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approved September twenty-eight, eighteen hundred and fifty, and shall receive lands for their services according to the provisions of said act, upon proof of length of service as therein required, and that the last proviso of the ninth section of the act of the eleventh of February, eighteen hundred and fortyseven, be, and the same is hereby, repealed: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall authorize bounty land to those who have heretofore received or become entitled to the same.

Sec. 5. That where any company, battalion, or regiment, in an organized form, marched more than twenty miles to the place where they were mustered into the service of the United States, or were discharged more than twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was organized; in all such cases, in computing the length of service of the officers and soldiers of any such company, battalion, or regiment, with a view to determine the quantity of land any officer or soldier is entitled to under said act, approved twenty-eighth. September, eighteen hundred and fifty, there shall be allowed one day for every twenty miles from the place wbere the company, battalion, or regiment was organized to the place where the same was mustered into the service of the United States; and also one day for every twenty miles from the place where such company, battalion, or regiment was discharged to the place where it was organized, and from whence it marched to enter the service.

[Approved, March 22, 1852.]

[By chap. 81, sec. 2, 6 August, 1852, vol. 10, p. 29, the assistant professors of French and drawing to receive the pay and emoluments allowed to other assistant professors.]

1 Chap. 8.

2 At West Point Military Academy, professors receive $2240 per annum, and assistant professors receive the pay and emoluments of captains of cavalry.

CHAPTER 108.- Approved, August 31, 1852.-Vol. 10, p. 76.

An Act making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of the Govers

ment for the year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-three, and for other purposes.

Sec. 10. That where any moneys shall have remained unexpended upon any appropriations by law, other than for the payment of interest on the funded debt, or the payment of interest and reimbursement according to contract of any loan or loans made on account of the United States, as likewise moneys appropriated for a purpose in respect to which a larger duration is specially assigned by law, for more than two years after the expiration of the fiscal year in which the act shall have been passed, all and any such appropriations shall be deemed to have ceased and been determined, and the moneys so unexpended shall be immediately thereafter carried, under the direction of the secretary of the treasury, to the account on the books of the treasury denominated the “surplus fund," to remain like other unappropriated moneys in the treasury; and it shall not be lawful, for any cause or pretence whatsoever, to transfer, withdraw, apply, or use for any purpose whatever, any moneys carried as aforesaid to the surplus fund, without further and specific appropriations by law.

Sec. 18. That no person, hereafter, who holds, or shall hold, any office under the Government of the United States, whose salary or annual compensation shall amount to the sum of two thousand five hundred dollars, shall receive compensation for discharging the duties of any other office.

CHAPTER 110.- Approved, August 31, 1852.–Vol. 10, p. 107.

An Act making appropriations for the support of the army for the year ending the

thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-three.

2. Transfers of appropriations forbidden except in certain cases. Appropriations

of this act not to be applied to expenses incurred before July 11, 1852. 5. Ra

tion for paymasters' clerks. 7. Settlement of accounts of military contributions in Mexico. 1849, chap. 126.

SEC. 2. That all acts' or parts of acts authorizing the President of the United States, or the secretary of the proper department, under his direction, to transfer any portion of the moneys appropriated for a particular branch of expenditure in that department, to be applied to another branch of expenditure in the same department, be, and are hereby, so far as relates to the department of war, repealed; and no portions of the moneys appropriated by this act shall be applied to the payment of any expenses incurred prior to the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two. But nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to prevent the President from authorizing appropriations for the subsistence of the army, for forage, for the medical and hospital departments, and for the quartermaster's department, to be applied to any other of the abovementioned branches of expenditure in the same department; and appropriations made for a specific object for one fiscal year shall not be transferred to any other object, after the expiration of that year.

Sec. 3. That so much of the act making appropriations for the support of the army for the year ending 28 Sept. 1850,- as provides extra pay to the commissioned officers and enlisted men of the United States serving in Oregon and California, be, and the same is hereby, continued in force for one year from the first day of March, 1852, and that the provision of the last-mentioned act be, and is hereby, extended to New Mexico, during the current year, provided for by this section; and that $300,000 be, and the same is hereby, appropriated for that purpose: Provided, further, That said officers and men shall receive only one-half of the increased amount over the regular pay allowed by law.

