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AND
THE POWER OF THE PRESIDENT TO WITHHOLD

INFORMATION FROM THE CONGRESS

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Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1958

21740

KF26
J837
1958h
copya

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Mlinois SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina

JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland JOHN A, CARROLL, Colorado

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL Rights

THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri, Chairman JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota SAM J. ERVIN, Jr., North Carolina

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah
OLIN D. JOHNSTON. South Carolina

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska
CHARLES H. SLAYMAN, Jr., Chief Counsel and Staff Director

WILLIAM D. PATTON, First Assistant Counsel

MARY ALDEN IRWIN, Legislative Consultant
MARCIA J. MACNAUGHTON, Research Assistant

II

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Statement of

Page

Hon. William P. Rogers, Attorney General of the United States... 1-48

Additional statement..

52

Exhibits:

Copy of S. 921, 85th Congress, to amend section 161 of the Revised

Statutes with respect to the authority of Federal officers and agencies

to withhold information and limit the availability of records -

4

Copy of S. 2148, 85th Congress, to amend section 3 of chapter 324 of

the act of June 11, 1946 (60 Stat. 238) to clarify and protect the

right of the public to information..

4

List of agencies and executive departments citing title 5, United

States Code, section 22..--

28

Letters:

President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the Secretary of Defense, May

17, 1954, including a memorandum to the President from the Attor-

ney General..

271

Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., to Attorney General Herbert

Brownell, Jr., March 13, 1957-

61

Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., to Attorney General William P.

Rogers, March 25, 1958.

54

Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., to Attorney General William P.

Rogers, April 3, 1958.--

55

Representative George Meader, to Attorney General William P.

Rogers, March 28, 1958.

58

Gerald D. Morgan, Special Counsel to the President, to Clark R.

Mollenhoff, October 26, 1956.--

278

Andrew P. Murphy, editor-in-chief, Federal Bar Journal, to Charles

H. Slayman, Jr., March 5, 1958.

146

Deputy Attorney General William P. Rogers, to Senator Thomas C.

Hennings, Jr., April 10, 1957..

62

Deputy Attorney General William P. Rogers, to Senator James O.

Eastland, June 13, 1957-

25

Attorney General William P. Rogers, to Senator Thomas C. Hennings,

Jr., March 13, 1958.

52

Attorney General William P. Rogers, to Representative George

Meader, March 14, 1958

56

Attorney General William P. Rogers to Senator Thomas C. Hennings,

Jr., April 4, 1958..

56

Attorney General Willam P. Rogers to Representative George Meader,

April 4, 1958..

61

Acting Attorney General Lawrence E. Walsh to Senator Thomas C.

Hennings, Jr., May 9, 1958.-

278

Studies:

Article, "Demands of Congressional Committees for Executive

Papers," (in three installments) by Herman Wolkinson, Federal

Bar Journal, April, July, October, 1949.---

147-270

Department of Justice study, "Is a Congressional Committee En-

titled To Demand and Receive Information and Papers From the

President and the Heads of Departments Which They Deem Con-
fidential, In the Public Interest?”.

63-146

Library of Congress study, "Selected Cases in which Information

Has Been Withheld From Congress By the Executive Department,'

by Mary Louise Ramsey and Michael Daniels, American Law

Division, Legislative Reference Service-

428-446

Senate Document No. 99, 83d Congress, 2d session, "Congressional

Power of Investigation, A Study Prepared at the Request of Senator

William Langer, By the Legislative Reference Service of the Library

of Congress

447-513

Survey, of Withholding of Information From Congress, made by the
Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights.--

287-428

Appendix:

Detailed table of contents for appendix.---

49-50

Index...

514

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