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“ Lenapee,” “Maumec," in which he took part in the Pilgrims, the Brooklyn Library, and the Long the bombardment and capture of Fort Fisher and Island Isistorical Society, and contributed liberally to the works for the defense of Wilmington, and the the support of each. To Yale University he gave monitor “Santamon," with which he cleared the $250,000, including $100,000 for a new fire-proof James river of torpedoes almost up to Richmond. library building in 1887, and proportionate suins to After the civil war, he discovered and surveyed the the Brooklyn Art Association, Young Wopien's Cultivator shoal off Cape Cod; was executive officer Christian Association, Children's Aid Society, the at the Brooklyn Navy Yard from 1870 till 1874; com- Eye and Ear Infirmary, and to Yale University for manded the Swatara" on the expedition to observe the endowment of a professorship conditioned that the transit of Venus, and landed scientitic parties on it should not be named after him during his litetime, Desolation and Chatham islands, at New Zealand, and His congressional career extended to 1881. During Tasmania; hastened to the Auckland Islands to rescue almost the whole of his service he was a member of a party of Germans reported to be in distress there, the Committee on Coinage. He strongly opposed itfor which he was thanked by the German Govern- creased coinage, defended the national banking sysment; and was commandant of the Brooklyn Navy tem, opposed the amendment to the resumption act Yard from 1884 till his assignment to command the of 1875 requiring the Government to reissue the reAsiatic squadron.

deemed legal tenders, and, believing that such reissue Chapman, John Gadsby, artist, born in Alexandria, would virtually be a new issue, made up a test case Va., in 1808; died in Brooklyn, N. Y.,

Nov. 28, 1889. for the United States Supreme Court and was therr He studied painting in Roine with Gibson, Craw. defeated, but on grounds deemed unsound by many ford, and Terry, and on his return to the United constitutional lawyers. He was also instrumental in States had studios in New York and Washington. the erection of the statue of Washington on the stej's While in New York he gave instruction in wood of the Sub-Treasury building in Wall Street. cngraving for many years, was a founder of the Con- Clayton, John Middleton, lawyer, born in Delaware tury Club, and was elected a member of the National County, Pa., Oct. 13, 1840 ; died in Plummerville, Academy. In 1848 he removed to Rome, Italy, where, Ark., Jan. 29, 1889. He was educated in the winexcepting brief residences in Paris, he lived till within mon schools and in Barton's Seminary at Village a few years, Betore permanently returning to New Green, Pa., was admitted to the bar, and settled in York, he made an artistic tour of Mexico. His paint- Jefferson County, Ark. In 1870-'72 he was a memings include “ The Baptism of Pocahontas," in the ber of the State Assembly, in 1872-74 of the Senate, rotunda of the National Capitol ; " Sunset on the Cam- and in 1876-'86, sheriff of the county, being elected pagna”;.“ Etruscan Girl";. Vintage Scene”; and to the latter office five times in succession, the last * Stone Pines in the Barberini Valley and bis etch- time having no opposition and polling the entire vote ings, “ The Return from the Vintage” ; “A Monk of both parties. In 1888 he was the Republican asking for Alms" ; " Italian Goatherd's ” ; “The candidate for Congress from the Second Arkansas DisGleaner”; “A View on the Campugna”; and “ The trict, and, though he did not receive the Goremor's Departure of Sancho."

certificate of election, both he and his friends claimed Chase, Benjamin, historian, born in Auburn, N. H., that he had been elected. He instituted a contest for July 7, 1799"; died there, May 3, 1889. lle was ap- the office, and went to Plummerville to take testiprenticed to the millwright's trade and followed it for mony in support of his claim. This occupied him several years. He was one of the most active of the several days, and in the evening of Jan. 29, s hile sitearly abolitionists in New Hampshire, and in 1935 ting at a table to write a letter in his room at a helped to organize and became treasurer of the Ches- boarding-house, he was shot dead through a window ter Antislavery Society. Subsequently, with a few by some person concealed outside of the house. He other abolitionists, he guaranteed the expense of the was a brother of Gen. Powell Clayton, formerly publication of " The Herald of Freedom" at Concord. United States Senator from Arkansas. The assassin In 1869 he published a large illustrated history, of has not been arrested. more than 700 pages, of the old town of Chester, on Colcock, William F., lawyer, born in South Carolina ; the compilation of which he had been engaged for died in Charleston, s. C., June 13, 1889. He was many years, and which is rerarded as an exceedingly graduated in South Carolina College in 1823, was advaluable contribution to the history of his State. mitted to the bar, represented Prince William's ParHe took an active interest in the work of public cduca- ish in the Legislature for several terins, and was for tion, and did much to promote it.

