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STATE OF VERMONT:
ESTABLISHED BY CONVENTION JULY 9, 1793 ; AND AMENDED BY CONVENTIONS IN 1828, 1836, 1850, AND 1870, AND BY
THE PEOPLE IN 1883.
THE CONSTITUTION OF VERMONT.
15 Legislature only may susA declaration of the rights of the
pend laws. inhabitants of the State of Ver
16 Right to bear arms; standmont.
ing armies; military power ARTICLE
subordinate to civil. All men born free; their nat.
17 Martial law restricted. ural right?; slavery pro
18 Regard to fundamental prinhibited.
ciples and virtues, necesPrivate property subject to
sary to preserve liberty. public use; owner to be
19 Right to emigrate. paid.
20 Right to assemble, instruct L3 Freedom in religion; right and petition. and duty of religious wor
21 No transportation for trial.
regulate internal police.
1 Superseded. 7. Government for the people;
4 Courts of justice in each rights of freemen therein.
county; judges. 9 Citizen's rights and duties in
5 Court of chancery may be
6 Legislative, executive and 10 Right- of persons accused of
judiciary departments to be crime. Personal liberty.
distinct. 11 Search and seizure regulated.
Town representatior. L
8 Election of 12 Trial by jury to be held sa
9 Powers of the legislature. cred. 13 Freedom of speech and of the
10 Election of governor, lieutenpress.
ant-governor and treasurer 14 Immunity for words spokend
Governor and. executive in legislative debate.
12 Representative's oaths.
stricted. - Prisoners bail
able.--No excessive bail. 34 Elections to be free and vol
untary; punishment fo:
corruption. 35 Deeds to be recorded. 36 Entails to be regulated. 37 Punishment for crimes not
capital to be hard labor. 38 Suicide's estate not to be for.
feited.- No deodand. 39 Citizenship, how obtained. 40 Liberty to hunt, fowl and
fish. 41 Laws to encourage virtue
and prevent vice to be kept in force.-Schools to be maintained and religious
societies encouraged. 42 Declaration of rights not to
be violated. 43 Abrogated.
14 Journals, with yeas and nays
to be printed. 15 Style of laws. 16 Superseded. 17 Only money appropriated by
act of legislation to be
drawn from treasury. 18 Residence of representatives. 19 Representatives not to act as
counsel or take fee for ad
vocating bill. 20 Legislature not to declare
any guilty of treason or
felony. Freeman's qualifications and
oath. Inhabitants to be armed and
trained. - Officers of mi
litia. 23 Form of commissions; state
seal. 24 Impeachments; all officers
liable to; no bar to prose
cution at law. 25 Officers of profit forbidden.
Officers to have reasonable compensation.-Fees to be lessened.-Receiving ille
gal fees. 26 Incompatible offices.-Fed.
eral officers inelligible. 27 Superseded. 28 Treasurer's accounts to be
audited. 29 Oaths of allegiance and office.
-Every officer to take and
subscribe them. 30 Eligibility of governor and
lieutenant-governor. 31 Trials of proper issues to be
ARTICLES OF AMENDMENT.
before becoming freemen.
ers of senate and house in legislation - Revenue bills.
-Adjournment. 4 Superseded. 5. Election of senators; duties
of several offi ers therein -Legislature may regulate
the election 6 Powers of the senate.-Lieu
tenant-governor to be pres. ent and have casting vote.
ARTICLE 7 Senate to try impeachments.
-Extent of judgment. 8 Governor supreme executive,
his powers.-May appoint secretary of civil and mili
tary affairs. General assembly tɔ canvass
votes for governor, lieutenant-governor and treasurer; and to elect these officers if the freemen do
not. 10 General Assembly to elect
secretary of state and cer
tain other officers. 11 Bills to be sent to the gover
nor; to be signed by him if approved. Veto and proceedings thereon.-Bills
not returned. Writ of habeas corpus not
to be suspended 13
Effect of certain amendments
to the constitution 14 Freemen to elect assistant
judges of the county court. 15 Freemen to elect sheriffs and
high bailiffs. 16 Freemen to elect state's at
torneys 17 Freemen to elect judges of
probate. 18 Freemen to elect justices of
Number of justices in each town. 19
Officers named in five preced
ing sections to be elected
by ballot. 20 Election of assistant judges
of the county court, sheriffs,
high bailiffs, state's attor. neys, judges of probate, and justices of the peace; the governor to commission
them, 21 Legislature to provide for
vacancy in offices of governor,
and lieutenant-governor.--Governor may appoint a treasurer to fill a
Securities to be given by treasurer, sheriffs, and
high bailiffs. 23 Senators; their number, qual.
ifications and apportion
ment. 24 $ 1. Biennial sessions—$ 2.
Biennial elections. - $ 3. Term of office of the governor, lieutenant-governor and treasurer.-$ 4. Term of office of senators and representatives.- 5 Term
of office of county officers. 25 $ 1. Mode of amending con
stitution.- $ 2. General assembly may direct manner of voting on amend. ments.-$ 3. House of representatives may order impeachments -$ 4. Coun
cil of censors abolished. 26 Term of office of judges of
the supreme court. 27 Additional oath to represent
atives Construction of
words in oath. 28 Election of secretary of state
and auditor of accounts.