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of Kelat-i-Ghilzai, 253 ; Shere Ali
and Fyz Mahommed, 254; visit of
Yakoob to Persia for assistance,
256; risings against Ufzul, 258;
rout and death of Fyz Mahommed,
260; Azim assumes the title of
Ameer, ib.; his march into Toor-
kistan, ib.; Shere Ali checked at
Maimuna, 261 ; affairs at Herat,
262 ; Azim sets up the standard of
revolt, 263; Shere Ali enters
Cabul, 264; policy of Sir J. Law-
rence, 265; Shere Ali recovers
his capital, 267; congratulated by
Sir J. Lawrence, ib. ; close of the
year 1868, 269; Lord Mayo's as-
sistance and letter to Shere Ali,
270, 271; Ismail and his acts, 275;
Alum Khan in Toorkistan, 276;
relations with Bokhara respecting
refugees, 280; Jehandar Shah, 281
and note; fears of Russian advances,
282; Mr. Forsyth's commission,
284; settlement of boundaries by
England and Russia, 285; Ab-
doollah, Shere Ali's son, 287; re-
bellion of Yakoob, 288; recon-

ciliation, 296
Africa, early geographical specula-

tions respecting, cxii. 319; zones
of modern discovery, 320; sources
of the Nile, 322 ; Portuguese ex-
plorations in the southern zone, 325
- characteristics of negroes in,
cxv. 50; prospects of cotton culti-
vation, 481

--- Arab dominion in the north,
cxvi. 357

American scheme for deport-
ing slaves to, cxix. 205
- Portuguese discoveries in,
cxxviii. 200-236

- (Equatorial), Du Chaillu's
discoveries in, cxiv. 213; his ac-
count of tribe-alliances, 218; can-
nibalism and witch doctors, ib.

- difficulties of travel in, cxviii.
214; theory of a central watery
plateau, 219; features of Eastern

Africa, 220; arid character of the
interior disproved, ib.; social state
of the three Wahuma kingdoms,
222; the Fellatahs, 223; the king-
dom of Uganda, ib. See Speke,

Capt., Grant, Capt., and Nile, the
Africa (Equatorial), the people of

Latooka, cxxiv. 164; the Mak-
karikas, 167 ; the Obbo Country,
168; King Kamrasi, 172; theory
of a central plateau confirmed,
182; geological antiquity of, ib. ;
curse of slave traffic in, 183. See

Baker, Sir Samuel
Africa (Sonth), recent discovery of

diamond fields in, cxxxiv. 410;
emigration of the Boers, ib.; Sir
Harry Smith's annexations, 413;
his proclamation resisted, 414; de-
feat of Pretorius at Boemplats, ib.;
disturbances with Moshesh, chief
of the Basutos, 415; Orange River
Territory abandoned, 416-420; an-
nexation of British Kaffraria, 421;
Sir G. Grey's scheme of Feder-
ation, ib.; conduct of Moshesh to
the British, 423; his contest with
the Boers, ib.-425; Trans Vaal ex-
tensions of territory in 1868, 427;
first discovery of diamonds, ib.;
Sir P. Wodehouse's policy, 428;
claims of Waterboer, 429; con-
ference at Novitgedacht, ib. ;
prompt action of General Hay, 430;
Mr. Campbell appointed magistrate
in the diamond territory, 431;
rival claims examined, 433; posi-
tion of the two republics, ib., 435;
case of the Orange Free State, ib.;
Adam Kok and Harvey, ib. ;
Waterboer's answer and case, 436;
General Hay's view of the ques-
tion, 437; arrival of Sir Henry
Barkly, ib.; his course of action,
438; personal visit to Klipdrift,
439; his correspondence with the
two presidents, 440; his measures
of British protection, 441-443;
wise and firm policy of Lord Kim-

berley, 444; boundary arbitration
agreed to, 445; Cape affairs, ib. ;
question of Federation revived,
447 ; the scheme recommended,
ib.; prospects of the diamond-field
question, ib.; resources of South

Africa, 448
Africa (West Coast), serious position

of affairs on, cxxxviii. 569. See
Gold Coast

— the Sahara. See Sahara
Africans, Baker's low estimate of

their character, cxxiv. 166
Agaricus procerus, cxxix. 351. See

Fungi
Agates, talismanic virtues ascribed

to, cxxiv. 232; varieties of, 251
Agassiz (Professor L.), his 'Contri-
butions to the Natural History of
the United States,' cxi. 487; on
the antiquity of species, 531

