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sell realestate, etc.

condemned sup

Secretary may The Secretary of Commerce shall have power to order June 23, 1874 (18 the sale at auction, after due public notice, of any real Stat., 217).

estate or other property pertaining to the Light House Establishment, no longer required for light-house purposes; the proceeds of such sales, after the payment therefrom of the expenses of making the same, to be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous

receipts, as now provided by law in like cases. Disposition of Hereafter when any condemned supplies, materials, plies and land equipment, or land can not be profitably used in the work

Mar. 4, 1913 (87 fie Lich'thou Stat., 1019). of the Lighthouse Service the same shall be appraised and

Soni sold, either by sealed proposals for the purchase of the same or by public auction after advertisement of the sale for such time as in the judgment of the Secretary of Commerce the public interests require, the proceeds of such sales, after the payment therefrom of the expenses of making the sales, to be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts as now provided for

by law in like cases. Jurisdictionex: [The jurisdiction of the Lighthouse Service has been contiguous terri- extended to noncontiguous territory, as follows: Hawaiian

Islands, Executive order of December 28, 1903; Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, Executive order of December 29, 1903; Midway Islands, Executive order of December 9, 1904; Island of Guam, Executive order of May 13, 1905; American Samoan Islands, Executive order of July 3, 1905; Porto Rico and adjacent American waters, act of April 12, 1900 (31 Stat., 80). Jurisdiction over rivers “for the establishment of such beacon lights, day beacons, and buoys as may be necessary for the use of vessels navigating those streams” has been conferred, for various rivers, by acts of Congress, as follows:

Jurisdiction ex

tories and to rivers.

Alaskan waters ....

June 30, 1906 (34 Stat., 713). Atchafalaya River, La...

June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534).
Barataria, Bayou, La...

Do.
Cape Fear River, N. C.....

Mar. 3, 1885 (23 Stat., 487).
Columbia River, Oreg........

Aug. 4, 1886 (24 Stat., 228). Connecticut River, Conn..

Oct. 2, 1888 (25 Stat., 512).
Crescent Lake, Fla.......

June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534).
Delaware River, between Philadelphia,
Pa., and Bordentown, N.J...

Mar. 3, 1899 (30 Stat., 1080).
Delaware River, between Philadelphia,
Pa., and Trenton, N. J....

June 25, 1910 (36 Stat., 754).
Dunn Creek, Fla................

...... June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534). East River, N. Y..

Mar. 3, 1887 (24 Stat., 516). Elk River, Md....

..... Do. Fox River, Lake Winnebago and con

necting lakes and channels, Wis....... May 27, 1908 (35 Stat., 334). Grand Lake, including Chicot Pass, La.. Mar. 3, 1887 (24 Stat., 516). Hawaiian waters....

June 30, 1906 (34 Stat., 713). Hudson River, N. Y...

Mar. 3, 1885 (23 Stat., 487). Illinois River, Ill......

......... Oct. 2, 1888 (25 Stat., 512). Indian River, Fla........

.. Mar. 2, 1889 (25 Stat., 946). James River, Va........

Mar. 3, 1899 (30 Stat., 1080). Kanawha River, W. Va.....

Mar. 3, 1887 (24 Stat., 516). La Fourche, Bayou, La....

June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534). Lake des Allemands, La................ Do,

....

Do.

.................

.........

.......

Lake of the Woods, including Rainy
River, Minn...

Mar. 4, 1907 (34 Stat., 1320).
Lake of the Woods, including Rainy

River and Warroad'Harbor, Minn..... June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534).
Lake Salvador, La .....................
Lake Traverse, Minn. and S. Dak....... Do.
Little Lake, La...

Do.
Missouri River......

June 23, 1874 (18 Stat., 220).
Mississippi River.

Do.
Monongahela River, W. Va. and Pa...... June 30, 1906 (34 Stat., 713).
Ohio River......

June 23, 1874 (18 Stat., 220).
Perot, Bayou, La......

June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534). Puget Sound, Wash....

Mar. 3, 1887 (24 Stat., 516). Raritan River, N.J...

Mar. 2, 1889 (25 Stat., 946). Red River, La.....

Mar. 3, 1881 (21 Stat., 439). Sacramento River, Cal...

. Oct. 2, 1888 (25 Stat., 512). San Joaquin River, Cal....

Do. Savannah River, Ga.....

Mar. 3, 1885 (23 Stat., 487).
Segnette, Bayou, La....

June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534).
St. Croix River, including Lake St. Croix,',
Wis. and Minn..............

July 27, 1912 (37 Stat., 239).
St. Johns River, Fla....

Mar. 3, 1885 (23 Stat., 487). St. Louis and Superior Bays, Lake Superior, Channels of........

