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said Mr. No-good, Away with such a fellow from the earth. Ay, .said Mr. Malice, for I hate the very looks of him. Then said Mr. Love-lust, I could never endure him. Nor I, said Mr. Live-loose, for he would always be condemning my way. Hang him, hang him ! said Mr. Heady. A sorry scrub, said Mr. High-mind. My heart riseth against him, said Mr. Enmity. He is a rogue, said Mr. Liar. Hanging is too good for him, said Mr. Cruelty. Let us despatch him out of the way, said Mr. Hate-light. Then said Mr. Implacable, Might I have all the world given me, I could not be reconciled to him; therefore let us forthwith
They conclude to bring him in guilty of death. And so they did. bring him in guilty Therefore he was presently condemned to be had of death. from the place where he was to the place from whence he came, and there to be put to the most cruel death that could be invented.
They therefore brought him out to do with him according to their law; and first they scourged him, then they buffeted him, then they lanced his flesh with knives, after that they stoned him with stones, then pricked him with their swords, and last of all, they burnt him to ashes at the stake. Thus came Faithful to his end.
Now I saw that there stood behind the multitude A chariot and hor. a chariot and a couple of horses waiting for Faith- ses wait to take ful, who, (so soon as his adversaries had despatched away Faithful. him,) was taken up into it, and straightway was carried up through the clouds, with sound of trumpet, the nearest way to the Celestial Gate.
But as for Christian, he had some respite, and was remanded back to prison; so he remained
prisoner. there for a space; but he who overrules all things, having the power of their rage in his own hand, so wrought it about; that Christian for that time escaped them, and went his way.
And as he went he sang, saying :
The cruel death of Faithful.
Well, Faithful, thou hast faithfully profess'd
that Christian made of Faithful after his death
Now I saw in my dream that Christian went
Christian has annot forth alone'; for there was one whose name
other companion. was Hopeful, (being so made by the beholding of Christian and Faithful in their words and behaviour in their suffer ings at the Fair,) who joined himself unto him, and entering into
a protherly covenant, told him that he would be his companion. Thus one died to bear testimony to the truth, and another rises out There are more of
of his ashes to be a companion with Christian in the men in the Fair his pilgrimage. This Hopeful also told Christian,
that there were many more of the men in the Fair that would take their time, and follow after.
So I saw that, quickly after they were got out They overtake By-ends.
of the Fair, they overtook one that was going be
fore them, whose name was By-ends ; so they said to him, What countryman, sir ? and how far go you this way? He told them that he came from the town of Fair-speech, and that he was going to the Celestial City: but told them not his name.
From Fair-speech, said Christian : is there any good that lives there ?*
Yes, said By-ends, I hope.
By-ends. I am a stranger to you, and you to me: By-ends loth to tell
you be going this way, I shall be glad of your
company ; if not, I must be content. This town of Fair-speech, said Christian, I have heard of; and, as I remember, they say it's a wealthy place.
· Proy. xxvi. 25.
By-ends. Yes, I will assure you that it is; and I have very many rich kindred there.
Chr. Pray, who are your kindred there, if a man may be so bold ?
By-ends. Almost the whole town; but in particular, my Lord Turn-about, my Lord Time-server, my Lord Fair-speech, (from whose ancestors that town first took its name ;) also Mr. Smoothman, Mr. Facing-both-ways, Mr. Anything; and the parson of our parish, Mr. Two-tongues, was my mother's own brother, by father's side; and, to tell you the truth, I am become a gentleman of good quality ; yet my great-grandfather was but a waterman, looking one way, and rowing another; and I got most of my estate by the same occupation.
Chr. Are you a married man?
By-ends. Yes; and my wife is a very virtuous woman, the daughter of a virtuous woman ; she The wife and kin
dred of By-ends. was my Lady Feigning's daughter; therefore she came of a very honourable family, and is arrived to such a pitch of breeding, that she knows how to carry it to all, even to Prince and peasant. : 'Tis true, we somewhat differ in
Where By-ends religion from those of the strictest sort; yet but in differs from others two small points: First, We never strive against in religion. wind and the tide. Secondly, We are always most zealous when Religion goes in his silver slippers; we love much to walk with him in the street, if the sun shines, and the people applaud him.
Then Christian stepped a little aside to his fellow Hopeful, saying, It runs in my mind, that thıs is one By-ends of Fair-speech; and, if it be he, we have as very a knave in our company as dwelleth in all these parts. Then said Hopeful, Ask him ; methinks he should not be ashamed of his name. So Christian came up with him again, and said, Sir, you talk as if you knew something more than all the world doth; and if I take not my mark amiss, I deem I have half a guess of you; is not your pame Mr. By-ends of Fair-speech
By-ends. This is not my name; but indeed it is a nickname that is given me by some that cannot abide me; and I must be content to bear it as a reproach, as other good men have borne theirs before me. Chr. But did you never give an occasion to men to call
to call you by this name? By-ends. Never, never! The worst that ever !