some time Speaker. He was a Representative in ConChittenden, Simeon Baldwin, merchant, born in Guil- gress from 1849 till 1853. Previous to and during the ford, Conn., March 29, 1814, died in Brooklyn, N. Y., civil war he was collector of the port of Charleston. April 14, 1589. Before he became of age he joined a He was a member of the National Democratic Conbrother in opening a store in New Haven, and he re- vention held in Charleston in 1860, and was one of mained there till 1842, when he removed to New York the most earnest advocates of accession. city and cstablished himself in the wholesale dry- Collin, John F., author, born in Hillsdale, ('olumbia goods business, with residence in Brooklyn. He ap- County, N. Y., April 30, 1802; died there, Sept. 16, plied himself closely to his business till 1874, and then, 1889. He received a common school education, and on being elected to Congress from the Third New York engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1534 he was District as a Republican, to fill the vacancy caused elected member of the Assembly, and in 1845 was by the resignation of Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, re- elected to Congress from the Twenty-nintl New York tired from active management. During the civil war District. During 1879-94 he published four volumes he gave upstintingly of his time, labor, and money to of political history, which are on the shelves of niar uphold the Government; was a founder of the Union ly every State library in the country and the librarice Detense Committee of New York and the War Fund of many historical societies. Committee of Brooklyn, and was one of the Northern Collins, Charles Sidney, journalist, born in Utica, N. merchants who were black-listed in a Richmond Y., April 23, 1827; died in Troy, N. Y., June 19, newspaper because of their Union sentiments. Ile 1899. His father was a manufacturer of carpenters' was a founder, and for eight years managing director, tools, and the son learned the trade. But at the age of the Brooklyn “ Union,'' which was established in of sixteen, impelled by a love of adventure, be shipped 1963 to promote the national canse. While actively before the mast, on a whaler, for a four-years' soyage engaged in business he was a founder of the Conti- around the globe. While the vessel was off the coast nental Life Insurance Company and the Continental of California, during the Mexican War, the crew purBank, a trustee of the United States Trust Company, ticipated in a military movement led by Commodore director of the Union Ferry Company, President of Stockton. After his return home, young Collins went the New Blaven and New London Railroad Company, into business with his father, first in Buffalo, NY.. and director of other railroad companies and corpo- and afterward in Ravenna, Obio. Still later he worked rations. lle also was a founder of the Church of as a tool-maker in Rochester. He was thus employeu

in 1854, when Alexander Mann, cditor of the Roches- army of the Revolution, and was afterward a repretar daily “ American," inquired who was the con- sentative in Congress from New Jersey), and a son tributor that sent in so many remarkably good arti- of Ezekiel Taylor Cox, well known in the early po

Jitical bistory of Ohio. He was graduated at Brown University in 1846, studied law and was admitted to the bar in Cincinnati, traveled in Europe from 1850 till 1853, and on his return settled in Columbus, Ohio, and became editor of the “Ohio Statesman," which was then the Democratic organ of the State. In 1855 he was appointed secretary of the U. S. legation at London, but declined the office, preferring the similar one at Lima, Peru, which he occupied about a ycar. Returning home in 1856, he was elected to Congress as a Democrat, aud began his long service in that body on March 4, 1857. By three re-elections he held his membership tiil 1865, covering two administrations and the period of the civil war. In 1864 he was defeated by Schuyler Colfax as candidate of his party for the speakership of the House of Representatives, and in 1865 removed to New York city. In 1868 he was elected to Congress from the Sixth New York District, and between the election and the assembling of Congress he made another trip to Europe. He was re-elected in 1870, his Republican opponent being Horace Greeley, and was nominated for congressman-at-large in 1872, when the entire Democratic State ticket was defeated; but the death of James Brooks soon afterward caused a vacancy, and

