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All flowing streams and natural water courses shall its prosperity for their own success. We therefom forever remain the property of the State for mining, declare it to be the duty, as it should be the pleasure, irrigating, and manufacturing purposes.

of all men who are placed in public position by ite The State capital is permanently located at people of North Dakota to oppose every unjust eBismarck. Numerous public institutions are

croachment of corporations or trusts upon the rights

or interests of the farmers, and to so adininister to the established and located. Amendments to the

Government in all its branches as will best conduce Constitution must receive a majority vote in two to the welture, the prosperity, and the advancement successive Legislatures, and be approved by a of our agricultural people. That we are woonipromajority of the electors at a general election. misingly in favor of the American system of proteeThe convention decided that the following pro- tion by such properly, regulated import duties uma hibitory article should be submitted to a sepa- protect the wages of our vast army of labor against

torciun products as will stimulate every industry and rate vote of the people:

the unfair competition of the sert's of Russia, riots of No person, association, or corporation shall within India, the coolies of China, and the pauper libor of this state manufacture for sale or gift any intoxicating other nations. liquors, and no person, association, or corporation The Republican party, viewing with unfeigned reshall import any of the same for sale or gift, or keep gret the growing evils or intemperance in our land, or sell or offer the same for sale or gift, barter, or declares itself in sympathy with all well-lire to eftrade as a beverage. The Legislative Assembly shall forts calculated to suppress the vice. We cordially by law prescribe regulations for the entorcement of approve the wisdom of the constitutional consentito the provisions of this article, and shall thereby pro- in providing for the submission to a vote of the peo vide suitable penalties for the violation thereof. ple of the question of prohibition in accor.iance with

A committee was appointed which met a simi- the expressed wish of the organized temperance en lar committee from South Dakota, and agreed ciations of North Dakota; and, in the event of its upon a division of the Territorial indebtedness. adoption by the people, pledge ourselves to a strict By this agreement North Dakota assumed the enforcement of the laws and to enact such legislation

as may be necessary to that end. payment of all bonds issued in behalf of the

The Democratic State Convention was callal public institutions or buildings located within to meet at Fargo on Aug. 29. It noininated for its limits, as follows: Jamestown Insane Hospi- Governor, William N. Roach ; Lieutenant-Gostal bonds, $266,000; North Dakota University bonds. $96,700; Bismarck Penitentiary bonds, ernor: S: K. McGinnis; Secretary of State, A. S. $93,600; Capitol-Huilding warrants, $83,507.46; Lord; 'Attorney-General, T. R. Bangs; Super

Froslid ; Auditor, P. Odegaard : Treasurer, C. D. a total of $539,807.46. The State should receive intendent of Public Instruction, C. A. Kent; Infrom South Dakota $46,500 on account of excess of Territorial appropriations for permanent im

surance Commissioner, W. A. Fridley; Commisprovements, for one-half interest in the Terri- sioner of Agriculture and Labor, J. Ř.' Engberg; torial library, and for other claims, and it agreed Cameron, John Ely; Justices of the Supreme

Railroad Commissioners, F. R. Wright, Peter to assume a stipulated share of existing Territorial liabilities not above mentioned. À basis Court, W. P. Miller. J. W. Gammons; Member for dividing the share of each State in the cur

of Congress, D. W. Maratta. A platform of rent receipts and expenditures of the Territory Democratie principles was adopted. up to the date of admission was also agreed

As the election of the Republican candidates

was a foregone conclusion, the interest in the upon. These stipulations were ratified by the convention and embodied in the Constitution.

canvass centered in the question whether the Provision was also made by the convention for prohibitory article should be embodied in the filling all State and local offices created by the tionists made an active canvass. At the elec

Constitution, and for its adoption the ProhibiConstitution at the election in October.

