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them during the year, and of all their official acts and doings, which, in the form of a report, they shall communicate to the supervising inspector of the district, at such times as the board of supervising inspectors, by their established rules, shall direct.

The Secretary of Commerce shall procure for the sev-sJ^tTM^'e^.J1s(; eral supervising inspectors and local boards of inspectors ing, etc., for local such instruments, stationery, printing, and other things °r.s.,u60. necessary for the use of their respective offices as may be required therefor.

The salaries of the supervising inspector-general, of allar?|ymTM^ofsea3J: supervising inspectors, local inspectors, assistant inspec-penses. tors, and clerks, provided for by this Title, together with j'ufe'iiffmw their traveling and other expenses when on official duty, a*2'1S8S (2J and all instruments, books, blanks, stationery, furniture, stat.,so). and other things necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Title, shall be paid for, under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce, [from money appropriated therefor].1

The Secretary of Commerce shall make such regula- SfSj^SSf" tions as may be necessary to secure the proper execution of this Title.

2 Any vessel of the United States subject to the provi-^'^jy^*}. sions of this title or to the inspection laws of the United steamers. States shall not be navigated unless she shall have in her A'prl'tfim (ss service and on board such complement of licensed officers S^a*5> /9/J(J7 and crew as may, in the judgment of the local inspectors statist),Sm.i. who inspect the vessel, be necessary for her safe navigation. The local inspectors shall make in the certificate of inspection of the vessel an entry of such complement of officers and crew, which may be changed from time to time by indorsement on such certificate Dy local inspectors by reason of change of conditions or employment. Such entry or indorsement shall be subject to a right of appeal, under regulations to be made by the Secretary of Commerce, to the supervising inspector and from him to the Supervising Inspector General, who shall have the power to revise, set aside, or affirm the said determination of the local inspectors.

If any such vessel is deprived of the services of any number [member ?] of the crew without the consent, fault, or collusion of the master, owner, or any person interested in the vessel, the vessel may proceed on her voyage if, in the judgment of the master, she is sufficiently manned for such voyage: Provided, That the master shall ship, if obtainable, a number equal to the number of those whose services he has been deprived of by desertion or casualty, who must be of the same grade or of a higher rating with those

1 Effective on and ajter July 1,1911.

* Amended by section 5 of the act of Congress approved June 9,1910, which provides that every vessel propelled by machinery and not more than 65 feet in length, except tugboats and towboats propelled by steam, shall not be required to carry licensed officers except a licensed operator on such vessels carrying passengers for hire. (See p. 210.)

whose places they fill. If the master shall fail to explain in writing the cause of such deficiency in the crew to the local inspectors within twelve hours of the time of the arrival of the vessel at her destination, he shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars. If the vessel shall not be manned as provided in this Act, the owner shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars, or, in case of an msurficient number of licensed officers, to a penalty of five hundred dollars.

ibid., sec. 0. That the board of local inspectors shall make an entry in the certificate of inspection of every ocean and coastwise sea-going merchant vessel of the "United States propelled by machinery, and every ocean-going vessel carrying passengers, the minimum number of licensed deck officers required for her safe navigation according to the following scale:

That no such vessel shall be navigated unless she shall have on board and in her service one duly licensed master.

That every such vessel of one thousand gross tons and over, propelled by machinery, shall have in her service and on board three licensed mates, who shall stand in three watches while such vessel is being navigated, unless such vessel is engaged in a run of less than four hundred miles from the port of departure to the port of final destination, then such vessel shall have two licensed mates; and every vessel of two hundred gross tons and less than one thousand gross tons, propelled by machinery, shall have two licensed mates.

That every such vessel of one hundred gross tons and under two hundred gross tons, propelled by machinery, shall have on board and in her service one licensed mate; but if such vessel is engaged in a trade in which the time required to make the passage from the port of departure to the port of destination exceeds twenty-four hours, then such vessel shall have two licensed mates.

