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CHAPTER 207.-Approved, March 3, 1855.—Vol. 10, p. 701.

An Act in addition to certain Acts granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers

who have been engaged in the military service of the United States.

That each of the surviving commissioned and non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, whether of regulars, volunteers, rangers, or militia, who were regularly mustered into the service of the United States, and every officer, commissioned and non-commissioned, seaman, ordinary seaman, flotilla-man, marine, clerk, and landsman in the navy, in any of the wars in which this country has been engaged since seventeen hundred and ninety, and each of the survivors of the militia, or volunteers, or state troops of any state or territory, called into military service and regularly mustered therein, and whose services have been paid by the United States, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or warrant from the department of the interior for one hundred and sixty acres of land; and where any of those who have so been mustered into service and paid shall have received a certificate or warrant, he shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for such quantity of land as will make, in the whole, with what he may have heretofore received, one hundred and sixty acres to each such person having served as aforesaid : Provided, The person so having been in service shall not receive said land warrant if it shall appear by the muster rolls of his regiment or corps that he deserted, or was dishonorably discharged from service: Provided, further, That the benefits of this section shall be held to extend to wagon-masters and teamsters who may have been employed, under direction of competent authority, in time of war in the transportation of military stores and supplies.

Sec. 2. That in case of the death of any person who, if living, would be entitled to a certificate or warrant as aforesaid under this act, leaving a widow, or, if no widow, a minor child or children, such widow, or, if no widow, such minor child or children, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or warrant for the same quantity of land that such deceased person would be entitled to receive under the provisions of this act, if now living: Provided, That a subsequent marriage shall not impair the right of any such widow to such warrant if she be a widow

physician, possessing competent experience in the care and treatment of the insane; he shall reside on the premises, and devote his whole time to the welfare of the institution; he shall, subject to the approval of the visitors, engage and discharge all needful and usual employees in the care of the insane, and all laborers on the farm, and determine their wages and duties; he shall be the responsible disbursing agent of the institution, and shall be ex officio secretary of the board of visitors; and he shall give bond for the faithful performance of his duties, in such sum and with such securities as may be required by the secretary of the interior.

Sec. 4. That the order of the secretary of war, and that of the secretary of the navy,' shall authorize the superintendent to receive insane persons belonging to the army and bary,' respectively, and keep them in custody till they are cured, or removed by the same authority which ordered their reception

Sec. 5. That all indigent insane persons residing in the District of Columbia at the time they became insane, shall be en. titled to the benefits of the institution, and shall be admitted on the authority of the secretary of the interior, which he may grant after due process of law, showing the person to be insane and unable to support himself (or herself) and family (or theinselves, if they have no family) under the visitation of insanity.

Sec. 6. That whenever there are vacancies, private patients from the District may be received at a rate of board to be determined by the visitors, to be in no case less than the actual cost of their support.

Sec. 7. That all appropriations of money by Congress for the support of the institution shall be drawn from the treasury on the requisition of the secretary of the interior, and shall be disbursed and accounted for in all respects according to the laws regulating ordinary disbursements of public money,

(Sec. 8. This act to take effect from 1 July, 1855.) [Approved, March 3, 1855.]

1 And secretary of the treasury, by chap. 66, 1 June, 1860: secretary of the in terior, by chap. 36, 7 February, 1857, and chap. 60, 28 February, 1861.

2 And revenue cutter service, by chap. 66, 1 June, 1860, post; and see suppiementary act, chap. 36, 7 February, 1857, and chap. 60, 28 February, 1861.

CHAPTER 207.—Approved, March 3, 1855.—Vol. 10, p. 701.

An Act in addition to certain Acts granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers

who have been engaged in the military service of the United States.

That each of the surviving commissioned and non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, whether of regulars, volunteers, rangers, or militia, who were regularly mustered into the service of the United States, and every officer, commissioned and non-commissioned, seaman, ordinary seaman, flotilla-man, marine, clerk, and landsman in the navy, in any of the wars in which this country has been engaged since seventeen hundred and ninety, and each of the survivors of the militia, or volunteers, or state troops of any state or territory, called into military service and regularly mustered therein, and whose services have been paid by the United States, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or warrant from the department of the interior for one hundred and sixty acres of land; and where any of those who have so been mustered into service and paid shall have received a certificate or warrant, he shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for such quantity of land as will make, in the whole, with what he may have heretofore received, one hundred and sixty acres to each such person having served as aforesaid: Provided, The person so having been in service shall not receive said land warrant if it shall appear by the muster rolls of his regiment or corps that he deserted, or was dishonorably discharged from service: Provided, further, That the benefits of this section shall be held to extend to wagon-masters and teamsters who may have been employed, under direction of competent authority, in time of war in the transportation of military stores and supplies.

