Jihad: The Origin of Holy War in Islam
Oxford University Press, 30 Des 1999 - 208 halaman
While there exists no evidence to date that the indigenous inhabitants of Arabia knew of holy war prior to Islam, holy war ideas and behaviors appear already among Muslims during the first generation. This book focuses on why and how such a seemingly radical development took place. Basing his hypothesis on evidence from the Qur'an and early Islamic literary sources, Firestone locates the origin of Islamic holy war and traces its evolution as a response to the changes affecting the new community of Muslims in its transition from ancient Arabian culture to the religious civilization of Islam.
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abrogated Abu Dawud according aggression al-jihad Allah ancient ansar Arabian culture Arabic asbab al-nuzul associated battle Bedouin behavior Beirut believers Bukhar century chapter Christian cited clan command concept conflict Constitution of Medina context defined divine early Islam early Muslim enemy engage exegetes F. E. Peters factions fard fitna God’s Had†th haram Hijra holy holy war Ibn al-Jawz Ibn Ishaq Ibn Kath†r ideological idolaters Islam issue jahiliyya Jewish Jews jihad Kathir killed kinship group Kitab literature material meaning Mecca Medina Agreement militant muhajirun Muhammad Muslim Muslim community Nahhas nomadic non-Muslims one’s oral path political pre-Islamic pre-Islamic Arabian pre-Islamic period problem Prophet Quran Quraysh raid referred relation relationship religion religious represented response revelation S†ra Sacred Months Scriptuaries Scripture solidarity sources South Arabia suggests sunna Tabar Tafs†r Muqatil Tafsir term tion traditions tribal tribes umma unbelievers University Press verse warfare warring Watt
Holy War, Holy Peace: How Religion Can Bring Peace to the Middle East
Pratinjau tidak tersedia - 2002
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