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to occasion an inordinate excitement of the system, acting as it did on the whole surface of the body, and of course effecting the whole system. The effect of this excitement would be to increase the circulation, and consequently to produce a greater flow of blood to the heart and other organs. Under these circumstances, those vessels which receive the greater quantity and flow of blood would be more likely to suffer by the extraordinary excitement. The organs are the stomach, the intestines, the liver, the lungs, the heart and the brain. The kidneys frequently suffer under similar treatment, as was followed in this case, but did not notice any particular marks in this particullar case. The effect of this would be to exhaust the organs of their powers, and to give rise to inflammation in some of the structures.
The system is able to undergo a higher temperature in a dry than a moist bath. With regard to cayenne pepper, it is called a stimulant; its effects not so widely diffused as some others. The jury themselves are able to decide how large a quantity can be used with impunity; but when the system is highly excited, it is very mischievous; it is sometimes used to relieve the organs when they are languishing. A system inordinately excited would be very injuriously affected by cayenne pepper. To illustrate it, a glass of wine may be taken when in health, and enlivens the system; but in acute inflammation it would be endangering health. I consider that half a teaspoonful to a healthy system would produce
no injury. Lobelia is an activa stimulant, and a narcotic remedy. Have frequently adminis. tered it in small doses; it produces an excitement and a tingling sensation at the finger ends. In large doses, say ten or twenty grains in substance, it produces vomiting and sometimes purging. The usual dose of the tincture is from thirty drops to a half ounce; the medium dose is one drachm in tincture; generally give it in teaspoonful doses.
Consider it highly dangerous when the system is excited to administer cayenne pepper. A teaspoonful of tincture of lobelia is given, up to about half an ounce. Have seen many post-mortem examinations. During the prevailing epidemic I have seen about twenty, and have seen the same redness, but a great dissimilarity as regards the fluids and the natural contents of the organs. In cholera cases, after the spasms develop themselves, the watery evacuations continue, and frequently until death. In every case of cholera I have seen, the watery evacuations have existed more or less, but spasms have not always. I have seen within two or three days a case of cholera without spasms; have examined from fifteen to twenty cases during the epidemic. The internal warmth is frequently an accompaniment of the cholera. The warmth often continues for a long time; would not wish to convey the idea that the warmth I have heretofore mentioned in the cavity, proceeded from the vapor bath. Have frequently used lobelia; never have known it from my own observation to be administered in larger doses than a teaspoonful at one time; larger doses I do consider dangerous. To all the questions we put to Mr. Burke, he made the most candid replies. Thought I could perceive that there would be an examination of the case afterwards, and told him that if he would in any way by his answers implicate himself, not to reply; he, however, was very candid, and did answer all the questions asked before the jury of inquest. He told us he had administered a teaspoonful of the powder of lobelia, and not producing the effect, he gave a second dose not quite so large; he also stated that he had administered a heaping tablespoonful as an injection. That he had given it but twice into the stom ach. He further said that he had administered the composition powder and the nerve powder. There was something said of No. 6, but do not recollect whether by Mr. Burke or someone else.
In giving lobelia or any other medicines as an injection, it requires a larger quantity, the parts being less susceptible, less highly organized, and less sympathetic relation. Generally, a double dose is given as an injec. tion, and it always requires stimulating properties to operate the bowels in this way. When the injection operates, it would depend upon the time it had been retained; if a long while, the effect might be mischievous, although discharged. If I had known nothing of this case except from the post-mor tem examination, I could not have said that he died of the steam or the lobelia. In Russia they go from a vapor bath into a cold room immediately with im
punity. I confess, my own impression is, that it would be very dangerous here. A sudden check of perspiration is always dangerous. The check of the perspiration in this case was brought about but half an hour before death; time had not elapsed to produce congestion from that cause. The powder is much stronger than the tincture. Burke stated that what he was administering he did not consider fresh, and consequently not strong. He said he frequently administered lobelia in much larger doses with good effects; told him this did not agree with my own experience. This was my reason for asking why he administered in such large doses. Burke said he sponged the man, and that he regulated the steam. When he noticed an excitement, he sponged him about the neck, head and breast, with cold water; and this, while under a profuse perspiration; he said that when the man became too much excited, he regulated the steam by reducing it. Burke answered all our questions with the greatest candor.
