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b Deut. xxiv. l.
1 Cor. vi, 16.
X. 1 And a he arose from thence, and cometh into the a John x. 40: coasts of Judæa 2x by the farther side of Jordan: and y the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again. 2 And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife ? tempting him. 3 And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you ? 4 And they said, • Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put • Matt. v. 39.
5 And Jesus [yy answered and] said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept. 6 But from the beginning of the creation 2 € God made c Gen. i. 27: them male and female. 7 . For this cause shall a man d Gen. ii. 24, leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife; 8 and Eph. V. 31. they twain shall be one flesh : so then they are no more twain, but one flesh. 9 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. 10 And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter. . 11 And he saith unto them, e Whosoever shall put away his wife, e Matt. v: 82: and marry another, committeth adultery against her. i.Cor. vii. ja, 12 And if & a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
* render, borders. xx read, and. y render, multitudes.
some ancient authorities read, he made them. a several ancient authorities have, she. ture, and to the exhortation with which reports—for such an arbitrary alteration this verse ends : * Have this grace of God of arrangement is inconceivable.
4.] --this spirit of adoption-- this pledge of suffered is emphatic. Moses gave an exthe covenant, in yourselves ;-and,' with press perinissory injunction. 7.] Our reference to the strife out of which the Lord makes Adam's saying His own: in discourse sprung,—have peace with one Matthew it is attributed to him that made another.'
(them) from the beginning.” The parallel CHAP. X. 1-12.] REPLY TO THE PHA- is most instructive. 10—12.] In Mat. KISEES' QUESTION CONCERNING DIVORCE. thew this saying forms part of the disMatt. xix. 1-12. See Luke xvii. 11. course with the Jews. Here again Mark 1. and the farther side] Our Lord retired, furnishes us with the exact circumstantial after His discourses to the Jews in John x. account of the matter. On the addition, and before the raising of Lazarus, to Matthew vv. 10–12, see notes there. Bethany (John i. 28; x. 40) beyond Jordan, We may notice, that St. Mark omits St. and thence made his last journey to Jeru- Matthew's “for every cause” in ver.2,-and salem ; so that in the strictest sense of the his “except for fornication”
in ver. 11; as words He did come into the borders of also does St. Luke (xvi. 18).
The one Judæa and beyond Jordan. St. Matthew omission seems to involve the other. The has “beyond Jordan” without the copula. report here gives the enquiry without this Here a large portion of the sayings and particular exception. As a general rule, St. doings of Jesus is omitted : compare Matt. Mark, so accurate in circumstantial details, xviii. 10; xix. 3 : Luke ix. 51-xviii. 15: is less exact than St. Matthew in preserving John vii. 1 ff. 249.] See notes on Mat- the order and connexion of the discourses. thew, with whose account ours is nearly
12.] This verse corresponds to identical. Compare however our vv. 3, “whoso marrieth her that is put away com4, 5 with Matthew vv. 7, 8, 9, and we have mitteth adultery” in Matthew, ver 9– testimony to the independence of the two but it is expressed as if the woman were VOL. I.
13 And they brought young children to him, that he should touch them: and his disciples rebuked those that brought them. 14 But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. 15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein. 16 And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.
the active party, and put away her hus- above), we strive to secure that state of band, which was allowed by Greek and simplicity and childlikeness, which in the Roman law (see 1 Cor. vii. 13), but not by infant we have ready and undoubted to Jewish (see Deut. xxiv. 1: Jos. Antt. xv. our hands.
13.] The word may be 7. 10). This alteration in the verbal ex. rendered he fervently blessed them. pression may have originated in the source 17–31.] ANSWER TO AN ENQUIRER whence Mark's report was drawn.
RESPECTING ETERNAL LIFE, 13–16.] THE BRINGING OF CHILDREN COURSE THEREUPON. Matt. xix. 16-30. TO JESUS. Matt. xix. 13 - 15. Luke xviii. Luke xviii. 18–30. On the different form 15—17. The three are nearly identical: of our Lord's answer in Matthew, see notes - from Matthew, we have the additional there. As it here stands, so far from reason " and pray,” and from Mark, "he giving any countenance to Socinian error, took them up in his arms."