How By-ends go did to give them an occasion to give me this name his name. was, that I had always the luck to jump in my judgment with the present way of the times, whatever it was, and
my chance was to get thereby ; but if things are thus cast upon me, let me count them a blessing; but let not the malicious load me therefore with reproach.
Chr. I thought, indeed, that you were the man that I heard of; and, to tell you what I think, I fear this name belongs to you more properly than you are willing we should think it doth. ' He desires to keep
By-ends. Well, if you will thus imagine, I cancompany with rea- not help it. You shall find me a fair company
keeper, if you will still admit me your associate. Chr. If you will go with us, you must go against wind and tide; the which, I perceive, is against your opinion: you must also own Religion in his rags, as well as when in his silver slippers ; and stand by him too when bound in irons, as well as when he walketh the streets with applause.
By-ends. You must not impose nor lord it over my faith; leave me to my liberty, and let me go with you.
Chr. Not a step farther, unless you will do, in what I propound,
He has new com
Then said By-ends, I shall never desert my old principles, since
they are harmless and profitable. If I may not go By.ends, and they
you, I must do as I did before you overtook
me, even go by myself, until some overtake me that will be glad of my company.
Now I saw in my dream, that Christian and Hopeful forsook him, and kept their distance before him ; but one of them looking back saw three men following Mr. By-ends; and behold, as they came up with him, he made them a very low congée, and they
also him a compliment. The men's names
were, Mr. Hold-the-world, Mr. Money-love, and panions.
Mr. Save-all ; men that Mr. By-ends had formerly been acquainted with ; for, in their minority, they were schoolfe lows, and were taught by one Mr. Gripeman, a schoolmaster in Love-gain, which is a market-town in the county of Coveting, in the north. This schoolmaster taught them the art of getting, either by violence, cozenage, flattery, lying, or by putting on a guise of religion; and these four gentlemen had attained much of the art of their master, so that they could each of them have kept such a school themselves.
Well, when they had, as I said, thus saluted each other, Mr. Money-love said to Mr. By-ends, Who are they upon the road before us ? for Christian and Hopeful were yet within view. By-ends' character By-ends. They are a couple of far countrymen æf the pilgrims. that, after their mode, are going on pilgrimage.
Money-love. Alas! why did they not stay, that we might have had their good company; for they, and we, and you, sir, I hope, are all going on a pilgrimage.
By-ends. We are so indeed ; but the men before us are so rigid, and love so much their own notions, and do also so lightly esteem the opinions of others, that let a man be never so godly, yet, if he jumps not with them in all things, they thrust him quite out of their company.
Mr. Save-all. That's bad; but we read of some that are righteous overmuch ; and such men's rigidness prevails with them to judge and condemn all but themselves. But, I pray, what and how many were the things wherein you differed?
By-ends. Why, they, after their headstrong manner, conclude that it is duty to rush on their journey all weathers, and I am for waiting for wind and tide. They are for hazarding all for God at a clap, and I am for taking all advantage to secure my life and estate. They are for holding their notions, though all other men be against them ; but I am for religion, in what and so far as the times and my safety will bear it. They are for religion when in rags and contempt; but I am for him when he walks in his silver slippers, in the sunshine, and with applause.
Mr. Hold-the-world. Ay, and hold you there still, good Mr. Byends! for, for my part, I can count him but a fool that, having the liberty to keep what he has, shall be so unwise to lose it. Let us be wise as serpents; it's best to make hay while the sun shines; you see how the bee lieth still all winter, and bestirs her only when she can have profit with pleasure. God sends sometimes rain, and sometimes sunshine ; if they be such fools to go through the first, yet let us be content to take fair weather along with us. For my part, I like that religion best that will stand with the security of God's good blessings unto us ; for who can imagine, that is ruled by his reason, since God has bestowed upon us the good things of this life, but that he would have us keep them for his sake ? Abraham and Solomon grew rich in religion ; and Job says, that a good
shall lay up gold as dust.” But he must not be such as the men before us, if they be as you have described them.
Mr. Save-all. I think that we are all agreed in this matter, and therefore there needs no more words about it.
Mr. Money-love. No, there needs no more words about this matter indeed; for he that believes neither Scripture nor reason, (and you see we have both on our side,) neither knows his own liberty, nor seeks his own safety.
Mr. By-ends. My brethren, we are, as you see, going all on