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per month, three rations per day, and forage for one horse; and each wagonmaster shall be entitled to receive $30 per month, two rations per day, and forage for one horse.

Sec. 15. That the quartermaster-general be authorized to appoint one principal forage-master, and as many assistant forage-masters as the nature of the service may require, not exceeding one to each brigade, whose duty shall be, under the direction of the quartermaster-general, or any of his deputies, to provide and deliver out forage necessary and proper for the military service of the United States; nor shall any forage-master be, directly or indirectly, concerned in the purchase or sale of any article of forage procured for or belonging to the United States, except as an agent for the United States.

Sec. 16. That the principal forage-master shall be entitled to receive $40 per month, three rations per day, and forage for two horses; and that the other forage-masters shall be entitled to receive $30 per month, two rations per day, and forage for one horse.

Sec. 17.2 That there shall be four conductors of artillery, who shall be appointed by the President alone, each of whom shall be entitled to the pay and emoluments of a lieutenant of artillery.

Sec. 18. That this act shall go into operation on the 1st day of April next; and that so much of the act fixing the military peace establishment of the United States, as respects the appointment of military agents and assistant military agents, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, from and after that day, but all those agents shall continue to perform their respective duties in the mean time, and until the deputy and assistant deputy quartermasters shall be appointed and ready to enter on the execution of their respective offices; to whom the said military agents and assistant military agents shall then deliver all the public stores and property in their possession.

Sec. 19. That all persons attached to the public service by virtue of this act shall be subject to military law, except the deputy commissaries.

Sec. 20. That the President may, and hereby is authorized, in the recess of the senate, to appoint the quartermaster-general, deputy quartermasters, commissary-general, and deputy commissaries, or any of them; which appointments shall be submitted to the senate at their next session, for their advice and consent.

[Approved, March 28, 1812.]

CHAPTER 53.--Approved, April 8, 1812.– Vol. 2, p. 704.

An Act in addition to the Act entitled An Act to raise an additional military force,"

passed January the eleventh, one thousand eight hundred and twelve.

That the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, empowered to cause to be enlisted, for the term of eighteen months, unless sooner dis

1 These sections—12, 13, 14, 15, and 16—are supplied by sec. 10, chap. 162, 5 July, 1838.

2 Conductors of artillery are omitted in subsequent acts, organizing the artillery, of 1814, 1815, and 2 March, 1821, chap. 13, sec. 1.

3 The 16 March, 1802, chap. 9, sec. 3.

* See original act, 11 Jan. 1812, chap. 14, with the note thereon. By chap. 45, 2 Aug. 1813, President to appoint officers to these five regiments.

charged, such part of the light dragoons, artillery, and infantry, authorized by the act, entitled “An act to raise an additional military force," as he may deem expedient: Provided, The whole number, so to be enlisted for eighteen months, shall not exceed fifteen thousand, any thing in the said recited act to the contrary notwithstanding

Sec. 2. That the non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, so to be enlisted, shall be entitled to the bounty of $16, and the same pay, clothing, and rations, the same provisions for wounds or disabilities, and to all other allowances, (the bounty in land excepted,) provided by the said before-recited act, for the non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, who may be raised under the same, and shall be held to perform the same duties, and be subject to the same rules and regulations.

[Approved, April 8, 1812.]

CHAPTER 54.-Approved, April 10, 1812.– Vol. 2, p. 704.

An Act for the relief of the officers and soldiers who served in the late campaign on

the Wabash.1

That the officers, according to the rank assigned them by Governor Harrison, and which they held on the 7th day of November, 1811, the noncommissioned officers, and soldiers, of the volunteers and militia, and the legal representatives of those who were killed or died of their wounds, composing the army that served in the late campaign on the Wabash against the hostile Indians, shall receive the same compensation which is allowed by law to the militia of the United States when called into the actual service of the United States.