tion on Oct. 1 the proposed Constitution was Election.- Immediately after the constitutional convention completed its work, the can

adopted by a vote of 27,441 in its favor to 8.107 vass for the election of State oflicers was opened. manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquor re

against it.' The proposed article prohibiting the A Republican State Convention was called to

ceived 18,552 affirmative and 17,393 negatire meet at Fargo on Aug. 22. This convention se

votes, or a majority 1,159 votes in favor of its lected the following candidates : For Governor, John Miller; Lieutenant-Governor, Alfred Dick: adoption. The entire Republican State tieket ev; Secretary of State, John Flittie; Auditor, 365 votes and Roach 12,733; for Member of

was elected. For Governor, Miller received 25,John P. Bray; Treasurer, L. E. Booker; Attor- Congress, Hansbrough received 26.077 votes and nev-General, George F. Goodwin ; Superintend- Maratta 12,006, The other Republican candient of Public Instruction. William Mitchell; In- dates obtained correspondingly large majorities surance Commissioner, A. L. Cary; Commissioner Members of the first State Legislature were of Agriculture and Labor, II. T. Helgeson; elected as follow: Senate Republicans 24, DemoRailroad Commissioners, F. S. Underhill, David Bartlett, George S. Montgomery; Justices of the

crats 6; House-Republicans 56, Democrats 6.

The result of this election, duly canvassed as Supreme Court, Guy C. 1. Corliss, Alfred Wallin, and J. N. Bartholomew; Member of Con- provided by the admission act, was officially no

tified by the Territorial Governor to President gress, L. C. Hansbrough. The platform con

Harrison, who on Nov. 3 issued his proclamation tained the following declarations :

admitting North Dakota to the Union. That we fully and unreservedly recognize agricult- Legislative Session.—One of the first acts ure as the paramount material interest of North Da- of Gov. Miller was to call the first meeting of kota ; that there should not and can not reasonably the Legislature at Bismarck on Nov. 19. Its be any antagonism between this and the commercial, manufacturing, mechanical, or other interests, first duty was to choose two l'nited States Senabecause all these are inseparably identified with the tors. A caucus of Republican members on Xos. great central agricultural interest and dependent upon 19 nominated ex-Gov. Gilbert A. Pierce to fill

one of these offices by a vote of 50 to 17 scatter- lutions and a memorial to Congress. (See article ing, and on Nov. 20 he was chosen Senator by IRRIGATION, in this volume.) the following vote: Senate-Pierce 24, M. L. (See Dakota and South DAKOTA.) McCormack (the Democratic candidate) 6; House NOVA SCOTIA. There were no changes in

- Pierce 56, McCormack 6. For the second the Nova Scotia government in 1889. Senator the Republican caucus was unable to Trade.— The imports of Nova Scotia during select a candidate, by reason of the large number the year ending June 30, 1889, were valued at of aspirants for the nomination. The contest $9,235,554; the exports at $8,832,281 ; giving a was transferred to the joint session of the Legis- total trade with all countries, exclusive of the lature, after one ineffectual ballot in the two other Canadian provinces, of $18,067,835. This Houses separately, and ten ballots were there trade was divided as follows: Exports to Great taken before a choice was reached. On the final Britain. $2,011,982; imports from Great Britain, ballot Lyman R. Casey received 62 votes, M. N. $4,022,007; total, $6,033,989; exports to the Johnson 16, and D. W. Maratta (Democrat) 4. United States, $2,729,547; imports from the Johnson was the leading candidate until the last United States, $2,848,077; total, $5,577,624; exballot, and was once within four votes of elec- ports to the West Indies. $2,580,575 ; imports tion. The legislative work of the session had from the West Indies, $1,429,580; total, $4,010,not been completed at the close of the year. 155. The trade of the province with other coun

