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Personnel of [The Bureau of Fisheries is provided by the annual apBujulgai4,mt(S7 propriation acts with a chief clerk at a salary of $2,400 sut.,l74). per annum; one chief of a division at $3,500; two assistants in charge of divisions at $2,700, and one assistant in charge of a division at $2,500 per annum, and other employees necessary to maintain and operate the offices, fishcultural and biological stations, distribution cars, and vessels, and to conduct scientific and statistical investigations.]

rv.SL'iiTM0'Com- The commissioner of fish and fisheries shall prosecute R.s., 4SW. investigations and inquiries on the subject, with the view of ascertaining whether any and what diminution in the number of the food-fishes of the coast and the lakes of the United States has taken place; and, if so, to what causes the same is due; and also whether any and what protective, prohibitory, or precautionary measures should be adopted in the premises; and shall report upon the same to Congress.

specimens*" ta3a> ^he commissioner may take or cause to be taken at all R.s.,4s98. times, in the waters of the sea-coast of the United States, where the tide ebbs and flows, and also in the waters of the lakes, such fish or specimens thereof as may in his judgment, from time to time, be needful or proper for the conduct of his duties, any law, custom, or usage of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. erPawaUan k*- The Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries of the United Apr. so, 1900(si States is empowered and required to examine into the stat., m), sec. 94. en^ire SuDject of fisheries and the laws relating to the fishing rights-in the Territory of Hawaii, and report [to the Secretary of Commerce] touching the same, and to recommend such changes in said laws as he shall see fit. bei^ra^'fish! The Commissioner of Fisheries [is authorized] to invesery. tigate the method of fishing known as beam or otter

stat^inj!91S^7 trawling and to report to Congress whether or not this method of fishing is destructive to the fish species or is otherwise harmful or undesirable.

an/dStrfbntiorl ^n addition to the duties above prescribed the annual

of food ashes. appropriations provide for the following: The general scientific in-propagation and distribution of food fishes; the inquiry

qmry" into the cause of the decrease of food fishes in the waters

of the United States, and investigations and experiments in respect to the aquatic animals, plants, and waters, in

^statistical in- interest of fish culture and the fishery industries; the collection and compilation of the statistics of the fisheries and the studies of their methods and relations.]

mStstoaid?81*' '^[ie neads of the several Executive Departments shall R. s., 4S97. cause to be rendered all necessary and practicable aid to the commissioner in the prosecution of nis investigations and inquiries.

^status of ves- The Secretary of the Navy is hereby authorized to place Maysi,is80(si the vessels of the Bureau of Fisheries on the same footing tat., ioi). with the Navy Department as those of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.

The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to detail ri^eTM£jjf ma" from time to time for duty under the Commissioner of Mm. s, issues Fish and Fisheries any officers and men of the Revenue stat.' 47S)Marine Service whose services can be spared for such duty.

All necessary hospital and ambulance service * * * iceHospital serT" on vessels of the Bureau of Fisheries shall be performed n, iwa by the members of said corps [naval hospital]. c'0

Co°per ation aryland

[By act of May 26, 1906, the Secretary is directed, upon wftl° 0

the request of the governor of the State of Maryland, to state Board of designate such officers, experts, and employees of the

missioners.

Bureau of Fisheries as may be necessary to cooperateShuaymj1906m with the Maryland State Board of Shell-Fish Commissioners in making a survey of the natural oyster beds, bars and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland. (See p. 72.)]

[By act of March 4,1909, the Secretary is directed, upon ygtl*£° n the request of the governor of the State of North Carolina, "na state ash to designate such officers, experts, and employees of the°°ST,°S'(j5 Bureau of Fisheries as may be necessary to cooperate with stat., 106tithe North Carolina State fish commissioner in making a survey of the waters of the State in which the use of any or all fishing appliances are prohibited by law. (See p. 73.)]

After the completion and return of the enumeration w£h oensusatB°1 1 and of the work upon the schedules relating to the reau collecting products of agriculture and to manufacturing and me-stjS<7,' im w chanical establishments provided for in section seven ofsuu.,l,S)the Act of March third, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, entitled "An Act to provide for taking the Twelfth and subsequent censuses, the Director of the Census is hereby authorized decennially to collect statistics relating to the * * * fishing industry in cooperation with the Bureau of Fisheries.

The Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries shall submit e^p^S^, tol to Congress at its next session a detailed statement of propagationthe expenditures for the fiscal year eighteen hundred and statuses)1.887 eighty-seven under all appropriations for "propagation of food-fishes;" and annually thereafter a detailed statement of expenditures under all appropriations for "propagation of food-fishes" shall be submitted to Congress at the beginning of each session thereof.

