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One hat, or helmet, one coat, one vest, two pair of woollen and linen overalls, four pair of shoes, four shirts, two pair of socks, one blanket, one stock and clasp, and one pair of buckles.

Sec. 10. That every non-commissioned officer, private, and musician, aforesaid, shall receive, daily, the following rations of provisions, or the value thereof: One pound of beef, or three-quarters of a pound of pork, one pound of bread or flour, half a gill of rum, brandy, or whiskey, or the value thereof, at the contract price where the same shall become due, and at the rate of one quart of salt, two quarts of vinegar, two pounds of soap, and one pound of candles, to every hundred rations.

Sec. 11. That if any commissioned officer, non-commissioned officer, private, or musician, aforesaid, shall be wounded or disabled, while in the line of his duty in public service, he shall be placed on the list of the invalids of the United States, at such rate of pay and under such regulations as shall be directed by the President of the United States, for the time being: Provided always, That the rate of compensation for such wounds or disabilities shall never exceed, for the highest disability, half the monthly pay received by any commissioned officer, at the time of being so wounded or disabled ; and that the rate of compensation to non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, shall never exceed $5 per month: And provided also, That all inferior disabilities shall entitle the person so disabled to receive only a sum in proportion to the highest disability.

Sec. 12. That every commissioned officer, non-commissioned officer, private, and musician, aforesaid, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: “I, A. B., do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) to bear true allegiance to the United States of America, and to serve them honestly and faithfully, against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever, and to observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States of America, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the articles of war.”

Sec. 13. That the commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, aforesaid, shall be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been established by the United States in Congress assembled, as far as the same may be applicable to the constitution of the United States,' or by such rules and articles as may hereafter by law be established.

Sec. 14. That the “act for recognizing, and adapting to the constitution of the United States, the establishment of the troops raised under the resolves of the United States in Congress assembled, and for other purposes therein mentioned,”? passed the 29th September, 1789, be, and the same is hereby, repealed: Provided, always, That the non-commissioned officers and privates, continued and engaged under the aforesaid act of the 29th September, 1789, and who shall decline to re-enlist under the establishment made by this act, shall be discharged whenever the President of the United States shall direct the same: Provided further, That the whole number of non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, in the service of the United States at any one time, either by virtue of this act, or by virtue of the aforesaid act, passed the 29th September, 1789, shall not exceed the number of one thousand two hundred and sixteen.

Sec. 15. That for the purpose of aiding the troops now in service, or to be raised by this act, in protecting the inhabitants of the frontiers of the l'nited States, the President is hereby authorized to call into service, from time to time, such part of the militia of the states, respectively, as he may

1 See Rules and Articles of War.

? Chapter 25, ante.

judge necessary for the purpose aforesaid ; and that their pay and subsistence, while in service, be the same as the pay and subsistence of the troops above mentioned, and they shall be subject to the rules and articles of war.

[Approved, April 30, 1790.]

CHAPTER 28.- Approved, 3d March, 1791, Vol. 1, p. 222.

An Act for raising and adding another regiment to the military establishment of the

United States, and for making farther provision for the protection of the frontiers,

That there shall be raised an additional regiment of infantry, which, exclusive of the commissioned officers, shall consist of nine hundred and twelve non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians.

Sec. 2. That the said regiment shall be organized in the same manner as the regiment of infantry described in the act, entitled “An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States."

Sec. 3. That the troops aforesaid, by this act to be raised, including the officers, shall receive the same pay and allowances, be subject to the same rules and regulations, and be engaged for the like term, and upon the same conditions, in all respects, excepting the bounty hereinafter mentioned, as are stipulated for the troops of the United States, in the before-mentioned act.

Sec. 4. That each non-commissioned officer, private, and musician, who has enlisted, or shall enlist, pursuant to the act aforesaid, or who shall enlist pursuant to this act, shall be entitled to receive $6 as a bounty.

Sec. 5. That in case the President of the United States should deem the employment of a major-general, brigadier-general, a quartermaster, and chaplain, or either of them, essential to the public interest, that he be, and he hereby is, empowered, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint the same accordingly. And a major-general so appointed, may choose his aid-de-camp, and a brigadier-general his brigade-major, from the captains, or subalterns, of the line: Provided always, That the major-general and brigadier-general, so to be appointed, shall, respectively, continue in pay during such term only, as the President of the United States, in his discretion, shall deem it requisite for the public service.

