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CHAPTER 186.-Approved, August 23, 1842.—Vol. 5, p. 512.

An Act respecting the organization of the army, and for other purposes. 1. Dragoons reduced. 2d regiment dragoons into riflemen. Artillery and infantry

reduced. No enlistments till after reduction, except of non-commissioned officers. 2. Superintendencies of armories at Springfield and Harper's Ferry abolished. Salaries of armorers, inspectors, clerks, &c., paymasters and storekeepers. Bonds of. Storekeepers at arsenals; salaries of; limited to ten. Others abolished. No extra pay at armories. 3. Commissary-general of pur. chases abolished. Duties of, performed by the quartermaster's department. 5. One inspector to superintend the manufacture of cannon. 6. Rations to officers by 3 March, 1797, and 16 March, 1802, allowed to certain officers only, &c.

That hereafter, and so soon as the reduction can be effected as herein provided, each company of dragoons shall consist of the commissioned officers as now provided by law, and of four sergeants,” four corporals, two buglers, one farrier and blacksmith, and fifty' privates; and the second regiment of dragoons now in service shall be converted, after the fourth day of March next, into a regiment of riflemen; and each company of artillery shall consist of the commissioned officers as now provided by law, and of four sergeants, four corporals, two artificers, two musicians, and forty-two privates; and each company of infantry shall consist of the same number of commissioned officers as now provided, and of four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, and forty-two privates; and that no recruits shall be enlisted for the dragoons, artillery, or infantry, until the numbers in the several companies shall be reduced by the expiration of the term of service, by discharge, or other causes, below the number herein: fixed for the said companies respect

i By the 2 March, 1833, chap. 76; and see 30 March, 1814, chap. 37, sec. 4, which was supplied by the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, which admitted no dragoons in the army: and see the 23 May. 1836. chap. 80. sec. 6. for the 2d regiment of dracoor

2 One of whom to act as quartermaster's sergeant, 2 March, 1833, chap. 76.

3 And two teamsters to each company of dragoons, artillery, and mounted riflemen, by the 3 March, 1847, chap. 41, sec. 9; but see 17 July, 1862, chap. 201.

4 The words in italics, as to the 2d regiment of dragoons, are repealed by the 4 April, 1844, chap. 11.

This regiment was organized by the 2 March, 1833, chap. 76, and was directed to bo remounted by the 4 April, 1844, chap. 11,

5 Under the 23 May, 1836, chap. 80, sec. 6.

6 By the 3 March, 1815, chap. 79, sec. 7, vol. 3, p. 224, and the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13,

? By the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, sec. 1.

8 The companies of the several corps may be increased to seventy-four by the President, for distant posts, by the 17 June, 1850, chap. 20.

ively: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the re-enlistment of non-commissioned officers whose terms of service may expire before the army shall be reduced to the number heretofore established.

Sec. 2. That the offices of the superintendents of the armories at Springfield" and at Harper's Ferry shall be, and the same are hereby, abolished, and the duties thereof shall be performed by such officers of the ordnance corps as shall be designated by the President; and that from and after the first day of October next, the master-armorers at the national armories shall receive, each, twelve hundred dollars, annually, payable quarteryearly;" and the inspectors and clerks, each, eight hundred dollars per annum; and the paymasters and military storekeepers, at the armories, and at the arsenals of construction at Pittsburg, Watervliet, and Washington City,' shall receive, each, twelve hundred and fifty dollars annually, payable in like manner, and the said paymasters and military storekeepers shall give security for the faithful discharge of their duties, in such sum as the Secretary of War shall prescribe. And the two military storekeepers, authorized by the act of second of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, shall receive, each, twelve hundred and fifty dollars per annum. And no military storekeeper, at arsenals, shall, after the first day of October next, receive, as pay, or emoluments, beyond eights hundred dollars per annum, besides quarters actually provided and occupied as such, and the number authorized to be thus employed is hereby limited to ten; and all other offices of military storekeepers are hereby abolished, and discontinued, on and after said first day of October, and the officers hereby dismissed shall be allowed three months' pay in addition to the pay and emoluments to which they may be entitled on that day. And none of the above-named officers, and no officers at the armories, of any grade whatever, shall hereafter receive emoluments of any

1 See 29 April, 1816, vol. 3, p. 323, and 5 July, 1838, chap. 162, sec. 32, as to their wages; see chap. 98, 3 March, 1853; and for civil superintendents again see sec. 1, chap. 267, 5 August, 1854; and for military superintendents, see sec. 5, chap. 57, 6 August, 1861.

See present organization of cavalry, sec. 11, chap. 201, 17 July, 1862.
? Fifteen hundred dollars per annum, by sec. 2, chap. 106, 3 March, 1857.
3 And Watertown, by the 3 March, 1849, chap. 101, sec. 2.
4 Chap. 13, sec. 9.

5 The pay of all commissioned officers of the army, including military storekeepers, was increased $240 per annum, by chap. 55, 21 Feb. 1857.

kind, or any compensation or commutation beyond their stipulated pay in money, except quarters actually provided for and occupied by such officers.

Sec. 3. That the office of commissary-general' of purchases, sometimes called commissary of purchases, shall be, and the same is hereby, abolished, and the duties thereof shall hereafter be performed by the officers of the quartermaster's department, with such of the officers and clerks now attached to the purchasing department as shall be authorized by the Secretary of War, and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the said secretary, under the sanction of the President of the United States.