Aug. 5, 1892 (27 Stat., 353). Tennessee River, Ky., Tenn., and Ala.... Mar. 3, 1887 (24 Stat., 516). Thames River, Conn..........

Mar. 3, 1891 (26 Stat., 956). Villars, Bayou, La .....

.......

June 17, 1910 (36 Stat., 534).
Washington Sound and adjacent waters,
Wash.......

Mar. 2, 1889 (25 Stat., 946).
Willamette River, Oreg.................. Aug. 4, 1886 (24 Stat., 228).
York River, Va

......... Aug. 18, 1894 (28 Stat., 377).] [The Commissioner of Lighthouses is authorized to June 28, 1874 (18 lease the necessary ground for all such lights and beacons on the above-named streams as are used to point out changeable channels, and which in consequence can not be made permanent.]

Whenever any of the light-vessels occupying positions Permanent which are adapted to the erection of light-houses upon pile- replace light vesfoundations require to be rebuilt, or require such exten- Sep. S., 4668. sive repairs as to render the substitution of such lighthouses advisable and practicable, such permanent structures may be erected in place of any such light-vessels; but the expense arising from all such changes and erections shall be defrayed from the general annual appropriations for repairs, and so forth, of light-vessels, except when a special appropriation is made for such change.

The Commissioner of Lighthouses shall properly mark Pierheads to be all pier-heads belonging to the United States situated on R. S., 4677. the northern and northwestern lakes, whenever the Commissioner is duly notified by the department charged with the construction or repair of pier-heads that the construction or repair of any such pier-heads has been completed.

hon hadeems Wrecks to be The Commissioner of Lighthouses may, when he deems mi it is necessary, place a light-vessel, or other suitable warn- R. S., 4676. ing of danger, on or over any wreck or temporary obstruction to the entrance of any harbor, or in the channel or fairway of any bay or sound.

structures may

sels.

Pierheads to be marked.

1 marked.

marked.

Stat., 85).

ulations.

Mar. 3, 1899 (30 * * * And whenever a vessel, raft, or other craft Stat., 1152), sec. 15.

* is wrecked and sunk in a navigable channel, accidentally or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the owner of such sunken craft to immediately mark it with a buoy or beacon during the day and a lighted lantern at night, and to maintain such marks until the sunken craft is removed or abandoned, and the neglect or failure of the

said owner so to do shall be unlawful * * *.1 Bridges to be All parties owning, occupying, or operating bridges Aug. 7, 1882 (22 over any navigable river shall maintain at their own exStat., 309).

pense, from sunset to sunrise, throughout the year, such lights on their bridges as may be required by the Commissioner of Lighthouses for the security of navigation; and in addition thereto, all persons owning, occupying, or operating any bridge over any navigable river shall, in any event, maintain all lights on their bridge that may be

necessary for the security of navigation. Mar.28,1906 (34 The persons owning or operating any such bridge shall

maintain, at their own expense, such lights and other signals thereon as the Secretary of Commerce shall

prescribe. Violation of reg. Any person, firm, company, or corporation required May 14, 1908 (35 by law to maintain a light or lights upon any bridge Stat., 162), sec. 5.

. or abutments over or in any navigable waters, who

shall fail or refuse to maintain such light or lights, or to obey any of the lawful rules and regulations relating to the same, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be subject to a fine not exceeding the sum of one hundred dollars for each offense, and each day during which such violation shall continue shall be considered

as a new offense. Dams to be The persons constructing, maintaining, or operating

June 23, 1910 (36 any dam or appurtenant or accessory works, in acStat., 594).

cordance with the provisions of this Act, shall be liable for any damage that may be inflicted thereby upon private property, either by overflow or otherwise. The persons owning or operating any such dam, or accessory works, subject to the provisions of this Act, shall maintain, at their own expense, such lights and other signals

thereon * * * as the Secretary of Commerce shall Penalty for fail- prescribe, and for failure so to do in any respect shall

be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of not less than five hundred dollars, and each month of such failure shall constitute a separate offense and

subject such persons to additional penalties therefor. Lights may be The Secretary of Commerce may, upon the recomand reestab- mendation of the Commissioner of Lighthouses, disR.S., 4674. continue from time to time such lights as may from

Penalty.

marked.

ure.

any cause become useless or unnecessary. And he may, upon the like recommendation, from time to time reestab

discontinued

lished.

1 For penalty for a violation of this section, see page 140.

Buoys to be Days, IAIDOIS, sunum, colored and num

lish any lights which have been thus discontinued, whenever he believes such reestablishment to be required by public convenience or the necessities of trade or commerce.

The Secretary of Commerce shall annually cause the Report on disCommissioner of Lighthouses to make a report to him for lights, etc. transmission to Congress of all aids to navigation in stat., 160, sec..

May 14, 1908 (35 service which may be discontinued without distinct injury to the interests of navigation.

