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CHAPTER 189.- Approved, July 7, 1838.—Vol. 4, p. 303.

An Act granting half pay and pensions to certain widows. 1. Five years' pension granted to widows of officers and soldiers, &c. 2. No pledge,

sale, &c., valid. Not liable to debts. Oath by attorneys before delivery of warrant. 3. Regulations.

That if any person who served in the war of the Revolution, in the manner specified in the act passed the seventh day of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, entitled “An act: supplementary to the act for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution," have died, leaving a widow, whose marriage took place after the expiration of the last period of his service, and before the first day of January, seventeen hundred and ninety-four, such widow shall be entitled to receive, for and during the term of five years from the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, the annuity or pension which might have been allowed to her husband in virtue of said act, if living at the time it was passed: Provided, That, in the event of the marriage of such widow, said annuity or pension shall be discontinued.

Sec. 2. That no? pledge, mortgage, sale, assignment, or transfer of any right, claim, or interest, in any annuity, half pay, or pension, granted by this act, shall be valid, nor shall the half pay, annuity, or pension, granted by this act, or any former act of Congress, be liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, by any process in law or equity, but shall inure wholly to the personal benefit of the pensioner or annuitant entitled to the same; and that, before a warrant shall be delivered to any person acting for or in behalf of any one entitled to money under this act, such person shall take and subscribe an oath or affirmation, to be administered by the proper accounting officer, and put on tile, that he has no interest in said money, by any pledge, mortpage, transfer, agreement, understanding, or arrangement, and that he does not know or believe that the same has been so disposed of to any other person.

1 And also mariners and marines, by the 29 July, 1848, chap. 120, sec. 1. 3 Chap. 126..

3 This provision extended to the widows of those who have died since this act, by res. 3, March, 1851, No. 6, and on death after, by the 16 August, 1842, res. No. 8, and by the 2 Feb. 1848, chap. 8.

* 1900, by the 29 July, 1848, chap. 120, sec. 1.

5 Extended for four years by the 3 March, 1843, chap. 102; and widow pensioners under special acts of Congress to have the benefit of this act, by the 17 June, 144, chap. 105, and now for life, by the 2 Feb. 1848, chap. 8, and by same act, to widows who are pensioners by special acts.

6 This restriction is abolished, and if a widow at the time of the application, it is enough, by the 23 August, 1819, chap. 191; but by the 2 Feb. 1814, chap. 8, the pension, on marriage of the widow, is to be discontinued.

7 Same provision in the 29 July, 1848, chap. 120, sec. 2.

Suc. 3. That the secretary of var shall adopt such regulations and forms of evidence, in relation to applications and payments under this act, as the President of the l'nited States may prescribe.

[ Approved, July 7, 1838) August 23, 1812, chap. 191.

('HAPTER 191.- Approved, July 7, 1838.-Vol. 5, p. 308.

An Act rup plementary to an Art enhtled " An Act to increased the present military

eutatlınment of the United States, and for other purpoees," approred July Nith, enghteen kundred and thirty-eight

1. Back rations not to be allowed for time past. 2. Number of chaplains limited to

twenty-to be approved by secretary of war. 4. The number of ordnance liegtenants limited to twelve 5. Monthly pay of privates fixed at $i ; $1 to be retained call discharged. 6. Compensation to engineer otheers, for disburstag money, withdrawn. 7. ('ammissaries not to be separated from the line 9. Addienal ration for five years' service allowed to paymaster general and surKean general.

That the act to which this is a supplement shall be, and the same hereby is, explained, limited, and modified as follows:

First. Nothing contained in said act shall be so construed as to allow any officer additional rations for time past, commonly (alled back rations,

Sound. The posts at which chaplains shall be allowed' shall be limited to the number of twenty,' and shall be approved by the secretary at war, and whall be contined to places most desti. tute of instruction.

Third, That so much of said act as requires assistant quartermasters to be separated from the line, shall be, and the same is hereby, repraled.

Ber. 15

Rec. 18, . Ten a tiroslaharlain., 2 Marib, 149, chap. 43, sec. 1, one to etery regiment, by vec 7, ebap. , August, 1-41.

CHAPTER 189.- Approved, July 7, 1838.–Vol. 4, p. 303.

An Act granting half pay and pensions to certain ridous.

1. Five years' pension granted to widows of officers and soldiers, &c. 2. No pledge.

sale, &c., valid. Not liable to debts. Oath by attorneys before delivery of warrant. 3. Regulations.

That if any person who served in the war of the Revolution, in the manner specified in the act passed the seventh day of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, entitled “ An act: supplementary to the act for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution," hare died, leaving a widow, whose marriage took place after the expiration of the last period of his service, and before the first day of January, serenteen hundred and ninety-four,' such widow shall be entitled to receive, for and during the term of five years from the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, the annuity or pension which might have been allowed to her husband in virtue of said act, if living at the time it was passed: Provided, That, in the event of the marriage of such widow, said annuity or pension shall be discontinued.

