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Citizenship.

pay.

Densen to them undators in respect fall han

That the Director of the Census is hereby authorized in his Clerical force

may be employed discretion to employ the clerical force of the Census Office for field work? for such field work as may be required to carry out the provisions of sections seven, eight, and nine, in lieu of employing special agents for that purpose; and such em- Expenses. ployees when so employed shall be allowed, in addition to their regular compensation, actual necessary traveling expenses and an allowance in lieu of subsistence not exceeding three dollars per day during their necessary absence from the Census Office. All employees of the Employees. Census Office shall be citizens of the United States. Special agents may be appointed by the Director of Special agents..

July 2, 1909 (36 the Census to carry out the provisions of this Act and Stat., 1), 'sec. 18. of the Act to provide for a permanent Census Office approved March sixth, nineteen hundred and two, and Acts amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto. The special agents thus appointed shall have like author- Authority and ity with the enumerators in respect to the subjects committed to them under this Act, and shall receive compensation at rates to be fixed by the Director of the Census: Provided, That the same shall in no case exceed Maximum pay six dollars per day and actual necessary traveling expenses, and an allowance in lieu of subsistence not exceeding three dollars per day during necessary absence from their usual place of residence: Provided further, That no pay or allowance in lieu of subsistence Restrictions. shall be allowed special agents when employed in the Census Office on other than the special work committed to them, and no appointments of special agents shall be made for clerical work: And provided further, That the Aid to superDirector of the Census shall have power, and is hereby authorized, to appoint special agents to assist the supervisors whenever he may deem it proper, in connection with the work of preparation for, or during the progress of, the enumeration or in connection with the reenumeration of any district or a part thereof; or he may, in his Use of office discretion, employ for this purpose any of the permanent or temporary employees of the Census Office: And provided further, That the Director of the Census may, in Piecework. his discretion, fix the compensation of special agents on

i Feb. 16, 1910 (36 a piece-price basis, which may include a minimum and stat., 874). maximum rate of per diem compensation to be fixed by him, the maximum rate in such cases not to exceed an average of six dollars per diem for the period of employment, and actual necessary traveling expenses and an allowance in lieu of subsistence not exceeding three dollars per diem during necessary absence from their usual place of residence. The Director of the Census may fix the compensation 1 Aug; b.; 1909 (36

Stat., 126). of not to exceed twenty of the special agents provided for in section eighteen of “An Act to provide for the thirteenth and subsequent decennial censuses,” approved

orce.

i The appropriation act now provides that the compensation of not to exceed five special agents may be fixed at an amount not to exceed $8 per day.

of employees.

Stat., 51), sec. 5.

erence.

Ows, preference.

ments.

with

experience

July second, nineteen hundred and nine, at an amount not to exceed eight dollars per day: Provided, That such special agents shall be persons of known and tried expe

rience in statistical work. Appointment All employees of the Census Office, at the date of the Mar. 6, 1902 (32 passage of this Act, except unskilled laborers, may be

appointed by the Director of the Census with the approval of the head of the Department to which said Census Office is attached, and when so appointed shall be and they are hereby placed, without further examination, under the provisions of the civil service Act approved January sixteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-three,

and the amendments thereto and the rules established Soldiers, pref- thereunder; and persons who have served as soldiers in

any war in which the United States may have been

engaged, who have been honorably discharged from the Soldiers' wid- service of the United States, and the widows of such sol

diers, shall have preference in the matter of employment; New appoint- and all new appointments to the permanent clerical force

in the Census Office hereby created shall be made in accordance with the requirements of the civil service Act

above referred to. Employees In certifying eligibles from the civil-service registers for given preference. the purpose of appointment to positions of clerkships in the

Aug;23, 1912 (37 Census Office herein before provided for at salaries of $1,200 Stat., 406).

or less, the Civil Service Commission shall, so far as-practicable under the law of apportionment, certify those who

have had at least one year's experience in census work. Vacancies in During the decennial census period and no longer the permanent force.

