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CHAPTER 38.- Approved, February 8, 1815.—Vol. 3, p. 303.

An Act for the better regulation of the Ordnance Department. 2. Colonel may enlist, for the department, master-armorers, &c. 3. Inspection and

proof of ordnance and all needful apparatus. 4. Artificers to be attached to regiments, &c. 5. Colonel of the ordnance to execute orders of the secretary of war. 6. Keepers of magazines and arsenals to report to colonel. 7. Damages of arms, &c., deducted from the officers or soldiers having charge of them. 8. Reports from the ordnance to the war department. 9. Armories under the ordnance. 10. Systems of regulations for ordnance. 11. Pay, &c., of, as the officers in the artillery. Pay of the master-armorers, &c.

That, from and after the passage of this act, the ordnance department shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, two majors, ten captains, ten first lieutenants, ten second lieutenants, and ten third lieutenants.

Sec. 2.That the colonel or senior officer of the ordnance department is authorized to enlist for the service of that department, for five years, as many master-armorers, master-carriage. makers, master-blacksmiths, artificers, armorers, carriage-makers, blacksmiths, and laborers, as the public service, in his judgment, under the directions of the secretary for the department of war, may require.

Sec. 3. That it shall be the duty of the colonel of the ordnance department to direct the inspection and proving of all pieces of ordnance, cannon-balls, shot, shells, small arms, and side-arms, and equipments, procured for the use of the armies of the United States; and to direct the construction of all cannon and carriages, and every implement and apparatus for ordnance, and all ammunition-wagons, travelling forges, and artificers' wagons, the inspection and proving of powder, and the preparation of all kinds of ammunition and ordnance stores. And it shall also be the duty of the colonel or senior officer of the ordnance department to furnish estimates, and, under the direction of the secretary for the department of war, to make contracts and purchases, for procuring the necessary supplies of arms, equipments, ordnance, and ordnance stores.

" This act, so far as it relates to organization, is superseded by that of 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, which abolished the ordnance department and incorporated it with the artillery. See sec. 4. See also 5 April, 1832, chap. 67, for new organization and repeal of the first section of this act. For present organization, see sec. 3, chap. 42, 3 Aug. 1861, and see sec. 3, chap. 133, 5 July, 1862.

2 The President may increase the corps, by the 5 July, 1838, chap. 162, sec. 13. 3 Chief of ordnance is now brigadier-general. * Not exceeding 250, by the 5 April, 1832, chap. 77, sec. 1.

Sec. 4. That the colonel of the ordnance department shall organize and attach to regiments, corps, or garrisons such number of artificers, with proper tools, carriages, and apparatus, under such regulations and restrictions relative to their government and number, as, in his judgment, with the approbation of the secretary for the department of war, may be considered necessary.

Sec. 5. That the colonel of the ordnance department, or senior officer of that department of any district, shall execute all orders of the secretary for the department of war, and, in time of war, the orders of any general or field officer, commanding any army, garrison, or detachment, for the supply of all arms, ordnance, ammunition, carriages, forges, and apparatus, for garrison, field, or siege service.

Sec. 6. That the keepers of all magazines and arsenals shall, quarterly, or oftener, if so directed, and in such manner as directed by the colonel of the ordnance department, make correct returns to the colonel or senior officer of the ordnance department of all ordnance, arms, and ordnance stores they may have in charge.

Sec. 7. That the costs of repairs or damages done to arms, equipments, or implements in the use of the armies of the United States shall be deducted from the pay of any officer or soldier in whose care or use the said arms, equipments, or implements were when the said damages occurred: Provided, The said damages were occasioned by the abuse or negligence of the said officer or soldier. And it is hereby made the duty of every officer commanding regiments, corps, garrisons, or detachments, to make, once every two months, or oftener, if so directed, a written report to the colonel of the ordnance department, stating all damages to arms, equipments, and implements belonging to his command, noting those occasioned by negligence or abuse, and naming the officer or soldier by whose negligence or abuse the said damages were occasioned.

Sec. 8. That the colonel of the ordnance department shall make, half-yearly, to the war department, or oftener, if the secretary for that department shall so direct, a correct report of the officers, and all artificers and laborers, in his department; also of all ordnance, arms, military stores, implements, and ap

paratus, of every description, and in such form as the secretary for the department of war shall direct.

Sec. 9. That, to insure system and uniformity in the different public armories, they are hereby placed under the direction of the ordnance department. And the colonel of the ordnance department, under the direction of the secretary for the department of war, is hereby authorized to establish depots of arms, ammunition, and ordnance stores, in such parts of the United States, and in such numbers, as may be deemed necessary.

Sec. 10. That the colonel of the ordnance department, under the direction of the secretary for the department of war, is hereby authorized to draw up a system of regulations for the government of the ordnance department, forms of returns and reports, and for the uniformity of manufactures of all arms, ordnance, ordnance stores, implements, and apparatus, and for the repairing and better preservation of the same.

Sec. 11. That the pay, emoluments, and allowances for the officers of the ordnance department shall be the same as the pay, emoluments, and allowances now allowed to officers of similar grades, respectively, in the artillery of the United States. And that the pay? of a master-armorer shall be thirty dollars per month, and one and a half rations per day; of a master-carriagemaker, thirty dollars per month, and one and a half rations per day; of a master-blacksmith, thirty dollars per month, and one and a half rations per day; the pay of armorers, carriage-makers, or blacksmiths, each, sixteen dollars per month, and one and a half rations per day; the pay of artificers, thirteen dollars per month, and one ration per day; and the pay of laborers, nine dollars per month, and one ration per day; and to all of the said workmen, artificers, and laborers, the same clothing, and other allowances, as are allowed to privates of infantry in the army of the United States, except clothing to the master-workmen.