- adopts the dilatation theory
of glacier motion, cxiii. 231; his
glacial observations, 232
- his incomplete idea of species,

cxxviii. 417
Agincourt, battle of (1415), anecdote

of English troops at, cxxiii. 175

and note
Agni-Kools, the, revolution of, in

Central India, cxxii. 386
Agriculture, in France and England,

compared, cxiv. 348
- viewed as a test of primitive
culture, cxxxv. 101
- (British), results of free
trade in corn, cxxiii. 186; want of
agricultural statistics, ib.; present
system of, 187; the Royal Agri-
cultural Society, 188; high farm-
ing, 189, 190; drainage of stiff
clays, 193; services of chemists,
195; compound manures, ib.-196;
application of steam, 197; farm
architecture, 201; shelter for live
stock, 202; literature of agricul-
ture, 203; assistance of capital,
204; English and French sheep,
205; evidence of farmers on recent

progress, 206; introduction of dis-

ease, 210. See Cattle Plague
Agricultural Economy, the term ex-

plained, cxiv. 350
que interest, Conservative sym-

pathies of, in England, cxxxv. 254;
present legislative questions con-
cerning, 257; divided opinions
thereon, 276; summary of present
grievances, 286; secret of their
Conservatism, 288

— labourers (British), works of
Messrs. Fawcett and Baily Den-
ton on,cxxviii. 489; compared with
the manufacturing class, ib.; their
stationary form of life, 491; ideal
theories of their prosperity, ib.;
views of Mr. Froude and Mr. Hal-
lam, 492; deceptive tests of in-
creased civilisation, 493; their
wants enumerated by Adam Smith,
494 ; Mr. Rogers on their con-
dition in the fourteenth century,
495; relative food of, in past
and present times, 496 ; increased
securities for constantemployment,
497; early dependence on good
harvests, 498; the Statute of La-
bourers, 499; arbitrary enactments
therein, 500; vagrancy increased
by unwise legislation, 501; Acts
of Elizabeth, 502; evils of the
Law of Settlement, 505; state of,
in the last century, 506; vicious
system of parochial relief before
1834, 503; panic of over-popula-
tion, ib.; recent scarcity of labour,
510; present wages of, ib.; hope-
lessness of advancement, 512;
question of peasant proprietors,
514; miserable condition of rural
cottages, 516; Dr. Hunter's Re-
port thereon, 517; abuses of ag-
ricultural gangs, 519; recent con-
ference at Willis's Rooms on, 520;
proposals of Canon Girdlestone,
521; want of intercommunication,
522; results of improved machin-
ery, ib.

Agricultural labourers, present effect

of local rates on, cxxxv. 265
Ahasuerus, question of his identity

with Xerxes, cxxi. 67
Aikin (John, M.D., 1747–1822),

Southey's remark on his • British

Poets,' cxxii. 74
Air, ventilation of rooms and mines,

cxxii. 430
- opalescence of, by sunlight,

cxxx. 146; blueness of, explained,

147
• Airlie, the Bonny House of,' ballad

of, cxx. 330
Airlie Weem, the, in Angus, cxx.316
Airy (Sir George Biddell, b. 1801),

his reply to Mr. Proctor's criti-
cisms respecting the transit of

Venus, cxxxviii. 160-163
- his appointnient as Astro-
nomer-Royal, cxl. 98; his valua-

ble lunar observations, ib. 99
Aix-la-Chapelle, bodies of saints

removed to by Eginhart, cxviii.
359

- use of, for the wounded in
the war of 1870, cxxxii. 573
- Peace of (1668), cxii. 76

- Treaty of (1748), cxxv. 488;
its results, ib.
Ajunta (Central India), its pictur-

esque situation, cxxii. 375; Bud-
dhist cave temples at, 385 ; ques-
tion of their date, ib. 387; the
caves described from Major Gill's

photographs, 388-391
Akbar (Emperor of Hindoostan

1543-1605), his invasion of Be-
rar, cxxxvii. 230
- his promotion of the study

of different religions, cxxxix. 419
Alabama claims, Tory policy in 1866
respecting, cxxv. 296

submitted to arbitration,
cxxxv. 577. See Geneva Arbitra-

tion
Alacoque (Margaret Marie), her

alleged revelations, cxxxix. 252;
incidents of her life, 253; Lan-

guet’s ‘Memoir' of, 255; specialty
of her supposed mission, ib.; her
visions, 260; her so-called revela-
tions anticipated, 261; Father de

la Colombière, 261-267
Alaric I. (King of the Visigoths, d.