Sec. 5. That paymasters' clerks shall be entitled to receive one ration per day when on duty at their stations, to be commuted at the price now authorized when travelling on duty: 3

Sec. 6. That for the pay and equipment as mounted riflemen, finding their own horses and forage, of the volunteers serving under the command of Captain John C. Fremont, in California, during the year 1846, as appears by the muster rolls on file in the war department, and for the subsistence and supplies consumed by said volunteers in said service, $168,000 is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated; and the secretary of war is authorized and empowered to appoint*

13 March, 1809, chap. 20. sec. 1, 31 Aug. 1842, chap. 186, sec. 11.
2 Chap. 78, which extends one year.
3 75 cents per day. - Board abolished, 1835, Mar. 3, chap. 69.

three competent and disinterested officers of the army to examine and report to Congress upon all such claims as may be presented for funds advanced, and subsistence and supplies of all kinds furnished or taken, for the use of said command whilst thus engaged in the public service; and for the expenses of said board of officers, the sum of $2000 is hereby appropriated.

Sec. 7. That the second section of an act entitled “An act? to provide for the settlement of the accounts of public officers and others who may have received moneys arising from military contributions or otherwise in Mexico," approved March third, eighteen hundred and forty-nine, shall be so construed as to extend to officers and other persons who were engaged in the collection of military contributions as collectors in any part of Mexico or California, during the war with Mexico.

(Sec. 18. Examination of Blue Lick Springs, as a site for a western military asylum, authorized.)

[-upprored, August 31, 1852.)

CHAPTER 112.- Approved, August 31, 1852.–Vol. 10, p. 112.

An Act making appropriations for light-houses, light-boats, buoys, &c., and proriding

for the erection and establishment of the same, and for other purposes. Sections 5 and 6 are a repetition of sections 2 and 3 of chapter 37, 1851, 3 March,

Sec. 8. That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized and required to appoint, immediately after the passage of this act, two officers of the nary, of high rank, one officer of the corps of engineers of the army, one officer of the corps of topographical engineers of the army, and two civilians of high scientific attainments, whose services may be at the disposal of the President; and an officer of the nary and an officer of engineers of the army, as secretaries, who shall constitute the Light-house Board of the United States, and shall have power to adopt such rules and regulations for the gorerument of their meetings as they may judge expedient; and the beari so constituted shall be attached to the office of the secretary of the treasury, and under his superintendences shall discharge all the administrative duties of said office relating to the construction, illumination, inspection, and superintendence of light-houses. light-ressels, beacons, buoys, sea-marks, and their appendages, and embracing the security of foundations of works already existing, prouring illuminating and other apparatus, supplies, and materials of all kinds for building and for rebuilding when necessary, and keeping in good repair, the light-houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buors of the United States.

Chapter 126. * Futended to "all persons" so engaged by sec. 5. chap. 98, 3 March 1853.

see chapa il, sec. 1, 3 March, 1843, as to fifth auditor; and chap. 37, 3 March, Isl. sec. y.

Sec. 9. That the secretary of the treasury shall be ex-officio President of the Light-house Board of the United States, and the said board, at their first meeting, shall proceed to ballot for one of their members as chairman; and the member who shall receive the majority of ballots of the whole board shall be declared by the President to be chairman of the Light-house Board, who shall, in the absence of the president of the board, preside over their meetings, and do and perform such acts as may be required by the rules of the board.

Sec. 10. That the Light-house Board shall meet four times in each year for the transaction of general and special business, each meeting to commence on the first Monday in March, June, September, and December, and that the secretary of the treasury is hereby authorized to convene the Light-house Board whenever, in his judgment, the exigencies of the service may require it.

(Sec. 11. Certain clerks, archives, &c. to be transferred to such board.]

Sec. 12. That it shall be the duty of the Light-house Board, immediately after being organized, to arrange the Atlantic, Gulf, Pacific, and Lake Coasts of the United States into light-house districts, not exceeding twelve in number; and the President is hereby authorized and required to direct that an officer of the army or navy be assigned to each district as a lighthouse inspector, subject to and under the orders of the Light-house Board, 'who shall receive for such service the same pay and emoluments that he would be entitled to by law for the performance of duty in the regular line of his profession, and no other, except the legal allowance per mile when travelling under orders connected with his duties.

(Sec. 13. Rules and regulations to be established and distributed.]

Sec. 14. That it shall be the duty of the Light-house Board to cause to be prepared by the engineer secretary of the board, or by such officer of engineers of the army as may be detailed' for that service, all plans, drawings, specifications, and estimates of cost of all illuminating and other apparatus, and of construction and repair of towers, buildings, &c., connected with the Lighthouse Establishment; and no bid or contract shall be accepted or entered into except upon the decision of the board, at a regular or special meeting, and through their properly authorized officers.

Sec. 15. That hereafter all materials for the construction and repair of light-houses, light-vessels, beacons, buoys, &c. &c., shall be procured by public contracts, under such regulations as the board may from time to time adopt, subject to the approval of the secretary of the treasury; and all works of construction,

1 By the President, 3 March, 1851, chap. 37, sec. 9.

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