be was again elected, and took his seat Dec. 1, 1873. clos, and was told by Chester P. Dewey, his associate from that time till 1885 he remained in Congress coneditor, that it was a mechanic named Collins. The tinually, and when, in March, 1885, he was nominated young tool-maker-who, by the way, was the most and confirmed as United States minister to Turkey expert man at the trade in the city-was at once in- not only his constituents but other admirers throughvited to a place on the staff of the "American,” which out the country petitioned the President to withdraw he accepted. Three years later, when that paper his nomination, that he might continue his congreswas merged in the “ Democrat," he became city edi- sional work. In the session of 1877–78 he took upon tor, which place he held until '1864, when for a short himself, by a resolution of his own, the work of the time he was agent in New York city for the State new census law; and he was also the author of the Associated Press, and later was on the staff of the plan ot apportionment that was adopted by the House. Troy • Times." Returning to his post in the office He retained the Turkish ministry but a year, and, of the “Democrat," he remained there till 1868, when returning to New York, was a gain elected to Congress he established the Rochester daily “ Chronicle," and to fill a vacancy in the Ninth District, and was rewas its chiet editor till it was consolidated with the elected in 1888. During his career in Congress ho “ Democrat" in 1870. He then established the was several times Speaker pro tem. of the House; was " News - Letter," a Sunday - morning paper. Two a promoter of the Lite-Saving Service from its inceryears later he returned to the Troy Times," on tion, and its most constant champion; secured inwhich paper he was an editorial writer from that time creased pay and vacations without deduction of pay until his death. He was at his desk in the office, for letter-carriers, and was a regent of the Smithsowriting an article, when the fatal stroke of apoplexy nian Institution. He was an able debater, and a man came, and the pen dropped in the middle of a sen- of great humor. He was author of “The Buckeye tence. Mr. Collins, though his school advantages had Abroad" (1853); “Puritanism in Politics" (1863) ; been small, had the education that comes of a fine “ Eight Years in Congress" (1865); “A Search for memory and much good reading. He was remarkably Winter Sunbeams” (1870); Why we Laugh" familiar with the political and financial history of the (1876); “ Free Land and Free Trade" (1876): “ Årecountry, and remembered minutely the careers of our tic Sunbeams" (1882); “ Orient Sunbeams” (1882); public men; and this, combined with an acutely logi- “Three Decades of Federal Legislation ” (1885); cal mind, sincerity of conviction, and an agreeable 6. The Isles of the Princes” and “The Diversions of natural style, made him one of the best of journalists. a Diplomat in Turkey” (1887).

Cooke, William Henry, clergyman, born in Bloomfield, Crerar, John, manufacturer, born in New York city, N. J., in October, 1837; died in New York city, Feb. 22, about 1826 ; died in Chicago, Ill., Oct. 19, 1889. He 1889. He was graduated at the University of the City was of Scotch parentage, and for many years prior to of New York in 1858, and at the General Theological 1862 was a member of the New York firm of Jesup, Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1863, Kennedy & Co. He was also President of the Merand immediately after his ordination was appointed cantile Library Association and a member of the assistant to the Rev. Arthur Cleveland Coxe, D. D., Century and Union League Clubs. In 1862 he renow Bishop of Western New York. From this serva moved to Chicago, where he became senior member ice he was called to the rectorship of Trinity Church, of the railroad-supply firm of Crerar, Adams & Co., in Lansingburg, N. Y., where he remained till 1867. President of the Joliet and Chicago Railroad, director He then became one of the assistart ministers of Trin- in numerous financial institutions, and a patron and ity parish, in New York city, and was appointed to director of religious, educational, and charitable orthe charge of St. John's Chapel, in Verick Street. ganizations. His only political office was that of ReIle composed a mass service and a burial service, both publican presidential elector in 1888. He was never of which elicited high commendation ; wrote numer- married. During his residence in Chicago he gave ous articles on the subject of Church music for peri- away large sums of inoney annually. Ilis will made odicals, published a book of hymns, and was Presi- liberal bequests to his relatives, business associates, dent of the Church Music Association and the Oratorio former New York partners, old friends, and the instiSociety for nearly fifteen years.

tutions he was interested in, and set apart the reCox, Samuel Sullivan, statesman, born in Zanesville, mainder of his estate, estimated at $2,250,000, for the Ohio, Sept. 30, 1824 ; died in New York city, Sept. 10, erection and maintenance of a John Crerar Public 1989. He was a grandson of James Cox (who at- Library in Chicago, from which sensational novels tained the rank of brigadier-general in the American and skeptical works are to be excluded.