Sec. 2. That no pledge, mortgage, sale, assignment, or transfer of any right, claim, or interest, in any annuity, balf pay, or pension, granted by this act, shall be valid, nor shall the balf pay, annuity, or pension, granted by this act, or any former act of Congress, be liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, by any process in law or equity, but shall inure wholly to the personal benefit of the pensioner or annuitant entitled to the same; and that, before a warrant shall be delivered to any person acting for or in behalf of any one entitled to money under this act, such person shall take and subscribe an oath or affirmation, to be administered by the proper accounting officer, and put on file, that he has no interest in said money, by any pledge, mortgage, transfer, agreement, understanding, or arrangement, and that he does not know or believe that the same has been so dispowed of to any other person.

1 And also mariners and marines, by the 29 July, 1848, chap. 120, sec. I. 1 Chap 126.

* This provision extended to the widows of those who have died since this act, by res. 3, Mareh, 1851, No. 6, and on death after, by the 16 August, 1842, res. No and by the 2 Feb. 1949. chap. 8.

*1-00, by the 29 July, 1848, chap. 120. sec. I.

5 Extended for four years by the 3 March, 1843, chap. 102; and widow pensioners under special acts of Congress to have the benefit of this act, by the 17 June, 1.4. chap. 105, and now for life, by the 2 Feb. 1848, chap. 8, and by same act, to wid.ws who are pensioners by special acts.

5 This restriction is ablished, and if a widow at the time of the application, it is enou zb, by the 23 August, 1912, chap. 191 ; but by the 2 Feb. 18, chap. $, the pensiin, on marriage f the widow, is to be discontinued.

? Same provision in the 29 July, 1848, chap. 120, sec. 2.

Suc. 3. That the secretary of war shall adopt such regulations and forms of evidence, in relation to applications and payments under this act, as the President of the C'nited States may prescribe.

[ Approved, July 7, 1838.] August 23, 1812, chap. 191,

CHAPTER 194.-Approved, July 7, 1838.-Vol. 5, p. 308.

An Act supplementary to an Art entitled " An Act to increase the present military

entahlikment of the limited States, and for other purposes," approred Juin NNA, aghteen hundred and thirty-eight

1. Back ration. not to be allowed for time past. 2. Number of chaplains limited to

twenty-to be approved by secretary of war. 4. The number of ordnance lieg. tenants limited to twelve. S. Monthly pay of privates fixed at $i ; $1 to be retained till derharged. 6. Compensation to engineer officers, for dewburning money, withinwa. 7. Commissanes not to be separated from the line 9. Ad ditwonal ration for five years' service allowed to paymaster general and sur. Kers general

That the act to which this is a supplement shall be, and the same hereby is, explained, limited, and modified as follows:

Fust. Nothing contained in said act shall be so construed as to allow any officer aditional rations for time past, commonly called back rations,

Sound. The posts at which chaplains shall be allowed hall be limited to the number of twenty,' and shall be approved by the secretary at war, and shall be contined to places mont desti. tute of instruction,

Thard. That so much of and act as requires assistant quartermasters to be separated from the line, shall be, and the same is bereby, repraled.

1 Chap 162 ante,

• Tra 11.-nal ebarin. ? Marib, 119, chap. , e by moc 1, chap 42, 3 August, 1*41.

, one to

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Fourth. That the number of lieutenants authorized by said act to be added and transferred to the ordnance department shall be limited to twelve.

Fifth. That the monthly pay of a private soldier, raised by said act to $8, shall be limited and fixed at $78 a month: $14 thereof shall be retained, as provided for in said act.

Sixth. That no compensation shall be allowed to officers of the engineer department for disbursement of public money while superintending public works.

Seventh. That the three commissaries of subsistence authorized by said act shall not be separated from the line of the army.

Eighth. That so much of said act as allows one hundred and sixty acres of land to soldiers who shall have served ten consecutive years be, and the same is hereby, repealed.

Ninth. That the said acts shall be so construed as to allow the paymaster-general and surgeon-general of the army the additional rations therein granted to officers of the line and staff for every five years' service.

[Approved, July 7, 1838.]

[By resolution 7, July 7, 1838, vol. 5, p. 311, the benefits of the 3d section of the act of 4 July, 1836, chapter 362, extended to widows whose husbands have died or shall die since the passage of that act.

CHAPTER 82.-Approved, March 3, 1839.-Vol. 5, p. 339.

An Act making appropriations for the ciril and diplomatic expenses of government

for the year eighteen hundred and thirty-nine. Sec. 3. That no officer in any branch of the public service, or any other person whose salaries or whose pay or emoluments is or are fixed by law and regulations, shall receive any extra allowance or compensation in any form whatever for the dis

i See, for temporary increase, 3 March, 1847, chap. 61, sec. 16.

? Sec. 16. 3 And $1 additional, by 4 August, 1851, chap. 247, sec. 1; and made $13 per month by sec. 1, chap. 63, 6 August, 1861.

*$2 by sec. 10, chap. 38, 3 August, 1861; but all repealed by sec. 10, chap. 200, 17 July, 1862. 5 Sec. 16. 6 Sec. 11. 7 Seo. 29.

* Sec. 15.

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