Finances.-At the close of the year, the tries than those named did not reach $1,000,000 amount of cash received by the State I'reasurer in any case. from the Territorial Treasurer was $57,513.41, The Nictaux and Atlantic Railway from Midof which $30,290.07 belonged to the general fund. dleton, Annapolis County, to Lunenburg, on the The final settlement between the States of North Atlantic seaboard, seventy-five miles, was opened and South Dakota, as provided by the report of for traffic during the year. the Joint Commission, had not been made, but Ship Railway. – An important work was it was estimated that North Dakota would have begun in Nova Scotia in 1889-—a ship railway to to assume $24,841.62 of the Territorial indebted- unite the Bay of Fundy with Northumberland ness, and in addition thereto her share of the un- Strait. The distance between these two bodies audited outstanding bills against the Territory of water is fourteen miles, and the plan is to These sums are payable out of the general fund, build a railway that will take vessels from the and will reduce it below $5,000. The receipts to water on the one side and transport them to the be derived from the Territorial levy of this year water on the other side without breaking cargo. are estimated at $271,898.55 and the expendi- This ship-railway scheme has been substituted tures for the fiscal year 1889–90 payable out of for that of a ship canal across.the isthmus, which these receipts, are also estimated at $380,769.35. was projected more than sixty years since. Much In addition, there is the bonded debt assumed by discussion on the project has taken place within the State to the amount of $539,807.46. The Ter- that period. From this, the weight of opinion ritorial tax rate for 1889 is three mills.

of most eminent engineers has been to the effect State Institutions. In the year ending Nov. that, although the construction of a canal pre1, the average number of prisoners at the Bis- sented no serious obstacles, the operating of it marck Penitentiary was 44, and the total number would be beset with difficulties, if not quite im67. The average per capita cost of maintaining practicable, owing mainly to the peculiar charthe institution was $556.75. The Insane Hos-acter of the Bay of Fundy tides-their violence pital contained an average of 184 inmates, and and immense mud deposits. The Dominion the per capita cost was $460.95.

Government has given an annual subsidy in At the North Dakota University 199 students aid of the project, and work is well advanced. were enrolled during the year, the average be- Legislation. The principal acts passed by ing 125. For educating these students the State the Legislature in the session of 1889 were: paid $228 per capita. Agriculture.—The following are the offi

A franchise act, under which the following persons cial returns of the acreage and yield of farm

are entitled to vote: Persons assessed on real propproducts in 1889 for the North Dakota counties: and personal property together to the value of $800,

crty to the value of $150, or personal property or real Wheat, 2,655,991 acres, 26,721,660 bushels; oats,

or a tenant of real property of the value of $150; thé 450,563 acres, 9,746,093 bushels ; corn, 30,022

Bons of persons having the above-named qualificaacres, 1,000,175 bushels; barley, 128,631 acres, tions, provided the father bas sufficient property to 2,760,902 bushels; potatoes, 16,119 acres, 1,401,- quality more than one voter, and provided the son *130 bushels.

resides with his father; the son of a widow having Capitol.—The Capitol building at Bismarck, property sufficient to qualify a yoter, provided he realthough incomplete, will be adequate for the sides with her; a person having an annual income needs of the State for some time." Up to April of $150. Every person, in order to vote, must be a

of $250; a fisherman with fishing-fear of the value 1 of this year, the expenditures for construction male British subject, twenty-one years of age, had been $222,356.46. Of this sum $100,000 was Making important amendments in the Townsgiven by citizens of Bismarck, $38,849 was de- Incorporation aet. rived from Capitol lots sold, and $83,507.46 rep- Amending and consolidating the laws relating to resents the construction debt incurred.

the county courts. Irrigation.--A State convention containing of sehools of instruction for miners.

Authorizing the establishment by the Governinent about one hundred delegates, met at Grand Forks, on Nov. 12, to give expression to the de- ties by ininers, by authorizing the Government to

To encourage the formation of mutual-relief sociesire of the people for Federal aid in solving the contribute from the royalty on mines toward their irrigation problem. It adopted a series of reso- support.