Distribution of duplicate [natural history] specimens of sp^ciSmenT.tioa °' the * * * Bureau of Fisheries may be made to col- Aug.rjss*(« leges, academies, and other institutions of learning upon tat.' the payment by the recipients of the cost of preparation for transportation and the transportation thereof. [Distribution is made from National Museum.]

Facilities for study and research in the Government jt^686"011 faciI" Departments, * * * the Bureau of Fisheries, * * *s^5,s9!<" and similar institutions hereafter established shall be jjir. s, 'mi (st afforded to scientific investigators and to duly qualified stat.,m9)individuals, students, and graduates of institutions of

learning in the several States and Territories, as well as in the District of Columbia, under such rules and restrictions as the heads of the Departments and Bureaus mentioned may prescribe.

damshwayS °ver 1 The persons owning or operating any such dam, or junctt,imw accessory works, subiect to the provisions of this Act, SUjuneis',m6(ss shall maintain, at their own expense, * * * such suu., m), Mc. ». fishways as the Secretary of Commerce shall prescribe, and for failure so to do in any respect shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of not less than five hundred dollars, and each month of such failure shall constitute a separate offense and subject such persons to additional penalties therefor. j%nUH*im(i8 [There shall be printed] of the Report of the Commissi., «4),«c.7s. sioner of Fish and Fisheries eight thousand copies; two thousand for the Senate, four thousand for the House. and two thousand for distribution by the Bureau 01 Fisheries.2

[There shall be printed] of the Bulletins of the Bureau of Fisheries five thousand copies; one thousand for the Senate, two thousand for the House, and two thousand for distribution by the Bureau.

PROTECTION OF FUR-SEAL AND OTHER FUR-BEARING
ANIMALS OF ALASKA.

Fur-seai fish- [The Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries is charged

cries oi A'aska •. .■ .« 1 . • ■

placed under di- with the general management, supervision, and control nSone?ofRshI of the execution, enforcement, and administration of the e"es- , , laws relating to the fur-seal fisheries of Alaska.]

Department or~ °

dertiec.es, lm. The Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries is authorized tional investiga" and required to investigate, under the direction of the Mar. s i89s (*7 Secretary of Commerce, and when so requested and report stat., s86). annually to him regarding the conditions of seal life upon the rookeries of the Pnbilof Islands; and he is also directed to continue the inquiries relative to the life history and migrations of the fur seals frequenting the waters of Bering Sea. creation of Di- [The Division of Alaska Fisheries in the Bureau of Fisheries Alaska Fisheries was created by the sundry civil appropriation suu^im9"(se act of March 4,1911.]

Alaska seal SThe Secretary of Commerce shall have power to fissecrreStarCy o t authorize the killing of fur seals and the taking of sealcommerce to skins on the Pribilof Islands, in Alaska, under regulatof^iung^etc^ tions established by him prescribing the manner in which seApr ti 19io(S6 sucn kfiling shall be done and limiting the number of stat., see'), sec. I. seals to be killed, whenever he shall determine that such killing is necessary or desirable and not inconsistent with the preservation of the seal herd: Provided, however,

i The Secretary of Commerce on May 19, 1910, delegated to the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries the authority herein prescribed relative to fishways.

8 The printingof the annual report as a congressional document has been discontinued.

• By act of August 24,1912, all killing of fur seals on the Pribilof Islands, or anywhere within the jurisdiction of the United States in Alaska, is suspended for a period of five years, except such annual killing of male seals on the Pribilof Islands as are needed to supply food, clothing, and boat skins for the natives on the islands. (See p. 103.)

That under such authority the right of killing fur seals oS^0^? * 0 and taking sealskins shall be exercised by officers, agents, or employees of the United States appointed by the Secretary or Commerce, and by the natives of the Pribilof Islands under the direction and supervision of such officers, agents, or employees, and by no other person: And provided further, That male seals only shall be killed Limit, and that not more than ninety-five per centum of threeyear-old male seals shall be killed in any one year.

Any and all sealskins taken under the authority con- ^"-^ t ferred by the preceding section shall be sold by the Secretary of Commerce in such market, at such times, and in such manner as he may deem most advantageous; and the proceeds of such sale or sales shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States: Provided, That thetJ^.J0 fudirections of this section, relating to the disposition of seal skins and the proceeds thereof, shall be subject to the

grovisions of any treaty hereafter made by the United tates for the protection of seal life.

