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distance from shore to shore is less than five hundred feet, or within five hundred yards of the mouth of any red-salmon stream where the same is less than five hundred feet in width, with the purpose or result of capturing salmon or preventing or impeding their ascent to their spawning grounds, and the Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized and directed to have any and all such unlawful obstructions removed or destroyed.
netera8etates'netc.n ^ snau De unlawful to lay or set any drift net, seine, md.,sec.'4. set net, pound net, trap, or any other fishing appliance for any purpose except for purposes of fish culture, across or above the tide waters of any creek, stream, river, estuary, or lagoon, for a distance greater than onethird the width of such creek, stream, river, estuary, or lagoon, or within one hundred yards outside of the mouth of any red-salmon stream where the same is less than five hundred feet in width. It shall be unlawful to lay or set any seine or net of any kind within one hundred yards of any other seine, net, or other fishing appliance which is being or which has been laid or set in any of the waters of Alaska, or to drive or construct any trap or any other fixed fishing appliance within six hundred yards laterally or within one hundred yards endwise of any other trap or fixed fishing appliance. se^onkfoyr taital "sna11 be unlawful to fish for, take, or kill any salmon. salmon of any species in any manner or by any means ibid., sec. . except by rod; spear, or gaff, in any of the waters of Alaska over which the United States has jurisdiction, except Cook Inlet, the Delta of Copper River, Bering Sea, and the waters tributary thereto, from six o'clock postmeridian of Saturday of each week until six o'clock anteNight seining meridian of the Monday following, or to fish for, or catch,
in small streams 1 -n • i_ i* A i_
prohibited. or km in any manner or by any appliances except by rod, spear, or gaff, any salmon in any stream of less than one hundred yards in width in Alaska between the hours of six o'clock in the evening and six o'clock in the morning of the following day of each and every day of stSctlons 0fetcb tne week. Throughout the weekly close season herein during close sea^ prescribed the gate, mouth, or tunnel of all stationary M,n 'and floating traps shall be closed, and twenty-five feet of the webbing or net of the "heart" of such traps on each side next to the "pot" shall be lifted or lowered in such manner as to permit the free passage of salmon and other fishes.
grounlsToVeset The Secretary of Commerce may, in his discreaside. tion, set aside any streams or lakes as preserves for
ibid., sec. e. Spawnuig grounds, in which fishing may be limited or cioseseasonau-entirely prohibited; and when, in his judgment, the rethonzed. sults of fishing operations in any stream, or off the mouth thereof, indicate that the number of salmon taken is larger than the natural production of salmon in such stream, he is authorized to establish close seasons or to limit or prohibit fishing entirely for one year or more within such stream or within five hundred yards of the mouth thereof, so as to permit salmon to increase: Provided, however, That such power shall be exercised only after all persons interested shall be given a hearing, of which due notice must be given by publication; and J^Jj0*3 rewhere the interested parties are known to the Department they shall be personally notified by a notice mailed not less than thirty days previous to such hearing. No order made under this section shall be effective before the next calendar year after same is made: And provided further, That such limitations and prohibitions shall not toNa0ru^uny apply to those engaged in catching salmon who keep stocked streams, such streams fully stocked with salmon by artificial propagation.
It shall be unlawful to can or salt for sale for food hibitedinl houra any salmon more than forty-eight hours after it has been »'t" kuiing. killed. im.,sec.7.
It shall be unlawful for any person, company, or ofSun'lawM6 corporation wantonly to waste or destroy salmon or im.,tec.s. other food fishes taken or caught in any of the waters of Alaska.
It shall be unlawful for any person, company, or pr^|sDeit£janding corporation canning, salting, or curmg fish of any species /«*.,t«.'». in Alaska to use any label, brand, or trade-mark which shall tend to misrepresent the contents of any package of fish offered for sale: Provided, That the use of the^6TM3 ^eTmltterms "red," "medium red," "pink," "chum," and so forth, as applied to the various species of Pacific salmon under present trade usages shall not be deemed in conflict with the provisions of this Act when used to designate salmon of those known species.
Every person, company, and corporation engaged ofAfls"ua^tr^sJj in catching, curing, or in any manner utilizing fishery ments. products, or in operating fish hatcheries in Alaska, shall mi''sec'10' make detailed annual reports thereof to the Secretary of Commerce, on blanks furnished by him, covering all such facts as may be required with respect thereto for the information of the Department. Such reports shall be sworn to by the superintendent, manager, or other person having knowledge of the facts, a separate blank form being used for each establishment in cases where more than one cannery, saltery, or other establishment is conducted by a person, company, or corporation, and the same shall be forwarded to the Department at the close of the fishing season and not later than December fifteenth of each year.
The catching or killing, except with rod, spear, orpl?TM^0TMsapgaff, of any fish of any kind or species whatsoever inciesofflsh. any of the waters of Alaska over which the United States im''MC' has jurisdiction, shall be subject to the provisions of this Act, and the Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized to make and establish such rules and regulations not inconsistent with law as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Act.
Punishment for violations. Ibid., sec. IS.
I n c o n s istent laws repealed. Ibid., sec. 15.
Fishing in waters of, by aliens, except with rod, etc., prohibited.