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OBITUARIES, AMERICAN. Sketches of Allibone, Samuel Austin, bibliographer, born in Phila few of the more noted Americans that died in adelphia, Pa., April 17, 1816; died in Lucerne, Switz1889 may be found in their alphabetical places erland, Sept 2, 1889. He was educated for mercan. in this volume.

tile pursuits and conducted an extensive business till

1853, when he beAlexandre, Francis, shipping merchant, born in the

gan to apply himIsie of Jersey, Aug. 5, 1808 ; died in New York city, self wholly to the June 8, 1889. ' He went to sea when thirteen years old, execution of a literand when twenty-one was placed in command of a ary project he had ship: Seven years later he settled in New York city. formed early in life. In the mean time he applied his spare time to reading In 1854 he puband attended night school when bis vessel was in lished the first of port. He established himself in the commission bus- threc volumes of iness, and soon afterward established a line of sailing his “ Critical Dicvessels between New York and Honduras. This pror- tionary of English ing successful. he supplemented it with one between Literature and BritNew York and Vera Cruz, and managed both lines ish and American till 1867, when he sold his sailing vessels and estab- Authors," and in lished a line of steamships between New York city 1871 brought out and Havana and Mexico. These vessels carried the the remaining volmails for seventeen years. In 1888 Mr Alexandre re- umes. In these octired in favor of his three sons. He was a director tavo volumes of and President of the Pacific Mail Steamshlp Company more than 1,000 for many years.

pages each, he gave Allen, Horatio, civil engineer, born in Schenectady, biographical and N. Y., May 10, 1802; died in Montrose, N. J., Dec. critical notices of 31, 1889. He was graduated at Columbia College in 46,499 authors. While this work was in preparation 1823; entered the service of the Delaware and Hud- he published "A Review by a Layman of a Work son Canal Company as civil engineer, and in 1826, entitled . New Themes for the Protestant Clergy?" when the news of the success of George Stephenson's (Philadelphia, 1852); “ New Themes condemned" locomotive reached the United States, he was sent to (1853); " An' Alphabetical Index to the New TestaEngland to study the new motive power and to pur- ment” (1868); and “The Union Bible Companion" chase three locomotives. He bought two from Ste- (1871). He likewise made selections of 13,600 passphenson and ore from Foster, Rastrick & Co., and in ages from 550 authors, and classified them under 435 August, 1829, they were shipped to Honesdale, Pa., then subjects for bis “Poetica! Quotations from Chaucer to the end of the company's railroad line. The rails of Tennyson " (1873), and compiled the greater part of this road were of hemlock timbers bearing bars of roll the 8,810 quotations from 544 authors, classified roiron 24 inches wide and Yinch thick, and the loco- der 571 subjects, contained in his “Prose Quotations motive had a truck device to keep it on the rails. In from Socrates to Macaulay” (1876). He indexed the spite of prophecies of failure and the inability to se- “Orations and Speeches of Edward Everett" (1856). cure an engineer, Mr. Allen got up steam bimself, '59); and the “Life and Letters of Washington Irand on Aug. 9, 1829, successfully ran the “Stour- ving" (1861-'64); published “Explanatory Quesbridge Lion" over the three-mile strip of track and tions on the Gospels and the Acts" (1869); contribback again, that being the first locomotive trip in uted numerous articles to periodicals; wrote tracts America. In the following month he became chief and religious essays; and was book editor and corre engineer of the South Carolina Railroad. He remained sponding

secretary of the “ American Sunday-School in South Carolina several years, and after his return Union " from 1867 till 1873. After an interval of four to New York became principal assistant engineer of years he resumed his office with the "Sunday-School the Croton Acqueduct, member of the Board of Water Union,” and beld it till 1879. when he was appointed Commissioners in 1842, a proprietor of the Novelty librarian of the Lenox Library, New York city, with Iron Works in 1844, consulting engineer and president which he remained until his death. of the Erie Railway, and consulting engineer of the Anderson, Adna, engineer, born in Ridgeway, OrNew York and Brooklyn Bridge. "He invented the leans County, N. Y., in 1827, died in Philadelphia, four-wheeled truck for passenger cars, the paper rail- Pa., May 14, 1889. He studied civil engineering, and road car-wheel, and a cut-off for steam cngines. was employed first as an assistant engineer in the con

