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On the Province of NEW-YORK.

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To the SE co ND PART.

H E former Part of this History was written at NewYork in the 2ear 1727, on Occasion of a Dispute which then happened, between the Government of New-York and Jome Merchants. The French of Canada had the whole Fur Trade with the Western Indians in their Hands, and were Jupplied with their woollen Goods from New-York. Mr. Burnet, who took more Pains to be informed of the Interest of the People he was set over, and of making them useful to their Mother Country, than Plantation Governors usually do, took the Trouble of perusing all the Registers of the Indian Affairs onthis Occasion. He from thence conceived of what Consequence the Fur Trade with the Western Indians was of to Great-Britain ; that as the English had the Fur Trade to Hudson's Bay given up to them, by the Treaty of Utrecht, so, by the Advantages which the Province of New-York has in its Situation, they might be able to draw the whole Fur Trade in the other Parts of America to themselves, and thereby the English engross that Trade, and the Manufaāories depending on it. For this Purpose he thought it necessary to put a Stop to the Trade between New-York and Canada, by which the French supplied themselves with the most valuable and necessary Commodities for the Indian Market, and to set the Inhabitants of this Province on trading direğly with the lndians. Besides the Consideration of Profit and Gain, he considered what Influence this Trade had on the numerous Nations of Indians diving on the vast Continent of North-America, and who fur- . round the British Colonies ; of what Advantage it might be of, if they were influenced by the English in Case of a War with France ; and how prejudicial, on the other Hand, if they were direčied by French Counsels. The Legislature of New-York was soon convinced of the justness of his Reasoning, and passed an Aï, prohibiting the PART II. - Trade

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iy The PREF Ace to the Second PART, {

Trade to Canada, and for encouraging the Trade diretty wité the Indians. They were likewise at the Charge of building a fortified trading House at Oswego, on Cadarackui Lake, and Aave ever since maintained a Garison there. As this Aoi did : in its Consequence take a large Profit from one or two con– siderable Merchants, who had the Trade to Canada intirely in their Hands, they endeavoured to raise a Clamour against it in the Province, and presented likewise Petitions to the King, in Order to get the Aff repealed. Upon this Occasion Mr. Burnet gave me the Perusal of the Publick Register of Indian Aff{. and it was thought the Publication of the History of the ive Nations might be of Use at that Time. I shall only add, that Mr. Burnet’s Scheme has had its deftred Effe? : The English have gained the Trade which the French, before that, had with the Indians to the Westward of New-York ; and whereas, before that Time, a very inconsiderable Number of Men were employed in the Indian Trade Abroad, now above three hundred Men are employed at the Trading House at Oswego alone; and the Indian Trade has since that Time yearly increased so far, that several Indian Nations come now every Summer to trade there, whose Names were not fo much as known by the English before. This History, from New-York, soon went to England, and I bave been informed, that a Publication, with a Continuance of that Work, would be acceptable there. I have the more cbearfully complied with this Notice, because of the War threatened from France, believing that a Publication of this Kind may be useful, whether the present Inquietudes between the two Nations end in a War or in a Treaty. The French have encouraged soveral Publications of this Sort at Paris, and certainly such may be more useful in a British Government, where the People have so great a Share in it, than it can be in a French Government, intirely direéted by the Will of their Prince. ... I now continue this History to the Peace of Reswick, and if I find this acceptable, and that a farther Continuation of it be desired, I shall, if my Life and Health be preserved, carry it down farther ; but as I have too much Reason to doubt my own Ability, to give that Pleasure and Satisfaëlion which the Publick may expet? in Things thus submitted to their View, I think it not justifiable to trouble them with too much at once. 3 - T H E

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