June 14,190S W Stat., 16S), sec. 1
To enforce the provisions of this Act and such regulations as he may establish in pursuance thereof, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to depute, in addition to the agent and assistant agent of salmon fisheries now provided by law, from the officers and employees of the Department of Commerce, a force adequate to the performance of all work required for the proper investigation, inspection, and regulation of the Alaskan fisheries and hatcheries, and he shall annually submit to Congress estimates to cover the cost of the establishment and maintenance of fish hatcheries in Alaska, the salaries and actual traveling expenses of such officials, and for such other expenditures as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
Any person, company, corporation, or association violating any provision of this Act or any regulation established in pursuance thereof shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or imprisonment at hard labor for a term of not more than ninety days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court; and in case of the violation of any of the provisions of section four of this Act and conviction thereof a further fine of not more than two hundred and fifty dollars per diem may, at the discretion of the court, be imposed for each day such obstruction is maintained. And every vessel or other apparatus or equipment used or employed in violation of any provision of this Act, or of any regulation made thereunder, may be seized by order of the Secretary of Commerce, and shall be held subject to the payment of such fine or fines as may be imposed.
The violation of any provision of this Act may be prosecuted in any district court of Alaska or any district court of the United States in the States of California, Oregon, or Washington. And it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to enforce the provisions of this Act and the rules and regulations made thereunder. And it shall be the duty of the district attorney to whom any violation is reported by any agent or representative of the Department of Commerce to institute proceedings necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
All Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are, so far as inconsistent, hereby repealed.
This Act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
It shall be unlawful for any person not a citizen of the United States, or who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States, and is not a bona fide resident therein, or for any company, corporation, or association not organized or authorized to transact business under the laws of the United States or under the laws of any State, Territory, or district thereof, or for any person not a native of Alaska, to catch or kill, or attempt to catch or kill, except with rod, spear, or gaff, any fish of any kind or species whatsoever in any of the waters of Alaska under the jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, however, That nothing contained in this Act shall prevent those lawfully taking fish in the said waters from selling the same, fresh or cured, in Alaska or in Alaskan waters, to any alien person, company, or vessel then being lawfully in said waters: And provided further, That noth- b^imp!c$6dmay ing contained in this Act shall prevent any person, firm, corporation, or association lawfully entitled to fish in the waters of Alaska from employing as laborers any aliens who can now be lawfully employed under the existing laws of the United States, either at stated wages or by piecework, or both, in connection with Alaskan fisheries, or with the canning, salting or otherwise preserving of fish.
Every person, company, corporation, or association laHonsItyforvio' found guilty of a violation of any provision of this Act md.'.sec.t. or of any regulation made thereunder shall, for each offense, be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, which fine shall be a hen against any vessel or other property of the offending
J>arty or which was used in the commission of such unawful act. Every vessel used or employed in violation of any provision of this Act or of any regulation made thereunder shall be liable to a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, and may be seized and proceeded against by way of libel in any court having jurisdiction of the offense.
The violation of any provision of this Act or of any J^3^"*'TM' regulation made thereunder may be prosecuted in any United States district court of Alaska, California, Oregon, or Washington.
The collector of customs of the district of Alaska isars<^sure and hereby authorized to search and seize every foreign ves- im.',sec.4sel and arrest every person violating any provision of this Act or any regulation made thereunder, and the Secretary of Commerce shall have power to authorize officers of the Navy and of the Revenue-Cutter Service and agents of the Department of Commerce to likewise make such searches, seizures, and arrests. If any foreign vessel shall be found within the waters to which this Act applies, having on board fresh or cured fish and apparatus or implements suitable for killing or taking fish, it shall be presumed that the vessel and apparatus were used in violation of this Act until it is otherwise sufficiently proved. And every vessel, its tackle, apparatus, or implements so seized shall be given into the custody of the United States marshal of either of the districts mentioned in section three of this Act, and shall be held by him subj ect to the proceedings provided for in section two of this Act. The facts in connection with such seizure shall be at once reported to the United States
district attorney for the district to which the vessel so seized shall be taken, whose duty it shall be to institute theproper proceedings.
regulationTM611* °' '^ne Secretary of Commerce shall have power to make ibid.,sec.'s. rules and regulations not inconsistent with law to carry into effect the provisions of this Act. And it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to enforce the provisions of this Act and the rules and regulations made thereunder, and for that purpose he may employ, through the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of the Navy, the vessels of the United States Revenue-Cutter Existing trea- Service and of the Navy: Provided, however. That noth
ties not aiiected. coIxtaiiied in this Act shall be construed as affecting any existing treaty or convention between the United States and any foreign power.
PROTECTION OF THE SPONGE FISHERIES.1
taken^'divtag From and after May first, anno Domini nineteen huninGutfoi'Mejdco, dred and seven, it shall be unlawful to land, deliver, etjMto?iSoew cure, or offer for sale at any port or place in the United
S'at., S13), »i" ' ""'"
States any sponges taken by means of diving or diving apparatus from the waters of the Gulf of Mexico or Straits of Florida: Provided, That sponges taken or gathered by such process between October first and May first of each year m a greater depth of water than fifty feet shall not be subject to the provisions of this Act: And provided size restricted. furt]ier, That no sponges taken from said waters shall be landed, delivered, cured, or offered for sale at any port or place in the United States of a smaller size than four inches in diameter.
Every person guilty of a violation of this Act shall for each offense be liable to a fine of not less than one hundred dollars or more than five hundred dollars, which fine shall be a lien against the vessel on which the offense was committed. And every vessel used or employed in violation of this Act shall be liable to a fine of not less than one hundred dollars or more than five hundred dollars or forfeiture, and shall be seized and proceeded against by process of libel in any court having jurisdiction of the offense.
Any violation of this Act shall be prosecuted in the district court of the United States of the district wherein the offense was committed.
It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to enforce the provisions of this Act, and upon his request the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of the Navy may employ the vessels of the Revenue-Cutter Service and of the Navy, respectively, to that end.
i By the sundry civil appropriation acts the appropriations to carry out the provisions of this act are placed under the Bureau of Fisheries.
Prosecutions. ibid., sec. S.