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lars. He was also incorrect in ring to abuses which have heretostating the sum called for during fore existed, it is worth our while the last year of Mr Monroe's ad- to run into those which we have ministration. He says it was two condemned ?

in the hundred thousand dollars. The first year of reform, to do the book shows that it was but one very thing we have once censurhundred and seventysix thousand; ed? It appears that outfits have and that amount was not expend- been taken this year from the ed, but was faithfully accounted contingent fund. I do not comfor by the honorable gentleman plain because they do this, but then at the head of the State because they do now what, durDepartment.

ing the last administration, they The gentleman from New York condemned. threw out another insinuation, Mr Buchanan said, he did not when alluding to the extravagance expect the House would get into of the administration when the a party debate upon an approlate President was Secretary of priation bill. He did not think State. Is he aware where that either of the gentlemen who had leads bim? The appropriations spoken had taken a correct view then were liberal. The last year of the subject. It must be adthat Mr Adams was Secretary of mitted, in the regulation of foreign State, the year 1824, the appro- intercourse, that a small saving priation was one hundred and for- may be an immense loss. It is tynine thousand dollars - liberal, the duty of the Executive to have but not more liberal than the pres- the foreign intercourse so conductent year. In the year 1823 there

ed that the interests of the country was but seventyfour thousand dol- shall suffer no loss. It could not lars called for not one half as be possible that the wisdom or much as is asked for this year. folly of any administration was to In the year 1822, but eightythree be tested by the expenditure unthousand dollars was asked for der one or another head of approthis fund. The increase was priations. Statesmen looked at gradual — the public history ex- the objects, and considered what plained the cause of the increase; the country required. I was if the gentleman from New York one that condemned the last adwould examine, he would find ministration, not on account of that the expenses were not more the money expended, but because, than was reasonable, and not be- in any judgment, they expended yond those of the present time. it in violation of the law of 1810. The salaries are all fixed by law, That system had grown up under and the sum to be called for is one President, followed by the accordingly ascertained. In my others, until outfits were charged previous remarks I made no inti- for appointments made abroad. mation that there was anything There had been appointments more than necessity called for at made of Ministers about to return, present. I would suggest to the converting their Secretaries into gentleman, however, if, in refer- Chargés, and allowing them four thousand five hundred dollars for but one hundred and thirtyseven outfits ; and in one case this bad thousand ? To his inquiry the been done only to return. But Chairman of the Committee of this was a question for the people Ways and Means had replied thai, to settle. The Executive was there had been, previous to the competent to make recalls, and last year, an accumulation of unwho would condemn him for expended balances of former apusing his discretion. It must be propriations, which had rendered it an extreme case, indeed, for the necessary to appropriate less for House to withhold appropriations that year ; but that these surplusenabling the Executive to use a es being all expended, a larger discretion which he was at liberty sum was required for this year. to use. The people would decide With great deference to the source whether his movements 'vere ju- from which this statement prodicious.

ceeded, Mr Everett could not Mr Everett said that he agreed agree to its correctness. He did with the gentleman from Pennsyl- not find, in looking at the estivania, who had just taken his seat, mates from the Department of as to the cause of the increase in State for 1829, that there was the appropriation. That gentle- any such surplus under this head man had stated it to be the recall of appropriation. of several of the foreign ministers Mr McDuffie said it was far and the outfits of their successors; from his intention to say anything and it was evident, from the com- which any human being could parison of the bill of this year with construe into a party allusion. ihe appropriation law of the last, He did, in reply to the question that such was the fact. He also of the gentleman from Kentucky, agreed with the gentleman from state the reason that the balance Pennsylvania, that the recall and of the fund was all expended. appointment of Ministers was a Mr Everett said that, the genmatter of Executive discretion ; tleman's explanation was in acand that it was only in an extreme cordance with his own view of case that the House would be jus- the case, and he was about, himtified in interposing to withhold an self, immediately to state that, the appropriation for the outfit of a surplus alluded to was in a differMinister thus appointed. Mr Ev- ent fund, for which no appropriaerett begged to recall to the recol- tion at all was made in 1829 ; lection of the House the manner and that consequently the increase in which this debate arose. The of forty thousand dollars in the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr diplomatic service of the present Wickliffe), had put the question year over the last, was not owing 10 the Chairman of the Commit- to any such surplus being added tee of Ways and Means, why the to the appropriation of 1829. It appropriation for the diplomatic was an increase of expenditure, service of this year amounted to owing, as the gentleman from one hundred and eighty thousand Pennsylvania stated, to the redollars, while the last year it was call of the foreign Ministers and

