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INDEX TO SUBJECTS.

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THE PREPARATION OF SCHEDULES,

1-4
The proper wording of the inquiries,

I, 2
The writing of the general instructions,

2, 3
The writing of the special instructions for each inquiry,

3
Quotations from the law authorizing the collection of information, 3
The typographical arrangement of the schedule,

3, 4
THE COLLECTION OF INFORMATION,

5-11
Return envelope and label,

5
Methods of collecting information,

6
Well-informed parties,

6
Special agents,

6
Census enumerators,

6
Printed reports,

6
Manuscript records, .

6
Sources of statistical information used in Massachusetts Labor Re-
ports, 1873–1887,

7-10
Schedules sent by mail,

7
Agents,

8
Massachusetts State Census of 1875,

9
United States Census of 1880,

9
Massachusetts State Census of 1885,

9
Printed material, manuscript, and correspondence,

9
Material supplied,
Information gathered must be exhaustive,

IO
Information gathered must be honest,
INSTRUCTIONS TO ENUMERATORS AND AGENTS,

12-27
Instructions for mail blanks,

I2
Special instructions for agents and enumerators,
General instructions,

13
Instruction to census enumerators,

13-25
Dealings with the census office,

13, 14
Correspondence,

13
Packages by express,

14
Outfit,

14
Schedules, forms, etc., sent,

14

14

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Inventory,

Page
· 14-17
14, 15

15
15
15
15
15
16
16

16, 17

17
17

17
17-19

17
18
18

18, 19

19, 20

INSTRUCTIONS TO ENUMERATORS AND AGENTS-Continued.

General instructions,

Correspondence,
Postal card receipt for outfit,
Enumerator's book,
Schedules,
Pencils and rubber,
The schedule case,
The work,
Personal service,
A day's work, :
Distinguishing boundaries,
Examining and correcting returns,

Materials not used,
Dealings with the people,

Courtesy,
False statements,
Refusal to answer,

Confidential nature of returns,
Special instructions,

Prisoners and convicts,
Homeless children and paupers,
Acute and chronic diseases,
Blind, deaf, dumb, and deaf and dumb,
Insane and idiotic,
Maimed and lame,

Bedridden, paralytic, etc.,
Domestic manufactures,
Agricultural products and property,
Records and accounts,

General instructions,
Separation cards,
Daily work report cards,
Consolidated daily work report,
Enumerator's expense statement,
Time account and bill form,
Gummed labels for express packages,
Receipt form for express companies,

Accounts by mail,
Name and address lists,
Manufacturers,

19
19
19
19
19
19
19

: 19, 20

19, 20
20-22

20

20

20, 21

21

.

21

21, 22

22

22

22

Definition of “manufacturers,”
Manufacturers and dealers,
Location of mills, factories, etc.,
Definition of "manufactures,”

Cards, price lists, etc.,
Enumerator's lists,

22, 23
23, 24

23
23, 24

24
24

24
24, 25
45, 46
45. 46

INSTRUCTIONS TO ENUMERATORS AND AGENTS—Continued.

Quarries, mines, etc.,
Agriculture,
The fisheries,
Commerce,
Libraries and reading rooms,
Colleges and academies,

Private schools,
“Practical" civil service examination for enumerators,
Error and omissions in statistical enumeration,
Characteristics of a good enumerator or agent,
The advantages of small or medium sized schedules,

Page

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

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25, 26

26

. 26, 27

THE EXAMINATION OF RETURNS,

Imperfect inquiries,
Wrong interpretations of inquiries,
Inapplicable inquiries,
Incomplete or erroneous returns,
Incompatible answers,
Examination and arrangement,
Necessity of examination,
Value of competent examination,
Trained examiners needed in all statistical work,
Original, special, and supplemental instructions,
Illustrations of errors and omissions,
The schedules of the Massachusetts State Census of 1885,

28–146

28
28
28
28
28
28
29
29
29
29

29
29, 30

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Population and social statistics,

30-61
Description of the population and social statistics schedule, 30, 31
Symbols,

31
House number,

32, 33
Family number,

33, 34
Number in each family,

34, 35
Population number,

35-37
Surname, and Christian name and initial,

37, 38
Residence; street, etc., town or city, ward, precinct, and county, 38, 39
Relation to head of family,

39-41
Color and race,
Age,

41, 42
Conjugal condition,

42
Place of birth,

42-45
Parent nativity (place of birth of father and mother),

42-45
Occupations,

45-53
At home,
At school,
Employed in some gainful occupation,
Not given,

41

.

45, 46
• 45, 46

Page

45, 46
45, 46

46, 47

47-53

53
53-55

55, 56
55, 56
57, 58

THE EXAMINATION OF RETURNS—Continued.

Retired,
Dependent,
General instructions,
Special instructions,

Errors, omissions, and suggestions, .
The unemployed, .
Illiteracy,
Language spoken,
School attendance,
Physical condition,
Political condition,

Ratable polls,
Legal voters,
Naturalized voters,

Aliens,
Mother of how many children,

Number of these children now living,
Description of the “special” population schedule,

Prisoners and convicts,
Homeless children,
Paupers,
Physical condition,
Acute and chronic diseases,

Residence,

Physicians,
Maimed and lame,
Bedridden, paralytic, or other defective physical condi-

tions,
Blind,
Insane,
Deaf, dumb,-deaf and dumb, .
Idiotic,

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Manufactures,
Letter of instructions to manufacturers,

Extracts from the census law,
Date of establishment,
Partners,
Stockholders, etc.,
Capital invested,
Markets, transportation, etc.,
Stock or materials used, .
Goods manufactured or work done,
Persons employed,
Working time,
Salaries,

70-102
70-72
71, 72
72, 73

73

73
74, 75

75
75-77
77-79
80, 81
81-83

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83, 84

84

85-87

87,88

88, 89

89, 90

THE EXAMINATION OF RETURNS—Continued.

Wages paid: in general,
Relation of wages to cost of production,
Wages paid : in detail,
Motive power,
Machinery, tools, and implements,
Size and value of establishments,

Manufactures “plant,”
Losses by fire,
Accidents,
Work furnished women at their homes, .
Condition of the employés of each establishment,
General instructions,

Census day, and year,
Money values,
Mercantile values,
Book values,
Combustible values,
Symbols,
Number of inquiries,

Instructions by mail,
The classification of manufacturing industries,

Industries,
Manufactures : special schedules,
Gas companies,

Prices; transportation, etc.,
Printing and publishing,

Kind of work done, etc.,
Newspapers, and other periodicals, .
Books, pamphlets, engravings, sheet music, etc.,

Expenses for preparation,
Print works, dye works, and bleacheries,

Processes, etc.,
Stock or materials used,

Products,
Shipbuilding,

Vessels built, etc.,
Vessels built and repaired,

90
90

91
91, 92
92, 93
93-95

94
94
94
94

94
94, 95

95

95
95-97
96, 97
97-102

97

97
97-99

98

98, 99

99

99
99-101

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Mines, quarries, pits, etc.,

Productive property: by name,

102-104

103

Domestic manufactures; agricultural products and property, 104-127
Domestic manufactures,

104-106
Names of articles,

· 104-106
Classified arrangement of articles of domestic manufacture,
and agricultural products and property,

. 106-110
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