Sec. 2. That the officers, according to the rank which they held as aforesaid, the non-commissioned officers, and soldiers, of the volunteers or militia, who served in the said campaign, and who were killed or died of wounds received in said service, leaving a widow, or, if no widow, shall have left a child or children under the age of sixteen years, such widow, or, if no widow, such child or children, shall be entitled to and receive the half of the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, or receiving the wound of which he died, for and during the term of five years; and in case of the death or intermarriage of such widow before the expiration of the term of five years, the half pay, for the remainder of the term, shall go to the child or children of such deceased officer or soldier, whilst under the age of sixteen years; and in like manner the allowance to the child or children of such deceased, where there is no widow, shall be paid no longer than while there is a child or children under the age aforesaid: Provided, That no greater sum shall be allowed in any case to the widow or to the child or children of any officer than the half pay of a lieutenant-colonel.

Sec. 3. That every officer, according to the rank which he held as aforesaid, non-commissioned officer, and private, of the volunteers and militia, who served in the said campaign, and who have been disabled by known wounds received in said service, shall be placed on the list of invalids of the United States, at such rate of pension as shall be directed by the President of the United States, upon satisfactory proof of such wound and dis

1 It is presumed that all claims under this act have been satisfied.

ability being produced to the secretary of war, agreeably to such rules as he may prescribe: Provided, That the rate of compensation for such wounds and disabilities shall never, for the highest disability, exceed half the monthly pay of such officer at the time of being so wounded or disabled, and that the rate of compensation to a non-commissioned officer and private shall never exceed $51 per month; and all inferior disabilities shall entitle the person so disabled, to receive a sum in proportion to the highest disability ; but no pension of a commissioned officer shall be calculated at a higher rate than the half pay of a lieutenant-colonel.

Sec. 4. That any person or persons belonging to the said army, who may have had a horse or horses killed or lost during the late battle on the Wabash, shall be entitled to and receive the value thereof: Provided, That the proof of the value of such horse or horses shall be by affidavit of the quartermaster of the corps to which the owner may have belonged, or of two other credible witnesses.

Sec. 5. That to the heirs or legal representatives of every person who was killed, and to every person who was wounded, in the said campaign, who were purchasers of public lands of the United States, and whose lands had not, before the 7th of November, 1811, been actually sold or reverted to the United States, for the non-payment of part of the purchase money, a further time of three years shall be allowed, in addition to the time allowed by former laws, to complete their payments; which further time of three years shall commence from the respective times when their payments should have been completed according to former laws.

[Approved, April 10, 1812.]

CHAPTER 55.- Approved, April 10, 1812.-Vol. 2, p. 705.

An Act to authorize a detachment from the Militia of the United States. (Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of this act are about identical with similar sections of the acts of 3 March, 1803, chap. 32, 18 April, 1806, chap. 32, and 30 March, 1808, chap. 39. Sections 6 and 7 suspend whipping as punishment, substitute stoppage of pay, confinement, &c. therefor. Sec. 8 appropriates $1,000,000; and Sec. 9 limits the act to two years.]

CHAPTER 59.- Approved, April 23, 1812.-Vol. 2, p. 710.

An Act for the organization of a corps of artificers.? That there shall be attached to the quartermaster-general's department, and subject to the orders of the officers thereof, a corps of artificers, to consist of one superintendent, to be appointed by the President of the United States, four assistants, two master-masons, two master-carpenters, two master-blacksmiths, two master boat-builders, two master-armorers, two master saddle and harness-makers, twenty house-carpenters, five ship

1 Increased to $8.

2 Superseded by act of 3 March, 1815, chap. 79, sec. 2. See sec. 3, chap. 109, 5 July, 1862.

carpenters, twenty blacksmiths, sixteen boat-builders, sixteen armorers, twelve saddle and harness-makers, and twenty-four laborers, to be selected from the privates of the army, when authorized thereto by the commanding general, or engaged from among the citizens by the superintendent.

Sec. 2. That the pay of the superintendent of artificers shall be $45 per month, three rations per day, and forage for one horse; that the pay of the four assistants be, each, $30 per month, and two rations per day; that the pay of the twelve master-workmen be, each, $30 per month, and one ration and one-half of a ration per day; that the pay of the other workmen be, each, $16 per month, and one ration and one-half of a ration per day.

