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both in their influence and the venera- state, and the proceeds to be applied to tion of the people, by their unaltered the improvement of the navigation of the character and age.
Muscle Shoals and other parts of the His Excellency notices, with satis- Tenuessee. This land was supposed at faction, that the General Assembly was the time of the grant to be worth at least now convened in the new capitol of the ten dollars per acre. The state appointstate - expresses his hope that it will ed coinmissioners to value it, allowing satisfy the highest expectations formed preference of purchase to the persons in of it, and that it may long remain a possession at the valuation price. The monument of the liberal ambition, and consequence was that in favoring the enlarged but not extravagant muniti- occupants, the lands were valued so low cence of the state.
as to deteat the object of the grant, The first prominent subject presented the 400,000 acres, estimated to be worth for legislative consideration is thus intro- several millions of dollars, having been duced :
valued at only five or six hundred thou“The Commissioners appointed to ex: sand dollars. amine, value, class and select 400,000 The insufficiency of the salaries now acres of relinquished land in the Ten- received by the Judges of the State, the nessee valley, given to this state by Attorney-general and the Solicitors, is Congress, for the purpose of improving next pressed upon the attention of the the navigation of the Tennessee and Legislature. The present compensation other rivers in this State, are understood of these officers is inadequate to the imto have made a return to the Register, portance and dignity of their places, and and that the land office has been opened both justice and sound policy require its for the entry of the lands.' The Gover- increase. nor thinks the Commissioners have in On the subject of the Tariff the messome degree misapprehended the in
sage remarks: structions of the act under which they At the last session of the General were appointed; but if any mistake has Assembly, a strong but temperate memo. been committed, is certain that it was rial was addressed to the Government of altogether inadvertent and unintentional, the United States, on the subject of the as there can be no doubt of the high last Tariff imposed on imported articles. honor, integrity and intelligence of the It is hoped that more mature reflection Board of Commissioners. A protracted as well as the experience of many pla. exposition and argument follow on the ces, will have combined to produce the subject, the results of which may be conviction, that it threatens the country thus expressed: — The Commissioners in general with many evils, without have not classed the whole of the 400,000 producing even the common share of inacres, nor have they valued the most sulated benefits which frequently attend inferior class of the selection, at a price even bad measures. Its impolicy, innot less than the minimum price of the justice, and unconstitutionality, may be lands of the United States. The dis- truly said to become every day more aptinction of unclassed lands, composing a parent. It would seem to have had its part of the 400,000 acres selected, made principal spring in the desires and pasby the Coinmissioners, was not only un- sions of our nature, which are certainly authorized by the act, but in direct op- the least respectable, and are more likely position to its express requirements. to produce feelings of just indignation, The law therefore appears not to have than to conciliate or reconcile. Judibeen complied with ; and there seems cious and temperate efforts for the conreason to believe cannot be - and the stitutional repeal of this obnoxious meareturn made to the Register is conse- sure, should in no wise be intermitted ; quently irregular and invalid. Some ex- the argument, if argument can still have planatory and corrective enactments are place, should be inore full, and the tone requisite for the honor and interests of mcre earnest. In the meantime no exthe state, and the rights of those who pedient should be left unessayed the have entered lands under the arrange- inore sully to counteract it. The dicments made by the Commissioners. tates of honorable interest, as well as the
The observations in relation to the love of country, (not that sickly and congranted lands grew out of these circum- tracted sentiment which can only emstances :
brace the small circle of our own selfish A grant was made by Congress to the pursuits, but that which is the offspring State, of four hundred thousand acres of of enlarged benevolence and generous Jand, to be sold at the pleasure of the philanthropy) should prompt us to do
away, as speedily as we can,
- By a census taken under cious error.'
the authority of the State Government, A revision of the Criminal Laws is the Creeks in Alabama appear to exceed next recommended, not with a view to 20,000 in number and that 535 slaves introduce new ganctions, but to insure are owned by Indians of that tribe. the proper application of those already LEGISLATION. — The Legislature at provided. "It too frequently happens, the session of 1829 - 30 ordered the that criminals, especially those who are sales of the public lands granted for the affluent, influential, or who have many internal improvement of the State to be friends, escape the punishment due to suspended for three months. It also their crimes. It is painful to hear the created a board of internal improvement. remark, that it is dificult to convict such A resolution was also passed to amen! a criminal, however clearly his guilt the State Constitution so as to limit the may be established. The present niode term of judicial officers to six years, and of obtaining the jury seems to be princi- another resolution proposing an amendpally chargeable with the fault.'
