Gambar halaman

at Warsaw, 432; formal retreat | Bismarck (Prince Otto von), his ap-
therefrom, 433; subsequent re pearance described by Samarow,
serve on Polish affairs, ib.; debates cxxxvii. 425
on the Polish Convention, 434; - his friendly relations with
meeting at Gastein, 436: dissolves Rome before Sedan, cxxxix. 368;
the Prussian Diet, 437 ; his share his complaint against the French
in the Danish War, ib.; visit to bishops during the war, 369; his
Biarritz, 441; interview with M. letter to Count Frankenburg, ib.;
Rouher at Carlsbad, rib.; meracing origin of his campaign against the
language to Austria, 443; his Church of Rome, 370; his impru-
policy superseded by the Conven dent policy as represented by the
tion of Gastein, 444; overtures to Falk laws, 372; case of Dr. Woll-
Napoleon, 445; peremptory dis mann, ib.; his Bill against the
patch to Baron Werther in 1866, abuse of the pulpit, 373; inspec-
446; the Prussian Chambers tion of public schools, 374; his
closed, 447; his efforts to alienate expulsion of the Jesuits, ib.; his
the King from Austria, 448; secret system of State persecution, 381 ;
treaty with Italy, 449, 450; his his arrogant and dictatorial lan-
pretexts for the war with Austria, guage, 382
ib. -452 ; success of his stake, ib.; | Bison, the Bison urus, cxi. 180; ac-
his conduct in the Luxembourg 1 climatisation of, in England, ib.
question, 453; negotiations in Bissel, battle of (1815), defeat of
1866 with Benedetti, ib.; his the Wahabees at, cxxii. 510
foreign and internal policy con Black (Dr. Joseph, 1728-1799), bis
trasted, 456 ; hatred of real liberty, I daughter married to Adam Fergu-
ib. ; administrative incapacity, ib.; son, cxxv. 70; his successful treat-
his introduction of universal suf ment of Ferguson's paralysis, 76;
frage, ib.; compared with Napoleon, his life by Ferguson, 84; his dis-
ib.; his Socialist tendencies, 457; coveries of carbonic acid and latent
his obsolete system of statesman heat, ib.
ship, ib.; a first-rate diplomatist, Black Country, the, cxvii. 406; gen-
ib.; his personal qualities, ib., eral aspect of, 408; clanship among

mining families, 429; habits of the
Bismarck (Prince Otto von), his in miners, 432; their intemperance,

terview in 1870 with Jules Favre, 433; the pitgirls, 435; spiritual
cxxxii. 583

condition of the people, 439. See
---- his long-cherished policy of Coalmines, English

Prussian supremacy, cxxxiii. 8; Black Death, the (1348), cxxvi. 46,
his political foresight in 1866, 9; views of Messrs. Rogers and See-
question of his similar knowledge bohm on the mortality, 50; its en-
of France in 1870, ib.; his repudia demic character, 60; traditions in
tion of the Luxembourg treaty, Norway and Sweden respecting, 61
278; his effrontery and bad faith, note ; its effect on wages and prices,
ib. 281

ib. 62; on the tenancy of land, 63
- his evasive conduct to Den Blackfriars (London), early history
mark respecting the Treaty of of, cxxxi. 166
Prague, cxxxiv. 239-243; his re Black Sea, neutralisation of, by the
mark on Paris during the siege, Treaty of Paris, cxxxiii. 275, 276.

See Russian War

Black Sea, problem of the escape of | Blomfield (Bishop), bis Bill for

under-currents from, cxxxix. 465 submitting doctrinal questions to a
Blackstone (Sir William, 1723-1780), Clerical Court, cxxi. 158 note

his Oxford lectures on law, cxxxiv. Blondus (Flavius, d. 1463), his lite-

rary works, cxxxvi. 137
Blaeu (John), his map of Scotland Blood, the, recent researches on its
in 1755, cxii. 492

composition, cxxxvi. 216; its vital
Blair (Dr. IIugh, 1718-1800), Dr. properties, ib. 217; the serous
Carlyle's sketch of, cxiï. 172

liquid, ib. ; admixture of albumen,
Blakely (Captain), his evidence 218; the fibrinous principle, ib.;

against English naval ordnance, microscopic inspection of, 219;
cxix. 517

blood-corpuscles, ib.; stamp-marks
Blanc (Louis, b. 1813), his 'Ilistory of vital condition, 221 ; retardation

