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Vital statistics to
Cooperation between State au
reau of the Cen
connected with the work of said office in Washington or elsewhere, whose salary or compensation is paid from the Treasury of the United States or assessed against or collected from existing or failed banks under their supervision or control, shall be transmitted to the Director of the Census in accordance with the provisions of an act of Congress approved January twelfth, eighteen hundred and eighty-five (ninety-five], relating to the Official Register.
There shall be a collection of the statistics of the births be collected annually. and deaths in registration areas for the year nineteen
Mar. 6, 1902 (32 hunan stat., 151)sec. 8 hundred and two, and annually thereafter, the date [data] Apr. 21 1904 (88 for which shall be obtained only from and restricted to Stat., 362)."
such registration records of such States and municipalities as in the discretion of the Director possess records affording satisfactory data in necessary detail, the compensation for the transcription of which shall not exceed four cents for each birth or death reported; or a minimum compensation of twenty-five dollars may be allowed, in the discretion of the Director, in States or cities registering less than five hundred deaths or five hundred births during the preceding year.
Whereas the registration of deaths at the time of their thorities and Bu- occurrence furnishes official record information of much sus in collection value to individuals; and of vital statistics. Whereas the registration of births and deaths, with
Feb. 11, 1903 (32 Stat., 1231). information upon certain points, is essential to the prog
ress of medical and sanitary science in preventing and restricting disease and in devising and applying remedial agencies; and
Whereas all of the principal countries of the civilized world recognize the necessity for such registration and enforce the same by general laws; and
Whereas registration in the United States is now confined to a few States, as a whole, and the larger cities, under local laws and ordinances which differ widely in their requirements; and
Whereas it is most important that registration should be conducted under laws that will insure a practical uniformity in the character and amount of information available from the records; and
Whereas the American Public Health Association and the United States Census Office are now cooperating in an effort to extend the benefits of registration and to promote its efficiency by indicating the essential requirements of legislative enactments designed to secure the proper registration of all deaths and births and the collection of accurate vital statistics, to be presented to the attention of the legislative authorities in nonregistration States, with the suggestion that such legislation be adopted; Now, therefore,
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
Stat., 51, sec. 9.
cial collections of
census of manu
States hereby expresses approval of this movement and requests the favorable consideration and action of the State authorities, to the end that the United States may attain a complete and uniform system of registration.
In the year nineteen hundred and five, and every ten „Statisticsol years thereafter, there shall be a collection of the statistics Mar. 6, 1902 (82 of manufactures, confined to manufacturing establishments conducted under what is known as the factory system, exclusive of the so-called neighborhood and mechanical industries; and the Director is hereby authorized to Schedules. prepare such schedules as in his judgment may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section; and that Statistics of
cotton producin addition to the statistics now provided for by law the tion. Director of the Census shall annually collect the statistics of the cotton production of the country as returned by the ginners 1 and bulletins giving the results of the same Bulletins. shall be issued weekly beginning September first of each year and continued till February first following; and that Additional spethe Director of the Census shall make, from time to time, statistics. any additional special collections of statistics relating to any branch of agriculture, manufacture, mining, transportation, fisheries, or any other branch of industry that may be required of him by Congress.
The Director of the Census is hereby authorized and cooperation empowered to cooperate with the secretary of state of States in taking the State of Michigan in taking the census of manu- factures. factures and shall equitably share the expenses thereof, Mar: 1, 1904 (33
Stat., 58). the results of which may be accepted by the United States as its census of manufactures for that State for the year nineteen hundred and five: Provided, That the expenditures incident to this cooperation shall not exceed twenty thousand dollars, such expenditures to be paid from the fund appropriated for the expenses of the field work of the census for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and five. And the Director of the Census may, in his discretion, cooperate with the officials of other States which take a like census in so far as it may aid in the collection of statistics of manufactures required by existing law.
