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Bourbon, Charles, Constable of, cxxx. | ing, 533 ; hypothesis of successive

358; Charles, Duke of Vendôme, 1. layers of ideas in, 534; its power
359; relations with the Hugue of resistance, ib.; large proportion
nots, 362

of phosphorus in, 536; phenomena
- (Duke de), Regent to of, during sleep, 540; the state of
Louis XV., cxxv. 474; his profli reverie, 541; the faculty of won-
gacy, 475

der absent in dreams, ib.; theory
Boutakor (Admiral), his view of of unconscious cerebration, 542;
naval evolutions, cxl. 7

its power of nervous attention,
Boutell (Rev. C.), his “Heraldry, 543; self-analysing powers of,

historical and popular,' cxxi. 336 544
Bownde (Dr. Nicholas), his work on Brancaleone (Roman senator), bis

the observance of Sunday, cxiv. demolition of the towers of the
539

nobles at Rome, cxviii. 373
Bowring (Dr.), his editorship of the Brandenburg, House of, hostility of,

• Westminster Review,' cxxxix. to the German Empire, cxxxiii.
110

467
• Bow-wow' theory of language, Brandon, Charles. See Suffolk, Duke

Max Muller's, supported by Mr.
Wedgwood, cxxviii. 55

Brandt (Heinrich von, General),
Boyle (Michael, Archbishop of Ar autobiography of, cxxxi. 65; stu-

magh), his conduct as Irish Chan dent-days at Königsberg, 66; joins
cellor, cxxxiv. 50, 57

the Prussian service, 69; made a
Boyne, the, battle of (1690), M. de French subject after Friedland,

Bostaquet's account of, cxxi. 515 70; interview with Davoust, ib.;
Bradley (James, d. 1762), his ser applies to Blücher for fresh ser-
vices as astronomer royal, cxl. 95

vice, 71; made sub-lieutenant by
Brady (Dr. Maziere), his remarks on Davoust, 72; with the French in

Irish Church Temporalities, cxxiii. Spain, 73; sickness at Saragossa,
454; his enlightened views on en 77; description of the siege, ib.;
dowment, 482

anecdotes, 79; campaign in Arra-
- his edition of State papers gon, 80; relations with Suchet,
concerning the Irish Church in 82 ; love-passage with Inez, 85;

the reign of Elizabeth, cxxix. 419 return to France, ib.; the Polish
Bragg (Confederate general), his Legion at Paris, 86; dinner with

defeats at Chattanooga and the Buonaparte, 88; promotion, 90;
Clouds,' cxxi. 256, 257; super at Borodino, 91; sketches in Po-
seded by Johnston, 260

land, 92; training of Polish re-
Brahminism, assailed by Buddha, cruits, 93; brilliant account of the

cxv. 399; political ascendancy of, invasion of Russia, 95; taken pri-
402; absence of any system of soner at Leipsic, 96; his memoirs
philosophy, 405

incomplete, ib. ; received into the
Brain, the, recent increase in disor Prussian service, ib.; military com-

ders of, cxii. 526; curability of missioner of Prussia at Paris, 97;
incipient insanity, 627; control- value of his memoirs, ib.
ling power of, over memory, 529; Brandy, duty on, in Russia, cxii.
effects of the circulation of the 191 ; drunkenness promoted there-
blood upon, 531; suspended exer by, 192
cise of, ib.; operation of trephin- | Brassey (Thomas) his Work and

: Wages,' cxxxviii. 334; scientific Bridges, employment of cast iron in,

value of his book, ib.; his railway cxvi. 207 ; the Menai bridge, 209;
enterprise, 339; his father's expe the tubular bridge, 210; adapta-
rience as contractor, 340; employ tion of, to railways, 211
ment of piece-work, 356; on co-

engineering triumphs in, cxx.
· operation in labour, 357

486, 487
Brat, original use of the word, Brigandage, influence of, in southern
cxxviii. 68

countries, cxxxii. 298
Brayley (Professor) on solar spots Bright (Right Hon. John, b. 1811),
and meteorites, cxxv. 266

his speech at Liverpool in 1859 on
Brazil, dispute of England with, taxation, cxi. 268; his scheme of

submitted to arbitration, cxx, 574 financial reform, ib.; his proposed
Bread, religious respect for, cxxiv. tax on property, 269; his inaccu-
359

rate estimates, 270
phenomenon of bleeding - his advocacy of the North in
bread,' cxxv. 407

the American War of Secession,
- the panis ostrearius of Pliny, cxiv. 579
. cxxvii. 51