410), his capture of Rome, cxviii.
346 ; his final blow to paganism at

Rome, 348
Alava (Spanish general 1771-1843),

his friendship with the Duke of
Wellington, cxix. 325; anecdote
of, at Quatre Bras, 320; his partial
estrangement with the Duke, ib. ;

his interview with Aranda, 327
Albany (Louise, Countess of, 1752-

1824), her marriage with the
Pretender, cxiv. 152; her per-
sodal appearance, 153; ill-treat-
ment of, by her husband, 160;
takes refuge with him at Rome,
161; her divorce, 160; relations
with Alfieri, 169; visits England
with him, 171 ; her coquetry with
Fabre, 179; death at Paris, 181;
character, 182
- Bonstetten's admiration for,

cxix. 439
Albert (Prince Consort 1819-1861),

difficulties of his position, cxv.
240; his constitutional wisdom,
241
- the Memorial' to, cxviii.
93; architectural criticisms there-
on, ib. note
-- his first visit to Scotland
with the Queen, cxxvii. 284; his
wide religious sympathies, 292;
his Highland expeditions, 296;
his intimacy with Bunsen, 493

his aptitude for business
described by Lord Kingsdown,
cxxix. 62

his descent from John
Frederick of Saxony, cxxxii. 92
- bis appearance in boyhood,
by Stockmar, cxxxvi. 392; un-
popular reception in England, 396;
allowance by Parliament reduced,

397 ; the Naturalisation Bill, ib.; ' cxxxii. 50; secret societies during
question of his regency, 398; his reign, 364, 365; his will regard-
friendship with Sir R. Peel, ib.; ing the suceession, ib.
his strong German sympathies, | Alexander II. (Emperor of Russia,
401; Lord Clarendon's eulogy of b. 1818); maladministration of his
him, 407

government, cxii. 176-188; his
Albigeois, the, crusade against, financial difficulties, 189; sincerity
cxxxviii. 205

of his desire for serf-emancipation,
Albuera, battle of (1811), the Duke 193; his proclamation in 1857
of Wellington on, cxvi. 65

against serfdom, 203
- Sir W. Napier's description - his first measures of reform,
of, when composed, cxxi. 95

cxxxii. 55; his tour as Cæsare-
Albuquerque (Duchess de), cxxix. 25 witch in Siberia, 379
Alcock (Sir Rutherford, b. 1809), — letter of “un Slave' to,
his . Elements of Japanese Gram-

cxxxiv. 37
mar,' cxiii. 37

Alexander III. (of Scotland, 1242-
- his Three Years' Residence 1286), his coronation oath sworn
in Japan,' cxvii. 517; national in French, cxviii. 239
interest of his work, 518; its - interest of his reign to anti-
opportune appearance, 540

quaries, cxx, 319
- his despatch on Japanese - his prosperous reign, cxxvi.
affairs in 1864, cxxii. 197

246
Alcohol, effects of, on fermentation, Alexander III. (Pope, Rolando di
CXXV. 406

Ranuccio Bandinelli, d. 1181), his
Aldermanbury, etymology of, cxxxi. schemes of temporal dominion,
159

cxii. 113
Aldersgate, etymology of, cxxxi. 158 Alexander VI. (Pope, Rodrigo Len-
Aldo Manuzio. See Manuzio, Aldo zoli Borgia, about 1430–1503), bis
Alemanni (Luigi, Florentine poet), proposed crusade against the Turks,

his harangue to Charles V., cxxxii. | cxxi. 220

73; anecdote of The Eagle,' ib. Alexandria, astronomical school of,
Alençon (François, Duke of, 1554 cxyi. 95

1584), his personal appearance, Alfieri (Vittorio, 1749-1803), his
cxxxi. 23; projected marriage early love-adventures, cxiv. 155;
with Elizabeth, ib.-26

visit to Florence, 157; his passion
Alexander the Great (B.C. 356–323), for the Countess of Albany, 158;

his patronage of Aristotle, cxxxvi. banished from her society at Rome,
522; his death, 524; his arbitrary 165; meets her at Colmar, 166;
rescript to the Greek cities, ib. their subsequent intimacy, 169;

