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Patton, William Weston, clergyman, born in New York 1877, when he was elected United States Senator. He city, Oct. 19, 1821 ; died in Westfield, N. J., Dec. distinguished himself in the Senate by preparing, in31, 1889. He was graduated at the University of the troducing, and pushing to success the Civil-Service City of New York in 1839, and at Union Theological Reform bill. In 1884 he was defeated as candidate Seminary in 1842. In 1843 he was pastor of Phillips for re-election, and on March 23, 1885, he was apCongregational Church in Boston, in 1846, of the pointed United States minister to Germany, where he Fourth Church in Hartford ; in 1857, of the First served till the summer of 1889. Church in Chicago, where he remained 'till 1866; was Perry, Edward Aylesworth, lawyer, born in Riebeditor of the “Advance" in Chicago in 1867–72; mond, Mass., March 15, 1833 ; died in Kerrville, Ter. lecturer on modern skepticism in the Congregational as, Oct. 15, 1889. He was a member of the class of Theological Seminaries in Oberlin and Chicago in 1854 of Yale College, but left before graduating, and 1874-77; and was President of Howard University removed to Alabama, where he studied law. He was in Washington, P. C., from 1877 till a few days be- admitted to the bar in 1857, settled in Pensacola, Fla., fore his death, when he resigned. He was Vice-Presi- and practiced till the beginning of the civil war. In dent of the Northwestern Sanitary Commission during 1801 he aided in raising a regiment for the Confed. the civil war. His publications include: “ The Young erate army, became its colonel, and commanded it in Man" (Hartford, 1847); “ Conscience and Law ) the battles around Richmond. He was wounded at (New York, 1850); "Slavery and Infidelity" (Cin- Fraser's farm and in the Wilderness, and commanded cinnati, 1856); Spiritual Victory” (Boston, 1874); a brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia, that lost and “Prayer and its Remarkable Answers" (Chica- more men at Gettysburg than any other on the ('ongo, 1875; 20th ed., New York, 1885).

federate side. After the war he practiced law in PenPeatfield, James, inventor, born in Nottingham, Eng- sacola till 1885, where he was elected Governor of Florland, April 17, 1803; died'in Ipswich, Mass., Oct. 21, ida for the term ending Dec. 31, 1888. 1889. He came to the United States in 1827, and Phillips, George 8., author, born in Peterborough, found employment in a lace factory in Ipswich, of England, in January, 1816; died in Morristown, N.J., which he subsequently became superintendent. He Jan. 14, 1889. He was graduated at Cambridge, came soon began making improvements in the English to the United States and engaged in journalism in modes of manufacturing, patented the first lace ma- New York, returned to England about 1845, became chine made in the United States, and, when the lace editor of the Leeds " Times, and in 1846 principal of industry began to fall off, turned his attention to the the People's College at Huddersfield, Yorkshire, and manufacture of woolen goods, and invented and built subsequently came again to the United States. He the first warp machine in the country. In 1842, with was associated with Charles A. Dana in the editorhis brother Sandford, he erected a brick woolen mill ship of the Chicago “ Republiean" and was literary in Ipswich, and continued active in business till 1877, editor of the New York “Sun” for several years. In when he retired and devoted the remainder of his life 1873 his mind became impaired and he was placed in to horticulture and pomology.

the State Asylum at Trenton, N. J., and in 1876 was Pendleton, George Hunt, statesman, born in Cincin- removed to the asylum at Morristown. He wrote much nati, Ohio, July 25, 1825; died in Brussels, Belgium, under the pen name of “ January Searle." His pubNov. 24, 1889. He received an academical educa- lished works include " The Life, Character, and Gention in Cincinnati, which was supplemented by a ius of Ebenezer Elliott" (1850); “Country Sketch

course at Heidel- Book of Pastoral Scenes" (1851); “Memoirs of Willberg. He spent iam Wordsworth” ; “Lite at Home and abroad": 1844_°47 in foreign "Sherwood Forest"; and “The Gypsies of the Dane's study and obser- Dyke, a story of Hedgeside Life in England in 1855." vation, and visited Phillips, Isaac, lawyer, born in New York city, June France, Belgium, 16, 1812; died there, Aug. 5, 1889. He engaged in Austria, England, the cutlery business in Philadelphia and New York, Italy, Switzerland, and in 1839 became associated with Major M. M. Noah Greece, Egypt, and in the editorship of the “Union," and subsequently Asia Minor He of the Courier-Inquirer.". In 1842 he was appointwas admitted to ed a clerk in the custom house, was afterward prothe bar, and began moted to be customs examiner, and in 1853 was appracticing in Čin- pointed surveyor of the port of New York, which cinnati in partner- place he held till 1869, although a strong Democrat. ship with George He declined a reappointment tendered by President E. Pugh. In 1853 Grant, was admitted to the bar in 1870, and subsehe was elected to quently practiced with large success, making a spe the Ohio Senate, cialty of United States customs and revenue laws. in which be served Mr. Phillips was a delegate to the National Democratone term, receiv- ic Conventions in 1844 and 1848, and a member of