Whenever seals are killed and sealskins taken on any Prf^ffiStiw?' of the Pribilof Islands the native inhabitants of said ibid.,sec.s. islands shall be employed in such killing and in curing the skins taken, and shall receive for their labor fair compen- compensation, sation, to be fixed from time to time by the Secretary of Commerce, who shall have the authority to prescribe by regulation the manner in which such compensation shall be paid to the said natives or expended or otherwise used in their behalf and for their benefit.

No person shall kill any otter^ mink, marten, sable, or and'^otner* ft!rfur seal, or other fur-bearing ammal, within the limits of bearin^amimato Alaska Territory or in the waters thereof; and every per- bidden^ a or" son guilty thereof shall, for each offense, be fined not less ^ar.'s'jm (so than two hundred nor more than one thousand dollars or sm., 'im), sec. imprisoned not more than six months, or both; and all Apr. n, mo (se vessels, their tackle, apparel, furniture, and cargo found stat- ste)'sec' 4. engaged in violation of this section shall be forfeited; but Punishment, the Secretary of Commerce shall have power to author- Se£reTM^ofnconZ ize the killing of any such mink, marten, sable, fur seal,1 mens, or other fur-bearing animal under such regulations as he may prescribe; and it shall be the duty cf the Secre- iUe^Vkuung. of tary of Commerce to prevent the killing of any fur seal except as authorized by law and to provide for the execution of the provisions of this section until it is otherwise provided by law.

The Pribilof Islands, including the islands of Saint Paul ma^bilaof and Saint George, Walrus and Otter Islands, and Sea Lion reserrotion. etc Rock, in Alaska, are declared a special reservation for on, unlawful, government purposes; and until otherwise provided by Mar!s^im(so law it shall be unlawful for any person to land or remain stat., 'im), «c. on any of those islands, except through stress of weather mApr.tt,mo(se or like unavoidable cause or by the authority of the Sec- stat-,sts),sec. s. retary of Commerce; and any person found on any of Punishment.

1 See act ol August 24,1912, prohibiting the killing of fur seals (p. 100).

those islands contrary to the provisions hereof shall be summarily removed and shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or by both fine and imprisonment; and it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to carry this section into effect. kimngSs11 0n ft snau De unlawful to kill any fur seal upon the PribiR. §., mb. lof Islands, or in the waters adjacent thereto, except under 8tat"'iim?tK. the authority of the Secretary of Commerce,1 and it shall 17 A' n mo ae De unlawful to kill such seals by the use of firearms or statists),m.e. by other means tending to drive the seals away from Exception to those islands; but the natives of the islands shall have natives. the privilege of killing such young seals as may be neces

sary for their own food ana clothing, and also such old seats as may be required for their own clothing and for the manufacture of boats for their own use; and the killing in such cases shall be limited and controlled by such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce.

femafetrorti0ounn 8nau De unlawful to kill any female seal or any seal sMi8, eto.r youngless than one year old at any season of the year, except as RMar'.'s?im (so above provided; and it shall also be unlawful to kilt any Sm., it80), ««c.seal in the waters adjacent to the Pribilof Islands, or on Apr.n,i9io(s6 the beaches, cliffs, or rocks where they haul up from the stat.,st6),sec.~. sea to remain; and every person who violates the proPunishment. visions of this or the preceding section shall be punished for each offense by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment; and all vessels, their tackle, apparel, and furniture, whose crews are found engaged in the violation of either this or the preceding section shall be forfeited to the United States. Additional offl- The Secretary of Commerce shall have authority to

cers, etc.. author- i i T,» I/t* . i I

ized. appoint such additional officers, agents, and employees

ibid., sec. 9. as mav De necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act and the laws of the United States relating to the seal fisheries of Alaska, to prescribe their duties and to riPurchase^ 0'fix their compensation; he shall likewise have authority lessee, etc.presen to purchase from the present lessee of the right to take seals on the islands of Saint Paul and Saint George, at a fair valuation to be agreed upon, the warehouses, salt houses, boats, launches, fighters, horses, mules, wagons, and other property of the said lessee on the islands of Saint Paul and Saint George, including the dwellings of Maintenance of the natives of said islands; he shall likewise have authority epots.etc. to establish and maintain depots for provisions and supplies on the Pribilof Islands and to provide for the trans

J)ortation of such provisions and supplies from the mainand of the United States to the said islands by the charter of private vessels or by the use of public vessels of the United States which may be placed at his disposal by the natives' etc'' t0 President; and he shall likewise have authority to furnish food, shelter, fuel, clothing, and other necessaries of fife

i See note 3, page 88.

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