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pay, clothing, and rations of the first sergeant of a company of infantry.'

Sec. 13. That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to add” to the ordnance department, whenever he may deem it expedient to increase the same, by and with the advice of the senate, two majors, and that he be further authorized to transfer ten first lieutenants and ten second lieutenants from the artillery to the ordnance department, and that the pay and emoluments of the officers of the said department shall be the same as those allowed to the officers of the regiment of dragoons.

Sec. 14. That so much of the fourth section of the acte passed fifth of April, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, for the organization of the ordnance department, as authorizes the officers of ordnance to receive the same pay and emoluments now allowed artillery officers, shall be construed to include the ten dollars per month additional pay to every officer in the actual command of a company, as compensation for the duties and responsibilities with respect to clothing, arms, and accoutrements of the company, under the authority of the second section of the act? passed second of March, eighteen hundred and twentyseven, giving further compensation to the captains and subalterns of the army of the United States in certain cases: Provided, That the officers of the ordnance department claiming the compensation for such duties and responsibilities shall have been actually in the command of enlisted men of the ordnance equal to a company of artillery, and thereby incurred the aforesaid responsibilities.

Sec. 15. That every commissioned officer of the line or staff, exclusives of general officers, shall be entitled to receive one additional ration per diem for every five years he may have

1 $20 per month.
2 Increase of, by the 3 March, 1847, chap. 61, sec. 16.

3 Organization of, 5 April, 1832, chap. 67. For additions to this department, see sec. 3, chap. 42, 3 Aug. 1861,

4" Twelve" by the 7 July, 1838, chap. 194; but see now the 3 March, 1847, chap. 61, sec. 16, increasing the corps.

5 See note 1 to sec. 5; formerly paid as the artillery, by the 8 Feb. 1815, chap. 38, sec. 11. 6 Chap. 67.

1 Chap. 42. & Paymaster and surgeon general to receive the additional rations, by 7 July, 1838, chap. 194.

But no back rations, by the 7 July, 1838, chap. 194.

served or shall serve in the army of the United States: Pro. vided, That in certain cases where officers are entitled to and receive double rations, the additional one allowed in this section shall not be included in the number to be doubled.

Sec. 16. That from and after the passing of this act, all enlistments in the army of the United States shall be for five years, and that the monthly pay of non-commissioned officers and soldiers shall be as follows: to each sergeant-major, quartermastersergeant, and chief musician, seventeen dollars; to each first sergeant of a company, sixteen dollars; to all other sergeants, thirteen dollars; to each artificer, eleven dollars; to each corporal, nine dollars; and to each musician and private soldier, eight dollars :: Provided, That two? dollars per month of said pay be retained until the expiration of his term of service.

Sec. 17. That the allowance of sugar and coffee to the noncommissioned 'officers, musicians, and privates, in lieu of the spirit or whiskey component part of the army ration, now directed by regulation, shall be fixed at six pounds of coffee and twelve pounds of sugar to every one hundred rations, to be issued weekly when it can be done with convenience to the public service, and, when not so issued, to be paid in money.

Sec. 18. That it shall be lawful for the officers composing the council of administration at anys post, from time to time, to employ such person as they may think proper to officiate as chaplain, who shall also perform the duties of schoolmaster at such post; and the person so employed shall, on the certificate of the commanding officer of the post, be paid such sum for his services, not exceeding forty dollars per month, as may be determined by the said council of administration, with the approval of the secretary of war; and, in addition to his pay, the said chaplain shall be allowed four rations per diem, with quarters and fuel.

1 “Seven," by the 7 July, 1838, chap. 194. By chap. 61, 4 Aug. 1854, $4 per month added to soldier's pay; and by sec. 1, chap. 63, 6 Aug. 1861, the pay of privates is made $13 per month.

2 “One," by the same act, sec. 2; and see chap. 68, 2 March, 1833; it is $2 again by sec. 10, chap. 38, 3 Aug. 1861, but again repealed by act July, 1862.

Malt liquor and low wines, by the 26 May, 1804, chap. 39, sec. 2. 4 Increased by sec. 4 of chap. 163, 21 June, 1860, to 10 pounds coffee and 15 sugar; and see sec. 13, chap. 42, 3 Aug. 1861; and sec. 10, chap. 133, July, 1862.

5 Only for twenty posts approved by the Secretary at War, by the 7 July, 1838, chap. 198, and now ten additional, by the 2 March, 1819, chap. 83, sec. 3.

6 Chaplains may receive $20 per month more upon the recommendation of the council of administration, by sec. 2, chap. 55, 21 Feb. 1857; but the pay of all army chaplains is fixed by sec. 9, chap. 200, 17 July, 1862.

Sec. 19. That an additional professor be appointed to instruct in the studies of chemistry, mineralogy, and geology, with the pay and emoluments now allowed to the professor of mathematics; and that the secretary of war may assign to the said professor an assistant, to be taken from the officers of the line or cadets; which assistant professor will receive the pay and emoluments’ allowed to other assistant professors.

Sec. 20. That whenever suitable non-commissioned officers or privates cannot be procured from the line of the army to serve as paymasters' clerks, paymasters be and hereby are authorized and empowered, by and with the approbation of the secretary of war, to employ citizens to perform that duty, at salaries not to exceed five hundred dollars per annum, each.

Sec. 21. That all letters and packages on public business, to and from the commanding general, the colonel of ordnance, the surgeon-general, and the head of the topographical corps, shall be free from postage."