of the French Revolution,' cxviii. of its movement, 225; colourless
101 ; vicissitudes of his authorship, and coloured corpuscles, ib.;
102 ; his patient conduct in exile, enormous number of the latter,
ib.; his researches at the British 227; mixture of gas, ib.; and oil,
Museum, 103; unity of purpose in 228; its connexion with disease,
his work, 104; his spirit of ad ib. ; stagnation and derangement
vocacy, 106 ; horesty of his par of, 230; pus-corpuscles, 232;
tisanship, 109; instances of his symptoms of depraved condition,
credulity, ib.; his prejudices 231; vitality of disease-germs,
against Pitt, 110: on the Septem 235; consumption due to degrada-
ber Massacres, 112 ; mitigates their tion of the blood, 238. See Disease
atrocity, 117; discredits the mur Blood-stains on food, cxxv. 407
der of Marie Gredeler, 119; bis Bloomsbury (London), origin and
account of Louis XVI. on the early history of, cxxxi. 182 .
scaffold, 121; affirms the murder Blount (Charles), suppressed pam-
of Robespierre, 124; his theory of phlets of, cxxxiv. 188, 189
the Dauphin's escape, 129; as Blücher (Field Marshal, 1742-1819),
cribes the increased value of as dismissed by Frederick the Great,
signats to the Maximum, 133; cxxiv. 563; restored by his nephew,

his opinion of the Revolution, 135 ib.; his activity on detached ser-
Blant (M. Edmond le), his • Chris vice, 566

tian Inscriptions of Gaul,' cxx. Blundeville, the first systematic
225; his geographical method of English writer on horsemanship,
arrangement, 230, 231 ; rare e of cxx. 134; his account of the light
Greek in Gaulish epitaphs, 232; Irish horse, 135
his translation of the Greek epi Bluntschli (Jean Gaspard, b. 1808),
taph found at Autun, 238, 239; on on the trade of neutrals in
the proportion of Christian soldiers contraband, cxxxv. 562_574
at Rome, 239; on Runic epitaphs, Boccaccio (Giovanni, 1313-1375),

his praise of the sculptor Giotti,
Blenheim, battle of (1704), Swedish cxxii. 87, 88

criticism on, cxxxii. 523 note Bodmer (Jean Jacques, 1698-1783),
Blomfield (Charles James, Bishop of his classical studies, cxxv. 225;

London, 1786-1857), his letter to his 'Bremische Beiträge,' 226;
Archbishop Howley on Colonial editorship of early German works,
Bishoprics, cxviii, 555, 556


Bohemia, failure of Frederick the

Great's first invasion of, cxxiv.
557; invasions of 1778 and 1866

compared, 559
Böhme (Jacob), his theory of pa-

rental influence on children's cha-

racter, cxxxii. 120
Boiardo (Mathieu Marie,Count about

1434-1494), his Orlando Inna-
morato,' cxl. 359; English imi-

tations of his style, 360
Boigne (Benoit de, 1750–1830), his

military services to the Mahrattas,
cxxxiv. 361-365; his closing

years in France, ib. 366
Bokhara, the King excommunicates

Shere Ali, cxxv. 22 ; his claims to
sovereignty over Kokand, 36; his
defiant conduct to Russia, 37; im-
prisons the Russian ambassadors,
38; Russian campaign of 1866, ib.
40; defeated by General Roman-

ovski, ib.
---- disputes with Affghanistan

in 1869, cxxxviii. 280
Boldetti (Marc Antoine, 1663–1749),
• his volume on Christian inscrip-

tions, cxx. 222; his MS. des-

troyed, ib.
Boleyn (Anne, 1507–1536), Hallam's

vindication of, cxix. 277, and note
- mischiefs of precontracts il-
lustrated by her marriage, cxxx.

Bolingbroke (Henry St. John,

Viscount, 1672–1751), his genius
compared with that of Macaulay,
cxiv. 280 ; defends the Partition

Treaty, 312
Bolingbroke (Lord), Life of, by

Macknight, cxviii. 404; his me-
teor-like career, ib.; his noble de-
scent, 405 ; date of his birth un-
certain, ib.; his early education,
406; the rival of Walpole at Eton,
ib. ; life at Oxford, 407 ; intimacy
with Dryden, ib.; his feeble at-
tempts at verse, ib.; visits the
Continent, 408 ; his marriage not |

bappy, ib.; his love of drink, ib.;
enters the House of Commons, ib.;
joins the Tory majority in their
measures against the Whigs, 409;
his supremacy in debate, ib. ; rich-
ness of his writings, 410; his pre-
cocious rise in Parliament, ib.; his

