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expenses; each of which officers shall be chosen by the quartermastergeneral from among the regimental officers.
Sec. 13. That, to any army of the United States, other than that in which the inspector-general shall serve, there shall be a deputy inspector-general, who shall be a field-officer, and who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to $50 per month, which shall be in full compensation for his extra services and travelling expenses; and that, to every division of an army, there shall be a division inspector, who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to $30 per month, which shall be in full compensation for his extra services and travelling expenses; and that, to every brigade, there shall be a brigade inspector, who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to $24 per month, which shall be in full compensation for his extra services and travelling expenses ; each of which officers shall be chosen by the inspector-general, from among the regimental officers. The deputy inspector-general to be, in every case, approved by the general commanding the army, to which he shall be annexed.
Sec. 14. That the adjutant-general of the army shall be, ex officio, assistant inspector-general, and that every deputy inspector-general shall be, ex officio, deputy adjutant-general, and shall perform the duties of adjutantgeneral in the army to which he shall be annexed.
Sec. 15. That the paymaster-general of the armies of the United States, shall always quarter at or near the head-quarters of the main army, or at such place as the commander-in-chief shall deem proper; and that, to the army on the western frontiers, and to detachments from the main army, intended to act separately for a time, he shall appoint deputy paymasters, who shall account to him for the money advanced to them, and shall each give a bond, in the sum of $15,000, with sufficient sureties, for the faithful discharge of their duties, respectively, and take an oath faithfully to execute the duties of their offices; and the several regimental paymasters shall also give bond, in the sum of $5000, with one or more sufficient sureties, and take an oath, as aforesaid, for the faithful discharge of the duties of their offices, respectively; and that the paymaster-general shall receive $80 per month, with the rations and forage of a major, in full compensation for his services and travelling expenses; and the deputy, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, $30 per month, in full compensation for his extra services and travelling expenses.
Sec. 16. That every major-general of the army of the United States shall be entitled to two aids, to be chosen by himself, each of whom, in addition to his pay and other emoluments in his regiment, shall receive $24 per month, and $10 per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid ; and that every brigadier-general of the said army shall be entitled to one aid, to be chosen by himself, who, in addition to his pay and other emoluments in his regiment, shall receive $24 per month, and $10 per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid.
Sec. 17. That the President of the United States be authorized to engage and appoint, distinct from the officers of the corps of artillerists and engineers, two engineers, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and to stipulate and allow to them, respectively, such compensations as he shall find necessary and expedient.
Sec. 18. That an inspector of fortifications shall be appointed, whose duties shall be assigned by the secretary of war, under the direction of the President of the United States; that the compensation to be allowed to the said inspector, if selected from the corps of artillerists and engineers, in full for his extra services and travelling expenses, shall, besides his pay
and emoluments in the corps, be $35 per month ; and if he shall not be an officer in the artillery or army, he shall, in full compensation for his services and expenses, be allowed the sum of $75 monthly, and be entitled to the rank of major in the army of the United States; and in case the said inspector shall be chosen from the corps of artillerists and engineers, or army of the United States, his place therein shall be supplied by promotion, or a new appointment, or both, as may be requisite; but he shall, nevertheless, retain his station in the said corps, or army, and shall rank and rise therein, in the same manner as if he had never been appointed to the said office of inspector.
Sec. 19. That a ration of provisions shall henceforth consist of eighteen ounces of bread, or flour; or, when neither can be obtained, of one quart of rice, or one and a half pound of sifted or bolted Indian meal; one and a quarter pound of fresh beef, or one pound of salted beef, or three-quarters of a pound of salted pork; and, when fresh meat is issued, salt, at the rate of two quarts for every hundred rations; soap, at the rate of four pounds, and candles, at the rate of one and a half pound for every hundred rations: Provided always, That there shall be no diminution of the ration to which any of the troops now in service may be entitled by the terms of their enlistment.
