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CHAPTER 26.—Approved, May 14, 1856.—Vol. 11, p. 8. An Act to amend the Act in addition to certain Acts granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States, approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-five.

That in all cases where a certificate or warrant for bounty land for any less quantity than one hundred and sixty acres shall have been issued to any officer or soldier, or to the widow or minor child or children of any officer or soldier, under existing laws, the evidence upon which such certificate or warrant was issued shall be received to establish the service of such officer or soldier in the application of himself, or of his widow or minor child or children, for a certificate or warrant for so much land as may be required to make up the full sum of one hundred and sixty acres, on proof of the identity of such officer or soldier, or, in case of his death, of the marriage and identity of his widow, or, in case of her death, of the identity of his minor child or children: Provided, nevertheless, That if upon a review of such evidence the commissioner of pensions shall not be satisfied that the former certificate or warrant was properly granted, he may require additional evidence, as well of the term as of the fact of service.

Sec. 2. That in all cases where a pension has been granted to any officer or soldier, the evidence upon which such pension was granted shall be received to establish the service of such officer or soldier in his application for bounty land under existing laws; and, upon proof of his identity as such pensioner, a certificate or warrant may be issued to him for the quantity of land to which he shall be entitled; and in case of the death of such pensioned officer or soldier, his widow shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for the same quantity of land to which her husband would have been entitled, if living, upon proof that she is such widow, and in case of the death of such officer or soldier, leaving a minor child or children and no widow, or where the widow may have deceased before the issuing of any certificate or warrant, such minor child or children shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for the same quantity of land as the father would have been entitled to receive if living, upon proof of the decease of father and mother: Provided, nevertheless, That if upon a review of such evidence the commissioner of pensions shall not be satisfied that the pension was properly granted, he may require additional evidence, as well of the term as of the fact of service.

Sec. 3. That so much of the third section of the “Act in addition to certain acts granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States," approved March third, eighteen hundred and fifty-five,' as requires the party claiming a certificate or warrant, under the provisions of said act, to establish his or her right thereto by record evidence of the service for which such certifi. cate or warrant has been or may be claimed, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and parol evidence, where no record evidence exists, may be admitted to prove the service performed, under such rules and regulations as the commissioner of pensions may prescribe.

Sec. 4. That the eighth section of the act above mentioned, approved the third day of March, in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-five, shall be construed as embracing officers, marines, seamen, and other persons engaged in the naval service of the United States during the revolutionary war, and the widows and minor children of all such officers, marines, seamen, and other persons engaged as aforesaid.

Sec. 5. That the provisions of the said act shall extend to all persons who have served as volunteers with the armed forces of the United States, subject to military orders, for the space of fourteen days, in any of the wars specified in the first section of the said act, whether such persons were or were not mustered into the service of the United States.

Sec. 6. Tbat the widows and minor children of all such persons as are specified in the last preceding section of this act, and are now dead, shall be entitled to the same privileges as the widows and minor children of the beneficiaries named in the act to which this is an amendment.

Sec. 7. That when any company, battalion, or regiment, in an organized form, marched more than twenty miles to the place where they were mustered into the service of the United States, or were discharged more than twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was organized, in all such 1 Chap 207.

2 Chap. 207.

cases, in computing the length of service of the officers and soldiers of any such company, battalion, or regiment, there shall be allowed one day for every twenty miles from the place where the company, battalion, or regiment was organized to the place where the same was mustered into the service of the Cnited States, and also one day for every twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was discharged, to the place where it was organized, and from whence it marche to enter the service: Provided, That such march was in obedience to the command or direction of the President of the l'nited States, or some general officer of the United States, commanding an army or department, or the chief executive officer of the state or territory by which such company, battalion, or regiment was called into service.

[Approved, May 14, 1856.]

CHAPTER 125.- Approved, August 16, 1856. — Vol. 11, p. 51.

An Act prociding for a necessary increase and better organization of the medical and

hospital department of the army.

That there be added to the medical department of the army four sur geons and eight assistant surgeons, to be appointed in accordance with the exinting laws.

Sec. 2. That the secretary of war be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint, from the enlisted men of the army, or cause to be enlisted, as many competent hospital stewards as the service may require, not to exceed* for cach military post,” the said hospital stewards to be mustered and paid on hospital muster rolls as non-commissioned staff officers, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a sergeant of ordnance, and to be permanently attached to the medical and hospital department, under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the Mecretary of war.