July 2, 1909 (36 Director of the Census may fill vacancies in the permaStat., 1), sec. 7.

nent force of the Census Office by the promotion or transfer of clerks or other employees employed on the tempo

rary force authorized by section six of this Act. Offenses by em- Any supervisor, supervisor's clerk, enumerator, interIbid., sec. 22. preter, special agent, or other employee, who, having

taken and subscribed the oath of office required by this Penalty for nog. Act, shall, without justifiable cause, neglect or refuse to lect, etc.

perform the duties enjoined on him by this Act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction

thereof shall be fined not exceeding five hundred dollars; Unauthorized or if he shall, without the authority of the Director of

the Census, publish or communicate any information coming into his possession by reason of his employment under the provisions of this Act, or the Act to provide for a permanent Census Office, or Acts amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall upon conviction thereof be fined not to exceed one thousand dollars, or be imprisoned not

to exceed two years, or both so fined and imprisoned, in the False swearing. discretion of the court; or if he shall willfully and know

ingly swear to or affirm falsely, he shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and upon conviction thereof shall be imprisoned not exceeding five years and be fined not exceeding

ployees.

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communication of information.

1 See page 55.

tion by enumer.

Traveling ex

two thousand dollars; or if he shall willfully and know- False returns. ingly make a false certificate or a fictitious return, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction of either of the last-named offenses he shall be fined not exceeding two thousand dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding five years; or if any person who is or has been an False informaenumerator shall knowingly or willfully furnish, or cause ator. to be furnished, directly or indirectly, to the Director of the Census, or to any supervisor of the census, any false statement or false information with reference to any inquiry for which he was authorized and required to collect information, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not exceeding two thousand dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding five years. The Director of the Census may authorize the ex

04 penses of officers penditure of necessary sums for the actual and neces- and employees. sary traveling expenses of the officers and employees

na Ibid., sec. 27. of the Census Office, including an allowance in lieu of subsistence not exceeding four dollars per day during their necessary absence from the Census Office, or, instead of such an allowance, their actual subsistence expenses, not exceeding five dollars per day; and he may authorize the incidental, miscellaneous, and contingent expenses necessary for the carrying out of this Act, as herein provided, and not otherwise, including advertising in newspapers, the purchase of manuscripts, books of reference and periodicals, the rental of sufficient quarters in the District of Columbia or elsewhere and the furnishing thereof, and expenditures necessary for the compiling, printing, publishing, and distributing the results of the census, and purchase of necessary paper and other supplies, the purchase, rental, construction, and repair of mechanical appliances, the compensation of such permanent and temporary clerks as may be employed under the provisions of this Act and the Act establishing the permanent Census Office and Acts amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, and all other expenses incurred under authority conveyed in this Act.

All mail matter, of whatever class, relating to the Mail matter to census and addressed to the Census Office, or to any Ibid., sec. 29. official thereof, and indorsed “Official business, Census Office,” shall be transmitted free of postage, and by registered mail if necessary, and so marked: Provided, That, Penalty for un, if any person shall make use of such indorsement to avoid frank. the payment of postage or registry fee on his or her private letter, package, or other matter in the mail, the person so offending shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of three hundred dollars, to be prosecuted in any court of competent jurisdiction.

After the completion and return of the enumera- Collection of tion and of the work upon the schedules relating to the ized.

Mar. 3, 1899 (30 products of agriculture and to manufacturing and mechan- Star., 1016). ical establishments provided for in section seven of the Mar: 6, 1902, (32

Lo Stat., 51), sec. 7. Act of March third, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, June , 1906 (34

oleh and Stat., 218). entitled “An Act to provide for taking the Twelfth and sto

lawful use of tistics.

statistics of street

Decennial sta- subsequent censuses,” the Director of the Census is Special classes. hereby authorized decennially to collect statistics relating

to the defective, dependent, and delinquent classes; to crime, including judicial statistics pertaining thereto, provided that such statistics shall include information upon the following questions, namely: Age, sex, color, race, nativity, parentage, literacy by race, color, nativity, and parentage, and such other questions relating to these subjects as the Director in his discretion may deem proper; to social statistics of cities; 1 to public indebtedness, valuation, taxation, and expenditures; to religious bodies; to transportation by water, and express business; to mines, mining, quarries, and minerals, and the production and value thereof, including gold in divisions of placer and vein, and silver mines, and the number of men employed, the average daily wage, average working time, and aggregate earnings in the various branches and aforesaid divisions of the mining and quarrying industries; to savings banks and other savings institutions, mortgage, loan, and investment companies, and similar institutions; to the

fishing industry in cooperation with the Bureau of FishQuinquennial eries; and every five years to collect statistics relating to railways, etc.

