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1st Session.

No. 391.
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INTRODUCTION.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,

BUREAU OF NAVIGATION,

Washington, D. C., August 25, 1886.

[ Resolution of Congress passed July 31, 1886.] Resolved by the House of Representatires (the Senate concurring), That there be printed 5,000 copies of the pavigation and customs collection laws relating to vessels, including the laws relating to merchant seamen, and the regulation of steam vessels, compiled by the Bureau of Navigation in the Treasury Department, of which 1,000 copies shall be for the use of the Senate, 2,000 copies for the nse of the House of Representatives, and 2,000 copies for the use of the Bureau of Navigation.

In compliance with the foregoing resolution I have prepared this vol. ume, comprising the navigation laws of the United States, with such statutes as relate to the customs and to merchant seamer.

In order to make the book concise and render the different subjects more easy of reference, the matter is classified in twelve parts, as below.

PART 1.-(1) Vessels: their measurement and documents; (2) entry and clearance ; (3) yachts and pleasure vessels; (4) tonnage duties; (5) Bureau of Navigation ; (6) abolishment of certain fees.

Part II.-(1) Regulation of vessels in foreign trade; (2) regulation of vessels in domestic trade; (3) regulation of vessels in the fisheries ; (4) drawbacks on shipbuilding materials, &c.

Part III.-(1) Transportation of passengers and merchandise ; (2) liability of shipowners; (3) trausportation by steam-vessels; (4) inspection, &c. ; (5) general pilot laws.

Part IV.–(1) Inmigration and coolie trade; (2) guano islands; (3) timber shipmente; (4) carrying the mail.

Part V.-(1) Navigation rules and vessels' lights; (2) collisions-revised international regulations; (3) wrecks and life-saving stations; (4) storm and weather sig. nals; (5) fixing a common ineridian.

PART VI.-(1) Lights and buoys; (2) Coast Survey ; (3) navigable rivers; (4) riv. ers and harbors. PART VII.-(1) Public health; (2) quarantine; (3) hospitals, &c.

Part VIII.-(1) Merchant seamen and their shipment and discharge; (2) logbooks.

Part IX.--Miscellaneous acts, amendments, and corrections of the foregoing laws.

Part X.-(1) Foreign relations; (2) consular service; (3) extradition ; (1) neutrality.

Part XI.-(1) Insurrections and unlawful trade; (2) crimes ; (3) remission of penalties; (4) piracy and trials ; (5) slave trade; (6) prize.

PART XII.- (1) Customs laws; (2) collection of duties; (3) coins, weights, and measures.

The navigation laws proper are embraced in the first nine parts. The laws relating to customs and other subjects intimately connected with shipping are included so far as practicable in Parts X, XI, and XII.

An explanatory table precedes the laws and a fully classified index is appended, in which all the laws adopted since the issue of the last edition of the Revised Statutes down to 1886 (first session of the Fortyninth Congress) may be found by reference to the leading topic alpha. betically arranged.

JARVIS PATTEN, Commissioner of Navigation.

EXPLANATORY TABLE.

Many of the laws relating to matters of navigation having been recently repealed or amended, it is difficult in some instances to ascertain what is actually in force without reference to both the old laws and the arendatory acts. In such cases both the old statutes and the subse. quent acts changing them bave been introduced under the same head so far as practicable.

As the different sections from the Revised Statutes are not in numerical order in the book, the following table is given to show where the statutes and laws that bave been changed may be found, and also the page where the repealing or amending act is printed.

Explanatory table.

Number of section or law

changed.

Page of section
or law changed.

Subject or heading.

Amendment act.

Page of amend

ment act. i

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132

4530 Revised Statutes....... Advances and allot. '(10) June 26, 1884..'

ments. (10) June 26, 1884.......... 200 ....do ............... June 19, 1886 ... 4131 Revised Statutes.....

Alien officers ....... June 26, 1881.. 4490 Revised Statutes......

87 Bulkheads .......... July 9, 1886 .... Sec. 1, chap. 376, laws 1882... 72 Capitation tax .... June 26, 1884 .... 4691 Revised Statutes...... 149

Charts ........