Croly, David Goodman, journalist, born in New York Cutler, William P., abolitionist, born in Marietta, city, Nov. 3, 1829; died there, Ápril 29, 1889. He Ohio, July 12, 1813 ; died there, April 11, 1889. learned and followed the silversmith's trade a year, was à grandson of the Rev. Manasseh Cutler 174studied in the University of New York, and became 1823), who was one of the first scientific exploren of a reporter on the New York “ Evening Post” in 1855. the White mountains, took an active part in the setHe spent three years with the “ Evening Post” and tlement of the Northwest Territory, and was a Refiethe “New York Herald," and in 1858 established the sentative in Congress from Ma sachusetts in 1 SHL 04. " Daily News” in Rockford, 11. Returning to New William was graduated at the Ohio University, as York, he was city editor and nanaging editor of the a member of the Ohio Legislature in 1844-47, Speaker New York World” from 1860 till 1872, and was during the last term, member of the State Constan afterward cditor of the New York - Daily Graphic" tional Convention in 1850, President of the Marittta till 1878, when failing health compelled his retirement and Cincinnati Railroad from 1850 till 1860, and Repe from regular office duties. In 1872 he predicted the resentative in Congress from July 4, 1861, till March financial panic that occurred in the following year, 4, 1863, serving on the committees on militia and on and designated the firm of Jay Cooke & Co. as the invalid pensions. He was a Presbyterian and an one that would first fail. He was a frequent contrib- early abolitionist, and introduced a resolution in the utor to periodicals. He published a History of Re- General Assembly of his Church in 1857 condelning construction” (New York, 1868), a “Primer of Posi- the doctrine that slavery was sanctioned by the Bible, tiviso." (1876), and other books.

as a fundamental error with which the Presbyterian Culver, Erastus D., lawyer, born in Whitehall, Wash- Church had no sympathy. He gave much of his time ington County, N. Y., in 1802; died in Greenwich, N. to literary work, and made many political and hi-Y., Oct. 15, 1889. He was graduated at the Univer- torical addresses. sity of Vermont in 1826, was elected to the New York Dana, Edmund Lovell, lawyer, born in Wilkesbarte, Assembly in 1838 and 1841, was elected to Congress Pa., Jan. 29, 1817; died there, April 25, 1889. lle in 1845, and was United States minister to Peru from was graduated at Yale College in 1839, was admitted 1862 till 1870. In 1854 he became the second judge to the bar in 1841, and practiced in Wilkesbarre till of the city court of Brooklyn, and served till 1861, 1846. As commander of the W yoining artillerists he and during the greater part of this time he was member tendered the services of the company for duty in of the firm of Culver, Parker & (Chester A.] Arthur. Mexico in 1846, and served creditably in that country

Cummin, Hugh Hart, lawyer, born in Liverpool, Perry till July, 1848, when he was mustered out, and reCounty, Pa., May 25, 1841 ; died in Cresson Springs, sumed practice. At the outbreak of the civil war be Pa., Aug. 11, 1889. He removed to Williamsport, was major-general of the Ninth Division of PennsylPa., in 1862, studied law, was admitted to the bar in vania Militia. Ile was appointed commandant of the 1864, and practiced till 1878, when he was clected State camp of organization and instruction near bis presiding judge of the Lycoming County district for a home in 1862, elected colonel of the One Hundred and term of ten years. He brought a large arrearage of Forty-third Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers in busines; up to date within two years, and at the end October, 1862, and, -erving till the close of the war, as of his term had kept the business of the courts well mustered out with the rank of brevet brigadier-generin hand and reduced their annual expenses about half. al. Returning to his home, he practiced law till 1867, On retiring from the bench he resumed practice in when he was elected judge of the Eleventh Judicial Williamsport, and was so engaged wben the terrible District of Pennsylvania, and served ten years. flood of June 1, 1859, swept the West Branch valley. Davis, John Lee, naval officer, born in Carlisle, SulliHe devoted his entire tiine and energy to the relief of van County, Ind., Sept. 3, 1825; died in Washington, sufferers by the disaster, workod day and night, was D. C., March 12, 1889. He was appointed a mid-lipelected treasurer of the Williamsport Citizens' Relief man in the United States navy, Jan. 9, 1841 ; was preCommittee, was appointed one of the State Flood moted passed midshipman, Aug. 10, 1847; master, commissioners, and was unanimously selected as resi- Sept. 14, 1855; lieutenant the following day ; lieutendent representative and oflicial executive for the dis- ant-commander, July 16, 1862; commander, July 5, tribution of the public tund to the Conemaugh valley, 1866; captain, Feb. 14, 1873; commodore, Feb. 4, 1-2; sufferers. He responded at once to the new call of and rear admiral, Oct. 30, 1885; and was retired Sest. duty, though worn out and broken in health by his 3, 1887. He was on sea duty twenty-six years and arduous labors, and remained at his post till within eleven months, on shore or other duty fourteen years a month of his death, when he was compelled to retire and ten months, and was unemployed six years and from active duty, and died almost within sight of the three months. His first actual service was on blockscene of his heroic work.