It shall be the duty of every owner, president, treas, ir urer, secretary, director, or other officer or agent of July 2, 1909 (36 any manufacturing establishment, mine, quarry, or other
mine quarry or othon Stat., 1), sec. 24. establishment of productive industry, whether conducted as a corporation, firm, limited liability company, or by private individuals, when requested by the Director of the Census or by any supervisor, enumerator, special agent, or other employee of the Census Office acting under the instructions of the said Director, to answer completely and correctly to the best of his knowledge all questions on any census schedule applying to such establishment; and any owner, president, secretary, director, Punisi
", officers refusing, or other officer or agent of any manufacturing establish- etc. ment, mine, quarry, or other establishment of productive
1See act of July 22, 1912 (p. 49).
Duty to furnish information.
Agricultural census in 1915 and
industry, who under the conditions herein before stated shall refuse or willfully neglect to answer any of these questions, or shall willfully give answers that are false, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not exceeding ten thousand dollars, or imprisoned for a period not exceeding one year, or both so fined and imprisoned, at the discretion of the court. The provisions of this section shall also apply to the collection of the information required and authorized by the Act entitled “An Act to provide for a permanent Census Office," and by Acts amendatory thereof or
supplemental thereto. ..Use only for sta- The information furnished under the provisions of Ibid., sec. 25. the next preceding section shall be used only for the striction on statistical purposes for which it is supplied. No publi
cation shall be made by the Census Office whereby the data furnished by any particular establishment can be identified, nor shall the Director of the Census permit anyone other than the sworn employees of the Census
Office to examine the individual reports. Enforcement of All fines and penalties imposed by this Act may be Ibid., sec. 26. enforced by indictment or information in any court of
There shall be in the year nineteen hundred and fifteen, every 10 years." and once every ten years thereafter, a census of agri
culture and live stock, which shall show the acreage of farm land, the acreage of the principal crops, and the number and value of domestic animals on the farms and ranges of the country. The schedule employed in this census shall be prepared by the Director of the Census. Such
census shall be taken as of October first, and shall relate to Officials au- the current year. The Director of the Census may appoint
enumerators or special agents for the purpose of this census, in accordance with the provisions of the permanent
Census Act. Copies of re- The Director of the Census is hereby authorized, at his turns to States, i
>> discretion, upon the written request of the governor of any Ibid., sec. 32.
State or Territory, or of a court of record, to furnish such governor or court of record with certified copies of so much of the population or agricultural returns as may be requested, upon the payment of the actual cost of making
such copies, and one dollar additional for certification; Genealogical and that the Director of the Census is further authorized,
in his discretion, to furnish to individuals such data from the population schedules as may be desired for genealogical or other proper purposes, upon payment of the actual
cost of searching the records and one dollar for supplying Disposal of re- a certificate; and the amounts so received shall be covered ceipts.
into the Treasury of the United States, to be placed to the credit of, and in addition to, the appropriations made for taking the census.
Ibid., sec. 31.
1 Section 23, act July 2, 1909, imposes penalty on occupants of farms who refuse to fur. nish information to Census officials. (See p. 62.)
1 The Director of the Census be, and he is hereby, Statistics ofcotauthorized and directed to collect and publish statistics July 22, 1919 (87 concerning the amount of cotton ginned; the quantity Stat., is of raw cotton consumed in manufacturing establishments of every character; the quantity of baled cotton on hand; the number of active consuming cotton spindles; and the quantity of cotton imported and exported, with the country of origin and destination. The statistics of the quantity of cotton ginned shall Cotton ginned.