met to the State Constitution so as to Speaking of the policy adopted by the have biennial sessions of the Legislature. Executive Guvernment of the United Several resolutions were also passed by States towards the Indian Tribes resid- the Legislature requesting the aid of the ing within the limits of Alabama and General Government in promoting the other states, the Governor says-It internal improvement of the state. seems alike calculated to do justice to May, 1830. The Grand Jury of the the states, and to promote the best in- Circuit Court for Pike County, Alabama, terests and happiness of the indians. at a lato term, presented Viajor Philip There can be little doubt of its ultimate Wager, of the United States Army, for and speedy success.'
an alleged infraction of the rights of the The buildings of the University are citizens of Alabama; he having issued a advancing handsomely towards comple- proclamation, by order of the Secretary tion, and will be ready for occupation as of War, directing all white persons not soon as the other arrangements for tho having permits, or Indian wives, to leave commencement of the institution can be the territory of the Creek Indians within inade.
fifteen days. The Grand Jury pronouncSome local matters of little general ed the Major and his men guilty of a interest are then adverted to - among violation of the laws of Alabama, that which we notice that the accounts with State, at the last session of the Legislathe State of Mississippi have been ad- ture, having extended its jurisdiction justed.
over the said territory:
1830. The legislature at its session of established by the common law or stat. 1829 - 30 passed an act extending the utes of the state of Mississippi, be, and jurisdiction of the state over the Indians the same are hereby wholly abolished within its limits, and incorporating them
and taken away. in the mass of the free population of the Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all state. The following is the act:
the rights, privileges, immunities, and STATE OF MISSISSIPPI.
franchises, held and enjoyed by free An act to extend the laws of the state of white persons, inhabitants of the said
Mississippi over the persons and prop- states, be, and the same are hereby giverty of the Indians resident within its en, granted and extended to the said limits.
persons called Indians, and their de. Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the senate scendants, in as full and ample a manner and house of representatives of the state as the same can be done by an act of the of Mississippi in general assembly con- general assembly. vened, That from and after the passage Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That of this act, all the rights, privileges, and all the laws, statutes, and ordinances immunities and franchises, held, claimed, now in force in the said state of Mississipor enjoyed, by those persons called In- pi, be, and the same are hereby declared dians, and their descendants, and which to have full force, power, and operation are held by virtue of any form of policy, over the persons and property of and usage, or custom, existing among said within the territory now occupied by persons, not particularly recognised and the said Indians.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That all March. HAIL STORM. - Port Gib. marriages, matrimonial connexions or son was visited on the last of this month associations, entered into by virtue of with a very violent and destructive hail any usage or custom of the said Indians : storm. During its continuance, (about and by them deemed valid, be, and the half an hour) all other sounds were saine are hereby declared to be as bind- drowned, in the rattling of broken glass ing and obligatory as if the same had and pelting noise of the hail on the roofs ; been solemnized according to the laws and the streets presented a scene of wild of this state.
confusion. Such a storm never before, Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That it is said, visited the country since its any person or persons, who shall assume settlement. on bim or themselves, and exercise in Hundreds of bushels of hail stones of any manner whatever the office of chief, various sizes, and every shape, lay in the mingo, headman, or other post of power, streets when the storm had passed over. established by the tribal statutes, ordi- Some were much larger than an egg, nances, or customs of the said Indians, and the most common size was about as and not particularly recognised by the large; some that were measured were laws of this state, shall on conviction on more than six inches in circumference, indictment or presentment before and weighed an ounce and a quarter. court of competent jurisdiction, be fined On the same evening, we understand a in any sum not esceeding one thousand similar storm visited Natchez. dollars, and be imprisoned any time not July. The MISSISSIPPI. - A westexceeding twelve months, at the discre- ern paper states, that the agent employtion of the court before whom convic- ed by the government, Captain Shreve, tion may be had.
has perfectly succeeded in rendering Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That about three hundred miles of the river the boundaries, specified in an “act, en- as harmless as a mill pond, and will, in titled an act to extend legal process in the course of a short period, remove that part of the state now occupied by every obstruction from Trinity to Balize. the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes of In- His plan is to run down the snags with a dians.' passed, February 4th, 1829, shall double steam boat; the bows are conbe so construed as to make all legal pro- nected by a tremendous beam plated cess returnable, as by that act required. with iron; he puts on a heavy head of
Joseph Dunbar, speaker of H. R. steam, and runs the snags down; they
A. M. Scott, president of senate. are found uniformly to break off at the Approved, Jan. 19, 1930.
point of junction with the bottom of the GERARD C. BRANDON. river and float away.