ading duty off Mexican ports in 1845-'46. In 1849 Curley, James, clerzyman, born in Roscommon Coun- he captured a piratical vessel near Macao, China, and ty, Ireland, Oct. 25, 1796 ; died in Georgetown, D. C., from that time till the early part of the civil war le July 24, 1889. His early education was meager, but was on home stations and squadrons and on coasta thorough teacher of inathematics settled near his survey duty. On Oct. 12, 1861, while executive of home, and he applied himself with great cagerness to cer of the “ Water Witch,'' he was engaged in the atthis study, and when, in 1817, he came to the United tack upon the Confederate ram “Manassas," at the States he quickly found employment as bookkeeper head of the Mississippi river passes, and for his servin Philadelphia. In 1819 he removed to Frederick, ices was offered the command of the “ Water Witeb." Md., to accept the office of teacher of mathematics in but declined in favor of a senior ofticer. He was aitthe county academy. While so employed he felt a crward in command of the steamer - Vixen,” the call to become a priest in the Roman Catholic Church, gunboat Wissa hickon," and the iron-clad - Moband studied French and Latin. In 1829 he com- tauk,” all of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, pleted his theological stu lies, and, after being or- and captured numerous prizes and burned a (opred. dained, returned to the college in 1831. He was ap- erate schooner loaded with ams in the Little Ogreclice pointed Professor of Philosophy and Natural Science, river, besides taking part in the attacks on Forts and held that chair for forty-eight years. His special Wagner, Sumter, Gregg, and Moultrie, and other subject of investigation was astronomy. He labored fortifications and batteries. In February, 1863. be enthusiastically to secure an observatory for George- engaged Fort McAllister and sank the privateer town College, and in 1844 succeeded. He first deter- Nashville." After the war he was on duty at the mined the meridian line of Washington. His obser- Philadelphia and Washington navy yards, served ( vations, made before the establishment of the United the Light-house Board for three years, commanded States Naval Observatory, aided the projectors of that the flag-ship “ Trenton" in the European squadron. institution in determining a location for it, and have and, after his promotion to rear admiral, performed recently been verified by the United States Govern- his last duty as commander of the Asiatic squadro. ment astronomers and accepted as accurate by thosc Dawson, Francis W., journalist, born in London, Ergconnected with the English Royal Observatory, land, May 17, 1840, died in Charleston, S. C., Marck.

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12, 1889. He entered journalism in London, but, be- works of fiction, soon changed it to a weekly, and, coming interested in the cause of the Southern States atter Mr. Wilson's death, began to bring out illusat the outbreak of the civil war, attached himself to trated editions semi-annually, thus becoming also the the Confederate steamer “ Nashville” while she was pioneer in American illustrated journalism. In 1862 in English waters. After that vessel had run the he ceased publishing " hrother Jonathan " because blockade at Beaufort he was appointed a master's of the increasing costliness of paper and his unwillmate in the Confederate navy. He served a short ingness to charge more than one dollar a year for it. time at Nortolk, then resigned his commission and Deane, Charles, author, born in Biddeford, Mo., Nov. enlisted as a private in a battery attached to the Army 10, 1813; died in Cain bridge, Mass., Nov. 13, 1889. of Northern Virginia. He rose to the rank of cap- From 1832 till 1864 he was in mercantile business in tain, and after the war became a reporter on the Boston. In early life he acquired a taste for AmeriRichmond “Examiner” and “ Dispatch," then on can history, and began a collection of books, pamthe Charleston "Mercury,” and in 1866 acquired an phlets, sermons, and addresses relating to the carly interest in the Charleston “News," atterward con- history of New England, wliich is now very valuable. solidated with the “Courier," and was appointed He edited Gov. Bradford's "• History of Plymouth editor-in-chiet. He was a member of the Democratic Plantation " (1856) and published "Some Notices of State Executive Committee for about twenty years, Samuel Gorton” (1850); - First Plymouth Patent” and of the Democratic National Committee for eight (1854);.“ Bibliography of Governor Hutchinson's years. He was also delegate to the Democratic Na- Publications" (1857); Wingtield's Discourse of Virtional Convention at Chicago in 1884. On Nov. 22, ginia” (1860); and Letters of Phillis Wheatley" 1883, Pope Leo XIII created him a knight of the order (1864). After his retirement from business he pubof St. Gregory the Great for his efforts in securing the lished “Smith's True Relation'"


Repassage of the anti-dueling law in South Carolina.

marks on Sebastian Cabot's Mapple Monde" (1867); Capt. Dawson was shot and killed by Dr. T. Ballard • Memoirs of George Livermore” (1869); and “The McDow, in the latter's office, and the doctor was ac- Forms in issuing Letters Patent by the Crown of quitted of the charge of murder on June 29.

