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jesty's possessions in the West In- ports of the United States are dies and South America, and in now open to British vessels and certain other of His Majesty's their cargoes coming from His possessions abroad, upon and from Majesty's possessions aforesaid. certain days in the said order for His Majesty doth, therefore, with that purpose appointed, and which the advice of his Privy Council, are long since passed : And and in pursuance and exercise of whereas, by a certain other order the powers so vested in him as of his said late Majesty in Council, aforesaid, by the said act so passed bearing date the 16th of July, in the sixth year of the reign of the said last mentioned order was his said late Majesty, or by any confirmed: And whereas, in pur- other act or acts of Parliament, suance of the acts of Parliament declare that the said recited orders in that behalf made and provided, in Council of the 21st day of July, his said late Majesty, by a certain 1923, and of the 27th day of order in Council bearing date the July, 1826, and the said order in 21st day of July, 1823, and by Council of the 16th day of July, the said order in Council bearing 1827, (so far as the such last date the 27th day of July, 1826, mentioned order relates to the was pleased to order that there said United States,) shall be, and should be charged on all vessels of the same are hereby, respectively the said United States which revoked: And His Majesty doth should enter any of the ports of further, by the advice aforesaid, His Majesty's possessions in the and in pursuance of the powers West Indies or America, with ar- aforesaid, declare that the ships of ticles of the growth, produce, or and belonging to the United States manufacture of the said States, of America may import from the certain duties of tonnage and of United States aforesaid, into the customs therein particularly speci- British possessions abroad, goods fied: And whereas it hath been the produce of those States, and made to appear to His Majesty in may export goods from the BritCouncil that the restrictions here- ish possessions abroad, to be cartofore imposed by the laws of the ried to any foreign country whatUnited States aforesaid upon Brit- ever. ish vessels navigating between And the Right Honorable the the said States and His Majesty's Lords Commissioners of His Mapossessions in the West Indies and jesty's Treasury, and the Right America have been repealed, and Honorable Sir George Murray, that the discriminating duties of one of His Majesty's principal tonnage and of customs heretofore Secretaries of State, are to give imposed by the laws of the said the necessary directions herein, as United States upon British vessels to them may respectively apperand their cargoes, entering the tain. ports of the said States from His

JAS, BULLER. Majesty's said possessions, have

Council Office, Whitehall, also been repealed; and that the Nov. 6, 1830.

A true copy.

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Present and proposed Import Duties in the American Colonies. TABLE OF DUTIES on certain articles of provisions, and of wood and lumber, not being the growth,

production, or manufacture of the United Kingdom, por of any British possession, imported or brought by sea, or by inland carriage or navigation, into the several British possessions in America.

1. SOUTHERN COLONIES. Imported or brought into the British possessions on the continent

Present duty. Proposed duty of South America, or in the West Indies, the Bahama and Ber

muda islands included, viz. Provisions, FIL.

£ s. d. £ s. d. Wheat, the bushel

0 1 0 0 1 2 Wheat, imported from the northern colonies

0 1 0 duty free. Wheat flour, the barrel,

0 5 0 0 60 Wheat imported from the northern colonies, except Newfoundland,

0 1 0

duty free. Bread or biscuit, the cwt.

0 1 0

duty free. Flour or meal, not of wheat, the barrrel,

0 2 6

duty free. Peas, beans, rye, calavances, oats, barley, Indian corn, the bushel,

0 0 7

duty free. Rice, the 100 lbs. net weight,

0 2 6

duty free. Live stock,

10 per cent. duty free. LUMBER, viz. Shingles, not being more than 12 inches in length, the 1000,

070 0 10 6 Shingles, imported from the northern colonies,

duty free. Shingles being more than 12inches in length, the 1000,

duty free.

0 14 0 1 1 0 Shingles imported from the northern colonies,

duty free. Staves and headings, viz :

duty free. - red oak, the 1000,

0 15 0 white oak, the 1000,

0 12 6

18 9 imported from the northern colonies,

duty free, Wood hoops, the 1000,

duty free.

