Gambar halaman

year. The sum of $33,160 had been added to Total number of persons baptized during the the trust and endowment funds, and $12,245 year, 9,143. Reports were made concerning to funds on which annuities were paid. The editions of the Bible and the New Testament operations of the society had been enlarged, par- in Burman, Karen, Shan, Telinga, the Garos ticularly in the West, and 392 missionaries had language, Japanese, and the colloquial dialect been sustained, being 111 more than were em- of Swatow, China. ployed in the previous year. Of these mission Recommendations were adopted that it aries, 209 had labored among Americans, 40 should be made an object to place the Bible among Germans, 30 among Scandinavians, 6 in the hands of every Christian family in the among French, 11 among Indians, 21 among missions any of whose members can read or freedmen, and 3 among Chinese. Eleven can be easily taught to read, and the New schools had been sustained, which employed 63 Testament in the hands of children in the Sunteachers and were attended by 1,649 scholars. day and day schools; to encourage the circuTwelve hundred and two churches and out- lation of the Bible among nominal Christians stations, having 16,279 members, had been who can read, with special efforts to induce supplied, 61 churches organized, and 554 Sun- them to read it, while taking care at the same day-schools, with an attendance of 29,090, time not to place the book in the bands of cared for by the missionaries. The number those who will wantonly destroy it. of schools among the freedmen had been in The Southern Baptist Convention met at Cocreased, by the addition of the schools at lumbus. Mississippi, May 5th. The Rev. P. H. Selma, Alabama, and Live Oak, Florida, to Mell, D.D., was chosen president. The Forten. Among their students, 367 had the min- eign Mission Board reported that its receipts istry in view. The students had paid a larger had been $46,820, and that the debt of the sum for tuition than ever before ; and the previous year had been paid. An application freed people had contributed for the purposes had been made for the appointment of misof the schools $2,000 in Alabama, nearly sionaries to Cuba, and the Secretary of State $1,000 in South Carolina, $400 in Florida, and of the United States had been asked whether $2,000 in Texas and the Southwest; and they such missionaries would be protected and tolwere raising funds in Georgia for the erection erated. The Secretary had replied that they of a building at Atlanta for the education of would be protected as citizens, but that no asyoung women. An institution was to be es surance could be given in advance as to the tablished at Marshall, Texas, to be known as action of foreign authorities toward the mis"Bishop College.” The “Indian University” sionaries themselves or in respect to their work. at Tahlequah, Indian Territory, which had The reports of the condition of the several misbeen opened about a year before, had been at- sions may be summarized as follows: Mexico : tended by fifty-seven students, five of whom Thirteen churches had been organized, of which were studying for the ministry. The estab- five had been afterward disbanded, leaving lishment of a school at Ogden, Utah, as a eight churches, with 200 members. The mismeans for acquiring influence among the Mor. sionary, Rev. J. O. Westrup, had been mormons, was recommended. Preparations had dered in December, 1880, and a successor to been made to resume the work of the society him was to be appointed. Brazil : Three mis. in Mexico, which, first begun in 1869, had been sionaries, two churches, 44 members. Africa suspended in 1876.

(Lagos, Abbeokuta, and Ogbomosho): five misThe anniversary of the American Baptist sionaries, 92 members. China (Tung Chow, Missionary Union was held May 21st, the Rev. Shanghai, and Canton): 12 missionaries, 18 naGeorge D. Boardman, D. D., presiding. The tive assistants, 543 members, 190 pupils. Italy: total receipts of the society for the year had Four foreign missionaries, 10 native evangelbeen $313,774, of which $24,971 were for in- ists, 11 stations, 175 members. Efforts had vested funds, leaving $288,803 applicable to been made to secure the co-operation of the its general purposes. The appropriations had colored Baptists of all the States in prosecuting amounted to $300,653, so that the accounts African missions, but with only partial success. showed a deficit of $11,850. The condition of The Home Mission Board had received and exthe several missions is exhibited in the follow- pended $27,869. A church with ten members ing table :

had been organized in San Francisco, Califor

nia, in connection with the Chinese mission at Churches. Members that place. Buildings had been erected for

the Levering Indian Institute in the Creek na

21,969 tion, and the school would be opened in the Teloogoos..


fall. The missionaries of the board had labored

1,492 in eight States, where their work was suppleJapan..

mented by that of the missionaries of the State Germany..

