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(HAPTER 52. -- Approved, March 3, 1813.-Vol. 2, p. 819.
As Are for the better organtantson of the General Staff of the Army of the l'nited
7. Brigadier general may be assigned to principal army to act as adjutant, &o.
* Frage, wagon, barrack masters, and artificers. 10. Repealing clause. 11. Letter to and from what officers, free of postage.
That' the miljutant-general's, inspector-general's, and quartermastergeneral's departments shall consist of the following officers: that is to say, an adjutant and inspector-general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a brigadier general, and not exceeding eight allutants-general, sixteen
existant autant peneral, eight topographical engineers, eight assistant topographical engineers, eight inspector general, sixtern assistant inspectors general, eight quartermasters-general, eight deputy quartermaster-general, and thirty-two innjutant deputy quartermasters-general.
SEC. 2. That the President of the l'nited States be, and is berely, authorized, if he shall deem it expedient, to assign one of the brigadiera.general to the principal army of the l'nited States, who shall, in such case, act as adjutant and inspector
eneral, and as chief of the staff of such ariny; and the quartermaster-general attached to the principal arıny shall, as heretofore, have the brevet rank and the pay and emoluments of a brigadier general.
Ser. 3." That all the other adjutants general shall have the brevet rank and the pay and emolumenta of a lonel of cavalry; all the other inspee Butteral and quartermasterm-general shall have the brevet rank and the car and emoluments of a model of infantry; the ammistant aiutantu. rral. A tant in partitineral depautv quartermaster-general, and to furibeal engineers, shall have the brset rank and the pay and emoluturta of a major of rarairv: and the assistant topographical engineers, air sustant depuis quartermastere general, shall have the breset rank an I the par and puoluments of a rain of infantry.
S. . That the 1**istant ajutants-general, the senstant insurtors. Ferral, and the musistant topographical enginerts, shall be taken from the I ne The mutant- poneral, inspe**, gerent. quartermasters-general, deputy quarterma-tere-eneral, m ural engineers, and assistant de pruty quartermasters-general, may be taken from the line or not, as the
President may deem expedient. And officers taken from the line, and transferred to the staff, shall receive only the pay and emoluments attached to the rank in the staff; but their transfer shall be without prejudice to their rank and promotion in the line according to their said rank and se. niority; which promotion shall take place according to usage, in the same manner as if they had not been thus transferred.
Sec. 5. That it shall be the duty of the secretary of the war department, and he is hereby authorized, to prepare general regulations, better defining and prescribing the respective duties and powers of the several officers in the 'adjutant-general, inspector-general, quartermaster-general, and commissary of ordnance, departments of the topographical engineers, of the aids of generals, and generally of the general and regimental staff; which regulations, when approved by the President of the United States, shall be respected and obeyed, until altered or revoked by the same authority. And the said general regulations, thus prepared and approved, shall be laid before Congress at their next session.
Sec. 6.1 That the number of assistant deputy commissaries of ordnance shall not exceed sixteen, and that they shall, respectively, be entitled to the brevet rank and to the pay and emoluments of a first lieutenant of infantry.
Sec. 7.: That, for the better superintendence and management of the hospital and medical establishment of the army of the United States, there shall be a physician and surgeon-general, with an annual salary of $2500, and an apothecary-general, with an annual salary of $1800; whose respective duties and powers shall be prescribed by the President of the United States.
Sec. 8. That the forage, wagon, and barrack masters shall be appointed as heretofore; but each quartermaster-general attached to any separate army, command, or district, shall be authorized, with the approbation and under the direction of the secretary of the war department, to appoint as many such officers, and to employ as many artificers, mechanics, and laborers, as the public service may require.
Sec. 9. That the assistant deputy quartermasters-general may be appointed, and officers taken from the line and transferred to the staff may be thus transferred, by the President of the United States alone. But all other new appointments authorized by this act shall be made by the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the Senate. Provided, That, during the recess of the Senate, such appointments may be made by the President alone; in which case the same shall be laid before the Senate at their next session for their advice and consent.
Sec. 10. That every act, and every part of any act, of Congress now in force within the purview and meaning of this act, be, and the same are hereby, repealed.
i The ordnance was reorganized by the 8 Feb. 1815, and the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13.
* The medical staff was reorganized by the 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, sec. 10; and see the acts of July, 1862, Xos. 55, 80, 127
3 Feb. 24, 1813, chap. 24; as to forage and wagon masters, see the 3 July, 1835, chap. 162, sec. 1.
* This section (9) is supplied by the 5 July, 1838, chap. 162, sec. 9.
Sec. 11. That all letters and packets to and from the adjutant and inspector general, adjutants-general, inspectors-general, quartermasterx-general, cominissary-general of ordnance, physician and surgeon general, and apothecary-general, which relate to their official duties, shall be free from postage.
Sec. 12. That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby. authorized to appoint any of the officers authorized by an act entitled " An act making provision for an additional number of general officers," passed the 24th day of February, 1813, during the recess of the Senate, to be sul mitted to the Senate at their next session for their advice and consent; and that no ofhcer appointed, or who may be appointed, by virtue of the aforesaid act, shall be entitled to receive any pay or emolument until he shall be called into actual service, nor for any longer time than he shall be continued therein.