the appointment of their succes- was specifically appropriated to sors. Supposing this matter to another. Now here we have forty be now understood all round the thousand dollars expended in outHouse, he should say no more fits, without any specific approabout it.

priation ; although two outfits, he He must however, dwell a believed, were specified in the moment on another point con- act of last year. From what fund nected with this appropriation, in the money was taken he could which, after what had been said, hardly tell. That part of the he need not disclaim being a vol- estima:es was not very clear. unteer. These outfits, to the There is no such thing as a' diamount of over forty thousand plomatic fund' known to the apdollars, have been paid, without propriation law. The sum now any specific appropriation. On asked for appears to be asked as a the contrary, a gentleman from repayment of so much taken from Georgia (Mr Wilde), the last other items. Of this he was not winter, proposed, in Committee disposed to complain; but he of the Whole, to make an appto- hoped gentlemen would now feel priation for the outfits of Minis- how unjustly the late administraters who might be appointed ; tion had been criminated for a and the Committee declined mak- course so soon adopted by the presing such an appropriation. They ent, and which must of necessity passed the bill as they found it, be adopted by any, administration. with specific appropriations for Mr McDuffie replied that, certain designated salaries and whatever other people had said, outfits, with an estimated addition he had made no such charge for contingencies of twenty thou- against the late administration, nor sand dollars. This looked rather had he said such appropriations - when considered in connexion were wrong.

Whoever made with the refusal of the Committee such objection could not underjust alluded to - like excluding stand the subject. all outfits not provided for in the Mr Everett replied that, he did bill. And yet, notwithstanding not maintain that the gentleman this, forty thousand dollars, in out- from South Carolina, individually, fits, for which no appropriation had held this doctrine. But it had been made, have been paid had been distinctly laid down, in during the past summer. the reports of two Committees of

Mr Everett did not mention the House, at the last Congress, this as criminating the present the Committee on the Expendiadministration, but as vindicating tures of the Department of State the past.

It had been asserted and the Retrenchment Commitand reiterated here and else- tee. The latter Committee had where, that the late administra- recommended the abolition of the tion had improperly paid outfits fund for the contingent expenses out of the contingent fund; and of the Foreign Missions on the transferred to one object what ground that it enabled the Ex

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ecutive, at his discretion, to aug- A division was called for by ment the allowance to Foreign Mr Barnard, and the question Ministers.

was taken on the first member of Mr Cambreleng thought the the sentence, viz: to strike out gentleman from Massachusetts the words, Provided, That no must have confounded the Secret part of the appropriation shall be Service Fund with the Fund for applied to any printing other than Foreign Intercourse. That was of such documents or papers as the only fund which the Commit- are connected with the ordinary tee on Retrenchment proposed to proceedings of either of the said abolish.