England"; and " Bradford's ‘Dialogue on Third Dawson, Samuel Kennedy, army otficer, born in Penn- Conference' » (1870). He received the degree of sylvania about 1818; died in Oranye. N. J., April 17, LL. D. from Bowdoin College in 1856. 1889. He was graduated at the United States Mili- Do Lamater, Cornelius Henry, iron founder, born in tary Acaderny in 1839, and assigned to the First Ar- Rhinebeck, N. Y., Aug. 30, 1821 ; died in New York tillery as second lieutenant; was promoted first lieu- city, Feb. 7, 1889.' The family removed to New York tenant, June 18, 1846 ; captain, March 31, 1853; major, when he was three years old, and his father found and assigned to the Nineteenth United States Infantry, employment in the Phænix Iron Works as cashier May 14, 1861; lieutenant-colonel, and transferred to and confidential adviser. The son entered the iron the Fifteenth United States Infantry, July 4, 1863; works at the age of sixteen. On the death of Mr. colonel, commanding Nineteenth United States In- Cunningham, the proprietor, in 1841, young De Lafantry; was brevetted captain, April 18, 1847 ; colonel, mater and a fellow-clerk, Peter Hogg, formed a partSept. 20, 1863; brigadier-general, March 13, 1865; and nership,

and continued the business till 1857. In 1857 was retired for disability contracted in the line of Mr. Hogg retired, and Mr. De Laniater founded the duty, May 11, 1870. In 1839 he served at Plattsburg, De Lamater Iron Works at the foot of West ThirN. Y., during the Canadian border troubles ; in 1846 teenth Street, and personally conducted it till after on the Maine frontier during the excitement over the the civil war, when he retired for a short time. On boundary dispute; in 1845 accompanied the " army resuming the management he was sole proprietor till of occupation' to Corpus Christi, Texas; in the Mexi- 1873. He then took his son-in-law, George H. Robcan War took part in the battles of Palo Alto, Resaca inson, into partnership, and on his retirement in 1882 de la Palma, and Cerro Gordo, and in the siege of admitted his son William. During the civil war he Vera Cruz; in 1851-253 was in the Seminole War in did a great deal of work for the Government, includFlorida; and in 1859 was in the pursuit of the maraud- ing the building of the famous “Monitor” and the ers under the Mexican Cortina. His first service in “ Dictator," from John Ericsson's plans, and afterthe civil war was in the defense of Fort Pickens, Fla. ward built the “ Iron Witeh,” the first iron steamIn 1863 he was engaged in the Tennessee cainpaign, boat that navigated Hudson river, the machinery for and, after being severely wounded in the Battle of the thirty gunboats ordered by the Spanish GovernChickamauga, was kept on leave of absence and wait- ment, the hot-air engines invented by Capt. Ericsson, in orders till his retirement.

