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to the native inhabitants of the Pribilof Islands and to provide for their comfort, maintenance, education, and protection.
Sections nineteen hundred and sixty-two, nineteen hun- R.S., 1962–1972, dred and sixty-three, nineteen hundred and sixty-four, etfix
Ay Tour, Ibid., sec. 10. nineteen hundred and sixty-five, nineteen hundred and sixty-six, nineteen hundred and sixty-seven, nineteen hundred and sixty-eight, nineteen hundred and sixtynine, nineteen hundred and seventy, nineteen hundred and seventy-one, and nineteen hundred and seventy-two of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and all Acts and parts of Acts inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed. The provisions of this Act shall take effect Effect. from and after the first day of May, nineteen hundred and ten; and there is hereby appropriated, out of any money Appropriation. in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars for carrying into
one huuhe provisions of between the Great Britain
Whereas a Treaty between the United States of Fur seals, pres
, ervation and proAmerica and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and tection. Ireland providing for the preservation and protection of Great Britain', fur seals, was concluded and signed by their respective Feb : 1911 Plenipotentiaries at Washington on the seventh day of preamble. February, one thousand nine hundred and eleven, the original of which Treaty is word for word as follows: - The United States of America and His Majesty the Cont King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland' and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, being desirous of adopting effective measures for the preservation and protection of the fur seals, have resolved to conclude a treaty for that purpose and to that end have named as their Plenipotentiaries:
The President of the United States of America, Phi- ri lander C. Knox, Secretary of State of the United States; and
His Britannic Majesty, the Right Honorable James Bryce, O. M., his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Washington;
Who, having communicated to each other their respective full powers, which were found to be in due and proper form, have agreed to and concluded the following Articles:
The High Contracting Parties mutually and recipro-. Pelagic sealing cally agree that their citizens and subjects, respectively, North Pacific
Ocean prohibited. and all persons subject to their laws and treaties, and Art. 9. their vessels shall be prohibited while this Article remains in force from engaging in pelagic sealing in that part of the Behring Sea and North Pacific Ocean north of the thirty-fifth degree of north latitude and east of the one hundred and eightieth meridian, and that every such person or vessel offending against this prohibition may be seized and detained by the naval or other duly commissioned officers of either of the High Contracting Parties, but they shall be delivered as soon as practicable to
orth pais sealinos Articlaties, and
person on and of n
ilof Islands, etc., divided.
the authorities of the nation to which they respectively belong, who alone shall have jurisdiction to try the offense and impose the penalties for the same, the witnesses and proof necessary to establish the offense being also sent with them, or otherwise furnished to the proper jurisdictional authority with all reasonable promptitude; and they agree, further, respectively, to prohibit during the same period the use of any United States or British port by any persons for any purposes whatsoever connected with the operations of pelagic sealing in said waters, and to prohibit during the same period the importation or bringing of any fur-seal skins taken in such pelagic sealing into any United States or British port, and by the necessary legislation and enforcement of appropriate
penalties thereunder to make such prohibitions effective. to coast Indians. ,
Such prohibitions, however, shall not apply to Indians dwelling on the coasts of the territory of the United States or of Great Britain and carrying on pelagic sealing in canoes not transported by or used in connection with other vessels, and propelled wholly by paddles, oars, or sails, and manned by not more than five persons each, in the way hitherto practiced by the Indians, without the use of firearms, provided such Indians are not in the employment of other persons, nor under contract for the
delivery of the skins to any person. Catch of Prib- The United States agrees that one-fifth (1/3) in number
olla and in value of the total number of sealskins taken anArt. II.
hually upone of the agrees therson.