- his extravagant language on
Breadalbane (Lord, d. 1750), sketches | Reform, cxxii. 291
i of his character, cxii. 352

- his lukewarm support of
Brechin, cathedral church of, cxx. | Earl Russell's Borough Franchise

318; surrender of Balliol at, 322; Bill, cxxiii. 278; his moderate
lay abbots of, 326; octroi granted speech at Rochdale in 1865, 295
to by James III. 327

- his scheme of a peasant pro-
Breech-loading (see Armstrong, Sir prietary class in Ireland, cxxv.

William), the system too compli 210; fallacy of his proposal, ib.;
cated for field-guns in warfare, his hasty and irritating speech,
cxix. 495; rejected as such by the 211; his conduct in and out of
French, 526

Parliament compared, 279; on the
Breen (Henry H.), on Modern Tory Government of 1866, 285;

English literature ; its Blemishes his idea of national representation,
and Defects,' cxx. 39; on the 293
Tally-ho or Nimrodian style of

his scheme of peasant pro-
composition, 48

prietorship in Ireland criticised,
Brehon Laws, the, cxix. 269; cxxix. cxxvi. 70
423

- his speeches, edited by Mr.
Bremontier (M.), his reclamations Thorold Rogers, cxxix. 269; his

of land in France by means of the repudiation of statesmanship, 271;
pinaster, cxx. 349

his accession to the Cabinet, 272;
Brest, intended English descent on, bis rare oratory, ib. ; his cultivated
betrayed, cxiv. 289, 296

taste, 273; his command of pathos,
Brewer (Mr.), calendar of State ib.; undeveloped resources of his

papers edited by, cxxiii. 248; his • intellect, 274; his combative style,
masterly picture of Henry VIII., ib.; effect of experience on his

ib.; his illustrative documents, theoretical views, 275; his ardent
· 249; correspondence of Wingfield love of liberty, 276; viewed as a
and Pace, 251

leader of the Manchester school,
Brian Boroimhe, his services to Ire ib. ; his speeches on Russian policy,
: land, cxiv. 373

278; stamp of Quakerism on his

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character, 280; his hostility to the graceful state of collections, ib. ;
Crimean War, ib. 282; personal evils of public trustees, 70 ; recent
antagonism to Lord Palmerston, purchases, ib.; want of taste in
283; his American sympathies, arrangement, 71; report of com-
284; sides with the North in the mission of 1859, ib.; impossibility
Civil War, 285; his views on the of an executive council, 72 ; re-
Trent affair criticised, 286 ; his sponsible director proposed, 73
Reform crusade in 1858, 287; his British Museum, collections of gems
moderate language thereon in at, cxxiv. 521 ; cylindrical signets
1867, 288 ; his views on the Irish
Church, 292

---- the library of, cxxxix. 37 ;
Bright (Right Hon. John), bis coun foreign book collections in, 40; its

sel of legislative inaction in edu unrivalled catalogue, 41 ; freedom
cation, cxxxix. 215 ; his hostility of access to, 43
to the Act of 1870, 218, 220; bis - statues in, symmetrically
notions of free land, 282; in examined, cxl. 194; photographs
fluence of his opinions on Mr. of the collection, 197 ; antique
Gladstone, 501

marble relievi, ib.
Brindley (James, 1716-1773), his Britons, their employment of horses

Grand Trunk Canal, cxxvi. 219 1 in war, cxx. 134
Brisbane, capital of Queensland, its Britten (Mr. Bashley), on rifling

beautiful situation, cxviii. 316 applied to cast-iron guns, cxix.
Bristol riots (1831), cxxv. 535

525 note
Britain (ancient), state of, in the Brixham (Devonshire), cave de-
Augustan era, cxi. 361

posits and relics found at, cxviii.
- meagre account of, by Cæsar,

277
cxxiv. 42. See Cæsar, Julius Broad Church party, their compre-
- megalithic remains in, hensive spirit of reform, cxxxiii.
cxxxviii. 188; theories of Mr. 417
Fergusson thereon, ib.

