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parting for every particular foreign country with which the United States have any considerable commerce; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and in such manner as to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels arriving in the United States from foreign countries* and, separatelv, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and also the foreign nations to which such foreign tonnage belongs, and the amount of such tonnage belonging to each foreign nation; and in such manner as also to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels arriving from every particular foreign country with which the United States have any considerable commerce; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels.
Fifth. Such accounts shall comprehend and include, in tabular form, the quantity by weight or measure, as well as the amount of value, of the several articles of foreign commerce, whether dutiable or otherwise; and also a similar and separate statement of the commerce of the United States with the British Provinces, under the late so-called reciprocity treaty with Great Britain.
The Secretary of Commerce shall make a report to gr^^by tsecr£ Congress on the first Monday of January in each year, tary. containing the results of the information collected during 's''m' the preceding year, bv the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, upon the condition of the * * *,1 [manufactures], domestic trade, 2 [currency, and banks] of the several States and Territories.
In order to enable the Chief of the Bureau of Foreign ta£55S1S£'0o5u and Domestic Commerce to prepare the annual report on lectors, the statistics of commerce and navigation required to be B's''SS7' submitted to Congress by. the Secretary of Commerce, the following regulations shall be observed by all collectors of customs:
First. The kinds and quantities of all imported articles free from duty shall be ascertained by entry, made upon oath or affirmation, by the owner, or by the consignee or agent of the importer, or by actual examination, where the collector shall think such examination necessary; and the values of all such articles shall be ascertained in the same manner in which the values of imports subject to duties ad valorem are ascertained.
Second. The values of all imported articles subject to specific duties shall be ascertained in the manner in which the values of imports subject to duties ad valorem are ascertained.
Third. The several collectors shall keep separate accounts of the kinds, quantities, and values of such parts
i These statistics are gathered and published by the Bureau of the Census. (See pp. 46,56,57.)
« These statistics are gathered and published by the Comptroller of the Currency. (R. S., 333, and amendments.)
of the imports subject to duties ad valorem as may be directed by the Secretary of Commerce.
Fourth. All articles exported shall be valued at their actual cost, or the values which they may truly bear, at the time of exportation, in the ports of the United States from which they are exported; and all articles imported shall be valued at their actual cost, or the values which they may truly bear in the foreign ports from which they are exported for importation into the United States, at the time of such exportation.
Fifth. Before a clearance shall be granted for any vessel bound to a foreign place, the collector shall require the owners, shippers, or consignors of the cargo to deliver to the collector manifests of the cargo, or of the parts thereof shipped by them respectively, which manifests shall specify the kinds and quantities of the articles shipped by them respectively, and the value of the total quantity of each kind of articles; and stat9 that such manifest contains a full, just, and true account of all articles laden on board of such vessel by the owners, shippers, or consignors, respectively, and that the values of such articles are truly stated, according to their actual cost, or the values which they truly bear at the port and time of exportation. And the collector shall also require the master of the vessel, and the owners, shippers, and consignors of the cargo, to state in writing, to the collector, the foreign place or country in which such cargo is truly intended to be landed. The manifests and statements hereby required shall be verified by the oath of the person by whom they are respectively made and subscribed.
Sixth. Every collector shall keep an accurate account of the national characters and tonnage of all vessels which depart from his district for foreign countries, and of the foreign places or countries for which such vessels depart; and, also, an accurate account of the national characters and tonnage of all vessels which enter his district from foreign countries, and of the foreign places or countries from which such vessels arrive.
Seventh. The several collectors shall make quarteryearly [monthly—see page 124] returns to the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of all the facts and matters which they are hereby required to ascertain. leMore oTex^rts Hereafter collectors of customs shall render to the Buby rail. reau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, in such manner
8Sff'untffS.^! and form and at such periods as the Secretary of ComstatTMes9)!m(W merce may prescribe, returns of exports to foreign countries leaving the United States by rail. Any person who shall hereafter deliver to any railway or transportation company or other common carrier commodities for transportation and exportation by rail from the United States to foreign countries, shall also deliver to the collector of customs at the frontier port through which the goods pass into the foreign country a manifest, in such form as the Secretary of Commerce may prescribe, duly certified as to its accuracy by said person or his agent, exhibiting the kinds, quantities, and values of the several articles delivered by such person or his agent for exportation. And no railway car containing commodities, the product or manufacture of the United States or foreign goods, duty paid or free of duty, intended to be exported to any foreign country, shall be permitted hereafter to leave the United States until the agent of the railway or transportation company, or the person having such car in charge, shall deliver to the customs officer at the last port in the United States through which the commodities pass into foreign territory a manifest thereof, which shall specify the kinds and quantities of the commodities in the form prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce, and until the manifest, exhibiting the kinds, quantities, and values of the several commodities, shall have been delivered to the collector of customs, as above required, by the person exporting such commodities, or by his agent, or information satisfactory to such customs officer as to the kind, quantities, and values of the domestic and foreign free or duty paid commodities laden on such car. The agent or employee of any railway or transportation company who shall transport such commodities into a foreign country before the delivery to the collector of customs of the manifest, as above required shall ba liable to a penalty of fifty dollars for each offense: Provided, That the provisions of this law shall apply to commodities transported to the frontier in railway cars for exportation and transshipment across the frontier into the adjacent foreign territory in ferry boats or vehicles, so far as to require the person in charge thereof to furnish to the collector of customs information of the kinds, quantities, and values of such commodities: And provided further, That nothing contained in the foreoing shall be held as applicable to goods in transit etween American ports by routes passing through foreign territory or to merchandise in transit between places in the Dominion of Canada by routes passing through the United States, or to merchandise arriving at the ports designated under the authority of section three thousand and five of the Revised Statutes, and which may be destined for places in the Republic of Mexico.