Conventions. They had themselves supplied

59 churches and 48 other stations. Three Spain Greece.

hundred and fifty women's societies had col

lected $6,000 for the purposes of the conven1,106 1,005 89,272




Native preachers,






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5 806 134

188 19,501 26,656

786 146





A Missionary Convention of Colored Bap- na, and returned one missionary and his wife tists of the South was held at Montgomery, and one missionary teacher, two native preachAlabama, in the last days of 1880, and organ- ers, one Bible woman, one Sabbath-school and ized the Baptist Foreign Missionary Conven- two day-schools, a church of about twenty tion of the United States, the object of which members, and missionary buildings valued at was declared to be to give the Gospel to the $7,400. The subject of extending missionary people of Africa and elsewhere through mis- work in Holland beyond the bounds of the sionary and educational work. A scheme for church at Haarlem was under consideration. home missionary work was also devised. The III. OLD OR GENERAL BAPTISTS OF RHODE convention was attended by delegates from Ar- Island.—The two hundred and eleventh annikansas, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, versary of the Old or General Baptists of Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, and Vir- Rhode Island was held in Coventry, Septemginia.

ber 7th, 8th, and 9th. The Rev. J. Porter II. SEVENTI-DAY BAPTISTS.—The sixty-sev- was moderator. The body consists of twelve enth annual meeting of the Seventh-Day Bap- churches, containing in all about 1,200 memtist General Conference was held at Farina, Illi- bers. The churches reported no special renois, beginning September 21st. Joshua Clarke vivals,“ but fair interest and general .stead. presided. Two new churches were admitted to fastness.' membership in the conference, and a third IV. THE BEETHREN, OR TUNKERS. — The church had been partly organized. A small Brethren are represented in twenty States. increase was reported in the number of mem Their churches return 1,578 ministers, 306 of bers of the church. The number added by bap- whom are in Pennsylvania, 248 in Indiana, 227 tism had been greater than in any previous in Ohio, 142 in Illinois, and 133 in Iowa. year for a long time past, and the additions by The regular Annual Meeting of the Brethren, letter had exceeded the dismissions, but the or Tunkers, was held at Ashland, Ohio, in number of exclusions had been unusually large. June. As in former years, much of the time The number of Sabbath-schools was 94, with of the meeting was spent in answering queries 6,913 persons attending them as officers, teach- from district meetings in regard to the mode ers, and scholars. A committee which had of dress. It was decided that a church letter been appointed to co-operate with the friends ought not to be given to a member who does of civil liberty in Pennsylvania for the exemp- not dress in the uniform of the church; that tion of Sabbath-keepers from the penalties of only those who conform to the order of dress the Sunday laws of that State, made a report be appointed on committees to settle difficulof its work. It had solicited essays in support ties arising on this subject; that those only of its efforts from men of several denomina- who dress themselves and wear their hair actions and from professional men, and had se- cording to the regulations should be appointcured many expressions of sympathy, but had ed delegates to the annual meeting, in which not succeeded in getting any formal papers such only are permitted to speak; that sisters prepared on the subject; and it had obtained may wear coats of a certain pattern (formerly a large number of signatures to petitions. A prohibited), and that they ought not to wear few persons declined to give their support to hats. One of the journals of the denominathe movement because it did not go as far as tion noticed as signs of the advances which the they would have it, in that it did not seek the Brethren were gradually making toward conunconditional repeal of the Sunday law. A formity with modern ideas, that the meeting bill to protect "religious liberty" was intro was held in the “Campus” and “under the duced in the Legislature of Pennsylvania by Mr. very shadow of a Brethren's College," and H. Gates Jones, and was supported by public that the standing committee held its sessions meetings and addresses prompted by the com- in one of the recitation-rooms of the college, mittee, but was opposed by persons who were “in which there stood at the self-same time a unwilling to tolerate any relaxation of the Sun- musical instrument-even a forte-piano"; also day laws of the State; and it failed to pass in that a collection was taken for the building of the Senate by lacking one vote of receiving a a meeting-house and parsonage in Denmark, a constitutional majority, although twenty-five thing that would not have been tolerated on votes were cast in its favor to fifteen against the grounds of the annual meeting sixteen it. The Committee on Denominational His- years before. These movements toward contory reported that a complete history was in formity with the world have resulted in the course of preparation.