[Approved, March 3, 1813.]
RESOLUTION 2.-Approved, March 3, 1813.–Vol. 2, p. 830.
Resolution requesting the President of the United States to cause to be prepared and
laid before Congress a system of military discipline. That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, requested to cause to be prepared and laid before Congress, as soon as practicable, a military system of discipline for the infantry of the army and militia of the United States.?
CHAPTER 4.-Approved, July 5, 1813.-Vol. 3, p. 3.
An Act to amend the " A043 in addition to the Act entitled 'An Act to raise an addi.
tional military force, and for other purposes.'"*
That five of the regiments which were authorized to be raised by "An act in addition to the act entitled · An act to raise an additional military force, and for other purposes,'" passed the 29th day of January, 1813,5 may, at the discretion of the President of the United States, be enlisted for and during the war, unless sooner discharged, and be limited, as to service, to the defence of the seaboard of the United States, or of such part thereof as the President may elect and determine.
Sec. 2. That each man recruited under the authority of this act be allowed the same bounty, in money and land, as is allowed by law to men enlisted for five years, or for the war; and that the officers, non-commisgioned officers, musicians, and privates shall receive the same pay, clothing, subsistence, and forage, be entitled to the same benefits, be subject to the same rules and regulations, and be placed, in every respect, on the same footing, as the other regular troops of the United States.
1 Franking privilege abolished. See note to chap. 137, 6 July, 1812, ante. 2 General Scott's system was adopted. 38 April, 1812, chap. 53.
* 11 January. 1812, chap. 14. 5 Chap 16.
6 See 2 March, 1833, chap. 68, seo. 5.
CHAPTER 17.-Approved, July 22, 1813.-Vol. 3, p. 34.
An Act to regulate the allowance of forage to officers in the Army of the United
That all officers in the military service of the United States, who are by law entitled to forage, shall receive, in lieu thereof, when not drawn in kind, an equivalent in money, at the rate of $8 per month for each horse to which they may be entitled: Provided, That no allowance shall be made to any officer for more horses than he shall actually employ in the public ser
CHAPTER 40.-Approved, August 2, 1813.—Vol. 3, p. 73.
An Act to provide for the widows and orphans of militia slain, and for militia dis
abled, in the service of the United States.
1. Widow and children of militia dying in service to have pension for five years.
2. Officers and privates disabled in service, placed on pension list, under April 10, 1806, chap. 25. Pensions not to exceed half pay.
That if any commissioned officer of the militia, or of any volunteer corps, shall, while in the service of the United States, die by reason of any wound received in actual service of the United States, and leave a widow, or, if no widow, a child or children under sixteen years of age, such widow, or, if no widow, such child or children, shall be entitled to receive half the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, for and during the term of five years; but in case of the death or intermarriage of such widow, before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay for the remainder of the time shall go to the child or children of such deceased officer: Provided, always, That such half pay shall cease on the death of such child or children.
Sec. 2. That if any officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or private of the militia, or of any volunteer corps, shall be disabled by known wounds received in the actual service of the United States, while in the line of his duty, he shall, upon substantiating his claim in the manner described by an act entitled “An act to provide for persons who were disabled by known
I This act was superseded by that of 3 March, 1815, which adopted, in every respect, the provisions of 16 March, 1802, and 12 April, 1808, in regard to allowances. The provisions of this act were, however, ayain established by act of 24 April, 1816, sec. 12, chap. 69. Forage in kind only, by chap. 200, July, 1862.
wounds received in the revolutionary war,"1 passed the tenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and six, be placed on the list of invalids of the United States, at such rate of pension and under such regulations as are provided by the said act, or as may hereafter be provided by law : Provided, always, That the compensation to be allowed for such wounds or disabilities, to a commissioned officer, shall not exceed for the highest rate of disability half the monthly pay of such officer at the time of his being wounded or disabled, and that no officer shall receive more than the half pay of a lieutenant-colonel; and that the rate of compensation to non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, shall not exceed five dollars per month: And provided, also, That all inferior disabilities shall entitle the person so disabled, to receive an allowance proportionate to the highest disability.
[Approved, August 2, 1813.]
CHAPTER 41.- Approved, August 2, 1813. — Vol. 3, p. 74.
An Act explanatory of an Act entitled “An Act to raise ten additional companies of
That each of the ten companies authorized by the act entitled "An act to raise ten additional companies of rangers” shall consist of one captain, one first, one second, one third lieutenant, one ensign, five sergeants, six corporals, and ninety privates.
CHAPTER 45.- Approved, August 2, 1813.-Vol. 3, p. 74.
An Act to authorize the appointment, by the President, of certain officers during the
recess of the Senate. That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, in the recess of the Senate, to appoint such of the officers of the five regiments, authorized by the act entitled “An act in addition to the act entitled 'An act to raise an additional military force, and for other purposes,''!4 and the act supplementary thereto, passed the 5th day of July, 1813,5 as may not be appointed during the present session, which appointments shall be submitted to the Senate at their next session, for their advice and consent.
1 Chap. 25, ante.
2 Made $8 by act of 24 April, 1816.