13. it is a pointed rebuke of the very view of young children] Not only so, but as in Christ which they who deny His Divinity Luke, infants: and our Lord was not to entertain. He was no "good Master,' to teach them, but only to touch, and pray be singled out from men on account of over them. This simple, seemingly super- His pre-eminence over his kind in virtue stitious application of those that brought and wisdom: God sent us no such Christ them (perhaps not the mothers only) the as this, nor may any of the sons of men disciples, interrupted in their converse on be thus called good. He was one with high and important subjects, despise and Him who only is good, the Son of the reprove. 14.] We can hardly read Father, come not to teach us merely, but our Lord's solemn saying, without seeing to beget us anew by the divine power that it reaches further than the mere then which dwells in Him. The low view then, present occasion. It might one day which this applicant takes of Him and become a question whether the new Chris- his office, He at once rebukes and annuls, tian covenant of repentance and faith as He had done before in the case of Nicocould take in the unconscious infant, as demus: see John iii. 1 ff. and notes. the old covenant did : whether, when Jesus The dilemma, as regards the Socinians, was no longer on earth, little children has been well put (see Stier ii. 283, note): might be brought to Himn, dedicated to - either, “ There is none good but God : his service, and made partakers of his Christ is good : therefore Christ is God;" blessing. Nay, in the pride of the human --01, “ There is none good but God : intellect, this question was sure one day Christ is not God; therefore Christ is to be raised : and our Lord furnishes the NOT GOOD." With regard to other Church, by anticipation, with an answer points the variations in the narratives to it for all ages. Not only may the little are trifling, but instructive—“if thou wilt infants be brought to Him,-but in order enter into life, keep the commandments. for us who are mature to come to Him, He saith unto Him, which ?” (Matthew)= we must cast away all that wherein our “ thou knowest the commandments" (Mark maturity has caused us to differ from and Luke) without any break in the disthem, and become LIKE THEM.
course. Similarly, in Matthew, the young is Infant Baptism justified, but it is (Matthew) ruler (Luke) asks, ver. 20," what (abstractedly considered ;—not as to pre- lack I yet?” but in Mark and Luke, paration for it, which from the nature of Jesus says to him and here with the the case is precluded) the NORMAL PAT- remarkable addition of "beholding him, TERN OF ALL BAPTISM; none can enter lored him”) “one thing thou lackest.” Such God's kingdom, except as an infant. In notices as these shew the point at which, adult baptism, the exceptional case (see not short of which uor beyond which, we 19 Thou
Rom, xiii. 9.
17 And when he was b gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life? 18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good ? there is none good but one, that is, God. knowest the commandments, 'Do not commit adultery, 'Exod. In Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother. 20 And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these things have I observed from my youth. 2 Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have & treasure in heaven : and come, take & Matt. vi. 19, up the
cross, and follow me. 22 And he was sad at that saying, and went away grieved : for he had great possessions. 23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God! 24 And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them h that h Ps: 11.7: trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God !
25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. 26 And they were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be saved ? 27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not i with i Jer xrXII, 17.
b render, going
1 Tin. vi. 17.
Luke 1. 37.
may expect the Evangelists to be in ac- here. 22.] for he had great possessions cord : viz. in that inner truthfulness of - so also St. Matthew. 23–31.] Here faithful report which reflects to us the our ver. 24 is a most important addition ; teaching of the Lord, but does not depend the rest is much alike in the three. In on slavish literal exactitude ; which latter that verse we have all misunderstanding if we require, we overthrow their testi- of our Lord's saying removed, and “the mony, and most effectually do the work proverb," as Wesley well observes, “shifted of our adversaries. 17.) into the way, to this ground : It is easier for a camel, ont of the house, ver. 10, to continue His &c. than for a rich man to cast off his journey, ver. 32. The running and the trust in his riches.'" Yet the power of kneeling are both found in the graphic divine grace can and does accomplish even St. Mark only. 19.] St. Mark here takes this. 24.) Children is remarkable, and exactly the commandments of the second a trace of exactitude : see John xxi. 5 :table, - defraud not standing for the tenth. so also looked round about, ver. 23. St. Matthew adds their summary (“thou 26.] This reiterated expression of dismay, shalt love thy neighbour as thyself”), omit- after the explanation in ver. 24, need not ting (with St. Luke) “defrand not” per- surprise us. The disciples were quite as haps on account of “do not steal” having well aware as we must be, if we deal truly gone before.
21.] Notice the graphic with ourselves, that they that have riches details again, of looking on him and loving and they that trust in riches are too him. take up the cross is added nearly commensurate, for the mind to be 31 But
k ch. viii. 31 :
God : for with God all things are possible. 26 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee. 29 And Jesus [bb answered and] said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel's, 30 but he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life. many
are first shall be last; and the last first. 32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem ; and Jesus went before them : and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. * And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him, 33 saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem;
and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn
bb omit. relieved of much of its dread at the solemn time had mastered himself.” Here saying which preceded.
28.] Here is
follows in Matthew the parable of the an instance of a saying of Peter's reported, Labourers in the vineyard, ch. xx. 1-16. without any distinction indicating that 32—34.] FULLER he had a share in the report.