Allen, Nathaa, physician, born in Princeton, Mass., struction of the New York, New Haven, and HartApril 25, 1813; died in Lowell, Mass., Jan. 1, 1889. ford Railroad in 1847. From this road he went to the He was graduated at Amherst College in 1836, and at Connecticut River, and then the Mobile and Ohio the Pennsylvania Medical School in 1841, and began road, and in 1850 was first employed as a regular enpractice in Lowell. He was elected a trustee of Am- gineer on the Michigan Southern Railroad. During herst College in 1856, and aided largely in establish- the next ten years he was chief engineer of the Tening the department of physical culture there. In 1864 nessee and Alabama road, superintendent of the he was appointed a member of the Massachusetts State Central Southern, connected with the Hender-on and Board of Charities ; served by successive reappoint- Nashville, and receiver of the Edgefield and Kenments till 1880, was frequently chairman, and in 1872 tucky. At the outbreak of the civil war he offered was appointed a delegate to the international congress his services to the National Government, and his that met in London and discussed reforms in correc- large engineering experience led to his assignment to tional institutions. He reccived the degree of LL. D. the military railroad construction corps. He serrel from Amherst College in 1873. His published works from June, 1862, till February, 1863, with the Army include : “ The Opium Trade"? (1853);.“. Important of the Potomac; during 1863 he was chief engineer Medical Problems" (1874); “ State Medicine and In- of the military railroads in Virginia; in 1864 Le tras sunity” (1876); “Normal Standard of Women for in charge of the military railroads in Mississippi ; and Propagation” (1876); and “ Physical Developinent” from November, 1864, till the close of the war he bed (1888).

the office of chief superintendent and engineer of the military railroads of the United States. In 1867 he State Legislature in 1861, United States assessor in was appointed engineer of the projected railroad 1862-267, Mayor of Madison in 1868, and on l'eb. 15, bridge at St. Louis, Mo., and he was subsequently 1870, was elected representative in Congress as a Rechief engineer of the Kunsas and Pacific Railroad, gen- publican to fill a vacancy. eral manager of the Toledo, Wabash, and Western, Averill, John T., manufacturer, born in Alna, Me., president of the Lafayette ankl Bloomington, and re- March 1, 1825; died in St. Paul, Minn., Oct. 4, 1889. ceiver of the Chicago, Danville and Vincennes road. Ile was graduated at the Maine Wesleyan University, In 1880 he became engineer-in-chief of the Northern removed to Minnesota, and engaged in manufacturPacific Railroad, and alter the completion of that road ing; was a State Senator in 1858-'59; entered the nahe remained with the company us honorary vice-pres- tional service in August, 1862, as lieutenant colonel ident till about a year before his death, when illness of the Sixth Minnesota Infantry, served through the from overwork obliged him to retire.


war, and reached the rank of brigadier-general; and Arms, William, physician and clergy man, born in was elected Representative in Congress as a RepubWilmington, Vt. May 18, 1802; died in Du Quoin, lican in 1870 and 1872. III., June 21, 1689. He was graduated at Amherst Babbitt, Benjamin Talbot, manufacturer, born in College in 1830, and at Andover Theological Semi- Westmoreland, N. Y., in 1 811; died in New York nary in 1833, was ordained in Boston, and with Dr. city, Oct. 20, 1889. He was brought up on a farm, Coan sent on a missionary exploring tour to Patago- but abandoned it at the first opportunity for mechanpia. He was unable to establish a mission there, and cal employment, in which he gave evidence of conreturned to the United States In 1835 he se out siderable inventive genius. Ilis first patent was for a with his wife on a missionary trip to Java, Sumatra, thrashing machine, and his second for the first mowand Borneo. At Singapore liis wite died, and he was iny machine ever made. In 1843 he began manufactfurther detained by the efforts to obtain permission uring saleratus from soda ash, as a substitute for the of the Government to establish missions. · He there- pearlash previously used, and subsequently he estabfore went direct to Borneo, labored several years lished a soap manufactory in New York. In order to ainong the natives as a physician and clergyman, cheapen the cost of production, he set up a machine and retired when it was deemed best to place the and foundry plant in Whitesboro' N. Y., at a cost of mission under the control of the Dutch Government. $600,000, and there made machinery for use in his In 1848 he returned to the United States, preached factories. He invented a steam canal boat, a rotary and practiced medicine in Wisconsin in 1849–59, and steam engine without piston, cylinder, or valves, and passed the remainder of his lite in southern Illinois, a combined steam generator, condenser, and heater. employed in fruit-raising.