Houses, during the session, and Mr Everett said, I am no: determined in negative - yeas mistaken. The Committee of 22, nays 23. Retrenchment proposed to abolish On the question to strike out the fund appropriated for the the residue of the sentence, viz : contingent expenses of all the and executed by the public prinmissions abroad,'as the gentleman ters agreeably to their contracts, from New York would find by. unless authorized by an act or a turning to their report.

joint resolution; it was determinMr Norton said, during his legis- ed in the negative-yeas 22, lative life he had always voted for nays 23. the largest sum reported by the A motion was made to strike Committee. He was not one out the outfits of the new miniswho expected to build himself up ters appointed since the 4th of by talking of retrenchment. He March, 1829, and negatived did not feel as if he was called yeas 3, pays 39. upon to inquire whether the sum

Certain unimportant amendreceived was large or small; he ments were then made in the trusted to the able gentleman who bill, which was passed and sent was at the head of the Commit- to the House, where the amendtee of Ways and Means, and he ments were concurred in and the should vote for it as it stood. bill became a law. The bill was then passed and

By this act the following apsent to the Senate for concurrence. propriations were made, viz.

In the Senate the bill was taken up on the 4th of March and an For the expenses of the Ex

ecutive Department, includamendment reported by the Com

ing salaries of Vice Presimittee of Finance to strike out dent, all the Departments at the amendments proposed in the

Washington and of the terri.
torial governments,

$640,184 House by Messrs Wickliffe and of Diplomatic intercourse, 248,500 Polk, in relation to the printing of Congress,

670,050

243,023 of Congress, became the topic of of the Judicial Department, discussion. The debate was inter- For pensions,

For light-houses, beacons, &c. 231,103

1,750 rupted by other business and post- For miscellaneous expenses, 67,700 poned to the next day, when the For taking the census of 1830,

in addition to $350,000 forbill was again taken up.

merly appropriated,

250,000

.

.

ances.

The bill making appropriations ground that they were not authorfor the paval service for 1830 was ized by any law. taken up on the 23d of February, When this reform was brought and having passed the House was to the knowledge of Congress, , sent to the Senate, where it also a joint resolution was passed dipassed without amendment and recting those unauthorized allowbecame a law.

ances to be made as formerThis act appropriated for pay,

ly; and on the last day of the subsistence and provision, $1,978,666 session, upon discovering that Repairs of vessels,

590,000 Medicines and hospital stores,

these allowances had not been in

30,500 Ordnance and ordnance stores, 30,000 cluded in the estimates presented Repairs and improvement of

to Congress by the Department, a navy yards,

180,500 Gradual increase of navy, 152,380

law was brought in and hurried Enumerated contingencies for

through both Houses, appropri1830, Non enumerated contingen

250,000 ating in general terms a sum sufcies,

5,000

ficient to pay those extra allowExpenses of marine corps for

The sole effect of this 1830,

188,465 reform was to cause great distress Arrearages of marine corps for 1829,

11,973 to the officers of that corps, who Besides the appropriation for

were curtailed of their

pay

for arrearages in 1829, for the ma

nearly a year, and finally loose rine corps, a law was also passed and hasty legislation to remedy

the evil. for the arrearages in the naval service for that year, appropria- for the suppression of the slave

The sum formerly appropriated ting

trade was reappropriated at the For pay and subsistence, $136,923 last day of the session as an exFor repairs of vessels,

82,841 For contingent expenses,

30,392 penditure falling under the superFor medicines, &c,

2,598 vision of the Navy Department. For marine corps,

16,757

No change had been recomAn act was also passed for re- mended in the policy adopted by pairing and fitting out the Frigate the Government, to gradually Brandywine, appropriating $92,- place the coast in a state of de369 for that purpose.

fence by fortifying the principal An additional sum was also points and seaports, and the bill appropriated for the Marine Corps appropriating the necessary sums the last day of the session, in con- for that purpose encountered no sequence of a determination of serious opposition. the new fourth Auditor (Amos By that bill the following sums Kendall) to introduce a reform in were appropriated for the comhis Departinent. In his zeal to pletion of fortifications, viz : do this he refused to make cer- For Fort Adams,

$100,000 taip extra allowances to the offi

Hamilton,

86,000 Monroe,

100,000 cers of the Marine Corps, which

Calhoun,

100,000 had been habitually made, on the

Macon,

60,000

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