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einp^rom8 plS ^ i8 further agreed that the provisions of this Conven

Mbitions. tion shall not apply to Indians, Ainos, Aleuts, or other A,t ' 11 aborigines dwelling on the coast of the waters mentioned in Article I, who carry on pelagic sealing in canoes not transported by or used in connection with other vessels, and propelled entirely by oars, paddles, or sails, and manned by not more than five persons each, in the way hitherto practiced and without the use of firearms; provided that such aborigines are not in the employment of other persons or under contract to deliver the skins to any person. Killing sea ot- Each of the High Contracting Parties agrees that it

tere restricted. no^ perm^ citizens or subjects or their vessels to

kill, capture or pursue beyond the distance of three miles from the shore fine of its territories sea otters in any part of the waters mentioned in Article I of this Convention.

be^nJotedon to Each of the High Contracting Parties agrees to enact Art. vi.' and enforce such legislation as may be necessary to make effective the foregomg provisions with appropriate penalties for violations thereof.

maintained0 be ^ 18 agree(i 011 Part °f the United States, Japan, and Art. Vii.' Russia that each respectively will maintain a guard or patrol in the waters frequented by the seal herd in the protection of which it is especially interested, so far as may be necessary for the enforcement of the foregoing provisions. ti"uttoJ^re?S of tQe Hi?n Contracting Parties agree to cooperate pelagic seating, with each other in taking such measures as may be approArt. via. priate and available for the purpose of preventing pelagic sealing in the prohibited area mentioned in Article I. dennel.'0 8"81'D8 The term pelagic sealing is hereby defined for the purArt. ix. poses of this Convention as meaning the killing, capturing or pursuing in any manner whatsoever of fur seals at sea. caShtonDUpir0bii0f The. United States agrees that of the total number of islands. sealskins taken annually under the authority of the

An.x. United States upon the Pribilof Islands or any other islands or shores of the waters mentioned in Article I subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to which any seal herds hereafter resort, there shall be delivered at the Pribilof Islands at the end of each season fifteen per cent (15%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the Canadian Government and fifteen per cent (15%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the Japanese Government; suspension of provided, however, that nothing herein contained shall k'l'"'K restrict the right of the United States at any time and

from time to time to suspend altogether the taking of sealskins on such islands or shores subject to its jurisdiction, and to impose such restrictions and regulations upon the total number of skins to be taken in any season and the manner and times and places of taking them as may seem necessary to protect and preserve the seal herd or to increase its number. mmtbt? united Tne United States further agrees to pay the sum of two states to Great hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) to Great Britain Britain and Ja- and the sum q{ twQ hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) Art. xi. to Japan when this Convention goes into effect, as an advance payment in each case in lieu of such number of fur-seal skins to which Great Britain and Japan respectively would be entitled under the provisions of this Convention as would be equivalent in each case to two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) reckoned at their market value at London at the date of their delivery before dressing and curing and less cost of transportation from the Pribilof Islands, such market value in case of dispute to be determined by an umpire to be agreed upon by the United States and Great Britain, or by the United States and Japan, as the case may be, which skins shall be retained t>y the United States in satisfaction of such payments.

The United States further agrees that the British and o^^STM8,1?8TM Japanese share respectively of the sealskins taken from American hereto the American herd under the terms of this Convention ja'ptn.Britainand shall be not less than one thousand (1,000) each in any year even if such number is more than fifteen per cent (15%) of the number to which the authorized killing is restricted in such year, unless the killing of seals in such . year or years shall have been absolutely prohibited by the United States for all purposes except to supply food, clothing, and boat skins for the natives on the islands, in which case the United States agrees to pay to Great k f^ff811* when Britain and to Japan each the sum of ten thousand dollars hunted.1 1 g pr<* ($10,000) annually in lieu of any share of skins during the years when no killing is allowed; and Great Britain agrees, and Japan agrees, that after deducting the skins of their respective shares, which are to be retained by the United States as above provided to reimburse itself for the advance payment aforesaid, the United States shall be entitled to reimburse itself for any annual payments made as herein required, by retaining an additional number of sealskins from the British and Japanese shares respectively over and above the specified minimum allowance of one thousand (1,000) skins in any subsequent year or years when killing is again resumed, until the whole number of skins retained shall equal, reckoned at their market value determined as above provided for, the entire amount so paid, with interest at the rate of four percent (4%) per annum.