ing a nomination the New York Chamber of Commerce for 31 years. for Congress before its expiration. In the election Pierce, Bradford, clergyman, born in Royalton, Vt., the entire Democratic ticket was defeated by the in 1812, died in Newton, Mass., April 19, 1889. Hé Know-Nothing party, In 1856 he was again a can- was graduated at Wesleyan Unirersity in 1941 imdidate and was elected, and held his seat by re-elec- mediately entered the University of ihe Methodist tions till March 4, 1865. In the presidential election Episcopal Church, was editor of the “Sunday School of 1860 he favored Stephen A. Douglas, and afterward Messenger" in 1844-45, agent of the American Sunbelieved that the war could be averted, and was day-School Union in 1845–56, superintendent and ready to advocate a compromise ; but when other chaplain of the Massachusetts Industrial School at counsels prevailed, he changed from a peace to a war Lancaster in 1856–62, chaplain of the House of Refuge Democrat, and insisted that if war could not be avoid- on Randall's Island, N. Y., in 1863–72, editor of “Zied it should be prosecuted with all vigor. He served on's Herald” 1872-'88, and afterward superintendent on the committees on Military Affairs, the Judiciary, of the Newton Free Library. He was a State Senator and Ways and Means. In 1864 he received the Demo- in 1855–56. While holding his various offices be cratic nomination for Vice-President on the ticket filled several pastorates and published religious works. headed by Gen. McClellan. Two years later he was Pile, William A., clergyman, born ncar Indianapolis, a member the Loyalists' convention in Philadel. Ind., Feb. 11, 1829; died in Monrovia, Cal., July 7, phia. In 1869 he was defeated for Governor of Ohio 1889. He received an academic education, studied by Gen. Rutherford B. Hayes, and was elected Presi- theology, was ordained a clergyman of the Methodist dent of the Kentucky Central Railroad. He then Episcopal Church, and was a member of the Missouri applied himself to his law and railroad interests till Conference. In 1861 he was appointed chaplain of a

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Missouri regiment in the national army, in 1862 was tours of England to promote these schemes. His appointed captain of a light battery and soon after- published works include: “ The New Republic, ward was promoted colonel of infantry, in 1863 was or the Transition Complete, with an Approaching promoted brigadier-general, and served till the close Change of National Empire, based upon the Commerof the war. He was at Corinth, Vicksburg, and Mo- cial and Industrial Expansion of the Great West" bile, and broke the Confederate line at Fort Blakely. (St. Louis, 1867); “ St. Louis, the Future Great City In 1866 he was elected to Congress from the First of the World ” (1867); " A Change of National EmMissouri District as a Republican, and was chairinan pire, or Arguments for the Removal of the National of the committee on expenditures in the post-office de- Capital from Washington to the Mississippi Valley” partment and member of the committees on Union (1869); " A Representative Life of Horace Greeley, prisoners and on military affairs. In 1868 he was de- with an Introduction by Cassius M. Clay” (New feated for re-election, in 1869 was appointed Governor York, 1872); “ Thoughts for Young Men and Women of New Mexico, and was United States minister to of America” (1873); “Life of Gen. William S. HarVenezuela from 1871 till 1874.

ney” (St. Louis, 1875); and “ Railway and River Potter, Edward Elmer, soldier, born in New York Systeins” (1879). city, June 23, 1823 ; died there, June 1, 1889. He Reinke, Amadeus Abraham, clergy man, born in Lanwas graduated at Columbia College and studied law, caster, Pa., March 11, 1822; died in Herrnhut, Gerbut engaged in farmning. At the beginning of the many, Aug. 12, 1889. He was a son of the Rev. civil war he entered the army as captain and commis- Samuel Reinke, D.D., bishop of the Moravian Church sary of subsistence, subsequently recruited a regiment in the United States, was graduated at the Moravian of North Carolina volunteers for the national service, Theological Seminary at Bethlehem, Pa., was apof which he was appointed colonel, and for distin- pointed missionary to Jamaica in 1844, and atterward guished services and bravery in the campaigns in the held pastorates in Salem, N. C., Graceham, Md., New Carolinas and eastern Tennessee, was promoted briga- Dorp, Staten Island, Philadelphia, and New York dier-general of voluntecrs Nov. 20, 1862, and brevetted city, serving in the latter from 1865 till shortly before major-general March 13, 1865. He resigned from the lis death. He was a delegate to the General Moravian army in July, 1865.