It is hereby made the duty of the Commissioner of New York and Lighthouses to care for and maintain the anchorage buoys bors. in New York Harbor and Philadelphia Harbor heretofore buoys.

..Anchorage placed there by the United States.

Toid., sec. 4. All buoys along the coast, or in bays, harbors, sounds, Buoys to be or channels, shall be colored and numbered, so that pass- bered. ing up the coast or sound, or entering the bay, harbor, or channel, red buoys with even numbers shall be passed on the starboard hand, black buoys with uneven numbers on the port hand, and buoys with red and black stripes on either hand. Buoys in channel-ways shall be colored with alternate white and black perpendicular stripes. The Secretary of the Treasury may also establish such „Life-saving

"stations at light[life-saving] stations at such lighthouses as, in his judg- houses. ment, he shall deem best, and the keepers of such lights

h Ichio R. S., 4245. shall take charge of such boats and apparatus as may be put in their charge respectively, as a part of their official duties.

The Secretary of War is authorized to establish signal- Signal stations stations at light-houses and at such of the life-saving sta- R. 8., 223. tions on the lake or sea-coast as may be suitably located for that purpose, and to connect the same with such points as may be necessary for the proper discharge of the signalservice by means of a suitable telegraph-line in cases where no lines are in operation, to be constructed, maintained, and worked under the direction of the Chief Signal-Officer 1 of the Army, or the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary of Commerce); and the use of the life-saving stations as signal-stations shall be subject to such regulations as may be agreed upon by said officials.

After the first day of January, nineteen hundred and Establishing seven, it shall be unlawful for any person, company, cor- June 20, 1906 (34 poration, or municipality not under the control of the Commissioner of Lighthouses, to establish, erect, or maintain in the navigable waters of the United States any light as an aid to navigation, or any other aid to navigation similar to any of those maintained by the United States under the control and direction of the Commissioner of Lighthouses, without first obtaining permission so to do from the Commissioner of Lighthouses, in accordance with rules and regulations to be established by the Secretary

ou U

Dual LIDIL N51002 at lighthouses.

private aids.

1 Act of October 1, 1890 (26 Stat., 653), provided for the transfer of the civilian duties theretofore performed by the Signal Corps of the Army to the Chief of the Weather Bureau.

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of Commerce; and any person violating the provisions of this section or any of the rules and regulations established by the Secretary of Commerce in accordance herewith shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be subject to a fine not exceeding the sum of one hundred dollars for each offense, and each day during which such viola

tion shall continue shall be considered as a new offense. Penalty for false Whoever holds out or shows any false light, or exR. S., 5358. tinguishes any true light, with intent to bring any vessel Mar. 4, 1909 (35 ilin Stat., 1146), sec. sailing upon the sea into danger, or distress, or shipwreck, 297.

shall be imprisoned not less than ten years and may be

imprisoned for life. Obstruction to It shall be unlawful for any person to obstruct or inna vi gation forbidden. terfere with any aid to navigation established or mainMay 14, 1908 (35 min

stained in the Light-House Establishment under the

Commissioner of Lighthouses, or to anchor any vessel in any of the navigable waters of the United States so as to

obstruct or interfere with range lights maintained therein, Penalty. and any person violating the provisions of this section

shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be subject to a fine not exceeding the sum of five hundred dollars for each offense, and each day during which such violation

shall continue shall be considered as a new offense. Injury of piers, Any person who shall willfully and unlawfully injure etc.

Aug.14, 1876 (19 any pier, breakwater, or other work of the United States Stat., 132).

for the improvement of rivers or harbors, or navigation in the United States, shall, on conviction thereof, be pun

ished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars. Impairing pub- It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to take "Mar. 3, 1899 (30 possession of or make use of for any purpose, or build Stat., 1152), sec. 14. non

upon, alter, deface, destroy, move, injure, obstruct by

altor defaca d fastening vessels thereto or otherwise, or in any manner whatever impair the usefulness of any sea wall, bulkhead, jetty, dike, levee, wharf, pier, or other work built by the United States, or any piece of plant, floating or otherwise, used in the construction of such work under the control of the United States, in whole or in part, for the preservation and improvement of any of its navigable waters or to prevent floods, or as boundary marks, tide gauges, surveying stations, buoys, or other established marks, nor remove for ballast or other purposes any stone or other material composing such works: Provided, That the Secretary of War may, on the recommendation of the Chief of Engineers, grant permission for the temporary occupation or use of any of the aforementioned public works when in his judgment such occupation or use will not be injurious to the public interest.

Every person and every corporation that shall violate, Ibid., sec. 16.

or that shall knowingly aid, abet, authorize, or instigate a violation of the provisions of sections * * * fourteen and fifteen of this Act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not

lic works.

Penalties.

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