.' June 20, 1878, and

March 13, 1879. May 6, 1882.....

105 Chinese laborers..... July 5, 1884 ....... 4612 Revised Statutes....... 197 Coast wise shipments. (2) June 19, 1886... 4233 Revised Statutes....... 123

Collision, prevention

100, prevention March 3, 1885... 4233 Revised Statutes, Rule 125 Collision, boats on June 19, 1886 ..... XII.

Saint Lawrence. 4581 Revised Statutes....... 189 Consular discharges.. June 26, 1884 4213 Revised Statutes.

31 Consular fees........ June 26, 1884.. 4576 Revised Statutes....

Crew list.....

June 26, 1884.. 2966 Revised Statutes... 376 Delivery of cargo.... (24) June 26, 1884. 4600 Revised Statutes... 194 Deserters............

(6) June 26, 1884. 4578 Revised Statutes... 189 Destitute seamen .... (9) June 26, 1884.. 4580 Revised Statutes.... 189 Discharge of seamen. (2) June 26, 1884.. 4583 Revised Statutes..... 190 ....do ...............

(3) June 26, 1884... • 4158 Revised Statutes. ...

Documents .......... (2) July 5, 1884 .... 2510, 2511 Revised Statutes.. 291 Drawbacks.......... (10) June 19, 1886.. March 3, 1883

Drawback on coals .. (10) June 19, 1886.. 4328 Revised Stattes.......

47

Enrollment and April 17, 1874......

license. February 18, 1793....

...do .....

April 18, 1874..... 4381 Revised Statutes...

Fees ....

February 27, 1876.. 4381, 4382 Revised Statutes.. 59 ....do ......

July 5, 1884 4456 Revised Statutes....... 100 .... do .......

(28) June 26, 1884.. 4501 Revised Statutes....... 171 ....do .......

June 26, 1884 ... 4592-4594 Revised Statutes.. 192

June 19, 1886 ... March 3, 1875.........

169 Fees abolished ...... (1) Inne 19, 1886... Treaty of Washington ..... Fisheries ......... March 3, 1883. (16) June 26, 1881. ..... 203 Fishing and whaling (15) June 19, 1886..

vessels. 5574 Revised Statutes....... 111 Guano islands ....... April 18, 1884.... 4178, 4334 Revised Statutes.. 18,48 Hail ports.

(21) June 26, 1884.. June 2, 1879 ................ 162 Health ..

July 1, 1879 4585–4587 Revised Statutes.. 190 Hospital dues ....... March 3, 1875..... March 3, 1875.............. 169

(15) June 26, 1884..

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May 3, 1880.......

168 Hospital service ..... March 9, 1882...... 2872 Revised Statutes....... 35 Inspection .......... (25) June 26, 1884.. 2872 Revised Statutes.....

359

....do ................ July 7, 1882....... 4415 Revised Statutes....... 91 ....do ............... Insert words for an

inspector of boil

ers" in 25th line, 4289 Revised Statutes....... | Liability ............ Instead of this tille

read “seven pre

ceding sections." 4334 Revised Statutes..... 48 Licensed vessels ..... June 26, 1884 ...... 340 Revised Statutes.... 41 Lists of vessels ...... (4) July 5, 1884... 3976 Revised Statutes.......

116 Mails ............... June 26, 1-84 ..... 4203 Revised Statutes...

30 ....do ...................do ............ 4131 Revised Statutes...

5 Measnrement ............do ........ 4349-4356 Revised Statutes.. 52 Mississippi River ....' July 12, 1876 .. 4178, 4179 Revised Statutes.. 18 Names of vessels..... June 26, 1884.. March 2, 1881 ..............

211 Names of vessels, (5) July 5, 1884....

change of. December 31, 1792 ....... 48 Names" of vessels , June 23, 1874 ......

painted on stern. 4131 Revised Statutes..... 5 Officers.............. Jupe 26, 1884 ......! 4153 Revised Statutes.... 12 Official number:..... (6) June 19, 1886... 4177 Revised Statutes ...... 18 ....do ...................do ............ February 20, 1871...