Synod of the World in Germany in 1869, was elected Rathbone, Justus Henry, philanthropist, born in Deer- bishop at the synod in York, Pa., in 1870, was presifield, Oneida County, N. Y., Oct. 29, 1839; died in Li- dent of the synod in Bethlehem, Pa., in October, 1888, ma, Ohio, Dec. 9, 1889. He received a good education, and was chosen by it a member of the provincial execand became a school teacher and a clerk in the Gov- utive committee and delegate to the General Moravian ernment hospital and War Department services. In Synod of the World held in Herrnhut in 1889. 1859-59, while teaching in Eagle Harbor, Mich., he Reno, Marcus A., soldier, born in Illinois, about 1835; read John Banim's play of " Dainon and Phythias," died in Washington, D. C., March 31, 1889. He was and conceived the idea of founding a secret benevolent graduated at the United States Military Academy in order, based on the remarkable friendship of the two 1857, and was appointed brevet second lieutenant in Syracuse youth. He prepared the ritual so far as to the First Dragoons. In the permanent establishment cover the first three degrees or ranks, and then laid he was promoted second lieutenant, June 14, 1858; the work aside to enter the hospital service at the be- first lieutenant, April 25, 1861 ; captain First United ginning of the civil war. On Feb. 15, 1864, while on States Cavalry, Nov. 12, 1861; and major Seventh duty in Washington, he submitted his draft of the United States Cavalry, Dec. 26, 1868; was brevetted ritual to some fellow-clerks, who approved his idea, major for gallantry at Kelly's Ford. Va., March 17, and on the 19th they organized Washington Lodge, 1863 ; lieutenant-colonel for Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. No. 1, of the order of Knights of Pythias. Recogniz- 19, 1864; colonel United States army and brigadiering him as the founder of the order, the members ad, general United States Volunteers for meritorious servvanced him through all its offices, and after he had ices during the war, March 13, 1865; and was disfilled that of supreme chancellor, the highest of all, missed the service April 1, 1880. In the volunteer he sought retirement from work in the order. In service he was appointed colonel of the Twelfth Penn1837 he was induced to resign his clerkship in the sylvania Cavalry, Jan. 1, 1865, and was mustered out War Department, and accept the office of supreme on July 20. In 1876 he took part in the campaign lecturer in the order, which he held at the time of against the Sioux Indians under Sitting Bull, as his death.

second in command of his regiment, of which George Rawle, William Henry, lawyer, born in Philadelphia, A. Custer was colonel, and it was charged that in Pa., Aug. 31, 1823 ; died there, April 19, 1889. He the action on the Little Big Horn, where Gen. Custer was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in and nearly all his regiment were killed, Reno failed to 1841, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1814. support his comrades and escaped through cowardice. During the civil war he enlisted in the national army For this he was dismissed the service, though other twice for urgent service in the State. In 1865 he be- serious charges had been made against him. came vice provost of the Law Academy, and held the Rice, Charles Allen Thorndike, editor, born in Boston, office till 1873, and from 1880 till his death was vice- Mass., June 18, 1851; died in New York city, May 16, chancellor of the Law Association. He was author of 1889. His mother decided to educate hini abroad, but numerous law publications, including " Law of Cov- the vessel on which they embarked was wrecked the enants for Title"! (Philadelphia, 1852); Equity first night out. Taking to the boats, they gained the in Pennsylvania” (1868); “Some Contrasts in the shore ; but, fearing the violence of the crew, Mrs. Rice Growth of Pennsylvania in English Law" (1881); separated herself from the survivors, and fled with her and an address "The Case of the Educated Unem- child into the woods. A second attempt to reach the ployed" (1885).

