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On the 30th of March 1871 the old cook room as occasion required. The two “Catamount Tavern” House, which had chimneys are now standing (Autumn of long been the most notable relic of early 1871) exhibiting their spacious fire places, times in the Center Village of Bennington, with heavy iron cranes in those of the Vermont, was burnt to the ground. It lower story and basement. On the marhad been unoccupied for a short time and ble mantle of one of the fire places the the origin of the fire is unknown. The words “ Council room” appear, cut there house, which was in a tolerable state of in early times. On the top of the high preservation, had been built over a hun- sign post was placed the stuffed skin of a dred years, having been erected by Captain Catamount, from which came the name of Stephen Fay, a year or two prior to 1770. the house, though in its early days it was, It was a wooden building about 44 feet by in accordance with the custom of the time, 34, two stories high, having two high chim- more generally spoken of as “Landlord neys with high fire places in each story, Fay's. besides which there was a very large fire- During the period of the early settlement place in the cellar or basement, part of of the state, the house was a great resort which was used as a wash room, and a for travellers and emigrants, and it was al

so widely known as the Head Quarters of 1 The Illustrations for this paper, are from photographs fur- the settlers in their contest with the New nished by the author, ex-Governor Hiland Hall, of North Bennington, Vermont, and a pen-and-ink sketch by his grand- York land claimants. It was the home of daughter.-{Editor.]

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, by Chase & Town, in the Office of the Libra. rian of Congress at Washington.

Ethan Allen for several years from 1770, ried (15 miles] to the Green Mountain when he first came to the “ New Hampshire [Landlord Fay's] tavern, at Bennington, Grants," as Vermont was then called. where the committee heard his defence, The settlers held their lands under grants and then ordered him to be tied in an from New Hampshire, to which the terri- armed chair and hoisted up to the sign tory was supposed to belong, but in 1764 (a catamount's skin stuffed, sitting upon the the king, by an order in council, placed sign post, 25 feet from the ground with large them under the jurisdiction of New York. teeth, looking and grinning towards New Whereupon the governor of that province York) and there to hang two hours, in declared their titles to be void, and re- sight of the people, as a punishment merigranted their lands to speculators, who re- ted by his enmity to the rights and liberty covered judgments in the New York courts of the inhabitants of the New Hampshire against the settlers, and sent their sheriffs Grants. The judgment was executed, to and posses to execute them, who were re- the no small merriment of a large consisted by the occupants and forcibly pre- course of people. The Doctor was let vented from obtaining possession. This down and dismissed by the committee, controversy raged for years, and the settlers with an admonition to go and sin no more. appointed committees of safety before This mild and exemplary disgrace had a whom offenders against the integrity of salutary effect on the Doctor and many their titles, styled “Yorkers,” were brought others.” Dr. Adams, on Burgoyne's invafor trial. On conviction they were vari- sion, became a violent tory, and fled to Caously punished, sometimes by banishment nada, from which he never returned. from the territory, and sometimes by whip- When Sir Wm. Tryon, governor of New ping on the naked back, a mode of pun- York in 1771, issued a proclamation offerishment for crime then in common use ing a reward of 20 pounds each for the throughout the country. The latter pun- apprehension of Ethan Allen, Remember ishment, in allusion to the Great Seal of Baker and Robert Cochran for their riotous the Governor of New Hampshire affixed to opposition to the New York government, their charter titles, and to the instrument they retaliated by publishing over their with which it was commonly inflicted, the names a counter proclamation offering a settlers humorously called “the application reward of 15 pounds for James Duane and of the beech seal."'?

10 pounds for John Kemp, their two Another mode of punishment was devis- leading land-claiming antagonists, styling ed for one offender residing within their them “ those common disturbers of the own limits. One Doctor Samuel Adams of public peace," the rewards so payable on Arlington, who had held his lands under a their being brought to “Landlord Fay's at New Hampshire charter, suddenly became Bennington. Colonel Ethan Allen was an open advocate of the New York title, advising his neighbors to purchase it. 1 Ira Allen's National and Political History of Vermont This tended to weaken the opposition to

P. 47. The same in Vermont Historical Collections, Volume New York by producing division among

2 See Hiland Hall's History of Vermont, page 134. the settlers, and he was repeatedly warned The following is a copy of the Proclamation: to desist from such discourse.

£ 25 REWARD sisted in his offensive language, and arm

I. pag. 3.57

But he per

Whereas James Duane and John Kemp of New York,

have by their menaces and threats greatly disturbed the pubing himself with pistols and other weapons, lic peace and repose of the honest peasants of Bennington,

and the settlements to the northward, which peasants are now threatened death to any one who should

and ever have been in the peace of God and the King, and molest him. What followed is related in are patriotic and liege subjects of George III. Any person

that will apprehend those common disturbers, viz James the language of a contemporary: “The Duane and John Kemp, and bring them to Landlord Fay's at Doctor was soon taken by surprise, and car

Bennington,shall have £ 15 reward for James Duane and £ 10
for John Kemp, paid by


i Slade's Vermont State Papers, page 36.