Sec. 3. That it shall be the duty of the superintendent of artificers to render a correct report, once each month, of the corps, to the quartermaster-general, and on oath to make out the pay-roll thereof; which payroll shall be examined by the quartermaster-general, or, in his absence, by one of the deputy-quartermasters, and by him be countersigned; and faithfully, and without delay, to execute all such orders as he may receive from the secretary of war, any officer of the quartermaster's department, or from the officer commanding in the field or garrison to which his corps, or any part thereof, may be attached.

Sec. 4. That this corps shall be engaged for and during the term of three years, unless sooner discharged by the President of the United States.

Sec. 5. That, for defraying the expense that may be incurred in the execution of this act, the sum of $30,000 be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.

[Approved, April 23, 1812.]

CHAPTER 72.-Approved, April 29, 1812.-Vol. 2, p. 720.

An Act making further provision for the corps of engineers.1 1. Oficers to be added to the corps of engineers. A company of bombardiers, sap

pers, and miners, to be formed, to be officered from the corps of engineers, &c. Non-commissioned officers, artificers, &c., allowed the same pay, &c., as in the regiment of artillerists. 2. The military academy to consist of the corps of engineers, and, in addition to the teachers of French and drawing, of a professor of natural and experimental philosophy, a professor of mathematics, a professor of the art of engineering, with assistant professors, &c. Proviso: nothing herein to entitle the academical staff to any command in the army, separate, &c. 3. The cadets not to exceed two hundred and fifty. Regulations concerning the organization, discipline, age, qualifications, and term of service of cadets. 4. When a cadet receives a regular degree, &c., he is to be considered as among the candidates for a commission, &c.; and when there is no vacancy in a corps, he may be attached to it as a supernumerary officer, &c. Proviso: not more than one supernumerary officer to one company.

That there be added to the corps of engineers two captains, two first lieutenants, two second lieutenants, with the usual pay

1 See act of 16 March, 1802, chap. 9, sec. 26, and 5 July, 1838, chap. 162.

and emoluments, according to their grades, respectively, and one paymaster, to be taken from the subalterns of engineers,' with the pay and emoluments of a regimental paymaster; and that there be attached to the said corps, either from the troops now in service, or by new enlistments, as the President of the United States may direct, four sergeants, four corporals, one teacher of music, four musicians, nineteen artificers, and sixty-two men, which non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and men. together with the artificers and men already belonging to the corps of engineers, shall be formed into a company, to be styled a company of bombardiers, sappers, and miners, and be officered from the corps of engineers, according as the commanding officer of that corps may, with the approbation of the President of the United States, direct; and the said non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and men, shall be allowed the same pay and emoluments as are allowed to the non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and men in the regiment of artillerists.

SEC. 2. That the military academy shall consist of the corps of engineers, and the following professors, in addition to the teachers of the French language and drawing already provided,' viz. one professor of natural and experimental philosophy, with the pay and emoluments of lieutenant-colonel, if not an officer of the corps, and, if taken from the corps, then so much in addition to his pay and emoluments as shall equal those of a lieutenant-colonel; one professor of mathematics, with the pay and emoluments of a major, if not an officer of the corps, and, if taken from the corps, then so much in addition to his pay and emoluments as shall equal those of a major; one professor of the art of engineering in all its branches, with the pay and emoluments of a major, if not an officer of the corps, and, if taken from the corps, then so much in addition to his pay and emoluments as shall equal those of a major; each of the foregoing professors to have an assistant professor, which assistant professor shall be taken from the most prominent characters of the officers or cadets, and receive the pay and emoluments of captains, and no other pay or emoluments, while performing these duties : Provided, That nothing herein contained shall

1 Words in italios repealed, 5 July, 1838, chap. 162, sec. 3. 2 See for salaries instead of pay, &c., 3 March, 1851, chap. 22. 3 By sec. 2, chap. 13, 28 February, 1803.

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