nually upon the Pribilof Islands, or any other islands or shores of the waters above defined, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, to which the seal herd now frequenting the Pribilof Islands hereafter resorts, shall be delivered at the end of each season to an authorized agent of the Canadian Government in the Pribilof Islands: Provided, however, That nothing herein contained shall restrict the right of the United States at any time and from time to time to suspend altogether the taking of sealskins on such islands or shores subject to its jurisdiction, and to impose such restrictions and regulations upon the total number of skins to be taken in any season and the manner and times and places of taking them as may seem necessary to protect and preserve the seal herd or to
increase its numbers. Advance pay; It is further agreed that as soon as this Article goes into
effect the United States shall pay to Great Britain the Art. III.
sum of two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) as an advance payment in lieu of such number of fur-seal skins, to which Great Britain would be entitled under the provisions of this treaty, as would be equivalent to that amount reckoned at their market value at London at the date of delivery, before dressing or curing and less cost of transportation from the Pribilof Islands; such market value in case of dispute to be determined by an umpire to be agreed upon by the High Contracting Parties, which skins shall be retained by the United States in satisfaction of such payment.
ment to Great Britain.
of catch to Great
when herd less
The United States further agrees that Great Britain's Minimum share share of the sealskins taken on the Pribilof Islands shall Britain. not be less than one thousand (1,000) in any year even if such number is more than one-fifth of the number to which the authorized killing is restricted in such year, unless the killing of seals in such year or years shall have been absolutely prohibited by the United States for all purposes except to supply food, clothing, and boat skins for the natives on the islands, in which case the United Payment when States agrees to pay to Great Britain the sum of ten thou-ited. sand dollars ($10,000) annually in lieu of any share of skins during the years when no killing is allowed, and Great Britain agrees that after deducting the skins of Great Britain's share which are to be retained by the United States as above provided to reimburse itself for the advance payment aforesaid, the United States shall be entitled to reimburse itself for any annual payments made as herein required, by retaining an additional number of sealskins from Great Britain's share over and above the specified minimum allowance of one thousand (1,000) skins in any subsequent year or years when killing is again resumed, until the whole number of the skins so retained shall equal, reckoned at their market value determined as above provided for, the entire amount so paid, with interest at the rate of four (4) per cent per annum.
If, however, the total number of seals frequenting the Suspension Pribilof Islands in any year falls below one hundred thou-than 100,000. sand (100,000), enumerated by official count, then all killing, excepting the inconsiderable supply necessary for the support of the natives, as above noted, may be suspended without allowance of skins or payment of money equivalent until the number of such seals again exceeds one hundred thousand (100,000), enumerated in like manner.
The term “pelagic sealing,” as used herein, is defined to de Pelagic sealing be the killing, capturing, or pursuing in any manner what- Art. IV. soever of fur seals at sea, outside territorial waters.
The High Contracting Parties agree that they will each Enforcement of maintain a guard or patrol in the waters of the North Art. V. Pacific Ocean and Behring Sea so far as may be necessary for the enforcement of the aforesaid prohibitions.
The foregoing Articles shall go into effect as soon as, ci but not before, an international agreement is concluded national agreeand ratified by the Governments of the United States, “Art. vi. Great Britain, Japan, and Russia, by which each of those powers shall undertake, by such stipulations as may be mutually acceptable, to prohibit for a period of not less than fifteen years, its own citizens or subjects, and all persons subject to its laws and treaties, from engaging in pelagic sealing in waters including the area defined in Article I, and effectively to enforce such prohibition.
The foregoing Articles of this treaty shall continue in Duration. force during the period of fifteen (15) years from the day on which they go into effect and thereafter until termi
In effect on conclusion of interbe urged.
