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CHAPTER 36.-Approved, February 7, 1857.-Vol. 11, p. 157.
An Act supplementary to an Acel to organize an institution for the insane of the army
and navy, and of the District of Columbia, in the said District, approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-five.
That no insane person not charged with any breach of the peace shall, ever hereafter, be confined in the United States jail, or in the United States penitentiary, in this District.
Sec. 2.? That the secretary of the interior shall have power to grant his order for the admission into the government hospital for the insane, any insane person unable to support himself or herself and family (or himself, or herself, if he or she have no family) under the visitation of insanity, who resided in the District at the time he or she became insane, and who is not charged with any breach of the peace, upon the certificate of any judge of the circuit or criminal court, or any justice of the peace of the District, stating that two respectable physicians appeared before said judge or justice and certified under oath, and under their hands, that they knew the party alleged to be insane, and that they believed him or her to be a fit subject for treatment in such hospital; also stating that two respectable householders, residents of the District, ap feared before him and certified under oath, and under their hands, that they knew the party alleged to be insane and indigent, that he or she was a resident of the District at the time he or she was seized with the mental disorder under which he or she then labored, and that he or she was unable to pay his or her board and other expenses therein; and the certificate of such physicians and the certificate of such householders shall accompany the certificate of such judge or justice. The application of [to the secretary of the interior for his order for the admission of said indigent insane person into the said hospital must be made within five days after the examination of the witnesses before the said judge or justice of the peace, before such proceedings shall be had before such judge or justice.
SEC. 3. That the order of the secretary of the interior, granted under the authority of the second section of this act, shall authorize any police officer or constable to assist in carrying such indigent insane person to the hospital, whenever such assistance is represented to be necessary by the person holding the order; but all the expenses of witnesses before said judge or justice of the peace, and of carrying such patient to the hospital, shall be borne by his or her friends, or by the local authorities of the District.
Sec. 4. That any indigent insane person who did not reside in the District at the time he or she became insane may, in like
i Chap. 199, 3 March, 1855. See chap. 66, 1 June, 1860.
2 This section repealed and supplied by sec. 1, chap. 60, 28 Feb. 1861, which see for additions bereto.
manner as provided in the second section of this act, be admitted into the said hospital upon the application of the corporate authorities of the city of Washington, or of Georgetown, and at the expense of either of the said cities during the continuance of said insane person therein, it being hereby designed to give the superintendent thereof authority to take charge of such insane person until the authorities aforesaid can discover who his or her friends are, or whence he or she came, with a view to the return of such person to such friends, or to the place of his or her residence, and thus relieve said corporate authorities of the expense and charge of said indigent insane non-resident.
Sec. 5. That if any person, charged with crime, be found in the court before which he or she is so charged, to be an insane person, such court shall certify the same to the secretary of the interior, who may order such person to be confined in said hospital, and if he or she be not indigent, he or she and his or her estate shall be charged with expenses of his or her support in said hospital.
Sec. 6. That any person becoming insane during the continuance of his or her sentence in the United States penitentiary, shall have the same privilege of treatment in the hospital during the continuance of his or her mental disorder as is granted in section five to persons who escape the consequences of criminal acts by reason of insanity, unless it be the opinion, both of the physician to the penitentiary and the superintendent of the hospital, that such insane convict is so depraved and furious in his or her character as to render his or her custody in the hospital insecure, and his or her example pernicious.
Sec. 7. That when any person confined in said hospital, charged with crime and subject to be tried therefor, or con. victed of crime and undergoing sentence therefor, shall be rete stored to sanity, the superintendent of the hospital shall gire notice thereof to the judge of the criminal court, and deliver him or her to said court in obedience to the proper precept.
Sec. 8. That the independent or pay patients mar be receive into the hospital on the certificate of two respectable physicians of the District, stating that they have personally examined the patient, and believe him or her to be insane at the time of giving the certificate, and a fit subject for treatment in the ins:tution, accompanied by a written request for the admission from
the nearest relatives, legal guardian, or friend of the patient, where he or she may remain until restored to reason: Provided, The friends of the patient comply with the regulations of the hospital in respect to payment of board, and in all other respects. The request for admission must be made within five days of the date of the certificate of insanity.
Sec. 9. That if any person will give bond, with sufficient security, to be approved by the criminal court, or circuit court, or any judge thereof in vacation, payable to the United States, with condition to restrain and take care of any independent or indigent insane person not charged with a breach of the peace, whether in the hospital or not, until the insane person is restored to sanity, such court or judge thereof may, in its discretion, deliver such insane person to the party giving such bond.
[Approved, February 7, 1857.]
CHAPTER 45.-Approved, February 16, 1857.—Vol. 11, p. 160.