Spirit of Patriotism,' 411; made
Secretary of War, 412; relations
with Marlborough, ib. 413; retires
to Bucklesbury, 414; Secretary of
State, 415; Mrs. Delany's sketch
of, 416; Swift's high estimate of,
417; his letter to the Examiner,'
418; becomes leader in the Com-
mons after Harley's promotion,
419; originates his club, ib.;
glimpses of his domestic life in the

Journal to Stella,' ib.; his over-
bearing conduct to the Whigs,
421; persecutes the press, ib.;
anecdote at the representation of
Addison's Cato,' 422; created
Viscount, ib.; his jealousy of
Oxford, ib. ; his mission to Paris,
423; alleged liaison with Madame
de Tencin, ib.; supposed inter-
view with the Pretender, ib.; his
conduct after the Treaty of
Utrecht, 424; his complicity in the
plot to restore the Pretender ex-
amined by M. Grimblot, 427 (see
vol. lxii. 1); his prospect of the
premiership destroyed by the
death of Anne, ib. ; his conduct at
the coronation of George I., 428,
and note; dismissed from office,
ib.; his defiant attitude, 429; his
attainder, 430; reduced tɔ degra-
dation, 431; his Reflexions on
Exile,' ib.; his letter to Windham
in 1717, ib.; his second marriage,
432; anecdote of his jealousy, ib.;
pardoned by George I., ib. ; his re-
sidence at La Source, 433; Vol-
taire's admiration of him, ib. ;
mode of life at Dawley, ib.; nis
hatred of Walpole, ib.; Walpole's
fancy picture of him in the IIouse

of Commons, 434; his political
writings, 435; his "Idea of a
Patriot King,'ib.; Dr. Johnson's
stricture on his philosophical spec-
ulations, 436; his death, ib. ; his
claim to greatness examined, 437;
his reputation in debate, ib. ; his
mastery of rhetoric shown in his
writings, ib.; his rich and varied
imagery, ib.; moral of his career,
Bolingbroke (Lord), his sceptical

works published posthumously,
cxxxix. 95; Johnson's denuncia-

tion thereof, ib.
Bologna, its importance in the

Middle Ages, cxii. 114
Bologna (John of, Tuscan sculptor,

1521-1608), his statues and bas-

reliefs, cxxi. 552
Bolsena, the miracle of, cxxxvi. 279
Bonald (Louis Gabriel Ambroise,

Vicomte de, 1754-1840), his re-
mark on sacrilege, cxxiv. 344
Bonaparte. See Buonaparte
Boner (Charles), his . Transylvania,'

cxxiii.130; merits of his work, 131;
his reception by the peasantry,136;
fondness for the Saxons, ib. ; his
love of sport, 142; recommends

Transylvanian wine, 143
Bonstetten (Charles Victor de, 1746–

1832), Memoirs of, cxix. 413;
his contemporaries, 414; his pa-
trician descent, 415; his early
education, 416; his restless and
independent temper, ib. ; attempts
suicide, 417 ; his visit to England,
418; Gray's affection for him, ib.;
introduced to literary salons at
Paris, 420; his contrast of social
life in England and France, ib.;
his father's death, 421; appointed
Member of the Council at Berne,
423 ; his republican sympathies,
ib.; his reception by the Avoyer,
424 ; his life as bailli at Gessenay,
ib.; his · Letters from the Herd-
lands of Switzerland,' 425; re-

moved to Nyon, ib.; is the 'Aga-
thon' of the poet Matthison, 426 ;
his opinion of the French Revolu-
tion, ib.; transferred to the Italian
bailliages of the Ticino, 427; his
letters from Lugano, 428 ; aversion
to priestcraft, 429; visits Copen-
hagen, ib. ; determines to settle at
Geneva, 430; his friendship with
Madame de Staël, 431 ; his esti-
mate of her character, 433; his
description of Byron, 434; his
character compared with that of
Sismondi, 435; Sismondi's sketch
of him, 436; offers marriage to
Sismondi's mother, 437; progres-
siveness of his education, 438; his
numerous correspondents, 439; his
attachment to the Countess of
Albany, ib. ; his ‘Recollections'
written late in life, 4-10; his death,