Old World proved more fortunate, and they settled in Reavis, Logan Uriah, author, born in Sangamon Bot- Germany.. There Mrs. Rice married Prof. Koffler, tom, Mason County, III., March 26, 1831; died in St. a distinguished scholar of Darmstadt, who supervised Louis, Mo., April 25, 1889. He received a common- his step-son's education, and to his efforts the boy's school education, taught for four years, acquired familiarity with the modern languages was largely due. an interest in the “Gazette" of Beard-town, nl., In 1870 he entered Christ Church, Oxford. Finding changed its name to “ The Central Illinoian," and his German training of some disadvantage, he set himwith a brief interruption published it till 1866. He self energetically to work to master the difficulties, then settled in St. Louis and began advocating the and took his B. A. and M. A. degrees in the shortest removal of the national capital to that city. His pub- time the rules of the university permitted. While at lications and lectures created for him the sobriquet of Oxford he frequently went to Paris, where he had "the capital mover." His faith in the speedy devel- many relatives, and during one of these visits he opment ot' tlie West and his belief that St. Louis was heard the proclamation of the third French republic destined to become the metropolis of the country from the steps of the Hôtel de Ville. He was also were intense, and induced him to inake two lecturing among the first to enter Paris after the overthrow of


the Commune. On finishing his course at Oxford, he the “ Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln.” In the returned to the United States and studied law at the autumn of 1886 be was nominated for Congress, Columbia Law School, New York. His early impres- and the nomination was adopted by the Labor party.

He lost bis election by treachery, and this defeat opened his eyes to the defects of the present system. Thereupon, he drafted a ballot-reform bill, of whieb Senator Saxton, in the “ North American Review," thus speaks :." My first inspiration in this line was drawn from his efforts and the draft of the bill made by him and published in the New York papers to or three years ago.” In a series of articles, he had previously disclosed the lamentable condition of affairs in Delaware, where dead men, it was claimed, had long figured as voters, and in acknowledgment of his services he was earnestly besought to more into that State and to take a place in the approaching contest for the sepatorship. Though never a bitter partisan, he was always an enthusiastic Republican, and in 1888 the office of Aqueduct Commissioner vas offered to him in New York; next in 1888 the Republican nonination for Mayor was tendered him, and, with the return of his party to national power, he was appointed minister to Russia, being the youngest man that ever received a first-class mission, with the exception of Mr. Adams. Mr. Rice's wide sympathies gained for him a large circle of friends, and