That nothing in this section shall be so construed as to prevent local inspectors from increasing the number of licensed officers on any vessel subject to the inspection laws of the United States if, in their judgment, such vessel is not sufficiently manned for her safe navigation: Provided, That this section shall not apply to fishing or whaling vessels, yachts, or motor boats as defined in the Act of June ninth, nineteen hundred and ten.

lad., sec. s. That it shall be unlawful for the master, owner, agent, or other person having authority, to permit an officer of any vessel to take charge of the deck watch of the vessel upon leaving or immediately after leaving port, unless such officer shall have had at least six hours off duty within the twelve hours immediately preceding the time of sailing, and no licensed officer on any ocean or coastwise vessel shall be required to do duty to exceed nine hours of any twenty-four while in port, including the date of arrival, or more than twelve hours of any twentyfour at sea, except in a case of emergency when life or property is endangered. Any violation of this section shall subject the person or persons guilty thereof to a penalty of one hundred dollars.

The inspectors shall state in every certificate of inspec- BengereaUowabte! tion granted to steamers carrying passengers, other than R- s., wn. ferry-boats, the number of passengers of each class that any such steamer has accommodations for, and can carry with prudence and safety.

It shall not be lawful to take on board of any steamer a J^ffi^ g?eataa greater number of passengers than is stated in the certifi- number of passen

cate of inspection; and for every violation of this provision Ee";i
the master or owner shall be liable, to any person suing for
the same, to forfeit the amount of passage-money and ten
dollars for each passenger beyond the number allowed.

If any passenger-steamer engages in excursions, the joreSureio^TM1' inspectors shall issue to such steamer a special permit, in R. s., we.' writing, for the occasion, in which shall be stated the additional number of passengers that may be carried, and the number and kind of life-saving appliances that shall be provided for the safety of such additional passengers; and they shall also, in their discretion, limit the route and distance for such excursions.

That the Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized ^"ine parades, and empowered in his discretion to issue from time to Protection to time regulations, not contrary to law, to promote the warred wtafable safety of life on navigable waters during regattas org<^a^|jWS6(29 marine parades. Avr.ts',im(ss

That to enforce such regulations the Secretary of s<En'forcement'of Commerce may detail any public vessel in the service of re|ecare°ury of that Department and make use of any private vessel ten- commerce . may dered gratuitously for the purpose, or upon the request sek? etc3.11TM10 ves" of the Secretary of Commerce the head of any other **«•.««•»• Department may enforce the regulations issued under this Act by means of any public vessel of such Department and of any private vessel tendered gratuitously for the purpose.

That the authority and power bestowed upon the tnortty\liowed.u" Secretary of Commerce by sections one and two may be transferred for any special occasion to the head of another Department by the President whenever in his judgment such transfer is desirable.

That for any violation of regulations issued pursuant viJ'1|11?1nies for to this Act the following penalties shall be incurred: im., sec. 4.

(a) A licensed officer shall be liable to suspension or By licensed omrevocation of license in the manner now prescribed byoers'

law for incompetency or misconduct.

(b) Any person in charge of the navigation of a vesselpe^£slloensed other than a licensed officer shall be liable to a penalty

of five hundred dollars.

(c) The owner of a vessel (including any corporate all^TMe^daotu" officer of a corporation owning the vessel) actually on

board shall be liable to a penalty of five hundred dollars, 76224°—13 13

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unless the violation of regulations shall have occurred without his knowledge, other persons. (d) ^nV 0tner person shall be liable to a penalty of two hundred and fifty dollars. penaUies'on 0' The Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized and empowered to mitigate or remit any penalty herein provided for in the manner prescribed by law for the mitigation or remission of penalties for violation of the navigation laws.

gerf5' of passen- The master of every passenger steamer shall keep a R'. s., us7. correct count of all the passengers received and delivered

Btat^w)!**(M from day to day, which count shall be open to the inspection of the inspectors and officers of the customs at all times, and the aggregate number of passengers shall be furnished to inspectors as often as called for: Provided, Jiowever, That a correct list of passengers received and delivered from day to day shall be kept, instead of a correct count, by the masters of seagoing passenger steamers in the coastwise trade and by the masters of passenger steamers on the Great Lakes on routes exceeding three hundred miles: Provided further, That nothing herem shall affect existing laws relative to vessels running between this country and foreign ports.

