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shall be lawful for the President of the United States, or such other person as he shall have empowered for that purpose, to employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States, or of the militia thereof, for the purpose of taking possession of and detaining any such ship or vessel, with her prize or prizes, if any, in order to the execution of the prohibitions and penalties of this act, and to the restoring the prize or prizes in the cases in which restoration shall have been adjudged, and also for the purpose of preventing the carrying on of any such expedition or enterprise from the territories or jurisdiction of the United States against the territories or dominions of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people with whom the United States are at peace.

Sec. 9. That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, or such person as he shall empower for that purpose, to employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States, or of the militia thereof, as shall be necessary to compel any foreign ship or vessel to depart the United States in all cases in which, by the laws of nations or the treaties of the United States, they ought not to remain within the United States.

Sec. 10. That the owners or consignees of every armed ship or vessel sailing out of the ports of the United States, belonging wholly or in part to citizens thereof, shall enter into bond to the United States, with sufficient sureties, prior to clearing out the same, in double the amount of the value of the vessel and cargo on board, including her armament, that the said ship or vessel shall not be employed by such owners to cruise or commit hostilities against the subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace.

Sec. 11. That the collectors of the customs be, and they are hereby, respectively, authorized and required to detain any vessel manifestly built for warlike purposes, and about to depart the United States, of which the cargo shall principally consist of arms and munitions of war, when the number of men shipped on board, or other circumstances, shall render it probable that such vessel is intended to be employed by the owner or owners to cruise or commit hostilities upon the subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state, or of any colony, district, or people, with whom the United States are at peace, until

the decision of the President be had thereon, or until the owner or owners shall give such bond and security as is required of the owners of armed ships by the preceding section of this act.

Sec. 12. That the act passed on the fifth day of June, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, entitled “An act in addition to the act for the punishment of certain crimes against the United States,” continued in force, for a limited time, by the act of the second of March, one thousand seven bundred and ninety-seven, and perpetuated by the act passed on the twentyfourth day of April, one thousand eight hundred, and the act passed on the fourteenth day of June, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, entitled “An act to prevent citizens of the United States from privateering against nations in amity with, or against the citizens of, the United States," and the act passed the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, entitled “An act more effectually to preserve the neutral relations of the United States," be, and the same are hereby, severally repealed: Provided, nevertheless, That persons having heretofore offended against any of the acts aforesaid may be prosecuted, convicted, and punished as if the same were not repealed; and no forfeiture heretofore incurred by a violation of any of the acts aforesaid shall be affected by such repeal.

Sec. 13. That nothing in the foregoing act shall be construed to prevent the prosecution or punishment of treason, or any piracy defined by the laws of the United States.

[Approved, April 20, 1818.]

CHAPTER 101.-Approved, April 20, 1818.-Vol. 3, p. 459.

An Act to increase the pay of the militia when in actual service, and for other purposes.

The pay of militia called into the service of the United States against the Seminole Indians to be the highest allowed during the late war.

Sec. 2. Widows and orphans of militia called into that service entitled to half pay and pensions same as in war with Great Britain.

i This act was only temporary, and expired by its own limitation, and it is therefore pot inserted in full here.

CHAPTER 102.-Approved, April 20, 1818.–Vol. 3, p. 460.

An Act respecting the organization of the army, and for other purposes.!

That hereafter the company officers of the corps of artillery shall consist of one captain, two first lieutenants, and two second lieutenants; and in the corps of light artillery, the company officers shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, and two second lieutenants; and one of the second lieutenants in each company shall act as a conductor of artillery, as in the case of the corps of artillery, whose duty it shall be to receipt and account for all ammunition, implements, and cannon; and for the performance of these services they shall be allowed, each, $10 extra per month.

Sec. 2. That to each regiment of infantry, riflemen, and to each battalion of the corps of artillery, and to the regiment of light artillery, there shall be attached one armorer, with the pay and emoluments allowed to armorers employed by the ordnance department.

Sec. 3. That, in all cases during the late war where an officer or soldier has been delayed the receipt of his pay and emoluments, or any part thereof, by having been transferred from one corps to another, or omitted to be returned on the muster roll, pay roll, or receipt roll, or from any other cause whatever, upon a satisfactory evidence of the justice of such claim, the same shall be adjusted and paid. *

RESOLUTION 12.-Approved, April 4, 1818.– Vol. 3, p. 476. Resolution directing medals to be struck, and, together with the thanks of Congress, pre

rented to Major-General Harrison and Governor Shelby, and for other purposes.

That the thanks of Congress be, and they are hereby, presented to MajorGeneral William Henry Harrison, and Isaac Shelby, late Governor of Kentucky, and, through them, to the officers and men under their command, for their gallantry and good conduct in defeating the combined British and Indian forces under Major-General Proctor, on the Thames, in Upper Canada, on the 5th day of October, 1813, capturing the British army, with their baggage, camp-equipage, and artillery; and that the President of the United States be requested to cause two gold medals to be struck, emblematical of this triumph, and presented to General Harrison and Isaac Shelby, late Governor of Kentucky.