these were not confined to one country or to any parsions were always very strong, and one of them, no ticular class. Gladstone is said to have observed of doubt, contributed largely to bis success. “When I him that he was the most fascinating young man he was a child,” he frequently said, “ my mother used to had ever met. Victor Hugo entertained him freplace me on a chair, and make me repeat ‘No, no, quently at his house, as did Prince Napoleon. With no.' It is the hardest word to learn—that little word Robert Browning he was intimate ; while in his own no.” He had inherited a large fortune, and, realizing country there was scarcely a person prominent in that journalism offered the most congenial field for politics, literature, or art with whom he was not on carrying out his objects in life, he seized, in 1876, an friendly terms. His generosity was proverbial, and opportunity of purchasing the North American Re- his purse was always open to the needy. view," determining to make it the mouth-piece of both Rice, Edmund, lawyer, born in Waitsfield, Vt., Feb. sides of every question. “Give me men of action," 14, 1819; died in White Bear, Minn., July 11, 1889. was a favorite expression of Mr. Rice's. He conse- Hé received a common-school education, removed to quently believed that the leader in any movement, the Kalamazoo, Mich., in 1838, studied law and was adoriginator of anything new in science, or the person mitted to the bar, was appointed register of the Court distinguished by his deeds, was the best exponent of of Chancery in 1841, and subsequently master in bis views or acts, even though lacking in skill to ex- chancery and clerk of the Supreme Court. He served press them in the choicest literary style; and his through the Mexican War, and practiced law in St. sagacity was proved when the Review quickly re- Paul, Minn., from 1849 till 1855. He was President sumed its lead of all similar periodicals in the country. of the Minnesota and Pacific Railroad Company in When the labor troubles arose in Pittsburg, in 1877, 1857–63, of the St. Paul and Pacific in 1863–72, and he went thither to study the question. He wished to trustee till 1879, and of the St. Paul and Chicago in obtain from Thomas Scott, President of the Pennsyl- 1863–77; was a member of the Territorial Legislavanin Railroad, an explanation of the situation, and ture in 1851, of the State Senate in 1864-66 and Mr. Scott promised to write the article. But the riots 1874–76, and of the State Assembly in 1867, 1872, compelled him to decline at the last moment. Mr. 1877 and 1878; was Mayor of St. Paul in 1881-8 Rice gained access to Mr. Scott in his private car, and 1885–87; and was elected to Congress from the and, in spite of his remonstrances and objections Fourth Minnesota District as a Democrat in 1886. took down with his own hand that gentleman's views Ricord, Philippe, physician, born in Baltimore, Md., on the state of affairs while the station in which the Oct. 10, 1800, died in Paris, France, Oct. 29, 1889. car stood was burning. Inspired by the works of He began studying niedicine in Philadelphia, and in John L. Stephens on the buried cities of Central 1820 went to Paris, where he received his degree in America, Mr. Rice resolved to perfect the task of un- 1826. He practiced two years in Olivet, near Orléans, earthing the antiquities of those countries. He en- and on returning to Paris in 1831 delivered lectures on listed the sympathics of a New York merchant, and surgery, which secured his appointment as surgeonthe result was that an expedition, under the lead of in-chief of the “Hôpital des Vénériens du Midi." He M. Charnay, was sent to Central America in 1880 at occupied this office continuously till 1860, when be the joint expense of the French Government and resigned and resumed private practice as a specialist. Pierre Lorillard. Mr. Rice was made an officer of Two years later he was appointed physician in ordithe Legion of Honor for his successful management nary to Prince Napoleon, and having attended Napoof this undertaking, and he wrote the introduction to leon III during a severe illness, he became consulting the American edition of M. Charnay's account of his surgeon to the Emperor in 1869. He was appointed exploration. In the spring of 1884 Mr. Rice founded commander of the Legion of Honor in 1860, and for "Le Matinin Paris. His object was to supply the his services as chief of the French ambulance corps French people with a daily paper on the American plan. during the Franco-German War and in the Siege of “I have tried that principle,” said an experienced Paris was promoted to be a grand officer in 1871. French editor; “indeed, I went into it thoroughly, Dr. Ricord was author of medical and surgical works, spending no less, some weeks, than three thousand and invented several surgical instruments that were francs for news alone. I found the real Parisian was “crowned” by the French Academy. more interested in the horse that slipped opposite the Riker, James, historian, born in New York city, May Théâtre Français than in the news of the universe.”' 11, 1822; died in Waverly, N. Y., July 15, 1889. He Nevertheless, Mr. Rice persevered, and the paper was was educated for the ministry, but failing health preestablished on a firm footing. On returning to Amer- vented him from following it, and from 1849 till 1857 ica he established a press syndicate, earnestly ad- he was principal of the public school in Harlem, N. Y. vocated a new copyright law, and in 1885 edited In 1858 he became connected with the American Home

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Missionary Society, and served it till 1864, when he name and his pen-name “ Cupid Jones," and was an received an appointment in the United States Revenue accomplished musician. He published four comic Service, which he held three years. In 1869 he re- operas, a comic history of the United States, and moved to Waverly, and in 1885 established a library Honey and Gall," a volume of poems (Philadelphia, there, of which he was appointed librarian. His 1873). “At his death he left the completed manupublished works include: "A Brief History of the ipts of “ The Witch of Endor" and fifty long Riker Family" (New York, 1851); “The Annals of poenis on Biblical subjects, “Fla-k and Flagen,' Newtown” (1852); “ Harlem : its Origin and Early * Poems of Places," " Pastels and Profiles," " Flower Annals" (1831); and “ The Indian History of Tioga and Thorn," " Flesh and Spirit,” “Moods of MadCounty? Syracuse, 1888). At the time of his death ness," an unnamed volume of French poetry, and two he had in preparation "A Dictionary of the First voluines of humorous poetry; and in prose" A Life Settlers of New Netherland prior to the Year 1700.” of Donizetti," " A Life of Rossini," "Kings of Song," Rollins, Edward Henry, legislator, born in Somers- “Great Baritones,"