See notes HIS SUFFERINGS AND DEATH. Matt. xx. cn Matthew, for the promise here made 17-19. Luke xviii. 31-34. [The reto the Apostles. 29, 30.] Here our markable particulars of ver. 32 are only report is most important. To it and St.
found liere.] This was (see Matt. xvi. Luke we owe now in this time, without 21; xvii. 22) the third declaration of His which the promise might be understood of a sufferings which the Lord had made to the future life only :-and to it alone we owe disciples, and it was His going before them, the particularizing of the returns made, accompanied most probably by something and the words with persecutions, which remarkable in his gait and manner-a light up the whole passage, and shew that boldness and determination perhaps, an it is the inheritance of the earth in the eagerness, denoted in Luke xii. 50, which higher sense by the meek which is spoken struck them with astonishment and fear. ';-see 1 Cor. ïïi. 21, 22. Observe
• Though very little is said in the mothers--nature gives us only one--but Gospels concerning our Lord's external love, many (see Rom. xvi. 13). We do appearance and deportment, there are frenot read fathers, perhaps because of our quent indications of its effects on others. high and absorbing relation to our Father We do not see His glory in itself,-it in heaven ; compare Matt. xxiii. 9. On could not be described, -but we read the and the gospel's, Dr. Wordsworth observes, reflection of it in them. See Matt. ix. 9, “see above, viï. 35, where this phrase (not the call of St. Matthew: Matt. xxi. 12, found in the other Evangelists, see Matt. the purging of the temple : Mark ix. 15, xvi. 25: Luke ix. 24) is inserted by St. the feeling and behaviour of the crowd Mark. Perhaps it made a greater im- towards him after the Transfiguration. pression upon his mind, because he had
The climax is at the betrayal, John xviii. formerly shrunk from suffering for the 6, when, after His utterance of those Gospel's sake. (See Acts xiii. 13; xv. 38.) words -'I am he,'-- the soldiers start St. Mark also alone here inserts our Lord's back, and fall to the ground.” Dr. Wordswords, with persecutions, perhaps from a worth. 32.] began, anew : He again recollection that he had been once af. opened this subject. 33.] The cirfrighted by persecution from doing the cumstances of the passion are brought out work of the Gospel : and desiring to pre- in all three Evangelists with great parpare others to encounter trials which for a ticularity. The delivery to the Gentiles'
him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles : 34 and they shall mock him, and C shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and cc the third day he shall rise again. 35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come unto him, saying, Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire. 36 And he said unto them, What would ye that I should do for you? 37 They said unto him, Grant unto us, that we may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left hand, in thy glory. 38 But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask: can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? d and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with ? 39 And they said unto him, We can. And Jesus said unto them, Ye shall [dd indeed] drink of the cup that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal shall ye be baptized : 40 but to sit on my right e and on my left hand is not mine to give; but [ee it shall be given to them] for whom it is prepared. 41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John. 42 But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, 'Ye 1 Luke xxii. know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority ? upon them. 43 m But so ff shall it not be m ch. ix. 35. among you: but whosoever will be great among you shall be your minister : 4+ and whosoever of you will be the 8 chiefest, shall be servant of all.
45 For h even n the Son of Phil
. 1.4. nearly all our most ancient MSS. have these transposed. cc read, after three days. d read, or.
e read, or. ee not expressed in the original.
render, over. read, it is not. Bliterally, first.
h render, the Son of man also. is common to them all.
34.] spit if the one had actually before him the upon him, Mark and Luke:-crucify him, writing of the other. Besides, we have Matthewonly, which is remarkable, as being the whole additional particulars of the the first intimation, in plain terms, of the baptism, with which He was to be bapdeath He should die. The taking up the tized : see note on Matthew. 38.] Obcross, so often alluded to, might have had serve the present tenses, drink of, and am now for them a deep meaning-but see baptized with. They may mean that the Luke ver. 34. The they in ver. 34 means Lord had already the cup of His suffering the Gentiles.
at His lips; was already, so to speak, 35-45.] AMBITIOUS REQUEST OF THE sprinkled with the first drops of spray of sons Of ŽEBEDEE: OUR LORD'S REPLY. His baptism of blood : or they may be Matt. xx. 20-28, where see notes through. merely official : “that I am to drink of, out, and especially on the difference in our and to be baptized with.” 42.] they ver. 35.
The two accounts of the dis- which are accounted to rule,—who have course are almost verbatim the same, and the title of rulers: literally, they which that they came from one source is very seem to rule, or, think that they rule. apparent. Even here, however, slight de- It is not, those who rule,' which God viations occur, which are unaccountable, alone does.