formation of three parties among the Brethren: The Seventh-Day Baptist Missionary Society, the “Progressives”; those who contend for whose anniversary was held in connection with the old order; and those who occupy a midthe General Conference, bad sustained home dle position, and deprecate, on the one hand, and foreign missions. The bome missions re- departures from the established order of the turned 20 missionaries and missionary pastors Brethren, and, on the other hand, intolerance laboring in 11 States, with 29 churches and of differences and too rigid adherence to unes43 other preaching stations supplied, 26 Bible- sential matters. schools, and 212“ Sabbath - keeping" fami A convention of Old-Order Brethren held in lies. The foreign mission is at Shanghai, Chi- Maryland adopted a protest against the course

of the annual meeting in tolerating," grave tion to do what is just and right, and the asdepartures from ancient principles," and a surance that if it pursued that course it would platform of principles, among which were have the support of the masses of the people. declarations in favor of baptism by trine im- A petition to Parliament was adopted in favor mersion, "both administrator and candidate of the suppression of the opium-trade. A pegoing into the stream, accompanied by the lay- tition coming from members of the Universities ing on of hands and prayer in the water, there of Oxford and Cambridge asking that the Bapbeing no gospel for baptizing either sick or tist Union, in connection with the Congregawell persons in a mechanical vessel, in a house tional Union, would arrange for the delivery or outside"; feet-washing by the double mode; of lectures or sermons in the university towns the Lord's Supper a full meal; sisters to have on the principles of non-conformity, was retheir heads covered with the plain white cap, ferred to a committee. brethren to have their heads uncovered in time The managers of the Baptist Building Fund of praying or prophesying; "plainness in all had granted thirty-five loans, amounting to things by all, and uniformity in non-conformity £8,032, and reported twenty-two new chapels to the world ; . . . colleges and high-schools, be opened and six chapels enlarged and improved. ing of the world, belong not to the church, nor The receipts of the Bible Translation Society to the humble followers of Christ"; Sunday- had been £2,392. The invested capital of the schools not of Gospel authority; "taxation for Baptist Annuity Fund had been increased to missionary purposes unscriptural; salaried or £78,000. paid ministry unscriptural, as understood by The Union met in its autumnal session at our ancient brethren ; special educational prep- Portsmouth, October 26th, and was opened aration for the ministry not according to the by President Dowson with an address on Gospel, as understood by our ancient breth- "Spiritual Life in Connection with the Asren"; no life insurance; no oath-bound or semblies and Operations of the Union." secret orders; non-resistance; non-swearing; The eighty-ninth annual meeting of the brethren not to be permitted to engage in Baptist Missionary Society was held in London, political affairs by voting and holding oath- April 26th. The receipts of the society had bound offices under the civil laws. The sev been £51,459, the largest amount of income eral churches and meetings have been consid- reported in its history. Of this amount £11,erably agitated in conseqnence of these differ- 915 had been contributed for special purposes, ences.