" " Romance of the Opera," monoworth (now Rollinstord), Stratford County, N. H., graphs on Bellini and Mercadante, a musical dictionOct., 3, 1824; died in the Isles of Shoals, N. H., July ary, and over one thousand musical sketches. He 31, 1859. He received an academic education, was also left similarly comic histories of France, Greece, for some time a teacher, and engaged in mercantile Germany, England, and Rome, a comic “ Robinson pursuits. Ile was a member of the New Hampshire Crusoe, and a large number of comic sketches. House of Representatives in 1855, 1856 and 1857, and Schmidt, Henry Immanuel, clergyman, born in NazaSpeaker the two last years, was chairman of the Re- reth, Pa., Dec., 21, 1806; died in New York city, publican State Committee at its organization and for Feb. 11, 1889. He received his preparatory training many years thereafter. During this service with the the Moravian academy in his native place, and Republican State Committee, he made annually a in 1829 was licensed as a Lutheran clergyınan, severely accurate political canvass of the State by with which Church he was connected during the reschool districts. Infusing his hundreds of corre- mainder of his lite. He was successively pastor in spondents with his own force and energy, he did this Bergen County, N. J., in 1831-33; assistant professor so correctly that it became his custom to announce a in Hartwick Seminary, New York, in 1833–36; pastor few days before voting what the result of an election in Boston, Mass., in 1836-38; Professor of German would be. One year his canvass came within fewer and French in Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, than a hundred votes of the declared result, in a State Pa., in 1838–39, and of German in the theological with 70,000 voters. His methods attracted inuch no seminary there in 1839–43; pastor at Palatine, N. J., tice, and were adopted in other States. He was chair- in 1943-'45; Principal of Hartwick Seminary, New man of the State delegation to the National Repub- York, in 1845-'48; and Professor of German Language lican Convention in 1860, and was Representative in and Literature in Columbia College, New York, in Congress from July 4, 1861, till March 4, 1867, serv- 1848-'80. On Nov. 1, 1880, he was retired as proinc as chairman of the committees on Accounts and fessor emeritus. He published “History of Educaon Public Expenditures. In 1869 he was elected sec- tion”.(1842); “ Scriptural Character of the Lutheran retary of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, and Doctrine of the Lord's Supper” (1852); and “ Course in 1871 its treasurer, and in March, 1877, was elected of Ancient Geography" (1860). United States Senator for the term ending March 4, Schoonmaker, Cornelius Marius, naval officer, born in 1883. W bile he was in the Senate he was chairman Kingston, N. Y., Feb. 2, 1839; died off Apia, Samoa, of the Committee on Manufactures, and member of March 15, 1889. He was graduated at the United States the committees to audit and control the contingent Naval Academy in 1859; promoted passed midshipexpenses of the Senate on naval aifairs, and on civil man, Jan. 19, 1861; master, Feb. 23, 1861; lieutenant, service and retrenchment, and of the joint committees Aug. 31, 1861 ; lieutenant-commander, Dec. 24, 1865; on enrolled bills and on public buildings and grounds. commander, Feb. 14, 1873 ; and captain, Oct. 7, 1886; His energetic and watchful ways made him a very use- and was appointed to command the United States ful man at Washington, as it was his habit to look steamship -- Vandalia,” April 5, 1888. During his servsharply after details that are often neglected.

ice in the navy he had been on sea duty sixteen years; Rowe, George Fawceit, actor, born in Exeter, Eng- on shore or other duty thirteen years and five months; land, in 1836; died in New York city, Aug. 29, 1859. and was unemployed five years and ten months. He He began his career as a scenic painter in London served on the gunboat " Sagamore "' in 1861-62, and theatres, but in 1852 he went to the gold fields of Aus- on the “ Octorara," of the Western Culf squadron in tralia, where he soon tired of mining life, and sought 1863-'64; took part in the passage of the forts in employment in painting and actiny in several of the Mobile Bay, in the encounter with the Confederate large cities. He subsequently settled in Melbourne, iron-clad - Tennessee," and in the capture of Forts and for eight years managed the principal theatre Morgan and Gaines; was navigator of the “ Juniata" there, extending a hearty welcome to American act- in 1864, and of the steam frigate . Piscataqua" in ors, including Joseph Jefferson, John Drew, and 1867–69; commanded the “ Frolic" in 1872–74, and Avonia Jones. While there he wrote, adapted, and brought home from St. John's the survivors of the translated nearly fitty plays. On leaving Melbourne crew of the wrecked Arctic exploring vessel “ Pohe went to China and South America, and in 1865 laris"; and commanded the “ Nipsic" in 1879-'81. made his first appearance in the United States at the On April 5, 1888, he was appointed to command the Olympic Theatre, New York, as D'Artagnan in the ** Vandalia" on a three years' cruise, but at the out* Three Guardsmen." At the close of the season he break of the troubles on and about the Samoan Islreturned to England, and soon afterward appeared in ands, he was ordered to that station. He reached London as Wilkins Micawber, a character with which Apia on Feb. 23, 1889, and in the great hurricane of he greatly increased his popularity. Returning to the March 15 both his vessel and the Trenton” were United States, he produced his original Geneva wrecked, and he, three officers, and thirty-nine of the Cross," the American drama “ Fifth Avenue," and crew of the Vandalia” lost their lives. the comedy “ Brass,' and was afterward engaged in Scott, John, lawyer, born in Iluntingdon County, dramatic writing, acting, and managing, occasionally Pa., July 14, 1824; died in Pittsbury, Pa., March makinz professional trips abroad, and spending sev- 22, 1889. He received a common-school education ; eral summer; in Alpine loitering,