and a great variety of litt and force power pumps and Day, Benjamin Henry, journalist, born in West Spring- other heavy pieces of machinery. He was a rapidfeld, Mass., April 11, 1810; died in New York city, transit commissioner in 1876–77, a member of the Dec. 21, 1889. He was apprenticed to the printer's Union League Club and of the Society of Mechanics trade, and in 1830 removed to New York city and and Tradesmen, and always had a word of encouragefound employment in the composing room of the ment for a struggling inventor. "Journal of Commerce," and atterward in those of Desabaye-Chegaray, Eloise, educator, born in Paris, the “Evening Post” and the “Courier and En- France, Feb. 1, 1792; died in New York city, Jan. quirer.” In 1833 he established a printing office of 28, 1889. She was descended from the Huguenot his own, where he issued, on Sept. 3, the first num- family D'Amberbas, which went to San Domingo bers of the " Sun” newspaper, which was the first atter the revocation of the edict of Nantes. Her taone-cent periodical ever published. Not only was he ther, Pierre Robert Prosper Désa bave, owned propthe pioneer in cheap newspapers, but he was the first erty'in San Domingo and lived in Paris. The revoto organize a systein of newspaper delivery by boys, Jution under Toussaint L'Ouverture deprived him of and the first to use steam power for printing, which the estate, and in 1797 he removed with his family to he introduced in 1835. He prepared the copy, set the the United States. Eloise was educated in New type, and printed by band the first number of the Brunswick, N. J., and opened the first school of her paper, and by the spring of 1834 he was in a position own in Greenwich Street, New York, in May, 1814. to engage a reporter and to seek attractions. The She subsequently removed it to North Moore Street, first real impetus the paper received was through the St. John's Square, Fitteenth Street, and Madison publication of the famous “moon hoax." written by Avenue, and during her long career as an educator Richard Adams Locke in 1835. In 1838 Mr. Day sold taught the children of the best-known families in the the “Sun" to Moses Y. Beach, his brother-in-law, city. She married a Frenchman named Chegaray, for $40.000. Two years afterward he established the and, when too old to teach, lived in Philadelphia and True Sun," which he soon sold, then the “ Tatler," New Brunswick till 1857, when she made her home which did not succeed, and afterward, in conjunction in New York city. with James G. Wilson, the famous broadside month- Dewey, Nelson, ex-Governor of Wisconsin, born in ly “ Brother Jonathan.” He reprinted in it English Hamilton County, N. Y, in 1814; died in Cassville,


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Wis., July 21, 1889. He removed to Wisconsin in Arithmetic,” Algebra,"

," “ Geometry and Triso1836, was elected register of deeds in Graut County nometry,'' Analytical Geometry," and the * Diron its organization in 1837, represented the county in terential and Interral Calculus." He received the the second Legislative Assembly of Wisconsin Térri- degree of LL. D. from Dickinson College. tory, and in 1842 became a member of the Territorial Dolaro, Selina, singer, born in London, England, in Council, and served in that body till 1846. He was 1853; died in New York city, Jan. 23, 1039. She Speaker of the Assembly in 1840 and President of “tudied music with an Italian master and at the Paris the Council in 1846, was elected the first Governor Conservatory, and made her first appearance on the of the State of Wisconsin in 1848, and re-elected in stage at the Lyceum Theatre, London, as the Spanish 1850. Since then he had held no public office ex- princess in “Chilperie,” Jan. 20, 1870. She achiered cepting those of delegate to nearly every Democratic success in her first efforts, and then sang the princiState Convention and presidential elector in 1888. pal parts in “ Genevieve de Brabant,” ** Mnie. AdIn the office of Governor in the trying period of the got. “La Perichole," " Carmen,” and “ Trial by tirst years of the State's existence his conduct of at- Jury:" Atter singing in the Philharmonic, Realty, fairs proved advantageous to the State. He origi- and Folly Theatres in London, and mauaging the to nated many of the business methods that are still last named for a season each, she made a provincial practiced in the various departments of the State. He tour. Her first appearance in the United States a was also elected the first President of the Wisconsin at the Academy of Music, New York, as Canuen, in Historical Society in 1849. Mr. Dewey was one of Italian, Oct. 271879. Subsequently she sung in the Pioneers in the lead-mining industry of his State. popular operas till 1884, when the first symptoms of

Dickerson, Edward Nicoll, lawyer, born in Paterson, consumption developed, and, in the hope of sparing N. J., in 1824; died in Far Rockaway, N. Y., Dec. her voice, she turned her attention to the drama, both 12, 1889. lle was a son of Philemon Dickerson, Gor- as actor and author. She appeared at the Bijog ernor of New Jersey, and a nephew of Mahlon Dick- Opera House in * The Snake Charmer"; produced at crson, Secretary of the Navy under President Jack- the New Park Theatre “ Justine," an original adapta