An Act making appropriations for the support of the Military Academy for the year
ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight.
Sec. 2. That there shall be appointed at the Military Academy, in addition to the professors authorized by the existing laws, a professor of Spanish, at a salary of two thousand dollars per annum.
Sec. 3. That the compensation of the master of the sword be fifteen hundred dollars? per annum, with fuel and quarters.
CHAPTER 55. — Approved, February 21, 1857.–Vol. 11, p. 163.
An Act to increase the pay of the officers of the army.
That from and after the commencement of the present fiscal year, the pay of each commissioned officer of the army, including military storekeepers, shall be increased twenty dollars per month, and that the commutation price of officers' subsistence shall be thirtyl cents per ration.
1 Now $2240 per annum. 2 Formerly $500, and by chap. 54, sec. 2, 10 May, 1854, $1200.
Sec. 2. That the secretary of war be authorized, on the recommendation of the council of administration, to extend the additional pay herein provided to any person serving as chaplain, at any post of the army.?
[Approved, February 21, 1857.]
bal pay of the armariy 21,
CHAPTER 106.-Approved, March 3, 1857.–Vol. 11, p. 200.
An Act making appropriations for the support of the army for the year ending June
thirtieth, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight.
3. Pay of master-armorers. 4. Act of 1819, chap. 188, as to sale of sites, extended.
Such sites to be subject to taxation after sale. Proviso: right of the state to tax, &c. 16. Construction of the joint resolution authorizing the title of lieutenant-general. Secretary of lieutenant-general and aids.
SEC. 2. That there shall be added to the quartermaster's department of the army five military storekeepers, who shall give the bond and security required by the existing law; and they and all other military storekeepers shall have in kind, and in kind only, the fuel and quarters of first lieutenant of the army.
Sec. 3. That the master-armorers at the national armories shall receive fifteen hundred dollars each per annum.
SEC. 4. That the provisions of the act approved March third, eighteen hundred and nineteen, entitled "An act authorizing the sale of certain military sites,'"5 be, and they are hereby, extended to all military sites, or to such parts thereof which are or may become useless for military purposes : Provided, nevertheless, That nothing in this act, nor in the act above mentioned, shall be so construed as to impair in any wise the right of the state within which any such site or reservation may be situated to impose taxes on the same, in like manner as upon other lands or property owned by individuals within the state after such sale.
1 Formerly 20 cents.
2 Now $10 per month: this made it $60 per month, but by chap. 200, 17 July, 1862, $100 per month, two rations a day, and forage in kind for one horse.
3 Making seven in that department. Five more added by chap. 133, 5 July, 1862.
4 $1250 by sec. 2, chap. 186, 23 August, 1842.
5 Chap. 88, which, with this extension, was repcaled by sec. 6, chap. 156, 2 June,
[Sec. 8. Act of 1854, chap. 247, sec. 1, construed to include all enlisted
(Sec. 10. Western Military Asylum to be abolished, and site, &c. to be sold, and proceeds restored to the fund.')
Sec. 16. That the joint resolution, approved February fifteen, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, “ authorizing the President of the United States to confer the title of lieutenant-general by breret,” shall be so construed from and after March twentyninth, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, in favor of the brevet lieutenant-general appointed under said act, while exercising command according to that rank, as to entitle him to the pay, allowances, and staff specified in the fifth section of the act approved May twenty-eight, seventeen hundred and ninety-eight, "authorizing the President to raise a provisional army," and also the allowances described in the sixth section of the act approved August twenty-third, eighteen hundred and forty-two, “granting additional rations to certain officers:” Provided, however, and it is hereby declared, That the brevet lieutenant-general shall not, except in time of war, be entitled to more than two aids and one secretary; nor shall this act, nor the above-mentioned resolution of the fifteenth of February, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, have any retrospective effect in regard to those who were the aids or staff of General Scott, antecedently to his appointment to the rank of brevet lieutenant-general.
[Approved, March 3, 1857.]
CHAPTER 114.-Approved, March 3, 1857.–Vol. 11, p. 249.
An Act to amend an Act entitled "An Act to provide for the better organization of the
treasury, and for the collection, safe-keeping, transfer, and disbursement of the public revenue,"
That the acts to provide for the better organization of the treasury and for the collection, safe-keeping, transfer, and disbursement of the public revenue, approved August sixth, eighteen hundred and forty-six, be, and the same is hereby, so amended that each and every disbursing officer or agent of the United States, having any money of the United States intrusted
i Commissioners of the asylum authorized to sell it by chap. 132, 15 June, 1860; the 3d sec. of that act also repeals this section.
2 Resolution No. 9.
5 No. 9.
6 Chap. 90.