was admitted to the bar in 1846; was prosecuting Saltus, Francis S., author, born in New York city in attorney of his county in 1846–49; served on the 1849; died in Tarrytown, N. Y., June 24, 1889. He Board of Revenue Commissioners in 1851; was electwas educated at Columbia College, spent many years ed a member of the Legislature as a war Demoin Europe, made himself master of ten different lan- crat in 1861; was President of the Republican State guages, contributed to magazines and newspapers a Convention in 1867; and was elected United States large number of sketches and poems in English, Senator as a Republican, Jan. 19, 1869. In the Senate French, German, and Italian, both under his own he was chairman of the Committee on Claims. The

was formerly President of the Pittsbury, Virginia, partments she deposited the results of her husband's and Charleston Railroad Company, a director of the scientific researches and his choicest paintings. Sbe Pennsylvania Railroad Company, a founder of the reinained at the head of the university till 1857, when Edgar Thomson Steel Company, and, at the time of she placed it under the management of its alumnæ. his death, President and one of the receivers of the Stearns, Jonathan French, clergyman, born in bed. Alleghany Valley Rail Company.

ford, Mass., in September, 1808; died in New BrunsShepard, Charles Augustus Billings, publisher, born in wick, N. J., Nov. 11, 1889. lle was graduated at Salem, Mass., Oct. 18, 1829; died in Boston, Mass., Harvard College in 1830, studied theology at Ardo Jan. 25, 1889. He received a public-school educa- ver, and was licensed to preach in October, 1834. tion, entered the book store of John P. Jewett in Sept. 16, 1835, he was installed pastor of the First Salem, accompanied his employer to Boston in 1846, Presbyterian Church in Newburyport, Mass., and reand established himself in the publishing business mained there till December, 1849. He was then called there in 1855. In the panic of 1857 he was forced to to the First Presbyterian Church in Newark, N, J., suspend, but in 1862 he reappeared as a publisher in and remained in that pulpit till February, 1883, u Lep conjunction with William Lee, with whom he estab- he was retired. Dr. Stearns was Moderator of the lished the firm of Lee and Shepard. In 1872 the firm General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in lost heavily by the great fire in Boston, but survived 1868, and was active in promoting the reunion of the the catastrophe, built new quarters in 1873 and 1885, old and new school branches. He was author of " llisand opened a branch store in New York. Among torical Discoveries relating to the First Presbyterian the works published by the firm were those of Will- Church in Newark” (1853), which is the basis of all iam T. Adams, Rebecca S. Clarke, Amanda Douglas, subsequent histories of the city and vicinity. Prof. James De Mille, John T. Trowbridge, David Steinway, Theodore, manufacturer, born in Bruns. R. Locke, T. W. Higginson, P. B. Shillaber, George wick, Germany, Nov. 6, 1825; died there, March 25, M. Baker, and the Rev. Elijah Kellogg.

1889. He was the eldest son of Henry E. Steinway, Singleton, Otho R., lawyer, born in Jessamine County, founder of the American firm of Steinway & Sons, Ky., c. 14, 1814, died in Washington, D. C., Jan. piano manufacturers, became a noted player on the 11, 1889. He was graduated at St. Joseph's College, piano when eight years old, and was educated in all Bardstown, Ky., and at the Lexington Law School, the mechanical and scientific details of his father's removed to Mississippi in 1838, served two years in business. In 1850 the elder Steinway came to the the State Assembly and six years in the State Senate, United States to establish a piano factory, and brought was a Democratic presidential elector in 1852, was with bim all his sons excepting Theodore, whom he elected to Congress in 1852–56 and 1858, and with- left in Brunswick to manage his business there. On drew Jan. 12, 1861, to join the Confederacy. From the death of two of his brothers in 1865, Theodore 1861 till 1865 he was a member of the Confederate came to New York to assist his father, and from 1STI, Congress, and from 1874 till March 4, 1887, Repre- when his father died, till 1884, when he returned to sentative in the United States Congress from the Fifth Brunswick, he was the head of the American firm. Mississippi District.