ure^to'keep'^as- Every master of any passenger steamer who fails,

sengeriist. through negligence or design, to keep a count or list of M8fh$m(u passengers as required by the preceding section shall be

stat., 425). liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars.

penaJtiesvery 0' The penalties imposed by sections forty-four hundred R.s.,ub9. and sixty-five and forty-four hundred and sixty-eight shall be a lien upon the vessel in each case; but a bond may, as provided in other cases, be given to secure the satisfaction of the judgment

against are'ions Every steamer carrying passengers or freight shall be R. s., wo. provided with suitable pipes and valves attached to the

stafTiaij?0*(M boiler to convey steam into the hold and to the different compartments thereof to extinguish fire, or such other suitable apparatus as may be prescribed by the regulations of the board of supervising inspectors, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce, for extin

fuishing fire in the hold and compartments thereof y the introduction through pipes into such hold and compartments of carbonic acid gas or other fire-extinguishing gas or vapor; and every stove used on board of any such vessel shall be well and securely fastened, so as to prevent it from being moved or overthrown, and all woodwork or other ignitible substances about the boilers, chimneys, cook houses, and stovepipes, exposed to ignition shall be thoroughly shielded by some incombustible material in such a manner as to leave the air to circulate freely between such material and woodwork or other ignitible substance; and before granting a certificate of inspection the inspector shall require all other necessary provisions to be made throughout such vessel to guard against loss or danger from fire.

Every steamer permitted by her certificate of inspec-h<JeirePumPsand tion to carry as many as fifty passengers, or upward, B.'b.,wi.

_ *f J . */ L June SO 1906 (SI

and every steamer carrying passengers, which also car- sm., 797)'. ries cotton, hay, or hemp, shall be provided with a good double-acting steam fire-pump, or other equivalent apparatus for throwing water. Such pump or other apparatus for throwing water shall be kept at all times and at all seasons of the year in good order and ready for immediate use, having at least two pipes of suitable dimensions, one on each side of the vessel, to convey the water to the upper decks, to which pipes there shall be attached, by means of stop cocks or valves, both between decks and on the upper deck, good and suitable hose of sufficient strength to stand a pressure of not less than one hundred pounds to the square inch, long enough to reach to all parts of the vessel and properly provided with nozzles, and kept in good order and ready for immediate service. Every steamer exceeding two hundred tons burden and carrying passengers shall be provided with two good double-acting fire pumps, to be worked by hand; each chamber of such pumps, except pumps upon steamers in service on the twenty-eighth day of February, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, shall be of sufficient capacity to contain not less than one hundred cubic inches of water; and such pumps shall be placed in the most suitable parts of the vessel for efficient service, having suitable well-fitted hose to each pump, of at least one-half the vessel in length, kept at all tunes in perfect order, and shipped up and ready for immediate use. On every steamer not exceeding two hundred tons, one of such pumps may be dispensed with. Each fire pump thus prescribed shall be supplied with water by means of a suitable pipe connected therewith, and passing through the side of the vessel so low as to be at all times under water when she is afloat. Every steamer shall also be provided with a pump which shall be of sufficient strength "and suitably arranged to test the boilers thereof.

1 No loose hay, loose cotton, or loose hemp, camphene,cie°^toUbeca£ nitroglycerin, naphtha, benzine, benzole, coal oil, crude ried on passenger or refined petroleum, or other like explosive burning sURm£TM'u7t. fluids, or like dangerous articles, shall be carried as Sl£?"im)m(,s freight or used as stores on any steamer carrying passengers; nor shall baled cotton or hemp be carried on such steamers unless the bales are compactly pressed and thoroughly covered and secured in such manner as shall be prescribed by the regulations established by the board of supervising inspectors with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce; nor shall gunpowder be carried on any such vessel except under special license; nor shall oil of vitriol, nitric or other chemical acids be carried on such steamers except on the decks or guards thereof or in such other safe part of the vessel as shall be

1 See sections 4278-4280 and 6353-5355, pages 203, 204, and 205.)

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