The annual report of the statistics of commerce and ta^ed!g trade navigation shall state the kinds, quantities, and value of R. s„ sss. the merchandise entered and cleared coastwise into and from the collection districts of the United States.
It shall be the duty of the officer in charge of the of^TMjj£ Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce to gather, ^err^a^dco,^r" collate, and annually report to the Secretary of Commerce, terly reports! for transmission to Congress, statistics and facts relat- 8£TMui)t.m(/S ing to commerce with foreign nations and among the several States,1 the railroad systems of this and other
1 As Congress has failed to provide an appropriation to carry out the purposes of this Provision, its requirements are suspended until Congress sees fit to appropriate again for the work therein imposed.
countries, the construction and operation of railroads, the actual cost of such construction and operation of railroads, the actual cost of transporting freights and passengers on railroads, and on canals, rivers, and other navigable waters of the United States, the charges imposed for such transportation of freight and passengers, and the tonnage transported;1 and the reports [see R. S., 339, below] now by law required to be prepared and published monthly in the said Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce shall hereafter be prepared and published quarterly under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce.
on" ofthex orts The Chief of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Comand imports?0 merce shall, under the direction of the Secretary of ComB.s.,ss9. merce, prepare and publish monthly reports of the exports and imports of the United States, including the quantities and values of goods warehoused or withdrawn from warehouse, and such other statistics relative to the trade and industry of the country as the Secretary of Commerce may consider expedient. [See last clause of paragraph above.]
Annual state- The chief of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Comment ofmercnan- in 1 i . , r n
dise by Bureau, merce snail prepare an annual statement of all mer
R-s.,!4i. chandise passing in transit through the United States to foreign countries, each description of merchandise, so far as practicable, warehoused, withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, for exportation, for transportation to other districts, and remaining in the warehouse at the end of each fiscal year, manufactures 0f The Chief of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Com
B. s., s4$.' merce shall collect, digest, and arrange, for the use of Congress, the statistics of the manufactures2 of the United States, their localities, sources of raw material, markets, exchanges with the producing regions of the country, transportation of products, wages,3 and such other conditions as are found to affect their prosperity.
jjnsua«ssport' The Secretary of Commerce shall cause the annual report on the statistics of commerce and navigation, required from the Chief of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, to be prepared and printed according to law, and to be submitted to Congress at as early a day in each regular session as practicable, and not later than the first Monday in January, nuafr^rte! [The Secretary of Commerce] shall also prescribe the
R. s., m.' forms of the annual statements to be submitted to Congress by him showing the actual state of commerce and navigation between the United States and foreign countries, or coastwise between the collection districts of the United States, in each year.
1 Statistics concerning railroads are gathered and published by the Interstate Commerce Commission. (Act of Feb. 4, 1887, as amended Mar. 2, 1889.)
2 These statistics are gathered and published by the Bureau of the Census. (See pp. 47,56,57.)
• This duty now performed by Bureau of Labor Statistics, of the Department of Labor. DUTIES TRANSFERRED FROM STATE DEPARTMENT.
* * * That the Bureau of Foreign Commerce, now eig^^ommerce in the Department of State, be, and the same hereby is, transferred, transferred to the Department of Commerce and con-sm^mi'ue solidated with and made a part of the Bureau of Statistics, hereinbefore transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Commerce, and the two shall constitute one bureau, to be called the Bureau of Statistics, with a chief of the bureau.
The Secretary of Commerce shall annually lay before nJrX'InforX' Congress: tion to Congress.
A statement, in a compendious form, of all such * s * * * commercial information contained in the official publications of other governments, which he shall deem sufficiently important.
A synopsis of so much of the information which may have been communicated * * * by diplomatic and consular officers during the preceding year as he may deem valuable for pubfic information; * * *
A statement of the lists of passengers arriving in the United States from foreign places, returned to him quarteryearly by the collectors or customs.
The Secretary of Commerce shall publish official noti- colnmSurrfori fications, from time to time, of such commercial in- mation. formation communicated * * * by diplomatic and •s'"'consular officers, as he may deem important to the public interests, in such newspapers, not to exceed three in number, as he may select.
Consuls and commercial agents of the United States in tu^TMomCcoIr!l foreign countries shall procure and transmit to the De-suis. partment of State [for the Department of Commerce] june'iajim^ts authentic commercial information respecting such coun- s""-' tries, of such character and in such manner and form and at such times as the Department may from time to time prescribe.
It snail be the duty of consuls to make to the Secretary e^'TM*^ of State [for the Secretary of Commerce] a quarterly ports from constatement of exports from, and imports to, the different 3ujan.t7,is79(to places to which they are accredited, giving, as near as sm.,t7s). may be, the market price of the various articles of exports and imports, the duty and port charges, if any, on articles imported and exported, together with such general information as they may be able to obtain as to how, where, and through what channels a market may be opened for American products and manufactures. In addition to the duties now imposed by law, it shall be ti<£al the duty of consuls and commercial agents of the United States, annually, to procure and transmit to the Department of State, as far as practicable, information respecting the rate of wages paid for skilled and unskilled labor within their respective jurisdictions.