Baker, Alfred, painter, born in New York city in Ashburner, Charles Albert, geologist, born in Phila- 1824; died there, Feb. 26, 1899. In 1854, while a redelphia, Pa., Feb. 9, 1854; died in Pittsburg, Pa., porter on the “ New York Herald,” he suggested to Dec. 24, 1889. He was graduated at the scientific de- the chief engineer of the fire department that the partment of the University, at Pennsylvania in 1974, causes of large and mysterious fires should be sought as a civil engineer, standing first in his class. In systematically. The suggestion was approved by the 1872 he was one of the party that made the survey chief and the police justices to whom he referred it, of Delaware river, and on graduating he at once en- and Mr. Baker was appointed the first fire marshal tored the light-house survey service. On the organ- of the city without pay. Within a year he demonization of the second geological survey of l'ennsylva- strated thč usefulness of the office so clearly that the nia in 1874, he was appointed an assistant and assigned insurance companies contributed a fund for his comto the surveys of Juniata and Millin counties. A pensation. He held this office till 1868, when the year later he became assistant State Geologist and Legislature made it a part of the city government, had charge of the works in Cameron, Elk, Forest, and on retiring applied himself to portrait painting, and McKean counties. In 1880 he was made geolo- which he had learned without a teacher. In this ho gist with charge of the survey of the anthracite coal became successful, and was employed until his death. fields of Pennsylvania, where he originated a method Among his best portraits was one of George Walling, of surveying and representing the geology of that great ex-superintendent of the police department. coal-bed, which received the approbation of mining Baker, Peter Carpenter, publisher, born in North engineers both in this country and abroad. The Hempstead, N. Y., March 22, 1822; died in New ability and skill with which this undertaking was York city, May 19, 1889. He removed to New York perfor:ned led to his being appointed in 1885 gcolo- city when a boy, was educated in Harlem Academy, gist in charge of all the office and field work of the entered a book store and learned the printing and pubsurvey: Meanwhile he made a careful study of the lishing trades, and in 1850 joined Daniel Godwin in natural-gas fields, and was an accepted authority on establishing the law publishing firm of Baker & Godthat subject. In the autumn of 1886 he resigned from win. He remained with this firm till 1865, when he the survey and entered upon private practice as an founded the firm of Baker, Voorhis & Co., which is expert. He was actively engaged with the Fuel-Gas still in existence. Mr. Baker published the “Steam and Electric Engineering Company of Pittsburg, and Press” periodical during the civil war, in aid of the was closely associated with the various interests in national cause. He was a founder of the Metropolithat direction controlled by George Westinghouse, tan Literary Association, the Eclectic Club, and tne with whom he organized the Duquesne (Arizona) Cop- Typothetæ; was a member of the Sons of the Revoper Company, becoming its general manager. The lution and the Union League and Lotus Clubs; an degree of Sc. D. was conferred upon him by the Uni- originator and chairman of the cominittee on erecting versity of Pennsylvania in 1889, and he was a mem- the statue of Benjamin Franklin in Printing-House ber of scientific societies, including the American Square. He was active in charitable enterprises, parPhilosophical Society, the American Geological Soci- ticularly in promoting the Hahnemann Hospital; and ety, and the American Institute of Mining Engineers, he wrote numerous addresses and monographs, includto whose proceedings he contributed papers. He also ing," European Recollections” (1861), and · Frankcontributed to the scientific and technical journals, lin” (1865). and prepared more than twenty of the reports of State Barbour, Oliver Lorenzo, lawyer, born in Cambridge, geological survey:

Washington County, N. Y., July 12, 1811; died in Atwood, David, journalist, born in Bedford, N. H., in Saratogui, N. Y., Dec. 17, 1889. Ile was graduated at 1815; died in Madison, Wis., Dec. 11, 1889.