Sept. 1829. The yellow fever prevail- and with observations on the constitued with great violence this summer at tional ambiguity as to the proper sucNew Orleans. ceased about the 1st cessor to the office of Governor when of November.
thus vacated. Measures are recommend 1930. LEGISLATURE. — The Legis- ed for obviating difficulties on this sublature met at Donaldsonville on the 4th ject hereafter. of January
The Governor recommends a revision The Senate chose Mr Moreau Lislet of the law relating to the importation of as their President pro tempore, and adopt- slaves, and to consider whether the ed a resolution 10
declar- growing evil has not now reached such ing that the functions of Governor de- a height as to demand whether it may volved on the President annually elected be advisable to prohibit their introduce by them. That resolution having been tion altogether, or, at least, to fix the age sent to the House of Representatives, above which they shall not be introwas rejected by that body — 17 ayes duced. 18 nays.
Apprehensions have been entertained The Message of Mr Beauvais, the that the duties imposed on foreign suacting Governor, was presented to both gars by the United States, might be reHouses on the 6th. A cousiderable por- duced, and these apprehensions have tion of the Message is taken up with a spread great and serious alarm among respectful allusion to the late Governor those of our fellow citizens who are enDerbigny and his melancholy death gaged in that branch of agriculture. I
recommend to you to impress upon contains 17 sections, the purport of our representatives in Congress the ab- which is, that all free negroes, solute necessity for the safety of this mulattos, and other free
persons of state, that those duties should be main- color, who have come into the state tained. Large capitals are embarked in since the 1st of January, 1925, in violathis culture, the expenses attending it tion of the Act passed on the 14th of are enormous, reliance has been placed April, 1807, or who may hereafter come upon the faith of the nation, and a change into the state, shall be ordered to leave in the system which has hitherto been the same within 60 days, under penalty pursued in this respect, would plunge of one year's imprisonment at hard lathis state into inextricable embarrass- bor; and unless they depart in 30 days ments.
after the expiration of their sentence, the • The law on the subject of roads and penalty shall be increased to imprisonlevees passed at your last session, needs, ment for life. An exception is made in I think, some amendment. One section favor of those holding property, on requires that all the inspectors of the which they actually pay state taxes, parish must assemble to order what so far as to allow them one year before works shall be done on the public levees. departure, on condition of giving securiIt often happens that they cannot all as- ty for their good behaviour, and that semble. I think it would be better to they will depart when the year has exfix the number necessary for this busi- pired. Free persons of color who shall ness at three fourths or two thirds. come into the state as seamen, &e, at
I would also recommend it to you to tached to any vessel, and who shall not renew your exertions to obtain the share depart with said vessel, provided she is to which we are entitled in the proceeds destined for an outward voyage, or if not, of the sales of the public lands in this who shall remain in the state longer than state; and also to endeavor to obtain 13 days, are made liable to the same perfrom Congress a donation of those lands alties as above provided. Free persons within the limits of Louisiana and which who shall knowingly bring or cause to remain unsold. Their value to the be brought into the state, any free per. United States is inconsiderable, to us son of color, and shall hold him as a slave their proceeds applied to the construction or offer to sell him as a slave, are made of new roads, and to the opening of subject to a penalty of $1000 for each canals by which the superfluous waters offence, over and above the damages of the Mississippi may escape to the which may be recovered. Persons emanocean, would be productive of great ad. cipating slaves are required to give vantages - Louisiana would become bonds of $1000 for each person so emali. more healthy – our brethren of the cipated, conditioned on the permanent North might settle among us without removal of the same from the state, dread of those autumnal fevers which within one month after the act of emansometimes rage with such fatal violence cipation. upon the banks of this mighty stream, Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, &e, and this beautiful and fertile region, and That if any white person shall be conthe great emporium of the West would victed of being the author, printer, or be rendered secure from the danger of publisher of any written or printed paper inundation.'
