way he entered the Par.by he is incapacitated to serve in Parlia- liament of 1812, as member for Appleby; ment, upon such election.'
and at the elections of 1818, 1820 and On the new election which in conse. 1826 he was returned for Knaresborough. quence took place, Mr Thelasson had With Lord Grenville's administration, again a majority; but on another peti. Mr Tierney's six months of office ceastion from Mr Tierney, it was determin- ed; he again joined the opposition, of ed that the former was not eligible, and which after the death of Mr Ponsonby in that the latter was duly elected.
1817, he came to be considered the leadMr Tierney now became a constant er ; nor did he return to place till Mr attendant in the Houses, a frequent de- Canning invited him to the Mastership bater, and an active opponent of Mr Pitt of the Mint, in May, 1827. He finally and the war with France.
retired with Lord Goderich, in January, During the debate of the bill, for 1828. A few days before his death, he suspending seamen's protections,' of Fri- declared to an old and valued friend, that day, May 25th, 1798, Mr Pitt was thrown he had made up his mind to go down to off his guard, and declared, that'he con- the house on the first day of the present sidered Mr Tierney's oppositions as pro- Session, for the purpose of delivering his ceeding from a wish to impede the ser- opinion on the state of the country. vice of the Country.' For this express- Mr Tierney had labored under an orion the speaker, at Mr Tierney's desire, ganic disease of the heart for man required an apology; but Mr Pitt de- years. His mind was always cheerfui, clined. Nothing further was said in the and the fatal malady never produced the house ; but Mr Tierney thought it ne- least depression of spirits. cessary to demand in private that satis- The day on which he died, he transfaction, which the speaker had been un- acted business and was very cheerful. able to procure for him. A duel in con- Mr Tierney married at Stapleton in Glousequence took place on the Sunday fol. cestershire, July 10th, 1789, Miss Miller lowing, which fortunately terminated of that place. By that lady, who surwithout bloodshed.
vives him, he had a large family. On the dissolution in 1802, a third candidate started for Southwark in addition to the late members. This was Sir
WILLIAM TUDOR. Thomas Turton, who was greatly at- March 9th, 1830. In Rio Janeiro in tached to Mr Pitt, under whose admin- the 51st year of his age, Wm. Tudor, late istration, in 1796, he had been created a Charge d'Affairs of the U. S. at the court baronet. Mr Tierney, however, was of Brazil. Wm. Tudor was a native of found successful at the close of the poll, the State of Massachusetts and a descenwhich was as follows. Henry Thorn- dant of one of the early settlers of that ton, Esq. 1644, George Tierney, Esq. Colony. His father was the first Judge 1395, Sir Thomas Turton, 1226.
Advocate in the American army at the On the 1st of June, 1803, Mr Tierney commencement of the Revolutionary was sworn a privy Counsellor, as Trea- war. After passing several years in that surer of the navy; a new writ for South- service, he retired from the army and wark was the same day ordered, and he resumed the practice of the law, in was re-elected.
which he attained distinguished emiHaving retired from office with Mr
He was many years a member Addington in May, 1804, he was examin- of the Legislature of Massachusetts, and ed by the Commissioners, while occupi- some time Secretary of that Commoned in drawing up their tenth Report, and wealth. His son, from early childhood, answered to their satisfaction.
had made himself the idol of his friends,
by the natural sweetness of his disposi- d'Affairs of the United States at Rio de tion, and the liveliness of his genius Janeiro. He received his commission at qualities, which, stimulated by a pure Lima, in the course of that year, but was spirit of patriotism, by an earnest attach- detained by illness there, and afterwards ment to the pursuits of literature, and at Valparaiso, in Chili, so that he arriby indefatigable industry, have disclos- ved at Rio de Janeiro in the summer of ed themselves in results of permanent 1828. He there negotiated an arrangeinfluence upon the temper, the taste, ment of indemnity for the depredations and the public spirit of his country: which had been suffered by citizens of
Mr Tudor, like many other eminent the United States, and a commercial citizens of New England, received the treaty, which was ratified with the first rudiments of a classical education unanimous concurrence of the Senate of at the Phillips Academy, in Andover ; the United States. After accomplishing and in his 18th year [1796) was gradua- these important services, MrTM Tudor. ted at Harvard University. He soon obtained from the Government a tempoafter visited Europe, and spent several rary leave of absence, rendered necesyears in travelling in various countries sary by the state of his health, and doubly of that hemisphere.