He was graduated at Princeton in 1842, studied tion from the French; wrote the plays - In the Fashlaw, was admitted to the bar in 1845, and removed to ion,” brought out at the Madison Square Theatre at New York city in 1852. Early in his legal career he an author's matinee, May 19, 1887, and “ Reading a determined to acquire a thorough mechanical and sci- Tragedy," played at the Star Theatre; and when she entific education. Following this resolve, he became became too weak to appear on the stage, wrote veysan inventor and one of the foremost patent lawyers in paper articles, books, and plays as long as she was the United States. His first case of note was that able to hold her pen. In 1888 she published "Mes brought to establish the validity of Samuel Colt's Amours," a small volume of verse, and completed the patent for firearms, which he won after a trial of manuscript of "Bella Demonia," a novel, and a vek three weeks, with Rufus Choate as opposing counsel. betore her death finished a second novel. He next won the Wells hat-body case in Philadelphia, Donaldson, Edward, nasal officer, born in Baltimore, and increased his reputation by his defense in the Md., Nov. 7, 1816; died there, May 15, 1894. He case of Sickles vs. Burden, when he was opposed by was appointed a midshipman in the United States Francis B. Cutting. After these successes he aban. Navy, July 21, 1835; was promoted passed midship doncd his practice for foreign travel and scientific in- man, June 22, 1841; lieutenant, Oet. 23, 1847 ; 20vestigation, made a tour of Europe, was the per- mander, July 16, 1862; captain, July 25, 1866; commír sonal guest of the Emperor Nicholas of Russia during dore, Sept. 28, 1871; rear admiral, Sept. 21, 1576; and a long stay in that country, and visited the principal was retired, Sept. 29, 1876. During his service in cities in South and Central America. On his return the navy he had been on sea duty eighteen years ani he patented improvements in steam engines, under one month; shore or other duty, thirteen years and which the engines of the sound steainers“ Bristol," three months; and was unemployed twenty-two years “ Providence," and "Rhode Island” were built, de- and ten months. While attached to the United States signed a microscope of largely increased power, and, frigate "Columbia," of the East India squadrin, le early in the civil war, made memorable protests to took part in the attacks on the forts on the coast of Secretary Welles and Congress against the plans de- Sumatra in 1839. He served in McLaughlin's " 10:16. cided on for builling engines for naval vessels. His quito." feet in Florida in 1841-42; on coast-surrey position on the “expansion” and “non-expansion duty in 1846; on the United States sloop“ Plymouth, controversy was subsequently proved to be correct. of the East India squadron, in 1847-'48: on the steamIn 1873 he returned to the bar, and from that time till er “Water Witch," in La Plata river, in 1853–54, on his death was engaged in patent cases, among them special service, with the steam frigute “Merrimac." the suit of the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Com in 1856–57 ; commanded the steam gunboat Scioto." pany vs. George B. Prescott et al., involving the right of the Western Gulf squadron, in 1961–62; was triof the Western Union Telegraph Company to use the gaged in the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip quadruplex system of transmission, that of the Americ and the Vieksburg batteries, and the capture of New can Bell Telephone Company 18. the Pan-Electric, Orleans; commanded the steamer Keystone State." the People's, the National Improved, the Molecular, of the North Atlantic squadron, on the trip to the the Clay Comercial, and the Dolbear companies, West Indies in search of the Confederate privateer and those involving electrical inventions in which he * Sumter" in 1863 ; and commanded the “ Seininole," was counsel for Thomas A. Edison and the Western at the battle of Mobile Bay, in August, 1864. Union, Gold and Stock, and other companies.

Du Pont, Henry, manufacturer, born near Wilming. Docharty, Gerardus Beekman, educator, born in Flush- ton, Del., Aug. 8, 1812; died there, Aug: 8.9. ing, Long Island, N. Y., June 18, 1804 ; died in Hemp- He was the second son of Eleuthere Irenee du Pont de stend, N. Y., March 8, 1899. lle was educated by his Nemours of France, who sought reture in the l'nited father, James Docharty, a graduate of Trinity Col- States from Jacobin persecution in 1800, and tound, ] le re, Dublin, and was appointed assistant Professor of the Du Pont Powder Works, on Brandywine river, in Mathematies in St. Paul's College, Flushinc, in 1823. Delaware. lle was graduated at the United States In 1830 he became principal of Oyster Bay Academy; Military Academy in 1833 and assigned to duty at in 1836, principal of Union Hall Academy in Jamaica, Fort Monroe as brevet second lieutenant in the Fourth Long Island; in 1838, principal of Hempstead Acade- United States. Artillery ; was on frontier service my; in 1943, proprietor of St. Thomas's Hall, a hovs' the Creek Indian reservation in Alabama ; and at his school in Flushing, then owned by the Rev. Francis father's request resigned his commission on July 15, L. Hawks, and in 1848 was appointed Professor of 1934, to assist in the manufacture of powder. His Mathematics in the New York Free Academy. He father died a few months atterward, and the brothers held the latter office continuously for thirty-three Henry and Victor Albert conducted the business till years. Prof. Docharty was the author of a complete 1950, when the latter retired and the foriner a-moed series of mathematical text-books, including an the chiet direction, which he retained until his death.

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