Brodie (Sir Benjamin Collins, 1783–
Britain, Great. See Great Britain 1862), on the proportion of phos-
British and Foreign Review, the, phorus in the brain, cxii. 536

article of, on the native princes Brodie (M. G.), his intimacy with
and the East India Company, re Sir W. Hamilton, cxxxi. 202;
ferred to, cxxxvii. 234

merits of his English history, ib.
British Museum, started by public Broglie (Albert, Prince de, b. 1821),
lottery, cxxiii. 60; purchase of Sir • L'Eglise et l'Empire Romain au
Hans Sloane's collection, 61 ; and IVme. Siècle,' cxi. 422; his candid
of the Cotton and Harleian MSS., Romanism, ib.; his moderate tone,
62; misconduct of the Sloane 424; indications of historical
trustees, 63; purchase of the weakness, ib. ; indiscriminate re-
Towneley marbles, ib. ; the Elgin liance on authorities, 425; rheto-
marbles, 64; select committees of rical division of his subject, 428;
1847 and 1859, ib. 65; continued his parallel of Church and State
mismanagement, ib.; returns of in France, ib. 431
expenditure, ib. ; wrong ideas of - his opinions of Papal Govern-
centralisation, 67; proposed divi ment, cxvi. 283; on the spread of
sion of collections, 68; claims of bureaucracy in Europe, 286
public convenience, ib. 69; dis ---- his Roman Church and Ex-

pire in the Fourth Century, cxxvi. |
95; his personal history, ib. 96;
epochs of his work, 97; his im- |
partiality, ib.; his account of the
first council of Constantinople, ib.;
on the additions to the Niceno
creed, 116; denounces the futility

of the council, 120
Broglie (Victoria, Duke de, 1785–

1870), life of, by M. Guizot,
cxxxv. 347; his memoranda, ib.;
his family and early life, 348; his
views of the 18th Brumaire, 349;
his missions under the Conseil
d'État, 351; sketches of Bona-
parte, ib.; at Warsaw, 353; in
the Chamber of Peers, 353; his
marriage, 357; heroic conduct at
Ney's trial, ib.; patriotic politics
under the Restoration, 358; the
Martignac Cabinet, 359; the
Revolution, 360; foreign minister
under Louis Philippe, 361; re-
signs, 363 ; brought back as head
of the Cabinet, ib. ; defeat and re-
signation, 364; mission to Eng-
land on the slave trade, ib.; shock
of the cmp d'état of 1851, 365:
his domestic and intellectual life,

ib.
Brome (Rev. James), his travels in

England in the last century,

cxxxviii. 490
Bronze, prehistoric Swiss workers in,

cxxxii. 467; origin of, 470; as-
cribed to the Phænicians, 472;
among the Etruscans, 475; in
Scandinavia, 476; derivation of

the word, ib.
Bronze-age, the, cxvi. 155 ; in

Switzerland, 163
Brooke (Sir James, 1803-1868),civil-

ising object of his visit to Borneo,
cxvi. 401 ; his personal intercourse
with the natives, ib.; his own
explanation of his enterprise, 402;
discouraged by the British Govern-
ment, 405; his objects discredited,
ib.; his narrow escape from

Chinese assassins, 407; devotion

of the natives to him, 410
Brougham and Vaux (Henry, Lord,

1788–1869), banquet to, at Edin-
burgh in 1859, cxi. 189; his ser-
vices to the Edinburgh Review, ib.;
his reputation as a legal reformer,
190; his Acts and Bills from 1811,
collected by Sir John Eardley-
Wilmot, ib.; his great speech in
1828 on Law Reform, 192; his
prophetic prescience of abuses, ib.;
his own summary of his achieve.
ments, 193; further reforms due
to him since 1848, 194; his vindi-
cation of the bar, 195; his pro-
posed changes in the law of evi-
dence, 199; supports unanimity in
trial by jury, 200; his rules for
framing statutes, 201 ; on the sim-

plification of law, 203
Brougham and Vaux (Henry, Lord),

his committee of 1818 on the edu-
cation of the lower classes, cxiii.