including £4,000 given by Mr. Arthington, of V. BAPTISTS OF THE MARITIME PROVINCES.— Leeds, for the Congo mission, and £3,421 The thirty-sixth annual convention of the Bap which had been given by the churches for the tists of the Maritime Provinces met at Yarmouth, benefit of sufferers by a cyclone in Jamaica. Nova Scotia, August 20th, and was attended by The missions of the society are in India, Ceyan unusual number of delegates. F. H. Rand, lon, China, Japan, Africa, the West Indies, and LL. D., was chosen president. The statistical Jamaica, and parts of Europe, and returned reports showed that 1,260 persons had been 95 missionaries and assistants wholly, and 18 baptized during the year. The convention partly, supported by the society, 61 pastors of sustained three foreign mission stations in the self-supporting churches, 258 evangelists, 536 Teloogoo country of India, at which eight con- stations and sub-stations, 3,373 persons baptized verts had been baptized since the previous year's during the year, 38,397 members, 172 teachers, report. The income of the Board of Missions 5,815 day-scholars, and 5,828 Sunday-scholars. had been $5,400, and its expenditures $6,150. In India, two editions of the New Testament The Board of Home Missions had employed in Bengali (one with references), and one edi48 missionaries, who supplied 86 churches and tion in Hindi, had been completed, and a large 206 out-stations at an outlay of $5,204. The number of Scriptures and tracts in the Kaithi “convention scheme" of finance, which con- language had been printed. The revision of templates the raising for benevolent purposes the Singhalese New Testament, begun in 1876, of a sum equivalent to a dollar a person for the had been completed. The thirty-two native entire membership of the churches, had been churches in Shansi and Shantung were all selfnearly successful.

supporting and ministered to by Chinese pasVI. PARTICULAR BAPTISTS IN GREAT Brit- tors, and had received a large number of conAIN AND IRELAND.-The annual meetings in verts. In Western Africa a branch station connection with the Baptist Union of England from Bukundu had been established, nearly a and Ireland were held in London in April, be- hundred miles in the interior. The missionginning on the 26th. The Rev. Henry Dowson aries to Central Africa had not yet reached their was chosen president of the Union for the year. destination at Stanley Pool, on the Congo, but The financial reports showed that the number had labored with effect in San Salvador and of churches and of single members contribut- the neighboring towns. ing to the funds of the Union had considerably VII. GenerAL BAPTISTS IN GREAT BRITAIN. increased. A resolution on public affairs was — The one hundred and twelfth annual meeting adopted expressing satisfaction with the domes- of the General Baptist Association was held at tic and foreign policy of the Government, the Norwich, June 21st. The Rev. Dawson Burns belief that it would persevere in its determina- presided. Reports were received from 154

churches of 1,368 additions by baptism, of a Flanders, born March 24, 1837, lieutenantclear increase of 441, and a total of about 26,- general in the service of Belgium, who was 000 members. The receipts for foreign mis- married, April 26, 1867, to Princess Marie of sions had been £7,766, and the expenditures Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (born November 17, £8,518.

1845), and has two sons, Baldwin, born July A “Local Preachers' Conference” was held 3, 1869, and Albert, born April 8, 1875. The during the meeting of the association, at which oldest daughter, Princess Louisa, born Februa paper was read on the need of increased and ary 18, 1858, was married on February 4, 1875, better organized local preachers' work in the to Prince Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Cobourg and churches. The establishment of home-mission Gotha. centers, to be under the direction of the con The area of this kingdom is 29,455.16 square ference to which they belong, was recom- kilometres (1 square kilometre = 0.386 square mended. In a Sunday-school conference, the mile) or 11,373 square miles. The population, establishment of weekly services for children, according to the census of December 31, 1876, a union for young converts, and special evan was 5,336,189, and in December, 1879, accordgelistic services, were recommended. Numer- ing to a calculation based upon the movement ous services for children of the kind suggested of population, 5,536,654. The following table were already held weekly in London, Liver- exbibits the population of each province at the pool, and Paris. The “association letter” on close of 1878: the adaptation of the church to the wants of

Pop. in Dec., 1879. the times, suggested that such modifications in


669,279 creed and practice as were made necessary in

993,596 the light of modern discoveries should be ac

Flanders, West.


886,776 cepted, that a wider policy should be allowed

982,402 in baptism, and that open fellowship should be Liége

Limburg permitted. Another" association letter”


210,553 read upon the subject of “open fellowship.”