Sec. 6. That in case a major-general, brigadier-general, quartermaster, aid-de-camp, brigade-major, and chaplain, should be appointed, their pay and allowances shall be, respectively, as herein mentioned: the majorgeneral shall be entitled to $125, monthly pay, $20 allowance for forage, monthly, and for daily subsistence fifteen rations, or money in lieu thereof, at the contract price. The brigadier-general shall be entitled to $94, monthly pay, with $16 allowance for forage, monthly, and for daily subsistence twelve rations, or money in lieu thereof, at the contract price. That the quartermaster shall be entitled to the same pay, rations, and forage, as the lieutenant-colonel commandant of a regiment. That the aid-de-camp be entitled, including all allowances, to the same pay, rations, and forage, as a

1 Repealed and supplied by act of 3 March, 1795, chap. 44.
? Chap. 10, sec. 3, ante.

major of a regiment. That the brigade-major be entitled, including all allowances, to the same pay, rations, and forage, as a major of a regiment. That the chaplain be entitled to $50 per month, including pay, rations, and forage.

Sec. 7. That if, in the opinion of the President, it shall be conducive to the good of the service, to engage a body of militia to serve as cavalry, they furnishing their own horses, arms, and provisions, it shall be lawful for him to offer such allowances, to encourage their engaging in the service, for such time, and on such terms, as he shall deem it expedient to prescribe.

Sec. 8. That if the President should be of opinion that it will be conducive to the public service, to employ troops enlisted under the denomination of levies, in addition to, or in place of, the militia which, in virtue of the powers vested in him by law, he is authorized to call into the service of the United States, it shall be lawful for him to raise, for a term not exceeding six months, (to be discharged sooner, if the public service will permit,) a corps, not exceeding two thousand non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, with a suitable number of commissioned officers. And in case it shall appear probable to the President, that the regiment directed to be raised by the aforesaid act, and by this act, will not be completed in time to prosecute such military operations as exigencies may require, it shall be lawful for the President to make a substitute for the deficiency, by raising such farther number of levies, or by calling into the service of the United States, such a body of militia as shall be equal thereto.

Sec. 9. That the President be, and he hereby is, empowered to organize the said levies, and alone to appoint the commissioned officers thereof, in the manner he may judge proper.

Sec. 10. That the commissioned and non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the militia, or said corps of levies, shall, during the time of their service, be subject to the rules and articles of war; and they shall be entitled to the same pay, rations, and forage, and in case of wounds or disability in the line of their duty, to the same compensation as the troops of the United States.

Sec. 11. That the non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the said corps of levies, shall be entitled to receive such proportional quantity of clothing, as their time of service shall bear to the annual allowance of clothing to the troops of the United States, subject, however, to a proportional deduction from their pay.

Sec. 12. That each of the non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the said levies, shall be entitled to receive three dollars as a bounty.

SEC. 13. That in case the nature of the service, upon which the troops of the United States may be employed, should require a greater number of surgeon's mates, than are provided for in the before-mentioned act, the President of the United States may engage, from time to time, such additional number of surgeon's mates as he shall judge necessary.

Sec. 14. That the commissioned officers, who shall be employed to recruit men for the said regiments, shall be entitled to receive, for every recruit who shall be duly enlisted and mustered, the sum of $2.

Sec. 15 appropriates $312,686 20 to carry this act into effect, and
Sec. 16 authorizes a loan for that object if necessary.
[Approved, March 3, 1791.]

CHAPTER 9.- Approved, March 5, 1792.-Vol. 1, p. 241.

An Act for making farther and more effectual provision for the protection of the

frontiers of the United States, That the battalion of artillery now in service, be completed according to the establishment, and that the two regiments of infantry now in service. be completed to the number of nine hundred and sixty non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, each.

Sec. 2. That there shall be raised, for a term not exceeding three years, three additional regiments, each of which, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall consist of nine hundred and sixty non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians; and that one of the said regiments be organized in the following manner, that is to say: two battalions of infantry, each of which, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall consist of three hundred and twenty non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians; and one squadron of light dragoons, which, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall consist of three hundred and twenty non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians: and that it shall be a condition in the enlistment of the said dragoons, to serve as dismounted dragoons, when. ever they shall be ordered thereto: That the organization of the said squadron of light dragoons shall be as follows, to wit: one major, one adjutant, one quartermaster, one surgeon's mate; and four troops, each of which shall consist of one captain, one lieutenant, one cornet, four sergeants, four corporals, one farrier, one saddler, one trumpeter, and sixtynine dragoons; and the President may arm the said troops, as he shall think proper.