Dated Poultney,

Feb 5. 1772.


sojourning at the “Catamount Tavern" in a son who was willing to die for his bounthe spring of 1775 and from the Council try. Room” of that house went forth his order Here, in 1778, was tried and condemnof May 3rd, for mustering the Green ed, one Daniel Redding, a traitor and spy; Mountain Boys for the capture of Ticon- and in a field in front of the house a galderoga which was effected seven days after- lows had been erected, and a great crowd wards in the name of the great Jehovah had assembled to see him executed. But and the Continental Congress.

on the morning fixed for the execution, the In this noted tavern house sat the Ver- Governor and Council granted him a remont Council of Safety during the trying prieve for one week, for the reason that he campaign of 1777 guiding and directing had been tried by a jury of six, while by the the patriotic exertions of the Green Moun- common law there ought to have been tain Boys to stem the torrent of Burgoyne's twelve. The multitude, who as well as invasion ; and here also Stark and Warner, the six jurors, had condemned the traitor,

were clamorous at their disappointment, and violence was seriously apprehended, whereupon Col. Ethan Allen, who had just returned from his long English captivity,

mounted a stump and waving his hat and Coucil

exclaiming attention the whole proceeded to announce the reasons which produced the reprieve, advised the multitude to depart peaceably to their habitations, and to return on the day fixed by the Governor and Council, adding, with an oath, “you shall see somebody hung at all events, for if Redding is not then hung I will be hung myself." Upon this the uproar ceased and the crowd dispersed. Redding having been afterwards tried and condemned by a jury of twelve, was hung on the day to which his reprieve had been granted, in accordance with Allen's prediction."

The children of Captain Stephen Fay COUNCIL ROOM FIRE-PLACE.1

were numerous and respectable, and sevewith the aid of the Council, planned the fa- ral of them have been prominent in the mous attack on Baum's entrenchments, affairs of the state of Vermont. He died where was won the brilliant victory of in 1781, and the house, not many years Bennington, which turned the current of afterwards became a private dwelling for success from the British to the American two of his sons, in succession; then for a arms, and was followed in a few weeks, by grandson and finally for a great grandson, the capture of Burgoyne and his army at John Fay, Esq., who died Feb. 25, 1866. Saratoga. Captain Fay, the proprietor of the house had five sons in the Battle of Bennington one of whom was killed. On

1 Memorials of a Century, by Rev. I. Jennings, pages being told that one of his sons had fallen in the fight, the venerable patriot, through ? In September, 1775, Colonel Allen was in command of a his deep grief “thanked God that he had body of Canadian Volunteers, on the borders of the St. Law

prisoner in chains to England. He was exchanged, in New York, in May, 1778, when he returned to his home in

Vermont. 1 The carver of the words on the fire-place left out the n in the word Council.

3 Slade's State Papers, page 269.


253, 254

PERSECUTION OF AN EARLY FRIEND OR QUAKER. The following account of the arrest, trial, and sen

with me.

So the soldiers did break out in tence of John Bowne, a disciple of George Fox, laughter at it. was kindly copied from his original Journal, and

Then the next day being Church day, contributed to the RECORD, by Henry Onderdonk Jr., of Jamaica, Long Island.

the scout fetched me to the Court where I

think, before my body was in their view, JOURNAL

within the chamber-door, the Governor 1662 First of Seventh Month. bade me put off my hat; but before I could Resolved [Waldron] the scout' came to make answer, he bade the scout take it off. my house at Vlishing [Flushing] with a Then he asked me about Meetings, and afcompany of men with swords and guns

ter some words, said, I had broken their (where I was tending my wife being sick in law. So he called for it and read it to me, bed, and my youngest child sick in my wherein he termed the servants of the arms, which were both so ill that we watch: Lord to be heretics, deceivers, and sedued two or three with them.) He told me I cers, or such like, and then asked me if I must go with him to the General [Stuyve- would deny that I had kept Meetings. I sant.] I told him my family were not in a answered that I should not deny meetings; condition to leave them. He said he could but that I had kept such meetings or ennot help that, he must follow his order, tertained such persons as he there read of but would not show it me. So it being too I did deny, for I could not own them to late to go that day, he left his men there be such; but he would not reason it at all. and went to drinking in the town, and Then he said : But will you deny meetings? came again in the night, and with him the I answered I shall neither deny nor affirm. scout of the town before whom I demand

Will you put us to prove it, said he. I ed his order which he denied before many said: Nay I shall not put to proving; but people; but at last I saw it. By which or if you have any thing against me, you may der he was to take such as he should find

act. Here I am in your hands ready to in unlawful meetings, but found me in suffer what you shall be suffered to inflict none. So I told him I did deny to go on upon me, or to that purpose. So the Gofoot by virtue of that order. He said: vernor put by all reasoning, and they then he would bind me hand and foot and spake to me to pass forth. I said I was carry me.