0 5 3 07 10 imported from the northern colonies,

duty free. White, yellow, and pitch pine lumber, the 1000 feet,

duty free. of one inch thick,

1 1 0 1 11 6 White, yellow, and pitch pine lumber, imported from the northern colonies,

0 5 3 Other wood and lumber, the 1000 feet of 1 inch thick,

duty free.

1 8 0 1 sl 6 imported from the northern colonies,


duty free. 2. NORTHERN COLONIES. imported or brought into the British possessions in N. America. PROVISION9, viz. Wheat, the bushel,

0 1 0 Wheat flour, the barrel,

duty free.

0 5 0 (May be warehoused, without payment of duty, for exportation

0 5 0 to the southern colonies.) Bread or biscuit, the cwt.

0 1 6 Flour and meal, not of wheat, the barrel,

daty free.

0 2 6 duty free. Peas, beans, rye, calavancos, oats, barley, Indian corn, the bushel,

0 0 7

duty free, Rice, the 100 lbs. net weight,

0 2 6 duty free.

duty free. duty free. Note.-By act 6. George IV. c. 114, food and vistuale, among

other things, fit and necessary for the British fisheries in Amoria, and imported in British ships into the place at or from whence

the fishery is carried on, are duty free. LUMBIR, viz.


duty free.

duty free. Wood hoops,

duty free.

duty free. White, yellow, and pitch pine lumber, the 1000 feet

duty free.

duty free. of 1 inch thick, Other wood and lumber, the 1000 feet,

1 1 0 duty free.

1 8 0 May be warehoused, without payment of daty, for "xportation

duty free. to the southern colonies.)

Live stock,


Documents concerning the Relations between the United States

and the Creek and Cherokee Indians.

it, you

Indian Talk.- From the Presi- each other to live in harmony and

dent of the United States to the peace. Your game is destroyed, Creek Indians, through Col. and many of your people will not Crowell.

work and till ihe earth. Beyond FRIENDS AND BROTHERS : By the great river Mississippi, where permission of the Great Spirit a part of your nation has gone, above, and the voice of the peo- your father has provided a counple, I have been made President try large enough for all of you, of the United States, and now and he advises you to remove to speak to you as your father and it. There your white brothers friend, and request you to listen. will not trouble you ; they will Your warriors have known me have no claim to the land, and long. You know I love

you can


and all and red children, and always your children, as long as the grass speak with a straight, and not grows or the water runs, in peace with a forked tongue; that I have and plenty. It will be yours for

; always told you the truth. I now ever. For the improvements in speak to you as to my children, the country where you now live, in the language of truth — Listen. and for all the stock which you

Your bad men have made my cannot take with you, your father heart sicken and bleed by the will pay you a fair price. murder of one of my white child- In my talk to you in the Creek ren in Georgia. Our peaceful nation, many years ago, I told mother earth has been stained by you of this new country, where the blood of the white man, and you might be preserved as a calls for the punishment of his great nation, and where your white murderers, whose surrender is brothers would not disturb you. now demanded under the solemn In that country your Father, the obligation of the treaty which President, now promises to proyour Chiefs and warriors in coun- tect you, to feed you, and to shield cil have agreed to. To prevent you from all encroachment. Where the spilling of more blood, you you now live, your white brothers must surrender the murderers, have always claimed the land. and restore the property they The land beyond the Mississippi have taken. To preserve peace, belongs to the President, and io you must comply with your own none else; and he will give it to treaty.

you forever. Friends and Brothers, listen : My children, listen. The late Where you now are, you and my murder of one of my white childwhite children are too near to ren in Georgia, shows you that

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you and they are too near to each The Secretary of War to the other. These bad men must be

Cherokee Delegation. now delivered up, and suffer the

Department of War, penalties of the law for the blood

April 18, 1829.3 they have shed.

To Messrs. John Ross, Richard Taylor, I have sent my agent.