Sec. 4. That, within one month after the passage of this act, the offices of one inspector-general," of three paymasters, two surgeons, and ten assistant surgeons of the army shall be abolished, and that number of paymasters, surgeons, and assistant surgeons shall be discharged by the President, and they shall be allowed three months' pay, in addition to the pay and emoluments to which they may be entitled at the time of their discharge.

Sec. 5. That a competent person may be employed by the ordnance bureau, under the direction of the Secretary of War, for such time as may be necessary, to superintend the manufacture of iron cannon at the several foundries where such cannon may be made under contracts with the United States, whose pay and emoluments shall not exceed those of a major of ordnance during the time he shall be so employed, to be paid out of the appropriations for armament of fortifications; and for the services rendered in such superintendence since the first day of March, eighteen hundred and forty-one, under the authority of the War Department, the same compensation shall be allowed as herein provided.

Sec. 6. That the rations authorized to be allowed to a brigadier while commander-in-chief, and to each officer while commanding a separate post, by the act of March third, seventeen hundred and ninety-seven, and to the commanding officers of each separate post, by the act of March sixteen, eighteen hundred and two, shall hereafter be allowed to the following officers, and no others :: to the major-general commanding the army, and to every officer commanding in chief a separate army, actually in the field; to the generals commanding the eastern and western geographical divisions; to the colonels or other officers commanding military geographical departments; to the commandant of each permanent or fixed post, garrisoned with troops, including the superintendent of the military academy at West Point, who is regarded as the commandant of that post.

1 Established by the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, sec. 9.

The two inspectors-general established by the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, vol. 3, p. 615-616, are restored by the 12 Jan. 18-16, chap. 3, and two more added by sec. 4, chap. 57, 6 Aug. 1861, and five assistants, by chap. 42, 3 Aug. 1861. The fourth section of which is as follows:-"That to the brigadier, while eon

ef, and to each officer while commanding a separate post, there shall be allowed twice the number of rations to which they would otherwise be entitled :" but that section (4) seems clearly repealed by the 16 March, 1802, chap. 9, soc. 5, and, if Dot, certainly by this section (6).

[Approved, August 23, 1842.]

CHAPTER 191.- Approved, August 23, 1842.-Vol. 5, p. 521.

An Act to amend the Acts of July, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, and eighteen hundred

and thirty-eight, allowing pensions to certain widows.

That the marriage of the widow, after the death of her husband, for whose services she claims a pension under the act of the seventh July, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, shall be no bar to the claim of such widow to the benefit of that act, she being a widow at the time she makes application for a pension.

CHAPTER 202.-Approved, August 26, 1842.—Vol. 5, p. 523.

An Act legalizing and making appropriations for such necessary objects as have been usually included in the general appropriation bills without authority of law, and to fix and provide for certain incidental expenses of the Department and officers of the Government, and for other purposes.

11. Report of clerks and other persons employed, to be made annually to Congress.

23. Surplus for one object may be applied to supply a deficiency for another, except newspapers and periodicals. 25. Accounts of no commission, except courts-martial, &c., to be paid without a special appropriation.

Sec. 11.That it shall be the duty of the Secretaries of * **, War, ***, to report to Congress, at the beginning of each year, the names of the clerks and other persons that have been employed, respectively, during the preceding year, or any part thereof, in their respective departments and offices, together with the time that each clerk or other person was actually employed, and the sums paid to each; and, also, whether they have been usefully employed, whether the services of any of them can be dispensed with without detriment to the public service, and whether the removal of any individuals, and the appointment of others in their stead, is required for the better dispatch of business; and no greater allowance shall be made to any such clerk, or other person, than is or may be authorized by law, except to watchmen and messengers, for any labor or services required of them beyond the particular duties of their respective stations, rendered at such times as does not interfere with the performance of their regular duties.

i Chap. 9, sec. 5. 2 And the adjutant and quartermaster general, by 3 March, 1847, chap. 61, sec. 20. 3 Words in italics repealed by sec. 19, chap. 42, 3 Aug. 1861. * On marriage, pension to cease again: 2 Feb. 1848.

5 Chap. 189. 6 This supplies 21 April, 1806, chap. 41, sec. 5, and 20 April, 1818, chap. 87, sec. 9. 1 Re-enacted 24 Dec. 1842, chap. 2, sec. 2, and in subsequent appropriation acts.

Sec. 23.That in case the sum appropriated for any object should be found more than sufficient to meet the expense thereby contemplated, the surplus may be applied, under the direction of the head of the proper department, to supply the deficiency of any other item in the same department or office: Provided, That the expenditure for newspapers and periodicals shall not exceed the amount specifically appropriated to that object by this act.

SEC. 25. That it shall not, at any time hereafter, be lawful for any accounting or disbursing officer of the Government to allow or pay any account or charge whatever, growing out of, or in any way connected with, any commission or inquiry, except courts-martial or courts of inquiry in the military or naval service of the United States, until special appropriations shall have been made by law to pay such accounts and charges : Provided, That this shall not extend to the contingent fund connected with the foreign intercourse of the Government placed at the disposal of the President of the United States.

[Approved, August 26, 1842.]

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