Bontemps (M.), on the secret of an-

cient glass-painting, cxxv. 163;
his impartial estimate of Munich
artists, 169; revives the art of
making ruby, 175
Book-clubs, literary, in Great Britain,

cxxv. 232
Books, trade in, at Ancient Rome,

cxxiv. 355
- study of, by great scholars,
misunderstood, cxxxi. 197

- suppressed and censured,
cxxxiv. 161; fate of Protagoras'
writings, 162; heathen destruction
of Christian books, ib.; English
devices for suppression of heresy,
ib.; State interference with W'y-
clif, ib.; English translations of the
Bible, 163, 167; Proclamation of
1530, 168; authors denounced in
1546, 169 ; Act of Edward VI., ib.;
proclamations of Queen Mary,
170; reign of Elizabeth, 171;
Martin Marprelate tracts, 176;
James I., 178; anti-prelacy pam-
phlets under Charles I., 181; the
Puritans, 186; the · Book of

Sports,' ib.; book-burning i after
the Restoration, 187; anonymous
pamphlet, the Memorial of the
Church of England, 189; other
writings under Anne, ib. 191 ; the
• North Briton,' 192; books burnt
by the Universities, 193; M.
Peignot's valuable history of, in
France, 194; want of a similar

work in England, ib.
Books, accessibility of, in modern

times, cxxxix. 1; ancient form of,
5; circulation of, before printing,
6; prices of, in ancient Rome, 7;
early éditions de luxe, 11 ; cost of,
in mediaval England, 12. See

Boos (Martin), his career and re-

ligious doctrines, cxxxvii. 561, 563
Booth (Enoch), his improvements in

pottery-work, cxxvi. 213
Bopp (Franz, 1791-1867), on the di-

vision of root-formations, cxv. 89
Borbstaedt (Colonel), his excellent

History of the Franco-German

War, cxxxii. 581
Borck (M. de, 1650-1747), Prussian
ambassador at St. James, cxvi.

183; his recall demanded, ib.
Borneo, object of Brooke's visit to,

cxvi. 401 ; immigration of Chinese,
406 ; their insurrection, 407 ; poli-
tical importance of, 411; its natu-
ral resources, 413; its liability to

pirates, 414
Boromeo (M.), Italian physician,

his experiments on skin-grafting,

cxxxvi. 499
Bosc (M.), his edition of Madame

Roland's 'Appeal,' cxxi. 386
Bosio (Antonio, d. 1629), his explo-

rations of the Roman catacombs,
cxx. 218; his labours in decipher-
ing Christian inscriptions, 222;
on the Jewish catacomb at Rome,

Bosk, boskage, the terms explained,

cxxviii. 77
Bostaquet (Isaac Dumont de, 1632-1

1709), his Autobiography, cxxi.
493 ; his Huguenot ancestors, 495;
early education, ib. ; first campaign
in France, 496; his family life in
Normandy, 498; persecutions at
home, 505; submits to recanta-
tion, 506 ; his flight io the Hague,
508; he abjures Catholicism,
509; serves under William of
Orange, 511 ; his narrative of the
English expedition, ib.; resides at
Greenwich, 513; serves under
Schomberg in Ireland, 514; on
the victory of the Boyne, 515;
his sketches of Ireland, 516; on
the siege of Limerick, 517; retires
to Portarlington, 518; career of

his sons, 519
Boswell (James, 1740-1795), on

Mrs. Thrale's quarrel with Dr.
*Johnson, cxiii. 510
- - his remark on family histo-

ries, cxxxviii. 1
Bosworth-field, battle of (1485), plan

of, cxv. 316; Shakspeare's ac-

count of, 317
Botany, the science compared with

that of language, cxv. 74
Botfield (Beriah), his 'Prefaces to

the first editions of the Classics,
cxxxvii. 57 ; misquotation in his
introduction, 93; mistakes the

value of 'first editions,' ib.
Bothwell (Earl of), his character

by Mr. Burton, cxxvi. 261; por-
trait from his mummy, ib. note;

his fidelity to the Queen, 262
Botticelli (Sandro, 1437–1515), his

• Madonnas,' cxxii. 100
Bottle, the word in Shakspeare,

cxxviii. 65
Bouflers (Louis Francis de, Marshal

of France, 1644–1711), his gallant
defence of Lille against Eugene,
cxvi. 526; his conduct at Malpla-

quet, 534
Bourbon, House of, property of the

Prince's confiscated by Buona-
parte, cxiv. 490

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