Ibid., sec. 2. show the quantity ginned from each crop prior to September first, September twenty-fifth, October eighteenth, November first, November fourteenth, December first, December thirteenth, January first, January sixteenth, and March first, and shall be published as soon as possible after these respective dates. The quantity of cotton Cotton consumed. consumed in manufacturing establishments, the quantity of baled cotton on hand, the number of active consuming cotton spindles, and the statistics of cotton imported and exported shall relate to each calendar month, and shall be published as soon as possible after the close of the month. Each report published by the Bureau of the Details. Census of the quantity of cotton ginned shall carry with it the latest available statistics concerning the quantity of cotton consumed, stocks of baled cotton on hand, the number of cotton-consuming spindles, and the quantity of cotton imported and exported. All of these publica- Distribution of
publications of tions containing statistics of cotton shall be mailed by cotton statistics." the Director of the Census to all cotton ginners, cotton manufacturers, and cotton warehousemen, and to all daily newspapers throughout the United States. The .. Cotton statisDirector of the Census shall furnish to the Bureau of nished DepartStatistics of the Department of Agriculture, immediately ture. prior to the publication of each report of that bureau regarding the cotton crop, the latest available statistics hereinbefore mentioned, and the said Bureau of Statistics shall publish the same in connection with each of its reports concerning cotton.
The information furnished by any individual estab- Information lishment under the provisions of this Act shall be considered conficonsidered as strictly confidential and shall be used only Ibid. ; sec. 8. for the statistical purpose for which it is supplied. Any Punishment for
divulging by ememployee of the Bureau of the Census who, without the ployees. written authority of the Director of the Census, shall publish or communicate any information given into his possession by reason of his employment under the provisions of this Act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than three hundred dollars or more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned for a period of not exceeding one year, or both so fined and imprisoned, at the discretion of the court. It shall be the duty of every owner, president, treas
bouw be furnished by urer, secretary, director, or other officer or agent of ginneries, etc. any cotton ginnery, manufacturing establishment, ware
tics to be fur.
ment of Agricul
furnished to be
See act of March 6 1902 (p. 47). 76224°—134
Ibid., sec. 4.
house, or other place where cotton is ginned, manufactured, or stored, whether conducted as a corporation, firm, limited partnership, or by individuals, when requested by the Director of the Census or by any special agent or other employee of the Bureau of the Census acting under the instructions of said director, to furnish completely and correctly, to the best of his knowledge, all of the information concerning the quantity of cotton ginned, consumed, or on hand, and the number of cottonconsuming spindles. The request of the Director of the Census for information concerning the quantity of cotton ginned or consumed, stocks of cotton on hand, and number of spindles may be made in writing or by a visiting representative, and if made in writing shall be forwarded by registered mail, and the registry receipt of the Post
Office Department shall be accepted as evidence of such Punishment for demand. Any owner, president, treasurer, secretary, willful refusal, etc. 4
director, or other officer or agent of any cotton ginnery, manufacturing establishment, warehouse, or other place where cotton is ginned or stored, who, under the conditions hereinbefore stated, shall refuse or willfully neglect to furnish any of the information herein provided for or shall willfully give answers that are false shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than three hundred dollars or more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned for a period of not exceeding one year, or both so fined and imprisoned, at
the discretion of the court. Compilation of In addition to the information regarding cotton in the foreign countries. United States herein before provided for, the Director of Ibid., sec. 5.
the Census shall compile, by correspondence or the use of published reports and documents, any available information concerning the production, consumption, and
stocks of cotton in foreign countries, and the number of to be cotton-consuming spindles in such countries. Each re
port published by the Bureau of the Census regarding cotton shall contain an abstract of the latest available information obtained under the provisions of this section, and the Director of the Census shall furnish the same to the Department of Agriculture for publication in connection with the reports of that department concerning cotton in the same manner as in the case of statistics relating to the United States.
The joint resolution authorizing the Director of the Ibid., sec. 6. Census to collect and publish additional statistics, ap
proved February ninth, nineteen hundred and five, and the joint resolution approved March second, nineteen hundred and nine, and all other laws and parts of laws incon
sistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed. Statisiics of to The Director of the Census be, and he is hereby, Apr. 30, 1912 (37 authorized and directed to collect and publish, in addi
tion to the tobacco reports now being made by him," sta
Abstract to be published with reports.
Former laws repealed.
Stat., 106), sec.
1 Reports referred to are collected and published under authority of the act of March 6, 1902, section 9, authorizing statistics of manufactures (p. 47).