so by the earnestness of his desires to After having been several years a revisit the country where all his affecmember of the Legislature of Massachu- tions were centered, and a parent in the setts, in the year 1823 Mr Tudor was decline of life, to whom his filial attachappointed Consul of the United States ment was the return and the rewards of at Lima, and for the ports of Peru. He the tenderest maternal devotion. The arrived there a short time before the bat long treasured hope, mutually cherishtle of Ayacucho, the decisive blow ed, of this meeting, was destined to be which terminated the dominion of Spain disappointed. A few days of illness in South America. That event was pre. closed his life, and left to the surviving ceded and followed by various successive members of his family only the consolarevolutions, of which Mr Tudor was a tory memory of his virtues, and a deepwitness; and of the progress and secret er interest in the promises and hopes of springs of which, he gave to the Govern- futurity. ment of the United States the most par- Mr Tudor was never married. Unticular and correct information. He was incumbered with the cares and ties of recognised as Consul of the United States domestic life, his feelings, always benev. by the first Republican Government, olent, and his intellect, always active, förmed after the dissolution of the Span. sought occupation in the regions of litish authority. Through all the successive erature, and expanded into useful exer. changes in the Government which en- tions of a lofty patriotism. He was the sued, Mr Tudor, by his candor, his dis- founder, and for two years the sole edicretion, and his conciliatory deportment, tor and proprietor, of the North Ameriacquired and preserved the considera- can Review, a work which has contributtion of all the alternately predominating ed, more than any other that could be parties; and, even while without official named, to raise the standard of letters, political character, by the influence of of taste, and of science, on this continent. his personal virtues alone, had obtained He continued to contribute some of the the confidence of the most eminent and most pleasing and valuable articles to patriotic leaders of the country ; inso- this periodical miscellany, long after he much, that when those unfortunate mis- had ceased to be its editor, and even duunderstandings arose between the Re- ring his residence in Peru. His Letters publics of Columbia and Peru, which upon the Eastern States, opened to the terminated in a war, Mr Tudor became observers of manners, and to the paintthe organ of a communication from the ers of nature, a field until then almost Peruvian Government, requesting the wholly unexplored, and which has since interposition of the United States to me- been successfully cultivated, both in the diate a reconciliation between the two forms of fiction and of truth. His Life Republics. About the same time, the of James Olis, preserved for the instrucwar between the Brazilian Government tion of future ages the memory of the and the Republic of Buenos Ayres had profoundest and most intrepid of the paled to numerous injurious acts and de- triots, who prepared the mighty revolupredations committed by naval and other tion, which their successors were to officers under Brazilian authority ,against achieve. Among his manuscripts are the commercial interests and citizens of several volumes nearly prepared for the the United States. In the summer of press, on various subjects of public in1827, Mr Tudor was appointed Charge terest, and containing much information
concerning the South American coun- that the King be proclaimed Restorer tries, which he had surveyed, during his of the liberty of France.' He voted residence in them, with the eye of an also for the admissibility of all Frenchobserver of nature and manners, of a men to public functions ; regard only statesman and a philosopher.
being had to their talents and virtue. These are the principal and most last- After so many acts of devotion to the ing memorials left by William Tudor, national cause, the Marquis de Lally of his own high and honorable spirit. suddenly lost all his popularity.