Sec. 2. That in case of the death of any person who, if living, would be entitled to a certificate or warrant as aforesaid under this act, leaving a widow, or, if no widow, a minor child or children, such widow, or, if no widow, such minor child or children, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or warrant for the same quantity of land that such deceased person would be entitled to receive under the provisions of this act, if now living: Provided, That a subsequent marriage shall not impair the right of any such widow to such warrant if she be a widow at the time of making her application: And provided, further, That those shall be considered minors who are so at the time this act sball take effect.

SEC. 3. That in no case shall any such certificate or warrant be issued for any service less than fourteen days, except where the person shall actually have been engaged in battle, and unless the party claiming such certificate or warrant shall establish his or her right thereto by record' evidence of said service.

Sec. 4. That said certificates or warrants may be assigned, transferred, and located by the warrantees, their assignees, or their heirs at law, according to the provisions of existing laws regulating the assignment, transfer, and location of bounty land warrants.

Sec. 5. That no warrant issued under the provisions of this act shall be located on any public lands, except such as shall at the time be subject to sale at either the minimum or lower graduated prices.

Sec. 7. That the provisions of this act, and all the bounty land laws heretofore passed by Congress, shall be extended to Indians, in the same manner, and to the same extent, as if the said Indians had been white men.

Sec. 8. That the officers and soldiers of the revolutionary war, or their widows or minor children, shall be entitled to the benefits of this act.

Sec. 9. That the benefits of this act shall be applied to and embrace those who served as volunteers at the invasion of Plattsburg, in September, eighteen hundred and fourteen; also at the battle of King's Mountain, in the revolutionary war, and the battle of Nickojock, against the confederated savages of the south.3

Sec. 10. That the provisions of this act shall apply to the chaplains who served with the army in the several wars of the country.

Sec. 11. That the provisions of this act be applied to those who served as volunteers at the attack on Lewistown, in Dela

1 Where no recorded evidence exists, parol evidence may be taken, by sec. 3, chap. 26, 1856.

2 See sec. 8, chap. 26, 14 May, 1826.
3 To Major D. Bailey's battalion, by chap. 115, 3 March, 1857.

ware, by the British fleet, in the war of eighteen hundred and twelve-fifteen.

[Approved, March 3, 1855.]

[By chapter 208, sec. 2, March 3, 1855, vol. 10, p. 703, the yearly allowance of the professor of French and Spanish, and of the professor of drawing, at West Point Military Academy, to be the same as is now allowed' to the other professors.]

RESOLUTION 9.-Approved, February 15, 1855.— Vol. 10, p. 723.

A Resolution authorizing the President of the United States to confer the title of lieu

tenant-general by brevet, for eminent services.

That the grade of lieutenant-general be, and the same is hereby, revived” in the army of the United States, in order that when, in the opinion of the President and senate, it shall be deemed proper to acknowledge eminent services of a major-general of the army in the late war with Mexico, in the mode already provided for in subordinate grades, the grade of lieutenant-general may be specially conferred by brevet, and by brevet only, to take rank from the date of such service or services: Provided, however, That, when the said grade of lieutenant-general by brevet shall have once been filled, and have become vacant, this joint resolution shall thereafter expire and be of no effect.3

CHAPTER 15.- Approved, April 5, 1856.—Vol. 11, p. 8.

An Act making appropriations for the payment of invalid and other pensions of the

United States for the year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven.

So much of acts of 1828, chap. 53, 1832. chap. 126, part of 1848, chap. 155, as provides for payment out of any money not otherwise appropriated, be repealed.]

1 $2000 by 3 March, 1851, chap. 22; now $2240 per annum.

2 The appointment of lieutenant-general had been provided for by act of 28 May, 1798, chap. 47, and repealed by 3 March, 1799.

[For pay and emoluments of lieutenant-general, see 3 March, 1857, chap. 106, sec. 16.)

3 Under this resolution, Major-General Winfield Scott was appointed brevet lieutenant-general by President Pierce; and Lieutenant-General Scott retired, with his full pay and allowances, on 1st November, 1861.

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