Sec. 20. That every non-commissioned officer, private, artificer, and musician, of the artillery and infantry, shall receive, annually, the following articles of uniform clothing, to wit: one hat, one coat, one vest, two pair of woollen, and two pair of linen, overalls, four pair of shoes, four shirts, four pair of socks, one blanket, one stock and clasp, and one pair of buckles.
Sec. 21. That suitable clothing be provided for the dragoons, adapted to the nature of the service, and conformed, as near as may be, to the value of the clothing allowed to the infantry and artillery.
Sec. 22. That it shall be lawful for the commander-in-chief of the army, or the commanding officer of any separate detachment or garrison thereof, at his discretion, to cause to be issued, from time to time, to the troops under his command, out of such supplies as shall have been provided for the purpose, rum, whiskey, or other ardent spirits, in quantities not exceeding half a gill to each man per day, excepting in cases of fatigue service, or other extraordinary occasions; and that, whensoever supplies thereof shall be on band, there shall be issued to the troops vinegar, at the rate of two quarts for every hundred rations.
Sec. 23. That it shall be lawful for the commanding officer of each regiment, whenever it may be necessary, to cause the coats, vests, and overalls, or breeches, which may, from time to time, be issued to and for his regiment, to be altered and new made, so as the better to fit them to the persons, respectively, for whose use they shall be delivered, and, for defraying the expense of such alteration, to cause to be deducted and applied, out of the pay of such persons, a sum or sums, not exceeding
twenty-five cents for each coat, eight cents for each vest, and for each pair of overalls or breeches.
SEC. 24. That it shall be lawful for the secretary of war to cause to be provided, in each and every year, all clothing, camp utensils, and equipage, medicines, and hospital stores, necessary for the troops and armies of the United States, for the succeeding year, and for this purpose to make purchases, and enter, or cause to be entered, into, all necessary contracts or obligations for effecting the same.
Sec. 25. That whenever any officer or soldier shall be discharged from the service, except by way of punishment for an offence, he shall be allowed his pay and rations, or an equivalent in money, for such term of time as shall be sufficient to travel from the place where he receives his discharge to the place of his residence, computing at the rate of twenty miles to a day.
Sec. 26. That there shall be allowed to the inspector-general, in addition to his allowance as major-general, and in full compensation for extra services and expenses in the execution of his office, the sum of $50 per month, and that he shall be allowed a secretary, to be appointed by himself, with the pay and emoluments of a captain.
[Approved, March 3, 1799.)
CHAPTER 9.-Approved, Feb. 20, 1800.-Vol. 2, p. 7.
An Act to suspend, in part, an Act, entitled “ An Act to augment the army of the United
States, and for other purposes.”! That all further enlistments under the second section of an act, entitled "An act to augment the army of the United States, and for other purposes," shall be suspended until the further order of Congress, unless, in the recess of Congress, and during the continuance of the existing differences between the United States and the French Republic, war shall break out between the United States and the French Republic, or imminent danger of invasion of their territory, by the said republic, shall, in the opinion of the President of the United States, be discovered to exist.
CHAPTER 26.-Approved, April 22, 1800.—Vol. 2, p. 38.
An Act to fix the compensation of the paymaster-general, and assistant to the adjutant
That the paymaster-general of the army of the United States shall receive $120 per month, with the rations and forage of a major, in full compensation for his services and travelling expenses, to be computed from the commencement of the time of his actual residence at the seat of government, any thing in the “Act for the better organizing of the troops of the United States, and for other purposes,"l to the contrary notwithstanding.
1 See the act here partially suspended, 16 July, 1798. 2 Repealed by act of 16 March, 1802, chap. 9.
Sec. 2. That the pay of the assistant of the adjutant-general, in addition to his pay and other emoluments in the line of the army, shall be $10 per month, which shall be in full compensation for his extra services and travelling expenses, to be computed from the time of his entering upon actual service.
[Approved, April 22, 1800.]
CHAPTER 46.—Approved, May 7, 1800.– Vol. 2, p. 61.