He made the first cast-steel frame used for a piano in Smith, William Nathan Harrell, lawyer, born in Mur- 1870, and took out thirty-four American patents, freesborough, N. C., Sept. 14, 1812; died in Raleigh, most of which related to upright instruments. He N. (., Nov. 14, 1889. He was graduated at Yale had in his Brunswick home a famous collection of College in 1834, and was admitted to the bar in North musical instruments. Carolina in 1840. In the latter year he served in the Stratton, John L. N., lawyer, born in Mount Holly, Lower House of the Legislature, and in 1848 became N. J., in 1817; died there, May 17, 1889. He was a State Senator and solicitor for the First Judicial graduated at Princeton in 1836, was admitted to the District. He held the otfice of solicitor for sixteen bar in 1839, was elected to Congress in 1858 and 18), years, and was elected to Congress in 1859. During and served there as a member of the committees on ihe memorable contest for the speakership in which Elections, on Ways and Means, and on National William Pennington, of New Jersey, gained the Armories. Subsequently he became collector of inoffice, Judge Smith was supported as opposition can- ternal revenue for his district. didate by the majority of the Southern Representa- Sturgis, Samuel Davis, soldier, born in Shippensburg. tives. Ie served in the Confederate Congress in Pa., June 11, 1822; died in St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 2, 1861–265. In the impeachment of Gov. Holden, he 1889. He was graduated at the United States Miliwas the leading counsel for the defense. He was ap- tary Academy in 1846, and entered the army as brevet pointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of North second lieutenant Second Dragoons. In the permaCarolina to fill a vacancy in 1878, and had since nent establishment he was promoted second lieutenserved by-elections.

ant, Feb. 16, 1847; first lieutenant, July 15, 1853 ; Staunton, Emily Ingham, educator, born in Say brook, captain First United States ('avalry, March 3, 18:55; Conn., in 1811; died in Oil City, Pa., Nov. 1, 1889. major, May 3, 1861; lieutenant colonel Sixth CavalShe was the youngest of two daughters of Amasa Ing- ry, Oct. 27, 1863; and colonel Seventh Cavalry, May ham, who were well educated and engaged in teach- 6, 1869; was brevetted lieutenant-colonel, Aug. 10. ing. In 1834, with a joint capital of $5,000, the two 1861, for services at Wilson's Creek, Mo.; colonel, sisters settled in Attica, N. Y., and opened a school. Aug. 29, 1862, for the second Bull Run; brigadierThree years afterward the citizens of Leroy induced general and major-general, March 13, 1865, for South them to remove to that village, and aided then in es- Mountain and Fredericksburg; and was retired June tablishing Leroy Female Seminary. In 1840 the in- 11, 1886. In the volunteer service he was appointed stitution was incorporated, in 1852 it became a college, brigadier-general, Aug. 10, 1861, and was mustered and in 1857 it received the privileges of a full univer- out Aug. 24, 1865. He was captured by the Mexicans sity and the name of Ingham. Emily Ingham took at Buena Vista, and was in service against the incharge of the educational work of the university, dians during a large part of his military life. and Marietta, the financial management till her death Swett, Leonard, lawyer, born in Turner, Me., Aug. in 1867. In 1847 Emily married Phineas Staun- 11, 1-25; died in Chicago, Ill., June 8, 1889. He was ton, who greatly aided her in her work till the begin- educated at Waterville (now Colby) Univerity, but ning of the civil war, when he entered the national was not graduated ; studied law in Portland, Me., and army and was so severely injured in the battle of in Madison, Ind. ; enlisted in the Fifth Indiana InFair Oaks that he had to retire from the service, fantry for service in the Mexican War, was taken pris. After the war he made large collections in Europe oner at Vera Cruz, and after his release was di-charytu and South America, to equip a department of natural from the service and began practicing law in Bloom sciences in the university. 'Ile died in Quito in 1869, ington, Il., in 1848. He became an intimate friend His widow erected a memorial to him in the form of of Abraham Lincoln and David Davis, and for several a university observatory, and in 1870 provided as a years traveled on horseback a circuit of fourteen counsecond memorial the art conservatory.' In those de- ties, building up a large practice. In 1858 he was

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