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THE TREASURY.

The Lord Treasurer, whose office is now executed by Lords Commissioners,

hath the appointment of all officers employed in collecting the revenues of the Crown ; he hath the nomination of all escheaters, and the disposai of all places and ways relating to the revenue ; and power to let leases of the Crown Lands.

First Lords.

1754, April 6, Duke of Newcastle.
1762, May 29, Earl of Bute.
1763, April 16, George Grenville.
1765, July 12, Marquess of Rockingham.
1766, Aug. 2, Duke of Grafton.
1770, Jan. 28, Lord North.
1782, Mar. 30, Marquess of Rockingham.

July 30, Earl of Shelburne. 1783, April 5, Duke of Portland.

Dec. 27, Right Hon. William Pitt. 1801, July 2, Right Hon. Henry Addington. 1804, May 15, Right Hon. William Pitt. 1806, Feb. 11, Lord Grenville. 1807, Mar. 31, Duke of Portland. 1810, June 23, Right Hon. Spencer Perceval. 1812, June 9, Earl of Liverpool. 1827, April 24, Right Hon. George Canning.

Sept. 5, Viscount Goderich. 1828, Jan. 52, Duke of Wellington. 1830, Nov. 22, Earl Grey. 1834, July 18, Viscount Melbourne.

Nov. 21, Duke of Wellington.

Dec. 10, Sir Robert Peel, bart. 1835, April 14, Viscount Melbourne. 1841, Sept. 3, Sir Robert Peel, bart. 1846, July 1, Lord John Russell. 1852, Feb. 27, Earl of Derby.

Dec. 28, Earl of Aberdeen.. 1855, Feb. 8, Viscount Palmerston. 1858, Feb. 26, Earl of Derby. 1859, June 18, Viscount Palmerston. 1865, Nov. 3, Earl Russ 1866, July 6, Earl of Derby. 1868, Mar. 3, Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli,

Dec. 9, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1874, Mar. 2, Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, (Earl of Beaconsfield.) 1880, April Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone.

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Chancellors of the Exchequer.

1783, July 3, Right Hon. William Pitt.
1801, July 3, Right Hon. H. Addington.
1804, April 12, Right Hon. William Pitt.
1806, Feb. 5, Lord Henry Petty.
1807, Mar. 31, Right Hon. Spencer Perceval.
1812, June 9, Right Hou. Nicolas Vansittart.
1823, Jan. 31, Right Hon. Frederick-John Robinson
1827, April 24, Right Hon. George Canning.

Sept. 5, Right Hon. John-Charles Herries.
1828, Jan. 25, Right Hon. Henry Goulburn.
1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Althorp.
1834, Dec. 10, Sir Robert Peel, bart.
1835, April 18, Right Hon. T. Spring Rice.
1839, Aug. 26, Right Hon. Francis-Thornhill Baring.
1841, Sept. 3, Right Hon. Henry Goulburn.
1846, July 6, Right Hon. Sir Charles Wood, bart.
1852, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli.

Dec. 28, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1855, Mar. 5, Right Hon. Sir George-C. Lewis, bart. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli. 1859, June 18, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1866, July 6, Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli. 1868, Mar. 3, Right Hon. G.-Ward Hunt.

Dec. 9, Right Hon. Robert Lowe. 1873, Sept. 9, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1874, Mar. 2, Right Hon. Sir Stafford Northcote, bart. 1880, April Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone.

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THE SECRETARIES OF STATE. { Until the reign of Henry VIII. there was only one Secretary of State ; and

until the reign of Elizabeth, the Secretaries were never of the Privy Council. From the death of Queen Anne to the Rebellion of 1745, there was a third Secretary for Scotland; and from 1768, to the loss of America, in 1782, there was one for the Colonies, which office was revived in 1804, in conjunction with the War Department. The departments of the two Secreturies were, previous to 1782, divided into Northern and Southern, now styled the Home and Foreign Departments. From 1782 until 1854 there were two, and sometimes three, Secretaries of State. In that year a fourth was added, in consequence of the separation of the Department of War from that of the Colonies, and in 1858 the creation of a Secretary of State for India increased the number to five, at which it now remains. With the Home Secretary, all grants, pardons, and regulations in civil matters of every kind, are made out and executed. To the Foreign Secretary belong all despatches to and from other courts, and all business appertaining to the same. They have the custody of the privy signet, because the Queen's private letters are sealed with it. There are four Clerks of the Signet, who make out grants, patents, fc. which have the sign manual, to which the Signet being added, it is a warrant to the Privy Seal, as the Privy Seal is a warrant to the Great Seal. The Paper Office belongs to the Secretaries of State, where all papers, letters, memorials, negotiations, fc., are deposited and preserved.]

Home Department; previous to 1782 styled the Northern Department. 1798,

Duke of Portland. 1801, July 30, Lord Pelham. 1803, Aug. 17, Right Hon. Charles Yorke. 1806, Feb. 5, Earl Spencer. 1807, Mar. 25, Lord Hawkesbury. 1809, Nov. 1, Right Hon. Richard Ryder. 1812, June 11, Viscount Sidmouth. 1822, Jan. 17, Right Hon. Robert Peel. 1827, May 1, Right Hon. William-Sturges Bourne.