He The Monument of Bunker Hill, which it endeavored, in conjunction with MM. may engage the grateful patriotism of Necker and Mounier, to establish in more than one generation to complete, France a representative government, originated also in the conceptions of his similar to that of England; the attempt mind. He was the founder of the asso- brought upon him the hatred of the reciation by which that work was underta publicans. On finding his efforts to serve ken. Nor here should the list of his ex- his country unavailing, and disgusted by ertions for the improvement and honor of the violent and cruel measures sanctionhis country end; while a member of the ed by the convention, he withdrew from Legislature of Massachusetts, he took a that assembly, of which his eloquence deep interest in every work purposed had rendered him one of the brightest for the internal improvement of the State; ornaments. and had it been his fortune once more to From having been once the most popurevisit his native land, no purpose of good lar character in France, the Marquis de or of glory, which could have been de- Lally was now become an object of the signed for her benefit, would have failed most rancorous persecution; was arrested, to receive countenance and support from and thrown into the Abbaye, where he him.
escaped, almost by a miracle, the horrible massacres of the 2d and 30 Septem
ber, 1792, having been a prisoner in that MARQUIS DE LALLY TOLLENDAL. prison at so late a period as the 30th of
August. From a letter bearing that date, March 11th, 1830. — At Paris, aged it seems that he was indebted for his re79, Trophine Gerard, Marquis de Lally Jease principally to the influence of his Tollendal, Peer of France, Minister of Scottish relation, Lord Loughborough, state, &c.
Soon after his escape from the Abbaye This distinguished patriot, orator and he went over to England, where he rescholar, was the son of the brave but sided for a considerable length of time. unfortunate, Count Lally, commander On hearing that the Jacobin faction in chief of the French army in India; had proceeded to the enormity of subjectwho it will be remembered, fell a sacri- ing their King to a trial, the Marquis de fice in the year 1766, to the intrigues of Lally's devotion to the person of his a party who had conspired his destruc- prince rendered him so regardless of his tion, as the only means of preserving own safety, as to petition the convention their own lives and characters. An ini for permission to defend him at their quitous sentence of condenination having bar. been obtained against him, the unhappy Upon his request being refused by the general was beheaded, within six hours convention, he published, in England, from the time of the judgment having his · Plaidoyer pour Louis XVI. in been made known to him. Outraged which the cause of that unfortunate justice, however, at length resumed her monarch is defended with consummate sway, for, in the year 1783, the attainder eloquence and unanswerable argumentawas reversed, the innocence of the tion. murdered veteran was formally acknow- Afterwards, in 1797, he published his ledged; and his estates and honors re- • Defense des Emigrés Français, a work stored to his son, the subject of this of such extraordinary merit, that no memoir.
less than 40,000 were sold in France as Zealously devoted to the cause of na- rapidly as they could issue from the press. tional liberty, the Marquis de Lally Nor was it read with less interest in Tollendal attached himself, in the early foreign countries; having been immedipart of the revolution, to the popular ately translated into German, Italian, party. On the 17th of July, 1789, he Portuguese, and (by Gifford) into Eng. harangued Louis 16th, on his journey to lish. - His • Compte rendre à des comParis.
mettans,' and his Essai sur la vie de T. He voted, on the 4th August, for the Wentworth compte de Strafford,' (in the abolition of the • Droits feodaux;' and latter of which he draws a parallel be
tween the case of Lord Strafford and that ing the harassing scenes he had passed of his own murdered father,) are also through during the Jast forty years of works of no ordinary merit.
his lite, retained, till within a very few His speech in the chamber of Peers, days of his decease, his faculties in a on the 24th March, 1818, pour la pro- state of almost youthful vigor ; and was rogation de la loi rendue le 5 Decembre, preparing an address to the Chamber of 1814, en faveur de emigrés,' and printed Peers, against the opening of the session, by order of the chambers, drew from when it pleased Heaven to deprive that Louis XVIII. the complimentary title of assembly, of one of its greatest orna• L'Oratio pro Marcello.'
ments, and the King, of a devoted serOn the return of Bonaparte from 'Elba, vant. in 1815, the Marquis de Lally follow- The Marquis left only one child, a ed Louis XVIII. to Ghent; and, on the daughter, married to the Count D'Aux, second restoration of that monarch he a French nobleman, by whom she has was elevated to the rank of Marquis, two children. made a Peer of France, a minister of One distant branch of the family of state, &c.
• Lally still exists in England, and two The venerable Marquis, notwithstand- more remote branches in Ireland.