I told him he might do what willing, first, to give them to understand he was suffered, but by that order he ought the condition of my family and the cruelnot to carry me away. So next day, like ty of bringing me so from them. So when a wicked hard-hearted man, he carried me I had declared it to them, I said : Now, do in a boat to Manhattans, leaving my fami- you judge at whose hands it will be rely in that condition, and put me in the quired, if they suffer in my absence. The Court aguard before the Governor's door. Governor said : At yours. So being spoSo next day seeing the Governor about to ken to I was going away, and two or three take horse, I sent the sarjeant of the Com- of them spake to me, to take my hat, pany to tell him I did desire to speak a few which I did not intend to leave. So it lywords with him. So the man came and ing by the door I took it and went to the told me in Dutch, and showed me by his Court aguard again, and the scout came a actions that the General said that if I little after and told me: [that] When I would put off my hat and stand bare-head- had paid 150 guilders I might go home. ed, he would speak with me. I told him I asked him what I must do till then. He I could not upon that account. So he sent said I must tarry there in that place. me word again : That he could not speak So the next morning he came and gave

me a writing in Dutch and told me the Go1 Schout, the title of Sheriff in Dutch.

vernor had sent me a copy of the Court's

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sentence. He was not ashamed [he said] told me he then came from the Governor of what he did, and if I would, I might and Court to tell me that if I would not have it in English. It was for such and pay the fine and charges, they were resuch things I was fined and must pay 150 solved to send me out of the country, either guilders and charges; and other particulars to Holland or somewhere. Then on the what must follow it if I did so again. I 6th day of the week the door was locked, told him I could pay nothing on that ac- but open at night to let in friends, and the count. So I was kept there till the 25th of next morning to let them out. But since, that month. Then came the Fiscal and I have not had liberty to go out of the scout in great rage and demanded of me

This day being the 3rd of the to answer the Court's sentence, which I week, the 9th of the month, the Fiscal denied as before. So I was presently car- told Lydia Bowne that they will send me ried or guarded away to the dung on and for Holland when the ship goeth. That there put. A strict charge being given to night, I went to Steenwyck to go to the the guard of soldiers which was both by Governor to tell him I desired to come to day [and night] to let nobody come at me the Court to speak for myself. So on the or speak with me. So I was kept there fifth day of the week in the morning and allowed nothing but coarse bread and Gower and Steenwyck went and told the water (that they knew of) till the 6th day Governor which he did refuse to grant, but of the 8th month. Then came the scout said, I should either pay or go. So I about the middle of the day, and he call- went home for a chest and clothes which ing to me bade me to make up my bedding. came down soon after. Then on the 16th I must go to another place.

So I was

of the month, the 3rd day of the week at brought to the State-house and there put night came Wm Leveridge to ask me if in the prison-room, where I have remained I would accept of the Governor's proffer, till this 19th of the gth month, being the which was to go out of the Jurisdiction 4th day of the week, and yet remain here, in 3 months time; which if I would promthe door being open sometimes for a week ise to go, he would engage I should be set together, sometimes more, sometimes less, free the next day. I told him the Govboth day and night, sometimes locked up ernor had made no such proffer to me, for a little space, about which time and but if I might come to the speech of since I hear daily of great threatenings, him, then if he did ask me a question ! what is intended to be done to me at the should like to make answer, for I did coming home of the Governor, which is desire to speak with the Governor myself. looked for speedily. This morning Nicko

This morning Nicko- So he said he would speak with the Govlas Davis came here, this 22d of gth ernor again the next morning; and in the month, being the last day of the week, morning said so again at George Woolold style.

sey's, and did go to him as himself said, and So it continued till the 6th day of the being asked by Robert Gerry and George next week in the morning. Then the Fis- Woolsey of it, he said he had forgot it, cal gave order to lock me up and said it and so went away home. Now, whether was the Governor's order also; but at night he lied in saying he wonld and did not, the door was set open again, and the next or whether in doing and saying, he had morning Nich. Davis went away, being the not done but forgot, I know not; but at last day of the week. The same day went the best it was bad enough. away my dear friends Robert Hodgson and And that morning betimes, Cornelius John Hudson to Gravesand, and left my Steenwyck told Robert Terry that the wife with me. She went away the next Secretary himself had told him that mornsecond day morning, being the first day of ing that I was free; but presently after I the roth month, old style.

was kept closer than ever I was before in Then on the 5th day of the week, the this room. Whether Wm. Leveridge was 4th day of the month, came Resolved and the cause of it I cannot tell. Then on

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