392
- his materials for the notices

of Voltaire and Rousseau, cxxiv.
345

his proposals of household-
suffrage in 1829, cxxv. 524, 525;
views on the ten-pound franchise,
526 ; his popularity with the king,
ib. 527

- his inattention to an appeal
in the House of Lords, cxxix. 52;
his judicial reforms in the Privy
Council, 64; Life of, by Lord
Campbell, 572 ; compared with
Lyndhurst, ib. ; defective in wit,
ib.; his ancestral vanity, 573;
proud of his Scotch descent, 574 ;
anecdote of his grandfather, ib.;
longevity in his family, ib.; his
classical translations, 575; anec-
dote of his college-days at Edin-
burgh, 676 ; his strong family
attachments, 577; death of his
brother Peter, ib.; his first contri-
butions to the Edinburgh Reriew,
578; disgust for the bar, 579 ; conduct in society, 580; mission to Portugal, ib.; services to the Whigs, 581; early proofs of greatness, ib.; defeat at the Liverpool election, ib.; despondence under failure, ib. 582; relations with the Princess of Wales, ib.; his wrongful withholding of the letter of pacification, 584; his popularity after the Queen's trial, ib.; appointment as Chancellor, 585 ; scene at the coronation of William IV., 587 ; inventor of the

Brougham,' 589 ; anecdote of, with the Duke of Wellington, ib.; his awe of the duke, ib.; petulant conduct as Chancellor, 590 ; quarrels with Sugden, ib.; reconciliation, 591; his qualities admired by Lord St. Leonards, 502; his self-laudation, 593; his judicial achievements, ib.; legislative services, 594; mental derangement after 1834, 695; rupture with his allies in Lord Grey's Ministry, ib.; his conduct on the Irish Coercion Bill, 596; his intolerance of official control, ib. ; asks Peel for the office of Chief Baron, 597; refused the Chancellorship by Lord Melbourne, ib.; his coarse acrimony in the House of Lords, ib.; disgust at Lord Cottenham's appointment to the Seals, 508; joins the Opposition against Lord Melbourne, ib.; his vain efforts at popularity, 599 ; alliance with Lyndhurst, 600; unseemly conduct as law lord, 601; his declining years, 604; Miss Martineau's anecdote of, at Cannes, 605 Brougham and Vaux (Lord), his wrong conception of the duties of barristers to their clients, cxxxiv. 605, 506

- autobiography of, cxxxv. 502; his instructions for literal publication of his MSS. ib.; parent

age, ib.; education at Edinburgh, 503; early literary societies, 504; reluctant entry into the bar, ib.; his part in forming the Edinburgh Review, ib.; secretary to the Lisbon mission, 506; first efforts in politics, ib. ; his call to the English bar opposed by the Tories, 507; enters Parliament for Camelford, 508; his first speech, ib.; advocacy of popular questions, 509; accepts office under Lord Grey, 610; the Berlin decree and orders in council, ib. 511; his defeat at Liverpool, 513; counsel for the 'Examiner,' 513; returned for Winchelsea, 517; his talking-out tactics against the income-tax, ib.; relations with the Opposition, 518; his interview with Queen Caroline on her return, 519; his speech for the Queen on her trial, 521; his mischievous idea of advocacy, ib., 522; petty jealousy of Canning's Ministry, 527 ; declines their grudging offer of the silk, 628; proposes a coalition ministry, ib.; on good terms with Canning, ib. ; returned for Yorkshire, 529; his plan of reform, 530; his motion thereon, ib.; refused the Mastership of the Rolls, 531; Lord Chancellor under Lord Grey, ib.; his reluctance to accept the post, ib., 532; on the dissolution after the first Reform Bill, 535; advocates creation of new peers, 536; interview with the king, 537; obtains the king's consent in writing, 538; his conduct self-examined, 539; his support of Lord Grey, 540; his misstatements respecting the Coercion Act, 541 ; his variety of talent, ib.; practical services in legislation, 542 ; his distinctions, ib.; his skilful 'portraits of contemporaries,' 543 ; defects of eloquence, ib.; Sir S. Romilly's estimate of him, ib.;

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