Dr. Ilintze. Saw Mr. Haze. lip on Sunday evening; he desired me to prescribe for him; seemed very much excited and agitated; complained of being fatigued, and said he was afraid he would get the cholera. He said he had been riding on the railroad. He asked me if he had not better take something to prevent the cholera ; always disapproved of preventive medicines. He inquired my opinion and the propriety of his uidergoing a Thomsonian course. Told him any man was a fool,
unless he was sick, to take medi- remedy for the asthma; the syscines. He said if he took a tem then will take a large dose; course, he would not be liable to in other cases, such as a liathe cholera for the season. My bility to inflammation, if it does reply was, perhaps if he took not act as an emetic, it does as the course, he would take no a purgative. The hemlock is a other disease. Examined him as narcotic, it has not the same efto his bowels—he had undergone fect as all narcotics. It is a some fatigue. Advised him to poison when given in large go home and apply a feather doses. The use of warm or vapoultice to the back of his head, por bath is of great service, if and a bread and butter poultice properly regulated and used with to the inside of his stomach, and judgment, it excites the surface, he would be well. He said his which is sometimes serviceable bowels were regular. Told him in the form of vapor. The sysnone but quacks administered tem cannot continue it as long preventive remedies. This was moist as dry. Dr. Jennings has about 11 or 12 o'clock at night. tested the theory of vapor baths. He had been drinking. Oc. I have used lobelia in asthma and casionally he would take a frolic affections of the lungs, and some on Saturday evening. Attend- other diseases. In a high state ed his family for four or five of excitement, it ought not to be years, and knew he was easily administered. It produces exexcited. He said he had drunk citement by vomiting. They several glasses. A man easily have stated the inflammation to excited would be very readily be in patches in the bowels; some excited by any stimulant. He part of the bowels will always be was of a sanguineous tempera- affected by it when taken in ment.
large doses, if not ejected imme. Dr. Potter. Have heard all diately. If a man understands the evidence given, and do not the construction of the system consider that the medicines used upon which they are to act, and in this case are generally used administers with care, they are by regular practitioners. Upon safe. We have sometimes more a healthy system I think there is difficulty to prevent persons takno use of applying them. A man ing medicines than to induce in health needs nothing as medi- them to do it. Hemlock is a
may do much mischief, and can do no good. These remedies al ways produce more or less mischief in large doses. The system is not indifferent to these medicines under any circumstances. Cayenne pepper is not a poison, but when given in a state of great excitement, produces mischief; it produces in creased secretions. Lobelia is sometimes introduced as a
grows three or four feet high.
Dr. Cole. Stated when I was up before, or intended to do so, that I believed cayenne pepper was administered.
Dr. Geddings. Have no recollection of Burke saying cayenno was given in the stomach. Universal experience has proved that when there is a predisposition to any disease, a strong excitement of the passions may lead to that result; for instance, fear or grief acting upon a system easily excited at a time when there is a predisposition to any disease, may produce that disease. The use of ardent spirits, acting upon a system that would be easily excited,
and at such a time, might be a predisposing cause of cholera. Steam will produce spasms in the whole system. I stated that the contents of the organ only, were dissimilar to cases of cholera.