Edward Gunter, and William S. Coo

dy, Cherokee Delegation. and your friend Col. Crowell, to demand the surrender of the


BROTHERS : inurderers, and to consult with Your letter of the 17th of Februyou upon the subject of your re- ary addressed to the late Secremoving to the land I have pro- tary of War, has been brought to vided for you west of the Missis- the notice of this Department, sippi, in order that my white and since the communication made lá red children may live in peace, you on the 11th inst. and having and that the land may not be conversed freely and fully with stained with the blood of my the President of the United States, children again. I have instructed I am directed by him to submit Col. Crowell to speak the truth the following as the views which to you, and to assure you, that are entertained, in reference to your Father, the President, will the subjects which you have subdeal fairly and justly with you; mitted for consideration. and while he feels a Father's love You state that the Legislature for you, that he advises your whole of Georgia, in defiance of the nation to go to the place where laws of the United States, and the he can protect and foster you. most solemn treaties existing,' Should any incline to remain and have extended a jurisdiction over come under the laws of Alabama, your nation, to take effect in June, land will be laid off for them, 1830. That your nation had and their families in fee.

no voice in the formation of the My children listen. My white confederacy of the Union, and children in Alabama have extend- has ever been unshackled with ed their law over your country. the laws of individual States, If you remain in it, you must be because independent of them; subject to that law. If you re- and that consequently this act of move across the Mississippi, you Georgia is to be viewed in no will be subject to your own laws, other light than a wanton usurpaand the care of your Father the tion of power, guarantied to Do President. You will be treated State, neither. by the common law with kindness, and the land will of the land, nor by the laws of be yours forever.

nature.' Friends and Brothers, listen. To all this, there is a plain and This is a straight and good talk. obvious answer, deducible from It is for your nation's good, and the known history of the country. your Father requests you to hear During the war of the Revolution, his counsel.

your nation was the friend and ANDREW JACKSON. ally of Great Britain : a power March 23, 1829

wbich then claimed entire sovereignty within the limits of what of Hopewell, conceded to your constituted the thirteen United nation. The soil, and the use of States. By the Declaration of it, were suffered to remain with Independence, and, subsequently, you, while the sovereignty abided the treaty of 1783, all the rights precisely where it did before, in of sovereignty pertaining to Great those States within whose limits Britain became vested respectively you were situated. in the original States of the Union, Subsequent to this, your peoincluding North Carolina and ple were at enmity with the United Georgia, within whose territorial States, and waged a war upon limits, as defined and known, your our frontier settlements; a duranation was then situated. If, as ble peace was not entered into is the case, you have been per- with you until 1791. At that mitted to abide on your own lands period a good understanding obfrom that period to the present, tained, hostilities ceased, and by enjoying the right of soil and the treaty made and concluded, privilege to hunt, it is not thence your nation was placed under the to be inserred, that this was any- protection of our Government, thing more than a permission and a guarantee given, favorable growing out of compacts with to the occupancy and possession your nation; nor is it a circum- of your country. But the United stance whence now to deny to States, always mindful of the authose States the exercise of their thority of the States, even when original sovereignty.

treating for what was so much deIn the year. 1785, three years sired, peace with their red brothafter the independence of the ers, forbore to offer a guarantee adStates, which compose this Union, verse to the sovereignty of Georhad been acknowledged by Great gia. They could not do so; they Britain, a treaty at Hopewell was had not the power. concluded with your nation by At a more recent period, to wit, the United States. The emphatic in 1802, the State of Georgia, delanguage it contains cannot be fining her own proper limits, ceded mistaken, commencing as follows: to the United States all her western

- The commissioners plenipo- territory upon a condition, which tentiaries of the United States in was accepted, that the United Congress assembled, give peace States shall, at their own expense, to all the Cherokees, and receive extinguish for the use of Georgia, them into favor and protection of as early as the same can be the United States of America.' peaceably obtained on reasonable It proceeds then to allot and to terms, the Indian title to all the define your limits and your hunt- lands within the State of Georgia. ing grounds. You were secured She did not ask the military arm of in the privilege of pursuing the the Government to be employed, game and from encroachments but in her mildness and forbearby the whites. No right, how- ance, only, that the soil might be ever, save a mere possessory one, yielded to her, so soon as it could is, by the provisions of the treaty peaceably be obtained, and on

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