Pilots and engineers. April 17, 1874 ..... 4320 Revised Statutes.......

Regis'ry of hond .... Strike out words ir

italice 4349 Revised Statutes....... Reports of vessels ... July 12, 1876 .. 4582 Revised Statutes...

Sale of vessel........ (5) June 26, 1884... 4501 Revised Statutes..:.

Shipping commission- June 26, 1884 ......

ers. June 7, 1872.

173 Shipient of sea men . June 9, 1874....... 4612 Revised Statutes... 197 ....do ............ (2) June 19, 1836... 4569 Revised Statutes... 1-6 | Slop-chest...........! (11) June

(11) June 26, 18-4.. (1) June 26, 18-4....

203 ....do ............... (13) June 19, 1886.. Titi L, Revised Statutes.

Steam and sail vessels June 30, 1879 ...... February 2-, 1871...

Steam-pressure ...... January 6, 1874.... 4418 Reviseil Statutes...

Sieam-gauges ..... (14) June 19, 1886.. 441* Revised Statntes...

Steam-vessels...... July 7, 1882 ....... 4561 Revised Stati:tes....... 184 | Survey of vessel ... (4) June 26, 1884...! 4153, 4154 Revised Statutes.. 11, 12 | Tonpage ........

August 5, 1882..... 4219 Revised Statutes......

Tonnage tax ........ (14) June 26, 1854.. (14) June 24, 1884 ........

....do ...

111) June 19, 1886.. 4347 Revised Statutos....... 50 | Transportation ...... March 3, 1883...... 4252-4277 Revised Statutes 65-71 Transportation of August 2, 1882..... (inclusive).

passengers. (9) June 26, 18-4

Transportation of (18) June 19, 1886..

seanuen. 2776 Revised Statuies....... | Unlading vessels ..... June 26, 1884 ...... Title L, Revised Statutes ... į Vessels, sail and steam June 30, 1879..... 4554 Revised Statutes....... | Wages, extra........ (8) June 26, 1884 .

Wreck .............. March 13, 1875.

Wreck appropriations July 31, 1876 .. 4214 Revised Statutes....... | Yachts .............. March 3, 1883.....

152

189

201 204

171

44

200 205 203 206

24 209 101 211 201

92

205

44

202 210 210 33

THE NAVIGATION LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.

PART I.

1. VESSELS : THEIR MEASUREMENT AND DOCUMENTS.
2. ENTRY AND CLEARANCE.
3. YACHTS AND PLEASURE VESSELS.
4. TONNAGE DUTIES.
5. BUREAU OF NAVIGATION.
6. A BOLISHMENT OF CERTAIN FEES.

(Revised Statutes, Title I, chap. 1.)

DEFINITION OF A VESSEL. SEC. 3. The word “vessel” includes every description of water-craft or other artificial contrivance used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.*

1.–VESSELS: THEIR MEASUREMENT AND DOCUMENTS.

(Revised Statutes, Title XLVIII, chap. 1.-Regulation of Commerce and Navigation.)

SEC. 4131.* Vessels registered pursuant to law, and no others, except such as shall be duly qualified, according to law, for carrying on the coasting trade and fisheries, or one of them, shall be deemed vessels of the United States, and entitled to the benefits and privileges appertaining to such vessels; but they shall not enjoy the same longer than

According to a Treasury circular of May 19, 1865, it even includes rafts. Justice Merrick (1885) decided that a dredge was a vessel and the subject of admiralty.

Vessels entitled to be documented as vessels of the United States are of five classes, as follows:

1. Sach as are built in the country and have, after being documented, been wholly owned by citizens of the United States.

2. Such as are built in the country under foreign ownership in whole or in part, not registered, enrolled, or licensed, but recorded, according to law upon becoming the exclusive property of citizens of the United States.

3. Such as have been captured in war by citizens of the United States, lawfully condemned as a prize and wholly owned by such citizens.

4. Such as have been forfeited for a violation of the laws of the Uoited States and wholly owned by its citizens.

5. Vessels built out of the United States but wrecked within the waters thereof and purchased and repaired by citizens of the United States at an expense of threefourths of the cost of the vessel when repaired.

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