July 16, Marquess of Lansdowne. 1828, Jan. 26, Right Hon. Robert Peel. 1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Melbourne. 1834, July 19, Lord Duncannon.

Dec. 15, Right Hon. Henry Goulburn. 1835, April 18, Lord John Russell. 1839, Aug. 30, Marquess of Normanby. 1841, Sept. 6, Sir James-Robert-George Graham, bart. 1846, July 6, Sir George Grey, bart. 1852, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Spencer-Horatio Walpole.

Dec. 28, Viscount Palmerston.

1855, Feb. 8, Right Hon. Sidney Herbert.

28, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Spencer- Horatio Walpole. 1859, Feb. 28, Right Hon. T. H. S. Sotheron-Estcourt.

June 18, Rt. Hon.Sir George-Cornewall Lewis, bart. 1861, July 23, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart. 1866, July 6, Right Hon. Spencer. Horatio Walpole. 1867, May 17, Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy. 1868, Dec.

9, Right Hon. Henry-Austin Bruce. 1873, Aug. 9, Right Hon. Robert Lowe. 1874, Feb. Right Hon. Richard Assheton Cross. 1880, April Right Hon. Sir W.-Vernon Harcourt.

Under Secretaries of State for the Home Department.

1880, April

Earl of Rosebery.
Hon. Sir A.-F.-O. Liddell. (Permanent.)

Foreign Department ; previous to 1782 styled the Southern Department. 1800,

Lord Hawkesbury. 1804, May 14, Lord Harrowby. 1805, Jan. 11, Earl of Mulgrave. 1806, Feb. 7, Right Hon. Charles-James Fox.

Sept. 24, Viscount Howick. 1807, Mar. 25, Right Hon. George Canning. 1809, Oct. 11, Earl Bathurst.

Dec. 6, Marquess Wellesley, 1812, June 11, Viscount Castlereagh. 1822, Sept. 16, Right Hon. George Canning. 1827, May 1, Viscount Dudley. 1828, May 30, Earl of Aberdeen. 1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Palmerston. 1834, Nov. 21, Duke of Wellington. 1835, April 18, Viscount Palmerston. 1841, Sept. 2, Earl of Aberdeen. 1846, July 6, Viscount Palmerston. 1851, Dec. 26, Earl Granville. 1852, Feb. 27, Earl of Malmesbury.

Dec. 28, Lord John Russell. 1853, Feb. 21, Earl of Clarendon. 1858, Feb. 26, Earl of Malmesbury. 1859, June 18, Lord John Russell. 1865, Nov. 3, Earl of Clarendon. 1866, July 6, Lord Stanley. 1868, Dec. 10, Earl of Clarendon. 1870, July 7, Earl Granville. 1874, Feb.

Earl of Derby. 1878,

Marquis of Salisbury. 1880, April Earl Granville.

Under Secretaries of State for the Foreign Department.

1880, April

Sir Charles Dilke, bart.
Lord Tenterden. (Permanent.)

Colony and War Department. 1804, May 14, Earl Camden. 1805, July 10, Viscount Castlereagh. 1806, Feb. 5, Right Hon. William Windham. 1807, Mar. 25, Viscount Castlereagh. 1809, Oct. 11, Earl of Liverpool. 1812, June 11, Earl Bathurst. 1827, May 1, Viscount Goderich.

Sept. 3, Right Hon. William Huskisson. 1828, May 30, Sir George Murray. 1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Goderich. 1833,

Right Hon. Edward G. Stanley. 1834, June 5, Right Hon. Thomas-Spring Rice.

Dec. 20, Earl of Aberdeen. 1835, April 18, Right Hon. Charles Grant. 1839, Feb. 20, Marquess of Normanby.

Aug. 30, Lord John Russell. 1841, Sept. 3, Lord Stanley. 1845, Dec. 23, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1846, July 6, Earl Grey. 1852, Peb. 27, Right Hon. Sir John-S. Pakington, bart. Dec. 28, Duke of Newcastle.

(1854, June 10.The Departments were divided.]

Secretaries of State for the War Department.

1854, June 10, Duke of Newcastle. 1855, Feb. 8, Right Hon. Lord Panmure. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Jonathan Peel. 1859, June 18, Right Hon. Sidney Herbert. 1861, July 23, Right Hon. Sir George-Cornewall Lewis, lt. 1863, April 28, Earl De Grey and Ripon. 1866, Feb. 16, The Marquess of Hartington. July 6, Right Hon. Jonathan Peel.

Right Hon. Sir J.-Somerset Pakington, bt. 1868, Dec. 10, Right Hon. Edward Cardwell. 18 Mar. Right Hon. Gathorie Hardy. 1878,

Right Hon. F.-A. Stanley. 1880, April Right Hon. H.-C.-E. Childers.

1867,

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