CHAPTER 45.- Approved, March 2, 1819.—Vol. 3, p. 488.

An Act to regulate the pay of the army when employed on fatigue duty. That, whenever it shall be found expedient to employ the army at work on fortifications, in surveys, in cutting roads, and other constant labor, of not less than ten days, the non-com

1 Superseded by act of 2 March, 1821, chap. 13.

missioned officers, musicians, and privates so employed shall . be allowed fifteen cents,' and an extra gill of whiskey or spirits, each, per day, while so employed.

[Approved, March 2, 1819.)

CHAPTER 60.-Approved, March 3, 1819.– Vol. 3, p. 502.

An Act extending the term of half-pay pensions to the widows and children of cer

tain officers, seamen, and marines who died in the public service.

(Five years' additional half pay to the widows and children of officers, seamen, and marines, killed in battle, &c., or who died in service.

CHAPTER 81.–Approved, March 3, 1819.—Vol. 3, p. 514.

An Act regulating the payments to invalid pensioners.3 [In applications for payments of pensions, the affidavit of two credible surgeons, &c., stating the continuance and rate of disability, &c., to accompany the application for payment falling due after the 4th of March, 1820, and every two years thereafter, &c., the applicant to be paid at the rate, &c. Proviso: affidavit not necessary in case of total disability, &c. Proviso: this act not to extend to invalids of the revolutionary army pensioned by act 18 March, 1818, chap. 19.]

CHAPTER 88.-Approved, March 3, 1819.– Vol. 3, p. 520.

An Act authorizing the sale of certain military sites. That the secretary of war be, and is hereby, authorized, under the direction of the President of the United States, to cause to be sold such military sites, belonging to the United States, as may have been found, or become, useless for military purposes. And the secretary of war is hereby authorized, on the payment of the consideration agreed for, into the treasury of the United States, to make, execute, and deliver all needful instruments conveying and transferring the same in fee; and the jurisdiction, which had been specially ceded, for military purposes, to the United States, by a state, over such site or sites, shall thereafter cease.

1 Pay increased to 25 and 40 cents east, and 35 and 50 cents west, of the Rocky Mountains, 4 Aug. 1854, chap. 247; and see sec. 4, chap. 22, 19 May, 1846, for money instead of liquor.

2 Act of 4 March, 1814, chap. 20. Act of 16 April, 1818, chap. 65. Act of 9 April, 1824, chạp. 34.

3 This act is superseded by sec. 2, chap. 88, 3 March, 1859.

4 Extended to all military sites, or to such parts thereof, as are or may become useless for military purposes, by act 3 March, 1857, sec. 4; but this was again repealed by sec. 6, chap. 156, 12 June, 1858.

CHAPTER 99.- Approved, March 3, 1819.—Vol. 3, p. 526.

An Act concerning invalid pensions.

3. Revolutionary soldiers adopting the act of 1818, chap. 19, not entitled under this

or future acts. 4. Persons placed on the pension list without report.

Sec. 3. That any pension granted by this act, or any other act hereafter to be passed, to any officer, soldier, or marine, who served in the revolutionary war, shall cease and be discontinued in case the individual to whom the same may be granted hath availed himself, or shall hereafter avail himself, of the provisions of an act passed the eighteenth day of March, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, entitled "An act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States, in the revolutionary war."

Sec. 4. That all persons entitled to pensions, in conformity with the provisions of the act entitled “An act to provide for persons disabled by known wounds during the revolutionary war," passed April the eighteenth, eighteen hundred and six, and also the fourth section of an act entitled “An actó concerning invalid pensioners,” passed the twenty-fifth of April, one thousand eight hundred and eight, may be placed on the pension list by the secretary of war, without reporting the same to Congress.

CHAPTER 52.- Approved, May 1, 1820.—Vol. 3, p. 567.

An Act in addition to the sereral Acts for the establishment and regulation of the

treasury, war, and nary departments.

1. l'nexpended appropriations carried to surplus fund. Balances after object

effected, to be repaid to the treasury, &c. 2. Secretary of war and navy to lay before Congress statements of appropriations, &c. To estimate the probable demands, and the balance to be deducted, &c. Accounts annually rendered.

Moneys in the treasury, as agent of war and navy, for two years, &c., to be 1 The previous sections relate to individual pensioners. 2 Chap. 19. ante.

3 This section (4) not to be affected by the 4 Feb. 1822, chap. 6, sec. I, or by the 24 May, 1828, chap. 109, sec. 1, continuing this act six years. + Chap. 25, ante.

5 Chap. 58, ante.

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