Sec. 12. That the President of the United States is hereby authorized to continue in the service, under this act, all the officers of the ordnance department in service on the passage of the same, or to transfer them to other corps of the army of the United States.

Sec. 13. That the colonel of the ordnance department is hereby allowed at the rate of $1000 per year, for clerks, and such books and stationery as may be necessary to his department.

1 Dragoons, by the 5 July, 1838, chap. 162, seo. 13. 2 For pay, see subsequent acts.

Sec. 14. That the act passed May 14, 1812, entitled “An act for the better regulation of the ordnance department," and the sections of any other acts coming within the purview of any of the sections of this act, be, and the same are hereby, repealed.

[Approved, February 8, 1815.]
For list of acts on this subject, see vol. 2, p. 732, n.
May 14, 1812, chap. 83, repealed. April 5, 1832, chap. 47.
Aug. 2, 1813, chap. 5, vol. 3, p. 75, supplied.

CHAPTER 79.- Approved, March 3, 1815.-Vol. 3, p. 224.

An Act fixing the Military Peace Establishment of the United States.2

That the military peace establishment of the United States shall consist of such proportions of artillery, infantry, and riflemen, not exceeding, in the whole, ten thousand men, as the President of the United States shall judge proper, and that the corps of engineers, as at present established, be retained.

Sec. 2. That the corps of artillery shall have the same organization as is prescribed by the act passed the 30th of March, 1814," and the regiment of light artillery the same organization as is prescribed by the act passed the 12th day of April, 1808 ;- and that each regiment of infantry and riflemen shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, one major, one adjutant, one quartermaster, one paymaster, one surgeon, and two surgeon's mates, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, two principal musicians, and ten companies; each company to consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, and one second lieutenant, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, and sixty-eight privates.

Sec. 3. That there shall be two major-generals, and four brigadiergenerals; the major-generals to be entitled to two aids-de-camp, and the brigadier-generals to one aid-de-camp, each, to be taken from the subalterns of the line; four brigade-inspectors, and four brigade-quartermasters, and such number of hospital surgeons and surgeon's mates as the service may require, not exceeding five surgeons and fifteen mates, with one steward and one ward-masters to each hospital. The brigade-inspectors, appointed under this act, shall be taken from the line, and the brigadequartermasters, the adjutants, regimental quartermasters, and paymasters, from the subalterns of the line.

Sec. 4. That the compensation, subsistence, and clothing of the officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, composing the military peace establishment, shall be the same as are prescribed by the act entitled “An act fixing the military peace establishment of the United States,''8 passed 16th March, 1802, and the act entitled “ An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional military force,'' passed

i Chap. 83.

2 This act and such intervening acts as relate to organization are superseded by the provisions of 2 March, 1821, chap. 13. 3 Chap. 37.

| 4 Chap. 43. 5 Words in italics repealed by sec. 1 chap. 61, 14 April, 1818. 6 See 2 March, 1827, chap. 42.

7 See 2 March, 1833, chap. 68. 8 Chap. 9.

9 Chap. 43.

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12th of April, 1808; and that the major-generals shall be entitled to the same compensation as is provided by an act entitled “An act to raise an additional military force,' passed 11th January, 1812.

Sec. 5. That the President of the United States cause to be arranged the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, of the several corps of troops now in the service of the United States, in such a manner as to form and complete out of the same the corps authorized by this act, and cause the supernumerary officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, to be discharged from the service of the United States, from and after the 1st day of May next, or as soon as circumstances may permit.

Sec. 6. That to each commissioned officer, who shall be deranged by virtue of this act, there shall be allowed and paid, in addition to the pay and emoluments to which they will be entitled by law at the time of his discharge, three months' pay.

Sec. 7. That the several corps authorized by this act shall be subject to the rules and articles of war, be recruited in the same manner, and with the same limitations, and that officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, shall be entitled to the same provision for wounds and disabilities, the same provision for widows and children, and the same benefits and allowances in every respect, not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, as are authorized by the act of 16th March, 1802, entitled “An act fixing the military peace establishment of the United States," and the act of the 12th April, 1808, entitled “ An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional military force;'!3 and that the bounty to the recruit, and compensation to the recruiting officer, shall be the same as are allowed by the aforesaid act of the 12th of April, 1808.*

[Approved, March 3, 1815.]

RESOLUTION 5.-Approved, November 3, 1814.-Vol. 3, p. 247.

Resolutions expressive of the sense of Congress of the gallantry and good conduct with which the reputation of the arms of the United States has been sustained by MajorGeneral Brown, Major-General Scott, Major-General Porter, Major-General Gaines, Major-General Macomb, and Brigadiers Ripley and Miller.

That the thanks of Congress be, and they are hereby, presented to MajorGeneral Brown, and, through him, to the officers and men of the regular army, and of the militia, under his command, for their gallantry and good conduct in the successive battles of Chippewa, Niagara, and Erie, in Upper Canada, in which British veteran troops were beaten and repulsed by equal or inferior numbers; and that the President of the United States be requested to cause a gold medal to be struck, emblematical of these triumphs, and presented to Major-General Brown.

Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to cause a gold medal to be struck, with suitable emblems and devices, and presented to Major-General Scott, in testimony of the high sense entertained by Congress of his distinguished services in the successive conflicts of

i Chap. 14.

2 Chap. 9.

3 Chap 43.

4 Chap. 43.

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