An Act for the regulation of public arsenals and magazines.?
That the several officers who now are, or hereafter may be, employed in the armories of the United States, shall be entitled to, and shall receive, the following compensations, in addition to their pay as established by law, to wit: A superintendent of such armory, three rations per day, or an equivalent in money ; and a master armorer,' two rations per day, or an equivalent in money.
Sec. 2. That if any person shall procure, or entice, any artificer, or workman, retained or employed in any arsenal, or armory of the United States, to depart from the same during the continuance of his engagement, or avoid or break his contract with the United States, or who after due notice of the engagement of any such workman or armorer, in any arsenal or armory, shall, during the continuance of such engagement, retain, hire, or in any wise employ, harbor, or conceal, such artificer or workman, the person so offending shall, upon conviction, be fined, at the discretion of the court, not exceeding $50, or be imprisoned, for any term not exceeding three months.
Sec. 3. That if any artificer, or workman, hired, retained, or employed, in any public arsenal or armory, shall, wantonly and carelessly, break, impair, or destroy, any implements, tools, or utensils, or any stock, or materials for making guns, the property of the United States; or shall, wilfully and obstinately, refuse to perform the services lawfully assigned to him, pursuant to his contract, every such person shall forfeit a sum, not exceeding $20, for every such act of disobedience or breach of contract, to be recovered in any court having competent jurisdiction thereof.
Sec. 4. That all artificers, and workmen, who are or shall be employed in the said armories, shall be, and they are hereby, exempted, during their term of service, from all military service, and service as jurors in any court.
See chap. 14, 2 April, 1794. 3 Superintendent of Springfield and Harper's Ferry abolished 23 Aug., 1842.
13 March, 1779.
CHAPTER 69.-Approved, May 14, 1800.– Vol. 2, p. 85.
An Act supplementary to the Act to suspend part of an Act, entitled " An Act to augment
the army of the United States, and for other purposes."
That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to suspend any further military appointments under the act to augment the army of the United States, and for other purposes, and under the ninth section of the act for the better organization of the troops of the United States, and for other purposes, according to his discretion, having reference to economy and the good of the service.
Sec. 2. That the President of the United States shall be, and hereby is, authorized and empowered to discharge, on or before the 15th day of June next, all such officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates, as have heretofore been appointed, commissioned, or raised, under and by virtue of the said acts, or either of them, except the engineers, inspector of artillery, and inspector of fortifications: Provided always, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to authorize any reduction of the first four regiments of infantry, the two regiments of artillerists and engineers, the two troops of light dragoons, or of the general and other staff, authorized by the several laws for the establishing and organizing of the aforesaid corps.3
Sec. 3. That to each officer, non-commissioned officer, and private, who shall be discharged from service by virtue of this act, there shall be allowed and paid, in addition to the pay and allowances to which they are now entitled by law, a sum of money equal to three months' pay of such officer, non-commissioned officer, and private, respectively.
CHAPTER 9.-Approved, March 16, 1802.—Vol. 2, p. 132.
An Act fixing the Military Peace Establishment of the United States.
4. Monthly pay. Stationery, adjutant and inspector. Paymaster. Aids of briga
dier. Pay of officers and men. 5. Rations to be furnished in proportion to rank. The President to allow additional rations. Rations to women. Matrons and nurses of hospitals. 7. Money in lieu of forage. 16. Paymasters to act by directions of the President. To give bond. Oath of office. To appoint paymasters, and authorized to require bonds. 26. Corps of engineers organized. Of whom.
i See 16 July, 1798, chap. 76.
4 The provisions of this act in regard to pay, subsistence, clothing, allowances for wounds and disabilities, and benefits and allowances generally, are adopted by act of 3 March, 1815. The residue may be considered as repealed and supplied by that act, and those therein referred to.-See act 3 March, 1815, sections 4 and 7; see also acts additional to this act, 28 February, 1803, 26 March, 1804, 12 April, 1808, 24 December, 1811, 23 August, 1842.