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These medicines can do no harm a partiality for mechanical pur. in any case or under any circum- suits; others, for other kinds of stances; they sometimes may do business. This I call strength no good.

of mind, and this I call natural Cross-examined. Practiced for gifts. Believe all constitutions five years under the old system are dependent upon heat and of medicine, and for nearly two blood for life; and that the life years have practiced the Thom- is the constitution of man, sonian system. Was not made healthy action and diseased aca convert by reading Thomson's tion forming the two constitubook. The book induced me to tions. Believe that all diseases examine and try the medicines, of the human family are caused and since I have ascertained by the morbid circulation of the their effects have practiced the blood. To ascertain this, some principles the book contains. judgment is required; and this Frequently use other medicines. we ascertain by the pulse. Associate them with the others, Twelve months is generally and the more I have used Thom- necessary to acquire a knowledge son's medicines, the better I am of the pulse. Some men can obsatisfied with their efficacy. Be- tain this knowledge sooner than lieve they are not injurious in others; some in three months, any disease; in many they cer- some in twelve months. Stutainly are beneficial. Believe a dents of inedicine ordinarily, in man has a natural gift to ascer- about six months. Believe that tain the things of nature. Be. nature never furnishes more lieve that life is heat and that blood than is necessary and reblood is heat, and that blood and quired for health. Frequently heat are synonymous as regards have used the steam bath. Have the animal system. Believe that carried persons through a course all constitutions are naturally of Thomson's system; generally, alike. Believe that a fever we keep them under the effects is an effort of nature to of the steam for ten minutes. relieve itself of disease, and that Have been myself under the efsuch efforts may sometimes be fects of steam for thirty mincarried too far, and to too great utes, when I had the bilious an extent. Do not think that all fever. Took the lobelia and constitutions are alike in every applied steam, with bricks and particular, but that there are di- water poured over them while versities and degrees in the con- they were hot, and immediately stitutions of men. Believe that had blankets wrapped round me. medicines adapted to the cure Am sure it cured me without of all diseases grow spontane- having recourse to any other ously upon our soil, but that the remedy; am also satisfied that I discoveries of men have not yet had the bilious fever. Have frefound them out. Think men quently used blisters, but think possess natural gifts to examine they are much oftener used than the things of nature; that is, is necessary, and that it is a torthat a man possesses a natural ture which ought not to be so talent for some particular busi- generally adopted. Think fevers ness-some, for instance, having all have one common cause; that they arise from a mucous lining few hours after I heard that he the stomach, which cuts off and was undergoing a steaming. Unstops the supply which feeds the derstood they had sent for sevblood. The effect of this mucous eral physicians. It was about 9 is to stop this supply. Blood, I o'clock when he came to my consider, is life, and heat is life. store. My opinion of Hazelip Have never studied anatomy ex- when at my house is he was cept slightly, and have never had either a very sick man, or that the advantage of attending any he was laboring under great apdissectio)

prehension of having the chol

era. His whole appearance was December 14.

that of a man under great exciteEphraim Larrabee. Never ment. He complained of his was acquainted with Mr. Haze bowels being out of order for lip. Never saw him that I rec- some time. Expressed my sur. ollect of before the morning of prise that he should have come his death, when he called at my up to me in the manner he did. store to purchase medicines, Some one said he had been on a about 9 o'clock. He complained frolic, and his appearance justito me of great pain and pressure fied such a belief; he was also in the stomach. This was on the certainly very much excited and morning of the day on which he alarmed. Mr. Sears had great died. He expressed a great fear difficulty in getting rid of him. that he was going to have the Saw Mr. Sears go to the scales cholera, and that he was then and weigh out the medicines for taking the disease, and said his him. At this time the cholera bowels had been and were then was raging, and nearly at its much out of order. Was greatly height in Baltimore. This was, surprised at his manner, and I believe, the 17th of September. that he should have addressed Have known Burke for some himself to me, but could only ac- time, and consider him very skilcount for it from his mistaking ful in his practice; so much so, me for Mr. Sears. Thought he that I would trust myself intɔ was not right from his manner, his charge in preference to any or that he had been upon a other physician. Knew of a spree. Wanted to get rid of case which was called cholera in him, judging from his appear- French alley; a woman named ance that he was an intemperate Caroline Ruark. She was very man. Mr. Sears came in, and ill, Dr. Cole told me. It was I gave him up to Mr. Sears, before the case of Hazelip. One whom he then appeared to rec- of the first cases which occurred ognize. He told Mr. Sears he in French alley. The Board of wanted him to take him through Health were there at the time a course of medicine, and said this case occurred. There was he thought he was getting the another case in the same cholera. Mr. Sears declined do- place, a Mr. Nash, who is now ing so, and told him he did not in the penitentiary. These ocpractice the system, but rec- curred on Sunday morning. ommended him to go to Mr. Burke attended these cases, and Burke. He went away, and it was assisted by several others.