Fredonia Academy in 1827; was admitted to the bar apprenticed to the printer's trade in 1830, removed to in 1832; and wiis reporter of the New York Court of Wisconsin and became connected with the Madison Chancery in 1817–49, and of the New York Supreme • Express" in 1847, was soon afterward appointed Court in 1848–76. His publications include: “Equieditor and manager of the paper, and left it in 1852 to ty Digest” (4 vols., Springfield, 1836–41); “Treatise establish the “State Journal," with which he re- on Criminal Law” (Albany, 1841; 3d ed., 2 v ols., mained until his death. lle was a member of the 1883); “ Treatise on the Law of 'Set-Off'" (1841) 1

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" Treatise on the Practice of the Court of Chancery" Democratic Conventions in 1868, 72, 76, '80, and '84 (2 vols., 1843; 2d ed., 3 vols., 1874–75); “Reports and chairman of the National Democratic Executive of Cases decided in the Supreme Court of the State Committee in the canvass of 1880 and 1884. of New York” (67 vols., 1848–76; Digest in 3 vols., Bartlett, Sidney, lawyer, born in Plymouth, Mass., 1880); A Summary of the Law of Parties to Actions Fcb. 13, 1799; (ied in Boston, Mass., March 7. 1989. at Law” (1864; 2d ed., 1884); and “Digest of New Je was graduated at Harvard College in 1818, studied York Reports” (2 vols., 1887). He also brought out an- law, and made a specialty of corporation law. With the notated editions of " Collyer on Partnership". (1838), exception of a single term in the Legislature in 1851 and

Chitty on Bills" (1839), and Cowen's • Civil Juris- bis service in the convention chosen to revise tue diction of Justices of the Peace" (1844).

State Constitution in 1853, he confined himself excloBarlow, Samuel Latham Mitchell, lawyer, born in Gran- sively to the practice of his profession. He was for ville, Mass., June 5, 1826 ; died in Glen Cove, Long many years general or advisory counsel for large corIsland, N. Y., July 10, 1889. lle received a public- porations, including the Union Pacific, Chicago, Burschool education in New York city, served an appren- lington and Quincy, and other railroad companies, and ticeship as a law clerk and student, was admitted to within two months of his death he made his last apthe bar in 1849, began practicing by himself, and from pearance in court in an argument for one of these. the beginning of his legal career till its close endeav- Bass, Lyman Kidder, lawyer, born in Alden, N. Y., ored to settle all cases in his charge privately out of Nov. 13, 1836; died in New York city, May 11, 1859. court. He became a favorite with the leading busi- He was graduated at Union College in 1856, and was ness men of the city at that time, and so caine to have admitted to the bar in Buffalo in 1858. From 186.5 cases involving large interests. In 1852 he inade a till 1872 he was district attorney, and then was elected trip to Europe on behalf of an Illinois railroad, and Representative in Congress as a Republican. In 1974 received $50,000 for his services. A similar trip for he was re-elected. During this period he was thenthe Ohio and Mississippi Railroad yielded bim a like ber of the committees on railroads and canals, claims,