Sec. 3. Provided always, That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to organize the said five regiments of infantry, and the said corps of horse and artillery, as he shall judge expedient, diminishing the number of corps, or taking from one corps and adding to another, as shall appear to him proper, so that the whole number of officers and men shall not exceed the limits above prescribed: Provided, That the said three regi. ments shall be discharged as soon as the United States shall be at peace with the Indian tribes.

Sec. 4. That the non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the said three regiments, shall be enlisted for the term of three years, unless previously discharged.

Sec. 5. That every recruit who shall be enlisted by virtue of this art. shall receive $8 bounty, and that the same shall be made up to the noncommissioned officers, privates, and musicians, now in service, who have enlisted for three years, since the passing of the act, entitled " An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States."?

Sec. 6. That the commissioned officers who shall be employed to recruit for the establishment, shall be entitled to receive for every recruit, duly enlisted and mustered, $2.

Sec. 7. That the monthly pay of the commissioned officers, pon-commissioned otheers, privates, and musicians, on the military establishment of the l'nited States, and of the three regiments authorized by this act, shall be, in future, as follows, free of all deductions, to wit: General Stati:

| Repealed and supplied by act of 3 March, 1795, chap. 44, post.
See chap. 10, ante, 30 April, 1790.

A major general, $166. A brigadier-general, $104. Quartermaster, $100. Adjutant, to do also the duty of inspector, $75. Chaplain, $50. Surgeon, $70. Deputy quartermaster, $50. Aid-de-camp, in addition to his pay in the line, $24. Brigade-major, to act also as deputy inspector, in addition to his pay in the line, $24. Principal artificer, $40. Second artificer, $26. Regimental: Lieutenant-colonel commandant, $75. Major-commandant of artillery, and major of dragoons, $55. Paymaster, in addition to his pay in the line, $10. Quartermaster, in addition to his pay in the Imme, $8. Adjutant, in addition to his pay in the line, $10. Majors of infantry, $50. Captains, $40. Lieutenants, $26. Ensigns and cornets, $20. Surgeons, $45. Mates, $30. Sergeant-majors and quartermaster sergeants, $7. Senior musicians, $6. Sergeants, $6. Corporals, $5. Privates, $3. Musicians, $4. Artificers allowed to the infantry, light dragoons, and artillery, and included as privates, $8. Matrons and nurses in the hospital, $8.

Sec. 8. That the rations, or money in lieu thereof, for the commissioned, non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the additional troops herein mentioned, shall be the same as described in the aforesaid act, entitled “An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States," and in the act passed in the third session of the first congress, entitled “ An act for raising and adding another regiment to the military establishment of the United States, and for making farther provision for the protection of the frontiers."

Sec. 9. That the forage, to be allowed to the officers of the additional regiments authorized by this act, be the same as described by the acts before mentioned.

Sec. 10. That the allowance of clothing, for non-commissioned officers and privates of the infantry of the said three regiments, shall be the same as is by law established: that suitable clothing be provided for the cavalry, and adapted to the nature of the service, and conformed as near as may be, to the value of the clothing allowed to the infantry and artillery.

Sec. 11. That all the commissioned and non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the said three regiments, shall take the same oaths, shall be governed by the same rules and regulations, and, in cases of disabilities, shall receive the same compensations as are described in the beforementioned act, entitled “An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States.'3

Sec. 12. That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to forbear to raise, or to discharge after they shall be raised, the whole, or any part, of the said three additional regiments, in case events shall, in his judgment, render his so doing consistent with the public safety.

Sec. 13. That the President be, and he hereby is, authorized, from time to time, to call into service, and for such periods as he may deem requisite, such number of cavalry as, in his judgment, may be necessary for the protection of the frontiers: Provided, That the non-commissioned officers shall not be allowed more than $1 per day, nor the privates more than 75 cents per day, each person finding his horse, arms, and accoutrements, and at his own risk, and 25 cents per day in lieu of rations and forage: Provided he furnish himself therewith.

Sec. 14. That the President alone be, and he hereby is, authorized to appoint, for the cavalry so to be engaged, the proper commissioned officers, who shall not exceed, in number and rank, the proportions assigned

1 Chap. 10.

2 Chap. 28, ante, 3 March, 1791. 3 See chap. 10, ante, 30 April, 1790.

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