or papers within the state, or shall use The question to which the death of any language with the intent to disturb M. Derbigny gave rise, was definitively the peace or security of the same, in redecided on the 14th of January. The lation to the slaves of the people of this two Houses passed a resolution to have state, or to diminish that respect which a Governor elected by the people on the is commanded of free persons of color first Monday in July next, who shall re- for the whites, by the 40th section of an main in office the space of four years. act entitled an act prescribing the rules The Senate chose a President in the and conduct to be observed with respect place of Mr Beauvais, and the majority to negroes or slaves of this territory, were in favor of Mr Jacques Dupre of approved June 7th, 1805,' or to destroy Opelousas, who took the reins of Gov. that line of distinction which the law ernment, until the installation of the has established between the several Governor elect.
classes of this community : such person LEGISLATION. —Alaw was passed at shall be adjudged guilty of a high misthe session of the Louisiana Legisla- demeanor, and shall be fined in a sum ture, for 1830, providing for the expul. not less than three hundred dollars, por sion of free persons of color. It exceeding one thousand dollars, and
moreover imprisoned for a term not less Resolved, &c, That our Senators in than six months, nor exceeding three Congress be instructed, and our Repreyears; and if any free person of color sentatives requested, to accede to and shall be convicted of such offence, he, support such measures as those that are she, or they, shall be sentenced to pay a contemplated by the law of 1828, on the fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, tarifl. and imprisoned at hard labor for a time
We understand that these resolunot less than three years, nor more than
tions passed the Senate unanimously, five years, and at the expiration of such
and the house with cnly seven dissenimprisonment, be banished from this
tients. state for life.
July. For Governor.
3638 discretion of the court to do any act
1478 having a tendency to excite insubordina
2701 tion among the slave population.
463 It was also made an offence punishable with imprisonment of not less than Congress. one nor more than twelve months to 1st District E. D. White, teach a slave to read or write.
2d do. Gen. Thomas, 1040 A law was also passed authorizing the
910 Governor to surrender to duly authorized
515 officers, any persons charged with having 3d do. J. Bullard,
1399 teen guilty of murder, arson, robbery,
1182 forgery, counterfeiting or rape in any
Statement of the amount of Sugar and foreign country ; provided that such evi.
Molasses made in Louisiana in 1829. dence be furnished of his guilt as would warrant his commitment for trial.
Parishes. Sugar. Molasses. Resolved, by the senate and house of
535 242 representatives of the state of Louisiana, Point Coupee
883 West Baton Rouge
420 in general assembly convened, That the general assembly of this state do not con- East Baton Rouge
558 260 cur in the views and sentiments express
2219 998 ed by the resolutions of the legislature Ascension
6576 3055 of the state of Mississippi, relative to St James
8278 3638 the tariff of 1823; and that the legisla. St John the Baptist 9000 3851 ture of this state does not perceive any
15017 7309 unconstitutionality in adopting such Jefferson
12696 5918 Orleans
1164 Resolved, &c, That we highly approve St Barnard
7656 3614 of the resolutions of the legislature of Attakapas and Opelousas 6515 2814 Vermont, by which they have declared Plaquemines
3354 the law of 1823, on the tariff, to be con- Bayou Lafourche
5913 2757 stitutional, expedient, and harmless to Barataria
1010 the southern states, or any other of our sister states.
Total 87965 39874
September, 1829. The Legislature of System of the State, and recommends this state assembled at Nashville on the that some measures may be devised for 21st of this month. Dr Joel Walker, the punishment of criminal offences was elected Speaker of the Senate, and more effectual than appear practicable Wm. R. Hill' and Gen. Wm. Martin, under the present state of things. The Clerk and Assistant Clerk. Ephrain H. multiplied acts of violence and outrage, Foster was appointed Speaker of the are doubtless encouraged by the facilities House, and Thomas J. Campbell, and with which the heavy sanctions of the Edmund W. Tipton, Clerks.
law are wholly evaded. State-prisons A Message was then received from and Penitentiaries on the plans of many His Excellency William Hall, the Gov- of the other states are suggested. ernor. It calls the attention of the Leg. The promotion of Public Education islature to the condition of the Judicial is next presented to the attention of the