THE WITNESSES FOR THE DEFENSE. Ward Sears. Am an apoth- seven and one-half cents. Do ecary. A person came to give information more than is in my place with a roll of the books, which is confined to blankets. Have since ascertained the members of the association. that it was the deceased; was The Deputy Attorney Genthen in Larrabee's store. He eral. What other information wanted me to take him through a is given to the subscribers to the course. He was purchasing publication of Thomson more medicine. Told him I did not than is contained in the book attend to that business. Fin- itself? ished putting up his medicines, The Counsel for the defendant and he went away and said he objected. was going through a course. The CHIEF JUSTICE decided Referred him to Francis Burke. that the question was not releBurke got medicines of me and vant to the case, that the investipracticed in cases of cholera, and gation was not one which emI heard he was about to adopt braced the advantages of this the practice of medicine as his system of medicine or the other regular business.
system, but that it narrowed Cross-examined. Believe he itself down to the plain language got some composition No. 6, of the indictment, and to that nerve powder, cayenne pepper, question the whole investigation and lobelia. He said he was go must be directed, that, therefore, ing through a course; and I he was of opionion that any put him up as much medicine as question which went into the I thought sufficient to carry him merits of the system of practhrough. No. 6 is never put up tice was not relevant to this in a powder; it is always a case. liquid. It was the same pre- Judge Nisbet said he did not scription I put up for him that altogether agree with the opinI had done in cases of cholera. ion of his learned brother, as he Do not practice the system my thought it necessary to a corself. Keep the books and medi- rect investigation of the charge cines for sale as agent for in the indictment that an invesThomson. Gave Mr. Hazeliptigation should be had into the the medicines but not the book. means which the party charged He did not become one of the might have of obtaining insubscribers to it. He paid me formation relative to the system for the medicine, I think, thirty- which he practiced, and what that information might be which I have examined all the medical he could so obtain, but that in authorities to ascertain the effect the present situation of the of his medicines before I would court, there being a vacancy on consent to use them. Took it the bench, there was no course myself first to try its effects. left him but to acquiesce in the Took five teaspoonfuls at differopinion delivered by Judge ent times in powder, and during BRICE.
the same day before it puked Ward Sears. I am agent for me. Have frequently taken it, Dr. Thompson. Give no infor- always one teaspoonful at & mation except what is derived time, this being about sixteen from the books and my own ex- grains; have never taken more at perience. Burke has been some a time, but I repeat it till it optime engaged in the practice of erates. Have used lobelia fremedicine; think about four quently upon others during the years. He has held a right last two years, commencing with under the system for five or six sixteen grains and waiting about years. Have lived for about fifty minutes, and then repeat five or six years in Calvert street. the dose, but lessen the quantity, Burke purchased the right and and continue it in this way until lived in Washington. He has it operates. Up to the time I been in Baltimore, I believe, have mentioned, my medicines about four years. Never saw were of the kinds usual with him in Washington, never hav- medical men. From the experiing visited it while he was there. ence of my father, and my own He did not always follow the experience and the knowledge practice, but did occasionally, which I have obtained of lobelia, From what I know and have I should certainly say it was not heard of him, consider him very a poison. Always use it when skilful and competent to practice I want to cleanse the stomach. medicine. Never was present in Have used the tincture of loany one instance that he admin- belia about two teaspoonfuls istered prior to the late epidemic. as an injection; sometimes less, Burke is a printer by trade. sometimes more for injections.
Dr. Janney. Have practiced If I wish to reduce a fever, I medicine about five years in Vir- give it in small quantities to proginia, but not very extensively. duce perspiration; a greater Was studying fifteen or twenty quantity produces an emetic. years with my father. He was Give sometimes a fourth of a not a regular practicing phy- grain of tartar emetic for that sician, but kept an apothecary, purpose and to produce perspiraand never practiced for pay. I tion, and mix with it some ipepracticed for two years without cacuanha. Have employed lopay, and my neighbors, anxious belia as an injection with tea I should practice medicine, and made of bay bark. Have never not being able to do it gratuit. lived in Baltimore. Hemlock is ously, I commenced it regularly. not a poison, as has been stated Have turned my attention a here, but it is perfectly harmless. good deal to Thomson's medi- It is taken from the bark of the cines since I got his book, and pine tree, and is not poison.