If, howeVer, the total number of seals frequenting the J^p^8'^ United States islands in any year falls below one hundred than 100,000. thousand (100,000), enumerated by official count, then all killing, excepting the inconsiderable supply necessary for the support of the natives as above noted, may be suspended without allowance of skins or payment of money equivalent until the number of such seals again exceeds one hundred thousand (100,000), enumerated in like manner.

It is agreed on the part of Russia that of the total num- ofMicXhm f^TM ber of sealskins taken annually upon the Commander Russian herd to Islands, or any other island or shores of the waters defined japan. 811 in Article I subject to the jurisdiction of Russia to which -*rt-XIL

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any seal herds hereafter resort, there shall be delivered at the Commander Islands at the end of each season fifteen per cent (15%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the Canadian Government, and fifteen per cent (15%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the Japanese Government; provided, however, that nothing herein contained shall restrict the right of Russia at any time and from time to time during the first five years of the term of this Convention to suspend altogether the taking of sealskins on such islands or shores subject to its jurisdiction, and to impose during the term of this Convention such restrictions and regulations upon the total number of skins to be taken in any season, and the manner and times and places of taking them as may seem necessary to preserve and protect the Russian seal herd, or to increase its number; but it is agreed, nevertheless, on the part of Russia that during the last ten years of the term of this Convention not less than five per cent (5%) of the total number of seals on the • Russian rookeries and hauling grounds will be killed annuallyj provided that said five per cent (5%) does not exceed eighty-five per cent (85%) of the three-year-old male seals hauling in such year. whens?ierdsii£ss ^, h°wever' the total number of seals frequenting the than 18,000. Russian islands in any year falls below eighteen thousand (18,000) enumerated by official count, then the allowance of skins mentioned above and all killing of seals except such as may be necessary for the support of the natives on the islands may be suspended until the number of such seals again exceeds eighteen thousand (18,000) enumerated in like manner. of"tchfrZsjaTM It *s agreed on the part of Japan that of the total numanese herd tober of sealskins taken annually upon Robben Island, or Great'' BritS; any other islands or shores of the waters defined in Article ^Vrt^xiii I subject to the jurisdiction of Japan to which any seal herds hereafter resort, there shall be delivered at Robben Island at the end of each season ten per cent (10%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the United States Government, ten per cent (10%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the Canadian Government, and ten per cent (10%) gross in number and value thereof to an authorized agent of the firet^Teara.'01 ^uss^an Government; provided, however, that nothing herein contained shall restrict the right of Japan at any time and from time to time during the first five years of the term of this Convention to suspend altogether the taking of sealskins on such islands or shores subject to its jurisdiction, and to impose during the term of this Convention such restrictions and regulations upon the total number of skins to be taken in any season, and the manner and times and places of taking them as may seem necessary to preserve and protect the Japanese herd, or to yeare. * *611 increase its number; but it is agreed, nevertheless, on the

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part of Japan that during the last ten years of the term of this Convention not less than five per cent (5%) of the total number of seals on the Japanese rookeries and hauling grounds will be killed annually, provided that said five per cent (5%) does not exceed eighty-five per cent (85%) of the three-year-old male seals hauling in such year.

If, however, the total number of seals frequenting thew^s^|rd ]ess Japanese islands in any year falls below six thousand five than 6,500. hundred (6,500) enumerated by official count, then the allowance of skins mentioned above and all killing of seals except such as may be necessary for the support of the natives on the islands may be suspended until the number of such seals again exceeds six thousand five hundred (6,500) enumerated in like manner.