(See Dis-

5,536,654 RAELI, BENJAMIN.)

BELGIUM, a kingdom of Europe. Leopold The population of the principal cities on II, King of the Belgians, born April 9, 1835, December 31, 1879, was as follows: Brussels, is the son of King Leopold I, former Duke of 170,345 ; Antwerp, 163,011; Ghent, 132,839 ; Saxe-Cobourg, and ascended the throne at his Liége, 121,787; Bruges, 44,833; Malines, 41,death, December 10, 1865. He was married 328 ; Verviers, 40,362 ; Louvain, 35,090; TourAugust 22, 1853, to Marie Henriette, daughter nay, 32,832; Courtrai, 27,061; Saint Nicolas, of the laté Archduke Joseph of Austria (born 25,698; Namur, 25,792; Seraing, 25,046; August 23, 1836), who has borne him three Mons, 24,696; Alost, 21,631. daughters. The heir-apparent to the throne The movement of population from 1873 to is the brother of the King, Philip, Count of 1879 is shown in the following table:




659,803 211.694



[blocks in formation]

Of the total births in 1879, 168,724 were

Francs. legitimate, and 14,059 were illegitimate. The Two and a half per cent debt...

219,959,682 number of divorces amounted to 151.

Three per cent loans from 1878 to 1878.

883,707, 100 Four per cent debt (1871 to 1879).

672,741,892 The number of representatives in the Lower Four per cent loan of 1850..

184,719,000 House of the Chambers is 132, the number of

Rentes funded at 3 per cent.

1,409, 685 Rentes funded at 5 per cent.

7,611,960 senators is 66. In order to be eligible for elec- Five per cent annuities to the Netherlands.. 2,539,680 tion to the Chamber of Representatives, it is

Annuities for repurchasing railroads at 41 per

818,511,878 necessary to be twenty-five years of age, and a citizen of Belgium. On the other hand, no one Total....

1,741,200,267 is eligible to the Senate who does not pay direct taxes to the amount of 1,000 florins (2,116 The immigration into Belgium has since francs). Under this law there are at present 1871 always exceeded the emigration from the but 507 Belgians eligible to the Senate. The country. In 1879, there were 14,234 imminumber of persons entitled to vote at general grants and 12,474 emigrants. elections was, in 1881, 116,090.

The budget for the years 1879 and 1880 estiThe public debt on August 1, 1880, was as mated receipts and expenditures as follows in follows:

francs) :



2. Dotations






The Chamber of Deputies, which adjourned I. RECEIPTS.

December 24, 1880, resumed its sittings on 1. Direct taxes..

44,418,000 44,110,000 the 25th of January. The conflict between the 2. Indirect taxes

102,785,500 105,624,500 Church and the Liberals, on the educational 8. From means of communication

(railroads, telegraphs, post, etc.) 103,922,600 110,272,400 question, continued in and out of Parliament. 4. Miscellaneous..

10,101,000 10,005,000 By the gain of a seat by the Clericals, the 5. Reimbursements

8,263,160 3,486,160 Liberal majority in the Senate was reduced to Total receipts...

264,435,260 278,497,060 four. A parliamentary investigation into the II. EXPENDITURES.

condition of schools and the character of the 1. Public debt

77,990,229 79,024,246 instruction imparted excited the indignation of

4,699,475 4,647,475 the Clericals, who appealed to the article of the 8. Ministry of Justice

15,901,169 16,042,309 4. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2,073,110 2,183,435 Constitution which leaves it free to any one to 0. Ministry of the Interior. 9,806,278 9,629,868 open a school and receive pupils. The purpose 6. Ministry of Education.. 14,284,599 16,642,12of the investigation was to show by the testi7. Ministry of Public Works.. 8. Ministry of War...

44,040,000 44,162,700 mony of experienced pedagogues and schoolBudget of the gendarmery. 8,410,000 8 488 200 inspectors, whose judgment would have weight 9. Ministry of Finance..