I was laboring under a severe diarrhoea, and being much debilitated, could not go into the house to assist them, thinking it imprudent to expose myself in the condition I then was. On Sunday morning, I recollect the circumstances very well, I was sitting at my door at the corner of Cheapside and Water streets, when Dr. Cole came by, and in a familiar way, as we had frequently spoken together of the cases in French alley, asked me how Caroline Ruark's case came on, with the expression, “I mean is she alive?” Told him she was not only alive, but that there were great hopes of her. He replied, “You cannot save her; the diarrhoea has progressed so far that you cannot check it, and without that you cannot save her; she must die." Went back and got some powder, and Mr. Burke will recollect my taking it to him. Burke administered in this case; he was the one that had charge of it. Did not see her; as I said before, I was very much debilitated, too much so to go in. Went to the house, but did not see the patient. I know the woman is now alive, although Dr. Cole then told me she could not be saved. He also stated to me that Micheal Jenkins, who was then sick, would get well. Micheal Jenkins died, and this woman did get well. Went to get the powder, and recommended it, because Dr. Cole had stated to me that the diarrhoea could not be checked. Went to see Mr. Burke, and gave it to him, and recommended it. The Board of Health were all there, with the exception of Professor Jameson, Frequently have rec

ommended hemlock powder. Never saw the woman I have been speaking of until she was pronounced out of danger. Knew she was alive after this, in consequence of a man named Jenkins having orders to take up all such persons in that place, and his having seen her there. Dr. Swartze was also there, I believe, at the time this woman had the cholera.

Francis Burke. Am the prisoner's son. Mr. Hazelip, on the morning of the day on which he died, called three or four times between half past 9 and 10 o'clock, and solicited father to administer to him his own medicines. He had been there before I saw him, and had said that Mr. Bell had offered his cot for him to go through a steaming. He said he had his own medicines which he had purchased himself, and was very anxious to have them administered. The second time I saw him call, father was upstairs, and he dropped what he had and went with him. The first time Hazelip called was before I had got up.

Henry Sumwalt. Saw Hazelip at the time he was going through the steaming. On Monday, the day of his death, was passing by Bell's house, and saw a crowd, and understood a patient was there under treatment for the cholera. Went in, and found him in a profuse perspiration. Bell and Burke were both there, and the patient was on the steam cot. Asked Bell what had caused the cry I had heard of. Bell answered and told me that Hazelip had very violent spasms. Asked Hazelip how he then was;

he replied that he was then very when the steam was on, and he much relieved. He was yet was under the effects of it, he somewhat restless. There was said he was easier. Remained some other conversation, which there from a half to one hour. I do not recollect. I soon after Cross-eramined. There was went away. Burke and Bell nothing given him while I was seemed to be very attentive to there, except a little water gruel. the patient, who said he was He did not vomit, nor had he somewhat easier. My inquiries any passages while I staid. I of Bell relative to the cry I had do not know that they gave him heard of, and the occasion of it, an injection. Went in with Mr. were made in the hearing of Sumwalt and came away with Hazelip and within a few feet him. We were there near half of the steam cot.