Nic. 3. That soldiers acting as cooks and nurses in hospitals be, and are hereby, allowed the extra pay authorized to soldiers on intique duty by "An act to increase the pay of the rank and filo of the army," approved August fourth, eighteen hundred and lity tour.

I Nee chap 83,2 March, 1849, and sec. 2, chap. 163, 21 June, 1860; for further inereuse, see chap. 08. 16 April, 1862, and chap. 127, 2 July, 1862. * Ar the service may require, by 16 April, 1862. #10 a month, by same aot.

• Chap 247.

('HAPTER 36.- Approved, February 7, 1857.- Vol. 11, p. 157.

An Act supplementary to an Aepl to organize an institution for the insane of the army

and mary, and of the metrict of Columbia, in the sand Detrict, approred Marek thurd, es jhteen hundred and afty fire.

That no insane person not charged with any breach of the pence shall, ever hereafter, be contined in the l'nited States jail, or in the l'nited States penitentiary, in this District.

SH: 24 That the secretary of the interior whall have p er to grant him order for the admission into the pusernment bespital for the inxane, any insane pirsson unable to support himself or hesmilf and family for himseli, ur hermli, if he or she have no family under the visitation of in-anity. who readed in the District at the time he or she brame insane, and who is Dothargai with any breach of the pace, upin thr (artiti ate of any judge of the circuit ur criminal court, or any justice of the face of the District, station that two spectable physician appear before and judge or justice *)serited under oath, and under their hands, that they know the party

to win ane, and that this blived him or her to be a fit muljeet for treatinent in such hospital; als) stating that two respertabile bounen belir, risidents of the Dintrict, a haruddin.se him and cruited under rath, and under their hands, that they know the party alled to be invade and .ligent, that he or she was a resident of the Distrirt at the time he or she was sized with the mental diwindes under which he or she theo lated, and that he or she was unable to put his or her band and other (}*****s therrin, and the certificate of suih physicians and the certificate . ! *udah rumah besantall ansampans the evertiturate of such judge or justice. Te ar plication of tui the arcretary of the interior tur his order for the a lm**bf said indigent in une p o int the said h *spital must be Dale within five days after the riammatin of the Withers before the und juis or justice of the peace, before such primatin,* shall be had fufr auch juil.or justice.

Suc. 3. That the order of the secretary of the interior, granted under the authority of the set ond metion of this art, wall au lorize any police officer or countable to anaint iti carrying alleh indigent in de person to the hospital, wheneser ke has p. nrance in ripremented to be the mury by the permen bolitas the order; but all the expli*** 0f 1:7714 *meum before said ju igeros

omieth of the peace, and of carrying the patient to the love pitial shall be borne by his or her friends, or by the local authori. t'** of the District.

Sort. That any indigent inane pesan who did not reuiile in ther Limtriot at the time he or sie ber alle inne m... l.be

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cases, in computing the length of service of the officers and soldiers of any such company, battalion, or regiment, there shall be allowed one day for every twenty miles from the place where the company, battalion, or regiment was organized to the place where the same was mustered into the service of the United States, and also one day for every twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was discharged, to the place where it was organized, and from whence it marched to enter the service: Provided, That such march was in obedience to the command or direction of the President of the United States, or some general officer of the United States, commanding an army or department, or the chief executive officer of the state or territory by which such company, battalion, or regiment was called into service.

[Approved, May 14, 1856.]

CHAPTER 125.- Approved, August 16, 1856.—Vol. 11, p. 51. An Act providing for a necessary increase and better organization of the medical and

hospital department of the army. That there be added to the medical department of the army four surgeons and eight assistant surgeons, to be appointed in accordance with the existing laws.

Sec. 2. That the secretary of war be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint, from the enlisted men of the army, or cause to be enlisted, as many competent hospital stewards as the service may require, not to exceed one for each military post, the said hospital stewards to be mustered and paid on hospital muster rolls as non-commissioned staff officers, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a sergeant of ordnance, and to be permanently attached to the medical and hospital department, under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the secretary of war.

Sec. 3. That soldiers acting as cooks and nurses in hospitals be, and are hereby, allowed the extra pay authorized to soldiers on fatigue duty by "An act to increase the pay of the rank and file of the army," approved August fourth, eighteen hundred and fifty-four.

I See chap. 83, 2 March, 1849, and sec. 2, chap. 163, 21 June, 1860; for further increase, see chap. 55, 16 April, 1862, and chap. 127, 2 July, 1862. . 2 As the service may require, by 16 April, 1862. 3 $30 a month, by same act.

4 Chap 247,

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