15,242,110 15,880,010 10. Reimbursements and outstanding

in the country, that the schools which had debt......

1,187,000 1,187,000 been hastily established everywhere by the Total expenditures... 272,844,817 278,818,548 clergy to compete with the state schools, were

taught by incompetent and ignorant persons. The special commerce with foreign countries The majority in Parliament were moved, by in 1878 was as follows (values in francs):

the obstructions cast by the Church party in

the way of the new system of education, to

Importa. Exports. take reprisals in the form of a reduction of the Russia..


budget of Public Worship.

22,985,000 Sweden and Norway.

25.636,000 6,775,000

The Minister of Justice, by request, laid be

2,241,000 2,203,000 fore the Chamber of Deputies a statement of German Customs Union. 222,108,000 200,025,000



the amount of the stipends paid to the clergy Hamburg.

13.339,000 19,565,000 as compared with 1832. There are 4,997 of the 186,937,000 146,147,000

lower clergy, whose salaries amount to 4,384,Great Britain.

194,252,000 249,695,000

823,161,000 829,855,000 937 francs, against 2,335,795 for 3,870 stipenPortugal

2,066,000 5,723,000 diaries fifty years ago. The lower clergy conSpain..

22,739,000 18,804,000 Italy

6,247,000 13,109,000

sists of 91 parish priests of the first and 140 of Switzerland.

999,000 19,152,000 the second class, 2,804 curates, 179 chaplains, Austria..

1,400,000 2,945,000 Turkey.

12,166,000 5,036,000

1,667 vicars, and seven coadjutors, with ten

3,898,000 8,965,000 chaplaincies and ninety-nine vicarships unAsia..

10,747,000 6,725,000

filled. The higher clergy and seminaries draw United States...

175,467,000 9,807,000 Cuba and Porto Rico...

1,921,000 5,942,000

from the state 321,000 francs against 235,232 Hayti and Venezuela..


in 1832. 20.969,000 23,610,000

In the discussion upon the proposed revisUruguay

15, $72,000 898,000 Rio de la Plata..

53,989,000 6,989,000 ion of the annual fund for ecclesiastical mainChili and Peru..

85,930,000 11,370.000

tenance, Minister Bara laid down the principle Other countries..

1,884,000 2,882,000

that the granting of the budget for Public WorTotal...... 1,472,764,000 1,112,352,000 ship was purely a state act, to be determined

from motives of public policy, and that it was The transit trade in the same year amounted based upon no convention between the Church to 897,347,000 francs.

and the state. Jacobs, the Clerical champion, The movement of shipping in Belgian ports argued on the contrary that the budget was a in 1878 was as follows:

poor and inadequate indemnity repaid to the

Church for the property of which it was robbed Tonnage.

in the Revolution. The Government refrained Total vessels entered.


8,184,747 from retaliating the hostilities of the clergy by Total vessels cleared.


cutting down the salaries of the bishops and Steamers entered..


2,447,620 Steamers cleared.

2,414,469 the parochial clergy. A motion of the Radi-

cals to do this was voted down by 95 to 26 The length of railways in operation at the majority. In the budget, which was voted in close of 1879 was 4,012 kilometres. The March, a large aggregate reduction was effected length of telegraph-wires was 23,572 kilome- by abolishing chaplaincies, suppressing the pay tres, and of lines 5,410 kilometres. The num- of supernumerary assistant clergy, and withber of stations was 708, and the total number holding the annual grants to the ecclesiastical of dispatches 3,242,615. The number of post- seminaries. The last retrenchment was justioffices was 638; of letters (ordinary, regis- fied on the ground that these institutions have tered, and insured), 69,026,949; of newspapers, abundant revenues of their own.

Bara an69,712,000; of printed matter, 28,041,000; of nounced that the care of souls in the army postal-cards, 16,720,652; and of official corre would devolve upon the parochial clergy. The spondence, 10,841,141.

army he declared to be no more in need of re




No. of vessele.

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