nated by twelve (12) months' written notice given by either the United States or Great Britain to the other, which notice may be given at the expiration of fourteen
years or at any time afterwards. Cooperation of The High Contracting Parties engage to cooperate with other powers to
each other in urging other powers whose subjects or citizens may be concerned in the fur-seal fisheries to forego, in virtue of appropriate arrangements, the exercise of the right of pelagic sealing, and also to prohibit the use of their ports and flag in the furtherance of pelagic sealing within
the areas covered by such arrangement. Exchange of This treaty shall be ratified by the President of the
United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by His Britannic Majesty; and ratifications shall be exchanged in Washington as soon as
practicable. Ratifications [Signed at Washington, February 7, 1911; ratification exchanged, etc. Proclamation. advised by the Senate, February 15, 1911; ratified by
the President, March 6, 1911; ratified by Great Britain, April 20, 1911; ratifications exchanged at Washington,
July 7, 1911; proclaimed, December 14, 1911.] International Whereas a Convention between the United States of
10 14 Amarica Great Britain. Japan and Russia providing Great Britain, Ja- for the preservation and protection of the fur seals which pan, and Russia, frequent the waters of the North Pacific Ocean, was July 7, 1911 (84" stał., pt. 2, p. 72), concluded and signed by their respective Plenipotenpreamble.
tiaries at Washington, on the 7th day of July, one thousand nine hundred and eleven, the original of which Convention, being in the English language, is word for
word as follows: contracting The United States of America, His Majesty the King
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, and His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, being desirous of adopting effective means for the preservation and protection of the fur seals which frequent the waters of the North Pacific Ocean, have resolved to conclude a Convention for the purpose, and to that end have named
as their Plenipotentiaries: Plenipotentia- The President of the United States of America, the
Honorable Charles Nagel, Secretary of Commerce of the
His Britannic Majesty, the Right Honorable James Bryce, of the Order of Merit, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Washington, and Joseph Pope, Esquire, Commander of the Royal Victorian Order and Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, Under Secretary of State of Canada for External Affairs;
His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, Baron Yasuya Uchida, Jusainmi, Grand Cordon of the Imperial Order
United State the Depajesty terit, hitashingtohetorian
in North Pacific
of the Rising Sun, his Embassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Washington; and the Honorable Hitoshi Dauké, Shoshii, Third Class of the Imperial Order of the Rising Sun, Director of the Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Agriculture and Commerce;
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, the Honorable Pierre Botkine, Chamberlain of His Majesty's Court, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Morocco, and Baron Boris Nolde, of the Foreign Office;
Who, after having communicated to one another their respective full powers, which were found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon the following articles:
The High Contracting Parties mutually and recip-in Pelagic sealing rocally agree that their citizens and subjects respectively, Ocean, etc., muand all persons subject to their laws and treaties, and tualty,
tually prohibited. their vessels, shall be prohibited, while this Convention remains in force, from engaging in pelagic sealing in the waters of the North Pacific Ocean, north of the thirtieth parallel of north latitude and including the Seas of Bering, Kamchatka, Okhotsk and Japan, and that every such person and vessel offending against such prohibition may be seized, except within the territorial jurisdiction of one of the other Powers, and detained by the naval or other duly commissioned officers of any of the Parties to this Convention, to be delivered as soon as practicable to an authorized official of their own nation at the nearest point to the place of seizure, or elsewhere as may be mutually agreed upon; and that the authorities of the nation to which such person or vessel belongs alone shall have jurisdiction to try the offense and impose the penalties for the same; and that the witnesses and proofs necessary to establish the offense, so far as they are under the control of any of the Parties to this Convention, shall also be furnished with all reasonable promptitude to the proper authorities having jurisdiction to try the offense. Each of the High Contracting Parties further agrees Us
han popped Use of ports
ullo agroos prohibited. ' that no person or vessel shall be permitted to use any of Art. II. its ports or harbors or any part of its territory for any purposes whatsoever connected with the operations of pelagic sealing in the waters within the protected area mentioned in Article I.
Each of the High Contracting Parties further agrees Landing of sea! that no sealskins taken in the waters of the North Pacific taken not perOcean within the protected area mentioned in Article I, Art. 111. and no sealskins identified as the species known as Callorhinus alascanus, Callorhinus ursinus, and Callorhinus kurilensis, and belonging to the American, Russian or Japanese herds, except such as are taken under the authority of the respective Powers to which the breeding grounds of such herds belong and have been officially marked and certified as having been so taken, shall be permitted to be imported or brought into the territory of any of the Parties to this Convention.