It is agreed on the part of Great Britain that in case any ^^Sg to Brl£ seal herd hereafter resorts to any islands or shores of the isn possessions. waters defined in Article I subject to the jurisdiction of XIV' Great Britain, there shall be delivered at the end of each season during the term of this Convention ten per cent (10%) gross m number and value of the total number of sealskins annually taken from such herd to an authorized agent of the United States Government, ten per cent (10%) gross in number and value of the total number of sealskins annually taken from such herd to an authorized agent of the Japanese Government, and ten per cent (10%) gross in number and value of the total number of sealskins annually taken from such herd to an authorized agent of the Russian Government.

It is further agreed between the United States andtr^^tonformer Great Britain that the provisions of this Convention shall Art.'xv. supersede, in so far as they are inconsistent therewith or in duplication thereof, the provisions of the treaty relating to the fur seals, entered into between the United States and Great Britain on the 7th day of February, 1911.1

This Convention shall go into effect upon the 15th day tio^fl^d of December, 1911, and shall continue in force for a period nation. of fifteen (15) years from that date, and thereafter until Art. terminated by twelve (12) months' written notice given by one or more of the Parties to all of the others, which notice may be given at the expiration of fourteen years or at any time afterwards, and it is agreed that at any time prior to the termination of this Convention, upon the request of any one of the High Contracting Parties, a conference shall be held forthwith between representatives of all the Parties hereto, to consider and il possible • agree upon a further extension of this Convention with such additions and modifications, if any, as may be found desirable.

This Convention shall be ratified by the President of ^J^gg. °' the United States, by and with the advice and consent An. xvri. of the Senate thereof, by His Britannic Majesty, by his Majesty the Emperor of Japan, and by His Majesty the

1 See page 91.

Emperor of all the Russias; and ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as practicable. excC^Tetc118 [Signed at Washington, July 7, 1911; ratification advised by the Senate, July 24, 1911; ratified by the President, November 24, 1911; ratified by Great Britain, August 25, 1911; ratified by Japan, November 6, 1911; ratified by Russia, October 22, 1911-November 4, 1911; ratifications exchanged at Washington, December 12, 1911; proclaimed, December 14, 1911.]

fec^^^-seai Whereas tne plenipotentiaries of the United States, Great convention. Britain, Japan, and Russia did, on the seventh day of (s^"s'((«*f w), July, anno Domini nineteen hundred and eleven, enter preamb'e. mto a convention for the preservation and protection of

the fur seals and sea otter which frequent the waters of the north Pacific Ocean, which convention was subsequently ratified by the Governments of the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia and the exchange of ratifications thereof was effected on the twelfth day of December, nineteen hundred and eleven: Now, therefore,

seS'innnorteh0Pa- Be enacied the Senate and House of Representatives 0rn0 ocean for-of the United States of America in Congress assembled, bi/wdn,'»«. /. That no citizen of the United States, nor person owing duty of obedience to the laws or the treaties of the United States, nor any of their vessels, nor any vessel of the United States, nor any person belonging to or on board of such vessel, shall kill, capture, or pursue, at any time or in any manner whatever, any fur seal in the waters of the north Pacific Ocean north of the thirtieth

garallel of north latitude and including the seas of Bering, mik aL sea m_ Kamchatka, Okhotsk, and Japan; nor shall any such perbidden. son or vessel kill, capture, or pursue sea otter in any of

the waters mentioned beyond the distance of three miles from the shore line of the territory of the United States. vefflS^for^i^c ^o citizen of the United States, nor person above sealing or sea- described in the first section, shall equip, use, or employ, biddenTM for' or furnish aid in equipping, using, or employing, or furiHd., sec. t. nish SUpplies to any vessel used or employed, or to be used or employed, in carrying on or taking part in pelagic sealing or in sea-otter hunting in said waters, nor shall any of their vessels nor any vessel of the United States etcJs?orbiddenrts' De 8o U9e(l or employed; and no person or vessel shall use any of the ports or harbors of the United States, or any part of the territory of the United States, for any purposes whatsoever connected with the operations of pelagic sealing or sea-otter hunting in the waters named in the vessels ex-first section of this Act; and no vessel which is engaged duded. or gjuployg^ or intended to be engaged or employed, for

or in connection with pelagic sealing or sea-otter hunting in such waters shall use any of the ports or harbors or any part of the territory of the United States for any purpose whatsoever.

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