an hour. When we first went Cross-examined. Was in the into the house there was nobody room about fifteen minutes. It in the room but Mr. Burke and was about 10 or 11 o'clock. Mr. Bell. Some time after, two They gave him nothing while I or three individuals came in. Do was there; they applied some not know who they were. Mr. salts to his nostrils. Presume Sumwalt spoke several times to they had given him a clyster, but Mr. Hazelip, and I also spoke do not know positively. Did not to him. He complained a good see them give it, but I should deal of spasms in the legs. He judge they did from seeing the was covered with blankets, laid apparatus, which was lying on over, and not wrapped round the floor, near the fireplace. him. When he complained of Think Bell told me that they the steam it was immediately had given him an injection, but stopped off by a stop-cock, which am sure he did not tell me of was attached to the pipe for what it was composed. Did not that purpose, and which checked hear the cries myself, but there the progress of the steam. It was a crowd collected round the was regulated several times, anul house, and it was from them that was stopped at one time eight to I heard of the cries.

ten minutes. It was frequently Mr. Sage. Saw Mr. Hazelip checked while we were there; on Monday, which was the day and whenever he complained of that he died. Saw him about the steam being too severe, it half past 11 o'clock. Went there was stopped by the cock. When with Mr. Sumwalt, staid there it was stopped off, and the pawith him and we came away to- tient got colder, the spasms came gether. All the time I staid on, and the steam was then let there, Mr. Burke and Mr. Bell on, as he said he felt easier. The appeared very affectionate, at- size of the cot was about eight tentive and kind to their patient. feet in length and three in Believe he was asked how he breadth, and set on the floor. felt, and replied that he felt On the top was a sacking-botmuch easier. Complained, how- tom. Did not see any plank on ever, of spasms in his legs; this the sacking-bottom. He was covwas when the steam was off; ered entirely with blankets.

113

While I was there, for the
greater part of the time, Messrs.
Sumwalt, Bell and Burke were
all that were present. The steam
pipe was entered under the box,
and within about one foot of the
end. It was a small tin pipe,
perhaps two inches in circumfer-
ence. Did not see any force used
to continue him on the steam
cot, nor do I believe there was
any used while I was there. He

stone to clench in his hand, as I had heard that it had proved of service in cases of cramps, and I mostly carried a piece with me for that purpose; but I do not know whether it was any virtue in the brimstone itself, or whether it is merely the act of grasping something in the hand, that proves of service, but I know it has proved serviceable in cramps. He asked for an

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sician would. He was not con- one, I sent out for another. He
fined upon the cot, but seemed wanted it to clench in the other
at liberty to go whenever he hand. It was soon procured
pleased, no force being used to and given to him, and he soon
compel him to stay on it. He said he was better, and that they,
did not desire, while I was there, or something else, relieved him
to be let off. Did not hear any- very much. There was given
one ask to send for a physician. him some composition tea, and
They did tell him that if he he was hugged up in blankets,
could stand it he would be better; which produced a pretty good
if not, they would let off the action of perspiration. We were
steam; but no force was used. then about going, and he said,
Burke observed while I was there “Pray, gentlemen, don't leave
that it was childish to complain me.” Remained, and told him I
of the oppression of the steam, thought he was in a very good
for if it was let off he would im- way, and that he was in good
mediately have spasms.

hands. Heard the groans in the
Abner Pope. Was present at street from the third story of
the house of Bell. Was coming the house, and immediately said,
up Second street, and when “There is a cholera groan.” A
nearly opposite to Bell's house, cholera groan is one of great dis-
I heard a distressing groan. Re- tress, a piercing cry, the groan
marked to Major Stansbury, of one in great pain. Have seen
who was with me, that that was many afflicted with cholera, or
a cholera groan, and told him what was called cholera, previous
that as the cry seemed to pro to this case. The symptoms
ceed from Bell's house, the pa- were similar in this as in other
tient was over there. We find- cases of cholera. Had but one
ing no obstruction, immediately piece of brimstone, and carried
went upsairs, and as soon as I it with me to try its efficacy in
got into the room I remarked cases of cramps, but for no other
that there was a Thomsonian purpose. Sent out to get the
there. Saw a gentleman on the other piece so that he might
steam cot. He complained of clench one piece in each hand;
violent cramps in the arms and recommended him to clench it,
legs. Gave him a roll of brim- as I had often heard that

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