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Joint Select Committee to Investigate the Charities and Reformatory Institutions in the

District of Columbia.

JAMES MCMILLAN, of Michigan,
CHARLES J. FAULKNER, of West Virginia,
THOMAS S. MARTIN, of Virginia,

From the Senate.

MAHLON PITNEY, of New Jersey,
STEPHEN A. NORTHWAY, of Ohio,
ALEXANDER M. DOCKERY, of Missouri,

From the House of Representatives.

CHARLES MOORE, of Michigan,

Clerk.

Conamai

Ĉ
JOINT SELECT COMMITTEE

TO INVESTIGATE TIIL

CHARITIES AND REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS

IN THE

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

PART III.-HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE CHARITIES AND REFORMATORY

INSTITUTIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

EDITED AND COMPILED BY

CHARLES MOORE,

CLERK OF THE JOINT SELECT COMMITTEE.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1898.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.

MARCH 28, 1898.-Ordered to be printed.

Mr. MCMILLAN, from the Joint Select Committee to Investigate the Charities and Reformatory Institutions in the District of Columbia, submitted the following Supplemental Report.

PREFACE.

HE

directed to make investigation of the charities and reformatory institutions of the District of Columbia, and especially of those for which appropriations are made by this act, as respects their relations to the government of the District of Columbia and to the United States, whether by special charter or otherwise, their efficiency, their management and resources, whether by appropriations or otherwise; and also what portion, if any, of appropriations heretofore made to them have been used for the purpose of maintaining or aiding, by payment for services, expenses, or otherwise, any church or religious denomination or any institution or society which is under sectarian or ecclesiastical control."

These questions involved an inquiry into the origin and subsequent history of the various charitable and reformatory institutions of the District. In the time allotted to the committee for its work, the required information had to be gathered somewhat hastily; and the task was rendered the more difficult from the fact that in most instances, and even in the case of some of the most important institutions, the records were both meager and scattered. So frequent have changes occurred in the management of the charities that those now in control often have little knowledge of their predecessors. Consequently errors will be found in the following pages; and perhaps credit is not always given where credit is due. Wherever it could be done, however, the sketches of the various institutions have been submitted to the respective authorities and have been corrected by them.

The sketches have been written from the standpoint of the institutions; but where there have been controversies, reference is made to the criticisms. The reason for this course is that, for the most part, the management of the various charities has been in the hands of persons who served the public without reward, and in many instances at decided inconvenience to themselves. Certainly it can serve no good purpose to bring up here matters of dispute now happily in the past. Questions as to present management and efficiency are treated in the report of the joint committee.

The one fact that will be apparent to every reader of these pages is that the District of Columbia has contained, and still contains, a surprisingly large number of benevolent people who have given freely of time, of professional skill, and of money for charity.

Ro-classed 2-27-31 AUM

III

137855

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