At the close of the Franco-German War he re- expenditure in the War Department, and of the joint ceived $25,000 for a balf-hour's work on a case involv- select committee to inquire into the affairs of the Dis. ing an American contract to supply the French Gov- trict of Columbia. In 1872 he formed a partnership ernment with firearins to the value of $1,600,000, in with Wilson S. Bissell, to which Grover Clevelard which he was successtul. Before he was thirty years was admitted in 1874, and in 1876 he retired from the old he was appointed umpire by the four great trunk firm on account of failing health and removed to Colrailroads, then engaged in a ruinous war of rates, and arado Springs, where he became general counsel of his skill as a mediator was shown in his success in the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Company. He bringing about a reconciliation between Commodore made frequent journeys to Mexico for the Mexican NsVanderbilt and William H. Aspinwall atter they had tional Railroad Company and other corporations, and long been waging a bitter war upon each other through conducted negotiations between American capitalists their Nicaragua and Panama schemes. Each gave and the Mexican Government. him $5,000 for accomplishing a settlement of their Beale, Joseph, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pa., differences. His most noted case was that of the Dec. 30, 1814: died there, Sept. 23, 1889. He was English stockholders of the Eric Railway against graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylthe Fisk-Gould management in 1871–72. Atter the vania in 1836, engaged in private practice one year, death of Fisk, in January, 1872, the railroad quarters entered the United States navy as assistant surgeon in the Grand Opera House were carried by storm in 1838, was appointed surgeon-general of the navy in under direction of Mr. Barlow and held against Jay December, 1873, and was retired in 1876 with the Gould as well as the processes of the court. A suit rank of commodore. During his career in the nary ugainst Jay Gould for the recovery of $10,000,000 was he was on sea duty seventeen years and one month, compromised by his paying the McHenry stockhold- on shore or other duty sixteen years and seven months, ers $9,000,000. For his successful conduct of this case and was unemployed four years and eight months. Mr. Barlow was elected a director in the new manage- Beard, Henry, artist, born in Ohio, in 1841 ; died inent, appointed counsel of the new board at a salary in New York city, Nov. 19, 1889. He was a son of of $25,000 a year, and is reputed to have received James Henry Beard and nephew of William Henry $250,000 for his fee. For his earlier management of Beard, artists. He entered the national army in the claims under the Mexican treaty he is said to have early part of the civil war, and became a captain in received more than $200,000. In 1852 he formed a the Thirtieth Missouri Volunteers. After the war he partnership with George R. J. Bowdoin and Jeremiah applied himself to painting, making a specialty of aniLaroque, under the firm name of Bowdoin, Laroque, mal life, and on removing to New York city about 1877 & Barlow. Mr. Laroque died in 1868, and Mr. Bow- engaged chiefiy in illustrating books and periodicals doin in 1870. In 1870 Joseph Laroque entered the Beecher, William Henry, clergyman, born in East firm, in 1873 ex-Julye Shipman, in 1881 ex-Judge Hampton, Long Island, N. Y., Jan. 15, 1802; died Choate, and subsequently Solomon Hanford; and at in Chicago, Ill., June 23, 1889. He was the eldest the time of Mr. Barlow's death it was styled Shipman, brother of Henry Ward Beccher, was reared in LitchBarlow, Laroque & Choate. Mr. Barlow acquired a field, Conn., studied theology with his father, was orlarge fortune, was a stockholder in the "Sun" and dained in 1830, and filled his first pastorate in Nero "World” newspapers, and a Democrat in politics, port, R. I.

Early in his ministerial career his attenbut never held a political office. Ile possessed a rare tion was directed to the cause of home mission work collection of paintings, statuary, and bric-à-brac and in the West, and in 1839 he removed to the Westem one of the most valuable private libraries in the Reserve in Ohio, under the auspices of the American country, which was sold by auction in February, 1890, Home Mission Society. He established and built the and brought $82.000. His widow, a daughter of Pe- First Congregational Church in Toledo, spent several ter Townsend, clied Oct. 21, 1889.

years in freeing from debt churches that had been Barnum, William H., statesman, born in Boston Cor- organized by settlers from New England, co-operated ners, Columbia County, N. Y, Sept. 17, 1818; died actively with the abolition leaders, and remained in in Lime Rock, Conn., April 30, 1889. He received a that field till 1557, when a desire to give his children public school education, was apprenticed to the iron- better educational advantages induced him to accept tounder's trade, and subsequently engaged in the a pastorate in Massachusetts. He filled various anmanufucture of pig iron, car-wheels, and other articles pointments in that State till 1870, and then settled in iron, in which he became wealthy. He was a mem- permanently in Chicago. Several years ago he was ber of the Connecticut Legislature in 1851-52;

Dem- compelled by deafness to retire from pastoral work. ocratic Representative in Congress from the Fourth Biddle, William McFume, milroad official, born in Connecticut District in 1867–76 ; United States Sena- Philadelphia, Pa., July 27, 1808; died in Carlisle, Pa., tor, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Senator May 13, 1889. lle was graduated at Princeton in Orris S. Ferry, in 1876–79; delegate to the National 1827, soon afterward was appointed to an office in the


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