street railways, electric light and power, telephone, and telegraph business. And the Director of the Census shall prepare schedules containing such interrogatories as shall in his judgment be best adapted to elicit the information required under the subjects, with such specifications, divisions, and particulars under each head as he shall deem necessary to that end; and all reports prepared under the

provisions of this section shall be designated as “Special Special agents. Reports of the Census Office." For the purpose of secur

ing the statistics required by this section the Director of the Census may appoint special agents when necessary,

and such special agents shall receive compensation as Official Register. hereinafter provided. And the Director of the Census

shall edit, index, and publish the Official Register of the United States, and the provisions of existing law imposing that duty upon the Department of the Interior are hereby repealed, and the data to be included in the Official Register, which is now required to be transmitted to the Secretary of the Interior, shall hereafter be transmitted to

the Director of the Census. Contents of Hereafter the Official Register of the United States Official Register.

Mar. 3, 1893 (27 shall contain a statement which will show, by DepartStat., 708).

ments or offices, the number of officers and employees in the several Executive Departments, * * * *the Government Printing Office, and the offices of the government of the District of Columbia, appointed from each State and Territory and the District of Columbia, and the aggregate amount of their salaries or compensation.

1 Department Circular No. 3 transferred to the Bureau of the Census, from the Bureau of Labor (now Bureau of Labor Statistics), the compilation of statistics of cities of 30,000 and over.

nished by heads

To enable the officer charged with the duty of preparing ni Data tot the Official Register of the United States to publish the of departments, same, the Secretary of the Senate, the Clerk of the House an. 12, 1895 (28 of Representatives, the head of each Executive Depart- Stat., 613), sec. 78; ment of the Government, and the chief of each and every stat., 219). bureau, office, commission, or institution not embraced in an Executive Department, in connection with which salaries are paid from the Treasury of the United States, shall, on the first day of July in each year in which a new Congress is to assemble, cause to be filed with the Director of the Census a full and complete list of all officers, agents, clerks, and other employees of said Department, bureau, office, commission, or institution connected with the legislative, executive, or judicial service of the Government, or paid from the United States Treasury, including military and naval officers of the United States, cadets, and midshipmen.

Said list shall exhibit the salary, compensation, and emoluments allowed to each of said officers, agents, clerks, and other employees, the State or country in which he was born, the State or Territory and Congressional district and county of which he is a resident and from which he was appointed to office, and where employed.

Å list of the names, force, and condition of all ships and vessels belonging to the United States, and when and where built, shall also be filed with the Director of the Census by the heads of the Departments having supervision of such ships and vessels, for incorporation in the Official Register.

The Postmaster-General shall furnish a statement of all allowances made, during the period of two years next preceding said first day of July above mentioned, to each contractor on contracts for carrying the mails, discriminating the sum paid as stipulated by the original contract, and the sums paid as additional allowances.

The Director of the Census shall cause the Official Register to be edited, indexed, and published on the first day of December following the first day of July above mentioned. The Public Printer shall, on the first day of July in Data to be fur

nished by Publio each year in which a new Congress is to assemble, cause to Printer. be filed with the Director of the Census a full and com

Jan. 12, 1895 (28

Staten 60%3.900. plete list of all officers, agents, clerks, and employees June 7, 1906 (34

stat., 219). employed in his department, or in any of the branch offices. He shall include in such list all the statistics peculiar to his department required to enable the Director of the Census to prepare the Biennial Register.

For the fiscal year of nineteen hundred and two and Data to be furthereafter, a full and complete list of all officers, agents, troller of the Curclerks, and other employees of the office of the Comp- eAnr. 28,1902 (32 troller of the Currency, including bank examiners, re- Stat., 138);

June 7, 1906 (34 ceivers and attorneys for receivers, and clerks employed stat., 2193. by such examiners and receivers, or any other person

Iowances l. first dates for heated by thances officia

on comid 28 stiptional al cause then the first men

ha Camrency.

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