- Oriental legends respecting, his death and burial, 178
CXxxv. 30

Alfonso Henriques (King of Portu-
- his sacrifices at Troy, cxxxix. gal, 1094-1185), his extraordinary
508, 533

longevity, cxxxi. 459; tomb at
– portrait medals of, cxl. 172 Santa Cruz, ib.
Alexander I. (Emperor of Russia, Alford (Dr. Henry, Dean of Canter-

1777–1825), his projects of serf bury, b. 1810), his translation of
emancipation, cxii. 199

the Odyssey, cxvii. 355
- his prosperous govern - his 'Queen's English,' cxx.
ment of the Baltic provinces, 1 39; origin of his publication, 40

: on the influence of usage on lan vernment of Louis Philippe, 146;
· guage, 41; on the effects of lan his panegyric of German modera-

guage on national character, 42; tion in 1815, 147; on Parliamen-
his controversy with Mr. Moon, tary government in Germany, 148;
43; his minute method of criti ignorance respecting the Zollverein,
cism, 45; on the use of magni 149; on the international relations
loquent words, 53; advocates of Europe, 150; his four periods,
simplicity of language, 57

ib. ; his views of English policy
Alfred (King 849–901), his two towards Spanish 'America, ib.; his
journeys to Rome, cxviii. 240

judgment warped by partisanship,
compared by Mr. Freeman | 151 ; on the separation of Belgium
to St. Louis, cxxx. 201 ; his lite from Holland, ib.; on the Spanish
rary merits, 203

succession, 152; his blunders on
Algæ, description of, cxxx. 156

the Turkish treaties of 1840 and
Ali, Mehemet. See Mehemet Ali 1841, 153, 154; theory of a league
Alison (Sir Archibald, 1757-1839), against England in 1848, ib. ; his

his · History of Europe from 1815 portraits of public men, 155 ;
to 1852,' Vols. II.-VIII., cxi. 119; blunders respecting Lord Palmer-
his previous demerits repeated, ib.; ston, 156; on Lamartine and
his five causes of national decline Thiers, 157, 158 ; prophesies des-
of England, ib. ; his distortion of potism in America, ib.; ignorance
statistics, 120; misstates the effects of German literature, ib.; absurd
of Free trade and Reform, ib.-121 ; criticism of Goethe and Schiller,
his narrative of the Indian and 159; mischievous character of his
European campaigns the best part history, 160
of his work, ib. ; unfair aspersions Alison (Sir Archibald), his ‘Lives
on French authors, ib.; his pre of Lord Castlereagh and Sir C.
tentious style, 122; looseness of Stewart,' cxv. 510; his constant
design, 123; iteration of narrative inaccuracies, ib.; his diffuse no-
and phraseology, ib.-124; his egot tions of biography, 511; his indis-
isms, 125; on the contraction of criminate adulation, 537
the currency in 1819, 126; on the Aljubarrota, battle of (1385), cxxxi.
threefold evils of the currency 461
laws, 127-130; on Catholic Eman Allard (M.), French officer in the
cipation, ib.-133; on the causes of Sikh service, cxxxiv, 385-387
Parliamentary Reform, 134; his Allegiance, Civil, early Papal claims
defence of the Old Constitution, respecting, cxxx. 330.
ib.-136; alleged injustice of tax - pretensions of Ultramontanes
ation since 1832, ib.; his theory of in opposition to, cxxxvii. 576
the fall of the Whigs in 1841, 138; Allen (William, Cardinal 1532-
on Sir R. Peel's Administration, 1594), his · Admonition,' cxxxiv.
139; ascribes Irish emigration to 173
Free trade, 140; his blunders in - (Mr. T.), his scheme of postal
continental history, 141; misstate telegraphs, cxxxii. 223
ments respecting Russia, ib.; and Alleyn (Edward, 1566–1626), MS.
Poland, 142; contradictory theo letter of his wife, published by
ries of Russian unity, ib.; 144; Mr. Collier, cxi. 481
his eulogy of the Restoration in Almanza, battle of (1707), cxl. 478,
France, 145; denounces the go- | 479

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