Sec. 22. That the President shall be, and he is hereby, authorized, whenever he may deem the same expedient, to cause not exceeding two of the regiments of infantry to be armed and equipped and to serve as regiments of riflemen, and one other of the regiments of infantry to be armed and equipped and to serve as a regiment of light infantry.

Sec. 23. That all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act shall be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

SEC. 24. That hereafter the officers of the pay and medical departments of the army shall receive the pay and emoluments of officers of cavalry of the same grades respectively according to which they are now paid by existing laws.

Sec. 25. [That when volunteers or militia are called into the service of the United States, so that the paymasters authorized by law shall not be deemed sufficient to enable them to pay the

1 See the 29 April, 1812, chap. 72, for professors and assistants, and pay of. 2 See the act quoted in preceding note.

3 Made $700 per annum by chap. 168, sec. 2, 12 Aug. 1848, and one ration per day by chap. 110, sec. 5, 31 Aug. 1852.

4 See note to chap. 137, 6 July, 1812, ante.

5 See, for modification of this provision, the 3 March, 1845, chap. 65, sec. 1, if it modifies any thing.

troops with proper punctuality, it shall be lawful for the President to appoint as many additional paymasters as he shall deem necessary, who shall perform the same duty, give the same bond, be subject to the same liability, and receive the same pay and emoluments, as are now provided for paymasters of the army: Provided, however, That the number so appointed shall not exceed one for every two regiments of militia or volunteers :)' And provided, also, That the persons so appointed shall continue in service only so long as their services are required to pay militia and volunteers.

Sec. 26. That the compensation hereafter to be allowed to such ordnance storekeepers as shall be designated as pay. masters shall not exceed the pay and emoluments of a captain of ordnance.

Sec. 27. That it shall be the duty of the engineer superintending the construction of a fortification, or engaged about the execution of any other public work, to disburse the moneys applicable to the same; and, as a compensations therefor, may be allowed by the secretary of war at the rate of two dollars per diem, during the continuance of such disbursements : Provided, That the whole amount of emoluments shall not exceed one per cent. on the sum disbursed.

Sec. 28. That the term for which cadets hereafter admitted into the Military Academy at West Point shall engage to serve, be, and the same is hereby, increased to eight years, unless sooner discharged.

Sec. 29. That, in lieu of the bounty nows provided by law for reenlistment, every able-bodied non-commissioned officer, musician, or private soldier, who may re-enlist into his company or regiment within two months before or one month after the expiration of his term of service, shall receive three months' extra pay;' and also any noncommissioned officer or soldier who shall serve ten consecutive years, and shall obtain from the commanding officer of his com

1 By and with the advice and consent of the senate, by sec. 14, chap. 61, 3 March, 1847.

2 All within brackets in this section is a repetition of so much of sec. 3, chap. 356, 4 July, 1836.

3 This compensation abolished, by the 7 July, 1838, chap. 194. * Five years, by the 29 April, 1812, chap. 72, sec. 3. 6 By the 2 March, 1833, chap. 68, sec. 4 and 5. 6 Extended to non-commissioned officers of marines by 10 August, 1848, res. 24. * All in italics abolished by sec. 9, chap. 42, 3 August, 1861.

pany, battalion, or regiment, a certificate that he had faithfully performed his duty whilst in service, shall be allowed one hundred and sixty acres of land, to be designated, surveyed, and laid off at the public expense, in such manner and upon such conditions as may be provided by law, which land shall be patented to the soldier or his heirs, and be not assignable until patented.]

Sec. 30. That so much of the eleventh section of the act of the 16th March, 1802, and so much of the fifth section of the act of the 12th of April, 1808, as fix the height of enlisted men at five feet six inches, be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

Sec. 31. That the officers of the army shall not be separated from their regiments and corps for employment on civil works of internal improvement, or be allowed to engage in the service of incorporated companies; and no officer of the line of the army shall hereafter be employed as acting paymaster, or disbursing agent for the Indian department, if such extra employment require that he be separated from his regiment or company, or otherwise interfere with the performance of the military duties proper.

Sec. 32. That the superintendents of the armories at Springfield and Harper's Ferry shall hereafter receive each the sum of $1500, and rations, fuel, and quarters as at present authorized ; and that the master-armorers of the same shall each receive the sum of $1200, and fuel and quarters as at present authorized; and that the aforesaid sums and allowances to the officers aforesaid shall be in full compensation for their services respectively.

Sec. 33. That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, to appoint seven additional surgeons ;5 and that the officers whose appointment is authorized in this section shall receive the pay and allowances of officers of the same grades respectively.

Approved, July 5, 1838.] See April 29, 1812, chap. 72, engineers; March 28, 1812, chap. 46, quartermaster's department; April 14, 1818, chap. 61, staff; April 16, 1818, chap. 64, brevet; April 5, 1832, chap. 67, ordnance; July 7, 1838, chap. 194

i This grant of land repealed, by the 7 July, 1838, chap. 194, par. 8. Two months' extra pay for re-enlistment, 2 March, 1833, chap. 68, sec. 3, also repeated.

3 Chap. 9.
3 Chap. 43. Height now fixed by regulation, at 5 feet 3 inches.

4 These offices abolished, by the 23 August, 1842, chap. 186, sec. 2, and ordnance offices put in their stead.

5 See, for further additions, sec. 6, chap. 8, 11 Feb. 1847, and for additions and present organization, see chap. 42, 3 August, 1861, and note; and see further, chap. 55, 16 April, 1862, and chap. 128, 2 July, 1862.

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